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tic; some ran about the ship stamping with their feet, others wringing their hands ; fome were dancing, several singing, fome laughing, more crying; many quite dumb, not able to speak a word; others fick and vomiting, several swooning, and ready to faint; and a few were crossing themselves and giving God thanks.

I would not wrong them neither; there might be many that were thankful afterward; but the passion was too strong for them at first, and they were not able to master it; they were thrown into ecstasies and a kind of frenzy, and so there were but a very few who were composed and serious in their joy.

Perhaps also the case may have some addition to it, from the particular circumstance of the nation they belonged to; I mean the French, whose temper is allowed to be more volatile, more passionate, and more sprightly, and their spirits more fluid, than of other nations. I am not philosopher to determine the cause, but nothing I had ever seen before came up to it: the ecstasies poor Friday, my trusty savage, was in, when he found his father in the boat, came the nearest to it; and the surprise of the master, and his two companions, whom I delivered from the two villains that set them on shore in the island, came a little way towards it; but nothing was to compare to this, either that I saw in Friday, or any where else in

It is farther observable, that these extravagancies did not show themselves in that different manner I have mentioned, in different persons only: but all the variety would appear in a short succession of mo . ments, in one and the same person. A man that we


my life.

faw this minute dumb, and, as it were, stupid and confounded, should the next minute be dancing and hallooing like an antick; and the next moment a tearing his hair, or pulling his clothes to pieces, and stamping them under his feet like a madman; a few minutes after that, we should have him all in tears, then fick, then swooning; and had not immediate help been had, would in a few moments more have been dead; and thus it was, not with one or two, or ten or twenty, but with the greatest part of them; and, if I remember right, our surgeon was obliged to let above thirty of them blood.

There were two priests among them, one an old man, and the other a young man; and that which was ftrangest was, that the oldest man was the worst.

As soon as he fet his foot on board our ship, and saw himlelf safe, he dropped down stone-dead, to all appearance; not the least sign of life could be

perceived in him; our surgeon immediately applied proper remedies to recover him; and was the only man in the ship that believed he was not dead : and at length he opened a vein in his arm, having first chafed and rubbed the part, so as to warm it as much as possible: upon this the blood, which only dropped at first, flowed something freely; in three minutes after the man opened his eyes; and about a quarter of an hour after that he spoke, grew better, and, in a little time, quite well; after the blood was stopped, he walked about, told us he was perfectly well, took a dram of cordial which the surgeon gave him, and was, what we called, come to himself; about a quarter of an hour after this, they came running C3


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into the cabbin to the surgeon, who was bleeding a French woman that had fainted; and told him, the priest was gone stark mad. It seems he had began to revolve the change of his circumstances in his mind, and this put him into an ecstacy of joy ; his {pirits whirled about faster than the vessels could convey them; the blood grew hot and feverish; and the man was as fit for Bedlam as any creature that ever was in it; the surgeon would not bleed him again in that condition, but gave him something to doze and put him to sleep, which, after some time, operated upon him, and he waked next morning perfectly composed, and well.

The younger priest behaved himself with great com. mand of his pasiion, and was really an example of a serious well-governed mind; at his first coming on board the ship, he threw himself flat on his face, prostrating himself in thankfulness for his deliverance; in which I unhappily and unseasonably disturbed him, really thinking he had been in a fwoon; but he spoke calmly; thanked me; told me, he was giving God thanks for his deliverance; begged me to leave him a few moments, and that, next to his Maker, he would give me thanks also.

I was heartily forry that I disturbed him; and not only left him, but kept others from interrupting him also; he continued in that posture about three minutes, or a little more, after I left him; then came to me, as he had said he would, and, with a great deal of seriousness and affection, but with tears in his eyes, thanked me, that had, under God, given him and so many miserable creatures their lives; I told him, I had no room to move him to thank


God for it, rather than me; for I had seen, that he had done that already: but I added, that it was nothing but what reason and humanity dictated to all men, and that we had as much reason as he to give thanks to God, who had blessed us so far as to make us the instruments of his mercy to so many

of his creatures.

After this the young priest applied himself to his country folks; laboured to compose them; persuaded intreated, argued, reasoned with them, and did his utmost to keep them within the exercise of their reafon; and with some he had success, though others were, for a time, out of all government of themselves.

I cannot help committing this to writing, as perhaps it may be useful to those into whose hands it may fall, in the guiding themselves in all the extravagancies of their paffions; for if an excess of joy can carry men out to such a length beyond the reach of their reason, what will not the extravagancies of anger, rage, and a provoked mind, carry us to ? And indeed, here I saw reason for keeping an exceeding watch over our passions of every kind, as well those of joy and satisfaction, as those of sorrow

and anger.

We were something disordered by these extravagancies among our new guests for the first day; but when they had been retired, lodgings provided for them as well as our ship would allow, and they had flept heartily, as most of them did, being fatigued and frightened, they were quite another sort of people the next day.



Nothing of good manners, or civil acknowledgments for the kindneļs shewn them was wanting ; the French, it is known, are naturally apt enough to exceed that way. The captain, and one of the prielts, came to me the next day; and, defiring to speak with me and my nephew, the commander, began to consult with us what should be done with them; and first they told us, that, as we had saved their lives, so all they had was little enough for a return to us for the kindness received. The captain said, they had saved some money, and some things of value in their boats, catched hastily out of the flames; and if we would accept it, they were ordered to make an offer of it all to us; they only desired to be set on fhore somewhere in our way, where, if possible, they might get a passage to France.

My nephew was for accepting their money at first word, and to consider what to do with them afterwards; but I over-ruled him in that part; for I knew what it was to be fet on fhore in a strange country; and if the Portugal captain that took me up at sea had served me so, and took all I had for my

deliverance, I must have starved, or have been as much a Nave at the Brasils, as I had been at Barbary, the being sold to a Mahometan only excepted ; and perhaps a Portuguese is not a much better master than a Turk, if not, in some cases, a much worse.

I therefore told the French captain, that we had taken them up in their distress, it was true; but that it was our duty to do so, as we were fellow-creatures, and as we would desire to be so delivered, if we were in the like or any other extremity; that we had done nothing for them, but what we believed they would


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