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Who would have hurl'd them from their Bert. So my life grows: I guilty thrones,

Was bred a soldier, not a senator. And such examples will find heirs, though Benint. Perhaps you think by this blunt distant.

To brave your judges

postpone the

sentence ? ACT V.

Bert. Do you be brief as I am, and

believe me, SCENE 1.The Ilall of the Council of Ten I shall prefer that mercy to your rdon. assembled with the additional Senators,

Benint. Is this your sole reply to the who, on the Trials of the Conspirators for

tribunal ? the Treason of Marino FALIERO, composed

Bert. Go, ask your racks what they have what was called the Giunta. Guards,

wrung from us, Officers, etc. etc.— ISBABL BERTUCCIO and Or place us there again; we have still some CALENDARO as Prisoners.-BERTRAM,Lioni, blood left, and Witnesses, etc.

And some slight sense of pain in these

wrench'd limbs: The Chief of the Ten, BENINTENDB.

But this ye dare not do; for if we die there Benintende. There now rests, after such And you have left us little life to spend conviction of

Upon your engines, gorged with pangs Their manifold nd manifest offences,

already But to pronounce on these obdurate men Ye lose the public spectacle with which The sentence of the law: a grievous task You would appal your slaves to further To those who hear,and these who speak. Alas! slavery! That it should fall to me! and that my days Groans are not words, nor agony assent, Of office should be stigmatised through all Nor affirmation truth, if nature's sense The years of coming timc, as bearing record Should overcome the soul into a lie, To this most foul and complicated treason for a short respite-must we bear or die? Against a just and free state, known to all Benint. Say, who were your accomplices? The earth as being the Christian bulwark Bert. The Senate! 'gainst

Benint. What do you mean? The Saracen and the schismatic Greek, Bert. Ask of the suffering people, The savage Hun, and not less barbarous Whom your patrician crimes have driven Frank;

to crime. A city which has open'd India's wealth Benint. You know the Doge? To Europe; the last Roman refuge from Bert. I served with him at Zara O’erwhelming Attila; the ocean's queen; In the field, when you were pleading here Prond Genoa's prouder rival! 'Tis to sap

your way The throne of such a city, these lost men To present office; we exposed our lives, Have risk'd and forfeited their worthless While you but hazarded the lives of others, lives

Alike by accusation or defence; So let them die the death.

And, for the rest, all Venice knows her Doge, Bert. We are prepared ;

Through his great actions, and the senate's Your racks have done that for us. Let us die.

insults ! Benint. If ye have that to say which Benint. You have held conference with would obtain

him? Abatement of your punishment, the Giunta

Bert. I am wearyWill hear you; if you have anght to confess, Even wearier of your questions than your Now is your time, perhaps it may avail ye.

tortures : Bert. We stand to hear, and not to speak. I pray you pass to judgment. Benint. Your crimes

Benint. It is coming: Are fully proved by your accomplices, And you, too, Philip Calendaro, what And all which circumstance can add to aia Have you to say why you should not be them;

doom'd? Yet we would hear from your own lips Cal. I never was a man of many words, complete

And now have few left worth the utterance.
Avowal of your treason : on the verge Benint. A further application of yon
Of that dread gulf which none repass, the engine

May change your tone.
Alone can profit you on earth or heaven- Cal. Most true, it will do so;
Say, then, what was your motive? A former application did so; but
Bert. Justice!

It will not change my words, or, if it did Benint. What your object ?

Benint. What then ? Bert. Freedom!

Cal. Will my avowal on yon rack Benint. You are brief, sir.

Stand good in law?

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Benint. Assuredly.

Spoken or written of our dying words ! Cal. Whoe'er

They tremble at our voices, nay, they dread The culprit be whom I accuse of treason? | Our very silence - let them live in fear! Benint. Without doubt, he will be Leave them unto their thoughts, and let

brought up to trial. Cal. And on this testimony would he perish? Address our own above!-Lead on; we are Benint. So your confession be detailid ready. and full,

Cal. Israel, hadst thou but hearken'd er He will stand here in peril of his life. Cal. Then look well to thy proud self, It had not now been thus; and yon palc President!

villain, For by the eternity which yawns before me, The coward Bertram, would —

I swear that thou, and only thou, shalt be Bert. Peace, Calendare ! * The traitor I denounce upon that rack, What brooks it now to ponder upon this?

