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and the Fathers may have put upon this, to Cain, without, I hope, any perversion I must take the words as I find them, and of Holy Writ. reply with Bishop Watson upon similar With regard to the language of Lacifer, occasions, when the Fathers were quoted to it was difficult for me to make himn talk him, as Moderator in the Schools of Cam- like a Clergyman upon the same subjects ; bridge, “Behold the Book !”-holding up but I have done what I could to restrain the Scripture. It is to be recollected that him within the bounds of spiritual politeness. my present subject has nothing to do with If he disclaims having tempted Eve in the New Testament, to which no reference the shape of the Serpent, it is only because can be here made without anachronism. the book of Genesis has not the inost distant With the poems upon similar topics I have allusion to any thing of the kind, but not been recently familiar. Since I was merely to the Serpent in his serpentine twenty, I have never read Milton; but 1 capacity. had read him so frequently before, thật this may make little difference. Gesner's Note.—The reader will perceive that the “Death of Abel” I have never read since I author has partly adopted in this poem the was eight years of age, at Aberdeen. The notion of Cuvier, that the world had been general impression of my recollection is destroyed several times before the creation delight; but of the contents I remember of man. This speculation, derived from only that Cain's wife was called Mahala, the different strata and the bones of enormand Abel's Thirza. -- In the following pages ous and unknown animals found in them, I have called them Adah and Zillah, is not contrary to the Mosaic account, but the earliest female names which occur in rather confirios it; as no human bones have Genesis; they were those of Lamech's wives: .yet been discovered in those strata, although those of Cain and Abel are not called by those of many known animals are found their names. Whether, then, a coincidence near the remains of the unknown. The of subject may have caused the same in assertion of Lucifer, that the pre-adamite expression, I know nothing, and care as little world was also peopled by rational beings

The reader will please to bear in mind much more intelligent than man, and pro(what few choose to recollect) that there portionably powerful to the mammoth, is no allusion to a future state in any of is, of course, a poetical fiction to help him the books of Moses, nor indeed in the old to make out his case. Testament. For a reason for this extra- ought to add, that there is a “Trameloordinary omission he may consult “War- gedie” of Alfieri, called “Abel." - I have burton's Divine Legation; whether satis- never read that nor any other of the factory or not, no better has yet been posthumous works of the writer, except assigned. I have therefore supposed it new his Life.

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Eve. God! who didst name the day, and

separate SCENE 1.– The Land without Paradise.- Morning from night, till then divided never. Time, Sunrise.

Who didst divide the wave from wave, and

call Adam, Eve, Cain, ABEL, Adar, Zillan, offering a Sacrifice.

Part of thy work the firmament-all hail!

Abel. God! who didst call the elements into Adam. God, the Eternal! Infinite! All- Earth ocean - air- and fire, and with the day Wise!

And night, and worlds which these illuminate Who out of darkness on the deep didst make Or shadow, madest beings to enjoy them. Light on the waters with a word-all hail! And love both them and theo-all bail! Jehovah, with returning light, all hail!

all hail!

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Have heard you.

Adah. God, the Eternal! Parent of all Zillah. Wilt thou not, my brother ? things!

Abel. Why wilt thou wear this gloom Who didst create these best and beauteous

upon thy brow, beings,

Which can avail thee nothing, save to rouse To be beloved, more than all, save thee - The eternal anger? Let me love thee and them :-All hail! all Adah. My beloved Cain, hail !

Wilt thou frown even on me Zillah. Oh, God! who loving, making,

Cain. No, Adah! no; blessing all,

I fain would be alone a little while. * Set didst permit the serpent to creep in,

Abel, I'm sick at heart; but it will pass: And drive my father forth from Paradise, Precede brother-I will follow shortly. heep us from further evil:- Hail! all hail! And you, too, sisters, tarry not behind; Adam. Son Cain, my first-born, where- Your gentleness must not be harshly met: fore art thou silent?

I'll follow you anon. Cain. Why should I speak!

Adah. If not, I will Adam. To pray.

Return to seek you here. Cain. Have ye not pray'd ?

Abel. The peace of God Adam. We have, most fervently. Be on your spirit, brother! Cain. And loudly: I

[Exeunt Abel, Zillah, and Adah.

Cain (solus). And this is Adam. So will God, I trust.

Life!-Toil! and wherefore should I toil?Abel. Amen!

because Adam. But thou, my eldest-born, art My father could not keep his place in Eden. silent still.

What had I done in this? -I was unborn, Cain. Tis better I should be so.

I songht not to be born; nor love the state Adam. Wherefore so ?