If I be stretch'd there for the second time. Bertram. Alas! I fain you died in peace One of the Giunta. Lord President, 'twere

with me: best to proceed to judgment; I did not seek this task; 'twas forced upon me: - There is no more to be drawn from these men. Say, you forgive me, though I never can Benint. Unhappy men! prepare for instant Retrieve my own forgiveness — frown not death.

thus! The nature of your crime_our law_and peril Bert. I die and pardon thee! . The state now stands in, leave not an Cal. (spitting at him) I die and scorn thce! hour's respite

[Ereunt ISRAEL Bertuccio and PHGaards ! lead them forth, and

LIP CALENDARO, Guards, etc. balcony

Benint. Now that these criminals have ning of the red columns, where, on festal been disposed of, Thursday,

'Tis time that we proceed to pass our sentence The Doge stands to behold the chase of bulls, Upon the greatest traitor upon record Let them be justified : and leave exposed In any annals, the Doge Faliero !

Their wavering relics, in the place of The proofs and process are complete; the time 1 judgment,

And crime require a quick procedure: shall To the full view of the assembled people! He now be called in to receive the award? And Heaven have mercy on their souls !

The Giunta. Ay, ay.
The Giunta. Amen!

Benint. Avogadori, order that the Doge
Bert. Signors, farewell! we shall not Be brought before the council.
all again

One of the Giunta. And the rest, Meet in one place.

When shall they be brought up? Benint. And lest they should essay Benint. When all the chiefs To stir up the distracted multitude- Have been disposed of. Some have fled Guards! let their mouths be gagg’d, even

to Chiozza; in the act

But there are thousands in pursuit of them, Of execution.-Lead them hence!

And such precaution ta'en on Terra-firma, Cal. What! must we

As well as in the islands, that we hope Not even say farewell to some fond friend, None will escape to utter in strange lands Nor leave a last word with our confessor? His libellous tale of treasons 'gainst the Benint. A priest is waiting in the ante

senate. chamber; But, for your friends, such interviews Enter the Doge as Prisoner, with Guards, etc. would be

Benint. Doge – for such still you are, Painful to them, and useless all to you.

and by the law Cal. I knew that we were gagg’d in life; Must be consider'd, till the hour shall come at least

When you must doff the ducal bonnet from All those who had not heart to risk their lives. That head, which could not wear a crown L'pon their open thoughts ; but still I deem'd more noble That, in the last few moments, the same idle Than empires can confer, in quiet honour, Freedom of speech accorded to the dying, But it must plot to overthrow your peers,

Would not now be denied to us; but since- Who made you what you are, and quench 1! Bert. Even let them have their way,

in blood brave Calendaro !

A city's glory-we have laid already What matter a few syllables ? let's die Before you in your chamber at full length, Without the slightest show of favour from By the Avogadori, all the proofs

Which have appear'd against you; and So shall our blood more readily arise

more ample To heaven against them, and more testify Ne'er reard their sanguinary shadows to To their atrocities, than could a volume Confront a traitor. What have you to say


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In your defence

But found on my arrival, that besides Doge. What shall I say to ye,

The jealous vigilance which always led you Since my defence must be your condem- To mock and mar your sovereign's best nation?

You are at once offenders and accusers, You had, even in the interregnum of
Judges and executioners!--Proceed My journey to the capital, curtail'd
Upon your power.

And mutilated the few privileges
Benint. Your chief accomplices Yet left the duke: all this I bore, and would
Having confess’d, there is no hope for you. Have borne,until my very hearth was staind
Doge. And who be they?

By the pollution of your ribaldry, Benint. In number many; but

And he ihe ribald, whom I see amongst you-> The first now stands before you in the court, Fit judge in such tribunal!-Bertram, of Bergamo,, would you question Benint. (interrupting him) Michel Steno him ?

Is here in virtue of his office, as Doge. (looking at him contemptuously) No. One of the Forty; "The Ten” having craved

Benint. And two others, Israel Bertuccio, A Giunta of patricians from the senate And Philip Calendaro, have admitted To aid our judgment in a trial arduous Their fellowship in treason with the Doge! And novel as the present: he was set Doge. And where are they?

Free from the penalty pronounced upon him, Benint. Gone to their place, and now Because the Doge, who should protect

the Answering to Heaven for what they did on earth.

Seeking to abrogate all law, can claim Doge. Ah! the plebeian Brutus,is he gone? No punishment of others by the statutes And the quick Cassius of the arsenal ?- Which he himself denies and violates! How did they meet their doom?

Doge. His PUNISHMENT! I rather see him Benint. Think of your own;

there, It is approaching. You decline to plead, then? Where he now sits, to glut him with my

Doge. I cannot plead to my inferiors, nor death,
Can recognise your legal power to try me: Than in the mockery of castigation,
Show me the law !