To which that birth has brought me. Why Cain. I have nought to ask.

did he Adam. Nor aught to thank for? Yield to the serpent and the woman? or, Cain, No.

Yielding, why suffer? What was there in this? Adam. Dost thou not live?

The tree was planted, and why not for him? Cain. Must I not die!

If not, why place him near it, where it grew, Ere. Alas!

The fairest in the centre? They have but The fruit of our forbidden tree begins One answer to all questions, “ 'twas his will, To fall.

And he is good.” How know I that? Because Adam. And we must gather it again. He is all-powerful must all-good, too, follow? Oh, God! why didst thou plant the tree of 1 judge but by the fruits—and they are know ledge?

bitter Cain. And wherefore pluck'd ye not the Which I must feed on for a fault not mine. tree of life?

Whom have we here?-A shape like to the Ye might have then defied him.

angels, Adam. Oh! my son.

Yet of a sterner and a sadder aspect Blaspheme not: these are serpents' words. Of spiritual essence: why do I quake? Cain Why not?

Why should I fear him more than other The snake spoke truth: it was the tree of spirits, knowledge;

Whom I see daily wave their fiery swords It was the tree of life:-- knowledge is good, Before the gates round which I linger oft, And life is good; and how can both be evil? In twilight's hour,to catch a glimpse of those Eve. My boy! thou speakest as I spoke Gardens which are my just inheritance, in sin,

Ere the night closes o'er the inhibited walls Before thy birth: let me not see renew'd

And the immortal trees which overtop My nuisery in thine. I have repented. The cherubim-defended battlements ? Lét me not see my offspring fall into If I shrink not from these, the fire-arm'd The snares beyond the walls of Paradise,

angels, Which e'en in Paradise destroy'd his parents. Why should I quail from him who now Content thee with what is. Had we been so,

approaches ? Thou now hadst been contented. -Oh, my Yet he seems mightier far than they, nor less son!

Beauteous, and yet not all as beautiful Adam. Our orisons completed, let us hence, As he hath been,and might be: sorrow seems Each to his task of toil -- not heavy, though Half of his immortality. And is it Needful: the earth is young, and yields us So ? and

can aught grieve save humanity?

He cometh.
Her fruits with little labour.

Ece. Cain, my son,
Behold thy father cheerful and resign’d, Lucifer. Mortal!
And do as he doth. (Eseunt Adam and Evc. Cain. Spirit, who art thou ?


Lucifer. Master of spirits.

Cain. And what is that? Cain. And being so, canst thou

Lucifer. Souls who dare use their imLeave them, and walk with dust?

mortalityLucifer. I know the thoughts

Souls who dare look the omnipotent tyrant in Of dust, and feel for it, and with you. His everlasting face, and tell him, that Cain. How!

His evil is not good! If he has made, You know my thoughts ?

As he saith—which I know not, nor believeLucifer. They are the thoughts of all But, if he made us - he cannot anmake: Worthy of thoughts; – 'tis your immortal We are immortal!-nay, he'd have us so, part

That he may torture: – let him! He is greatWhich speaks within you.

But, in his greatness, is no happier than Cain. "What immortal part?

We in our conflict! Goodness would not make This has not been reveal’d: the tree of life Evil; and what else hath he made? But Was withheld from us by my father's folly, let him While that of knowledge, by my mother's Sit on his vast and solitary throne, haste,

Creating worlds, to make eternity Was pluck'd too soon; and all the fruit Less burthensome to his immense existence is death!

And unparticipated solitude ! Lucifer. They have deceived thee; thon Let him crowd orb on orb: he is alone shalt live.

Indefinite, indissoluble tyrant ! Cain. I live,

Could he but crush himself, 'twere the best But live to die: and, living, see no thing boon To make death hateful, save an innate He ever granted : but let him reign on, clinging,

And multiply himself in misery! A loathsome and yet all invincible Spirits and men, at least we sympathise ; Instinct of life, which I abhor, as I And, suffering in concert, make our pangs, Despise myself, yet cannot overcome- Innumerable, more endurable, And so I live. Would I had never lived! By the unbounded sympathy of allLucifer. Thou livest, and must live for With all! But He! so wretched in his height, ever: think not

So restless in his wretchedness, mast still The earth, which is thine outward cov'ring,is Create, and re-createExistence- it will cease, and thou wilt be Cain. Thou speakst to me of things No less than thou art now.

which long have swum Cain No less! and why

In visions through my thought: I never could No more?

Reconcile what I saw with what I heard. Luciser. It may be thou shalt be as we. My father and my mother talk to me Cain. And ye?

Of serpents, and of fruits and trees : I see Lucifer. Are everlasting.

The gates of what they call their Paradise Cain. Are ye happy?

Guarded by fiery-sworded cherubim, Lucifer. We are mighty.

Which sit them out, and me: I feel the Cain. Are ye happy?

weight Lucifer. No: art thou ?

of daily toil, and constant thonght; I look Cain. How should I be so ? Look on me! Around a world where I seem nothing with Lucifer. Poor clay!

Thoughts which arise within me, as if they And thou pretendest to be wretched! Thou ! Could master all things:— but I thought Cain. I am:- and thou, with all thy alone; might, what art thon?

This misery was mine.- My father is Lucifer. One who aspired to be what Tamed down; my mother has forgot the mind made thee, and

Which made her thirst for knowledge at Would not have made thee what thou art.

the risk Cain. Ah!

of an eternal curse; my brother is Thou lookst almost a god; and

A watching shepherd-boy, who offers up Lucifer. I am none:

The firstlings of the flock to him who bids And having fail'd to be one, wonld be nought The earth yield nothing to us without sweat; Save what I am. He conquer'd; let him My sister Zillah sings an earlier hymn reign !

Than the birds' matins; and my Cain Who?

Own and beloved, she too understands not Lucifer. Thy sire's Maker, and the earth’s. The mind which overwhelms me; never till Cain. And heaven's,

Now met I aught to sympathise with me And all that in them is. So I have heard 'Tis well-lorather would consort with His serayhs sing; and so my father saith. spirits. Lucifer. They say — what they must Lucifer. And hadst thou not been fit by sing and say, on pain

thinc own soul Of being that which I am--and thou art For such companionship, I would not nor Of wpirits and of men.

Have stood before thee as I am: a serpent

made ye

his eyes

Had been enough to charm ye, as before. That bows to him who made things but to Cain. Ah! didst thou tempt my mother ?

bend Lucifer. I tempt none,

Before his sullen, sole eternity; Save with the truth: was not the tree, the But we,who see the truth,must speak it. Thy tree

Fond parents listen'd to a creeping thing, of knowledge ? and was not the tree of life And fell. For what should spirits tempt Still fruitful ? Did I bid her pluck them not?

them? What Did I plant things prohibited within Was there to envy in the narrow bounds The reach of beings innocent, and curious of Paradise, that spirits who pervade By their own innocence? I would have Space, but I speak to thee of what thou

knowst not, Gods; and even He who thrust ye forth, With all thy tree of knowledge. so thrust ye

Cain. But thou canst not Because “ye should not eat the fruits of life, Speak aught of knowledge which I would And become gods as we.” Were those his

not know, words ?

And do not thirst to know, and bear a mind Cain. They were, as I have heard from To know. those who heard them

Lucifer. And heart to look on? e In thunder.

Cain. Be it proved! Lucifer. Then who was the demon ? He Lucifer. Dar’st thou look on Death? Who would not let ye live, or he who would Cain. He has not yet Have made ye live for ever in the joy

Been seen.
And power of knowledge?

Lucifer. But must be undergone.
Cain. Would they had snatch'd both Cain. My father
The fruits, or neither!

Says he is something dreadful, and my Lucifer. One is yours already,

mother The other may be still.

Weeps when he's named ; and Abel lifts Cain. How so? # Lucifer. By being

To heaven,and Zillah casts hers to the carth, Yourselves, in your resistance. Nothing can And sighs a prayer; and Adah looks on me, Quench the mind, if the mind will be itself And speaks not. And centre of surrounding things – 'tis made Lucifer. And thou?

Cain. Thoughts unspeakable Cain. But didst thou tempt my parents ? Crowd in my breast to burning, when I hear E Lucifer. 1?

Of this almighty Death, who is, it seems, - Poor clay! what should I tempt them for, Inevitable. Could I wrestle with him? or how ?

I wrestled with the lion, when a boy,
Cain. They say the serpent was a spirit. In play, till he ran roaring from my gripe.
Lucifer. Who

Lucifer. It has no shape; but will abSaith that? It is not written so on high:

sorb all things The proud One will not so far falsify, That bear the form of earth-born being. Though man's vast fears and little vanity Cain. Ah! Would make him cast upon the spiritual I thought it was a being: who could do nature

Such evil things to beings save a being ? llis

low failing. The snake was the Lucifer. Ask the Destroyer.

Cain. Whom?
No more; and yet not less than those he Lucifer. The Maker - call him

Which name thou wilt; he makes but to In nature being earth also -- more in wisdom, destroy. Since he could overcome them, and foreknew Cain. I knew not that, yet thought it, The knowledge fatal to their narrow joys. since I heard Thinket thou`ld take the shape of things of death: although I know not what it is, that die ?