Which your foul, outward, juggling show Benint. On great emergencies,

of justice The law must be remodelid or amended: Decreed as sentence! Base as was his crime, Our fathers had not fix'd the punishment 'Twas purity compared with your protection. Of such a crime, as on the old Roman tables Benint. And can it be, that the great The sentence against parricide was left

Doge of Venice, In pure forgetfulness; they could not render With three parts of a century of years That penal, which had neither name nor And honours on his head, could thus allow thought

His fury, like an angry boy's, to master In their great bosoms: who would have All feeling, wisdom, faith, and fear, on such foreseen

A provocation as a young man's petulance! That nature could be filed to such a crime Doge. A spark creates the flame; 'tis As sons 'gainst sires, and princes 'gainst the last drop their realıns?

Which makes the cup run o'er, and mine Your sin hath made us make a law which will

was full Become a precedent 'gainst such haught Already: you oppress’d the prince and people; traitors.

I would have freed both, and have faild As would with treason mount to tyranny;

in both: Not even contented with a sceptre, till The price of such success would have been They can convert it to a two-edged sword! glory, Was not the place of Doge sufficient for ye? Vengeance, and victory, and such a name What's nobler than the signory of Venice? | As would have made Venetian history Doge. The signory of Venice! You be- Rival to that of Greece and Syracuse tray'd me

When they were freed, and flourish'd ages Youyou, who sit there, traitors as ye are! after, From my equality with you in birth, And mine to Gelon and to Thrasybolus:And my superiority in action,

Failing, 1 know the penalty of failure You drew me from my honourable toils Is present infamy and death - the future In distant lands on flood in field-in cities will judge, when Venice is no more, or free; You singled me out like a victim to Till then, the truth is in abeyance. Pause not; Stand crown'd, but bound and helpless, at I would have shown no mercy, and I seck the altar

none; Where you alone could minister. I knew not_ My life was staked upon a mighty hazardse I sought not-wish'd not -- dream'd not the And being lost,take what I would have taken! election,

I would have stood alone amidst your Which reach'd me first at Rome, and I obey'd; tombs;

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Now you may flock round mine, and Benint. Say, conscript fathers, shall she trample on it,

be admitted ? As you have done upon my heart while living. One of the Giunta. She may have re Benint. You do confess then, and admit velations of importance the justice

Unto the state, to justify compliance Of our tribunal ?

With her request. Doge. I confess to have fail'd:

Benint. Is this the general will ? - Fortune is female; from my youth her All. It is. favours

Doge. Oh, admirable laws of Venice ! Were not withheld; the fault was mine which would admit the wife,in the full hope to hope

That she might testify against the husband. Her former smiles again at this late hour. What glory to the chaste Venetian dames! Benint. You do not then in aught But such blasphemers 'gainst all honour, as arraign our equity ?

Sit here, do well to act in their vocation. Doge. Noble Venetians! stir me not Now, villain Steno! if this woman fail, with questions.

I'll pardon thee thy lie, and thy escape, I am resign'd to the worst; but in me still And my own violent death, and thy vile life. Have something of the blood of brighter

The Duchess enters. days, And am not over-patient. Pray you, spare me Benint. Lady! this just tribunal has Further interrogation, which boots nothing,

resolved, Except to turn a trial to debate.

Though the request be strange, to grantit,and . I shall but answer that which will offend Whatever be its purport, to accord yon,

A pacient hearing with the due respect And please your enemies - a host already : Which fits your ancestry, your rank, and Tis true, these sullen walls should yield virties : no echo;

But you turn pale-ho! there, look to the But walls have ears- nay, more, they have lady! tongues; and if

Place a chair instantly. There were no other way for truth to o'er- Ang. A moment's faintnessleap them,

'Tis past ; I pray you pardon me, I sit not You who condemn me, you who fear and in presence of my prince,and of my

husband, slay me,

While he is on his feet. Yet could not bear in silence to your graves Benint. Your pleasure, lady ? What you would hear from me of good or evil; Ang. Strange rumours, but most true, The secret were too mighty for your souls: if all I hear Then let it sleep in mine, unless you court And see be sooth, have reach'd me, and I come A danger which would double that you To know the worst, even at the worst; forgive escape.

The abruptness of my entrance and my Such

my defence would be, had I full scope, bearing: To make it famous; for true words are things, Is it-I cannot speak - I cannot shape And dying men's are things which long The question, but you answer it ere spoken, outlive,

With eyes averted, and with gloomy browsAnd oftentimes avenge them; bury mine, Oh God! this is the silence of the grave! If ye would fain survive me: take this Benint. (after a pause.) Spare us, and counsel,

spare thyself the repetition And though too oft ye made me live in wrath, or our most awful, but inexorable Let me die calmly; you may grant me this;- Duty to heaven and men! I deny nothing - defend nothing-nothing Ang. Yet speak; I cannotI ask of you, but silence for myself, I cannot-no_even now believe these things. And sentence from the court!

Is he condemn'd ? Benint. This full admission

Benint. Alas! Spares us the harsh necessity of ordering Ang. And was he guilty ? The torture to elicit the whole truth. Benint. Lady! the natural distraction of Doge. The torture! you have put me Thy thoughts at such a znoment makes the there already,

question Daily since I was Doge; but if you will Merit forgiveness; else a doubt like this Add the corporeal rack, you may: these limbs Against a just and paramount tribunal Will yield with age to crushing iron; but were deep offence. But question even the There's that within my heart shall strain Doge, your engines.

And if he can deny the proofs, believe him Enter an OFFICER.

Guiltless as thy own bosom.

Ang. Is it so ? Officer. Noble Venetians! Duchess Faliero My lord - my sovereign- my poor father's Requests admission to the Giunta's presence. friend

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The mighty in the field, the sage in council ;! Doge. I have lived too long not to know Unsay the words of this man ! Thou art

how to die! silent!

Thy suing to these men were but the bleating Benint. He hath already own’d to his of the lamb to the butcher, or the cry own guilt,

Of seamen to the surge: I would not take Nor, as thou seest, doth he deny it now. A life eternal, granted at the hands Ang. Ay, but he must not die! Spare Of wretches, from whose monstrous villanies his few years,

I sought to free the groaning nations ! Which grief and shame will soon cut down M. Steno. Doge, to days!

A word with thee, and with this noble lady, One day of baffled crime must not efface Whom I have grievously offended. Would Near sixteen lustres crowded with brave Sorrow, or shame, or penance on my part, acts.

Could cancel the inexorable past ! Benint. His doom must be fulfill'd without But since that cannot be, as Christians let us remission

Say farewell, and in peace: with full conOf time or penalty—'tis a decree.

trition Ang. He hath been guilty, but there I crave,not pardon, but compassion from you, may be mercy.

And give, however weak, my prayers for Benint. Not in this case with justice.

both. Ang. Alas! signor,

Ang. Sage Benintende, now chief judge He who is only just is cruel ; who

of Venice, Upon the earth would live were all judged I speak to thee in answer to yon signor. justly?

Inform the ribald Steno, that his words Benint. His punishment is safety to the Ne'er weigh'd in mind with Loredano's state.

daughter Ang. He was a subject, and hath served Further than to create a moment's pity, the state;

For such as he is: would that others had He was your general, and hath saved the Despised him as I pity! I prefer state;

My honour to a thousand lives, could such He is your sovereign, and hath ruled the Be multiplied in mine, but would not have state.

A single life of others lost for that One of the Council. He is a traitor, and Which nothing human can impugn-the

betray'd the state. Ang. And, but for him, there now had Of virtue, looking not to what is called been no state

A good name for reward, but to itself. To save or to destroy; and you who sit To me the scorner's words were as the wind There to pronounce the death of your Unto the rock: but as there are-alas! deliverer,

Spirits more sensitive, on which such things Had now been groaning at a Moslem oar, Light as the whirlwind on the waters; souls Or digging in the Hunnish mines in fetters! To whom dishonour's shadow is a substance One of the Council. No, lady, there are More terrible than death here and hereafter; others who would die

Men whose vice is to start at vice's scoffing, Rather than breathe in slavery !

And wbo, though proof against all blandAng. If there are so

ishments Within these walls, thou art not of the Of pleasure, and all pangs of pain, are feeble number:

When the proud name

on which they The truly brave are generous to the fallen! . pinnacled Is there no hope?

Their hopes is breathed on, jealous as the Benint. Lady, it cannot be.

eagle Ang. (turning to the Doge) Then die, of her high aiery; let what we now

Faliero! since it must be so; Behold, and feel, and suffer, be a lesson But with the spirit of my father's friend. To wretches how they tamper in their spleen Thou hast been guilty of a great offence, With beings of a higher order. Insects Half-cancell’d by the harshness of these men. Have made the lion mad ere now; a shaft I would have sued to them- have pray'a I'the heel o'erthrew the bravest of the brave; to them—

A wife's dishonour was the bane of Troy; Have begg'd as famishid mendicants for a wife's dishonour unking'd Rome for ever bread

An injured husband brought the Gauls to Have wept as they will cry unto their God Clusium, For inercy, and be answer'd as they answer – And thence to Rome, which perish'd for Had it been fitting for thy name or mine,

time; And if the cruelty in their cold eyes An obscene gesture cost Caligula Had not announced the heartless wrath His life, while Earth yet bore his crueltics within.

A virgin's wrong made Spain a Moorisha Then, as a prince, address thce to thy doom! province ;


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