Yet it seems horrible. I have look'd out Cain. But the thing had a demon ? In the vast desolate night in search of him; Lucifer. He but woke one

And, when I saw gigantic shadows in In those he spake to with his forky tongue. The umbrage of the walls of Eden,chequer'd I tell thee that the serpent was no more

By the far-flashing of the cherubs' swords, Than a mere serpent: ask the cherubim I watch'd for what I thought his coming ; for Who guard the tempting tree. When thou- With fear rose longing in my heart to know

What 'twas which shook us all — but noHave rollid o'er your dead ashes, and your thing came.

And then I turnd my weary eyes from off The seed of the then world may thus array Our native and forbidden Paradise, Their carliest fault in fable, and attribute Up to the lights above us, in the azure, To me a shape I scorn, as I scorn all Which are so beautiful: shall they, too, die?

To sway.


sand ages


Lucifer. Perhaps--but long outlive both Lucifer. Ne'er the less, thine and thee.

Thou art my worshipper: not worshipping Cain. I'm glad of that; I would not have Him makes thee mine the same them die,

Cain. And what is that? They are so lovely. What is death? I fear, Lucifer. Thou'lt know here--and hereI feel, it is a dreadful thing ; but what,

after. I cannot compass: 'tis denounced against us, Cain. Let me but Both them who sinn’d and sinn'd not, as Be taught the mystery of my being. an ill

Lucifer. Follow What ill?

Where I will lead thee. Lucifer. To be resolved into the earth. Cain. But I must retire Cain. But shall I know it?

To till the earth—for I had promised Lucifer. As I know not death,

Lucifer. What? I cannot answer.

Cain. To cull some first fruita. Cain. Were I quiet earth,

Lucifer. Why? That were no evil: would I ne'er had been Cain. To offer up Aught else but dust!

With Abel on an altar. Lucifer. That is a grov’ling wish, Lucifer. Saidst thou not Less than thy father's, for he wish'd to Thou ne'er hadst bent to him who made know.

thee? Cain. But not to live, or wherefore Cain. Yes, pluck'd he not

But Abel's earnest prayer has wrought The life-tree?

upon me; Lucifer. He was hinder'd.

The offering is more his than mine - and Cain. Deadly error!

Adah Not to snatch first that fruit:- but ere he Lucifer. Why dost thou hesitate? pluck'd

Cain. She is my sister, The knowledge, he was ignorant of death. Born on the same day,of the same womb; and Alas! I scarcely now know what it is, She wrung from me, with tears, this proAnd yet I fear it-fear I know not what!

mise; and Licifer. And I, who know all things, Rather than see her weep, I would, methinks, fear nothing: see

Bear all and worship augbt. What is true knowledge.

Lucifer. Then follow me!
Cain. Wilt thou teach me all ?

Cain. I will.
Lucifer. Ay, upon one condition.
Cain. Name it.

Enter Adar.
Lucifer. That

Adah. My brother, I have come for thee; Thou dost fall down and worship me – thy It is our hour of rest and joy- and we Lord.

Have less without thee. Thou hast labour'd Cain. Thou art not the Lord my father

not worships.

This morn; but I have done thy task: the Lucifer. No.

fruits Cain. His eqnal ?

Are ripe, and glowing as the light which Lucifer. No; - I have nought in com

ripens : mon with him! Nor would: I would be aught above

Cain. Seest thou not ? beneath

Adah. I see an angel;
Aught save a sharer or a servant of We have seen many: will he share our hour
His power. I dwell apart; but I am great: Of rest? - he is welcome.
Many there are who worship me, and Cain. But he is not like

The angels we have seen.
Who shall -- be thou amongst the first. Adah. Are there, then, others ?
Cain. I never

But he is welcome, as they were; they As yet have bow'd unto my father's God,

Although my brother Abel oft implores To be our guests—will he?
That I would join with him in sacrifice:- Cain. (to Lucifer.) Wilt thou ?
Why should I bow to thee?

Lucifer. I ask
Lucifer. Hast thou ne'er bow'd

Thee to be mine.
To hiin?

Cain. I must away with him.
Cain. Have I not said it?- need I say it? Adah. And leave us ?
Could not thy mighty knowledge teach thee

Adah. And me? Lucifer. He who bows not to him has Cain. Beloved Adah ! bow'd to me!

Adah. Let me go with thee. Cain. But I will bend to neither.

Lucifer. No, she must not.

Come away.


Cain. Ay.

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