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a hive; and as for Will Atkins, who was now be, come a very industrious, neceffary, and sober fellow, he had made himself such a tent of basket-work, as I believe was never seen. It was 120 paces round on the outside, as I measured by my steps; the walls were as close worked as a basket, in pannels or squares, thirty-two in number, and very strong, standing about seven feet high: in the middle was another not above 22 paces round, but built stronger, being eight square in its form, and in the eight corners stood eight very strong posts, round the top of which he laid strong pieces, joined together with wooden pins, from which he raised a pyramid before the roof of eight rafters, very handsome, I assure you, and joined together very well, though he had no nails, and only a few iron spikes, which he had made himself too, out of the old iron that I had left there ; and, indeed, this fellow shewed abundance of ingenuity in several things which he had no knowledge of; he made himself a forge, with a pair of wooden bellows to blow the fire ; he made himself charcoal for his work, and he formed out of one of the iron crows a middling good anvil to hammer upon; in this manner he made many things, but especially hooks, staples and spikes, bolts and hinges. But to return to the house; after he pitched the roof of his innermost tent, he worked it up between the rafters with basket-work, fo firm, and thatched that over again fo ingeniously with rice straw, and over that a large leaf of a tree, which covered the top, that his house was as dry as if it had been tiled or slated. Indeed he owned that the savages made the basket-work for him.
The outer circuit was covered, as a lean-to, all round this inner apartment, and long rafters lay from the 32 angles to the top posts of the inner house, being about twenty feet distant; so that there was a space like a walk within the outer wicker-wall, and without the inner, near twenty feet wide.
The inner place he partitioned off with the same wicker-work, but much fairer, and divided into six apartments, for that he had fix rooms on a floor, and out of every one of these there was a door ; first, into the entry, or coming into the main tent; and another door into the space or walk that was round
so that this walk was also divided into fix equal parts, which served not only for a retreat, but to store up any necessaries which the family had occasion for. These fix spaces not taking up the whole circumference, what other apartments the outer circle had, were thus ordered : as soon as you were in at the door of the outer circle, you had a short passage straight before you to the door of the inner house; but on either side was a wicker partition, and a door in it, by which you went, first, into a large room or store-house, 20 feet wide, and about 30 feet long, and through that into another not quite so long: fo that in the outer circle were ten handsome rooms, fix of which were only to be come at through the apartments of the inner tent, and served as closets or retired rooms to the respective chambers of the inner circle; and four large warehouses or barns, or what you please to call them, which went in through one another, two on either hand of the passage that led through the outer door to the inner tent.
Such a piece of basket-work, I believe, was never seen in the world ; nor an house or tent so neatly contrived, much less fo built: in this great bee-hive lived the three families ; that is to say, Will Atkins, and his companions; the third was killed, but his wife remained with three children; for she was, it seems, big with child when he died; and the other two were not at all backward to give the widow her full share of every thing, I mean, as to their corn, milk, grapes, &c. and when they killed a kid, or found a turtle on the shore; so that they all lived well enough, though it was true, they were not so industrious as the other two, as has been observed already.
One thing, however, cannot be omitted, viz. that, as for religion, I don't know that there was any thing of that kind among them; they pretty often, indeed, put one another in mind, that there was a God, by the very common method of feamen, viz. swearing by his name; nor were their poor, ignorant favage wives much the better for having been married to Christians, as we must call them; for as they knew very little of God themselves, so they were utterly incapable of entering into any discourse with their wives about a God, or to talk any thing to them concerning religion.
The utmost of all the improvement which I can say the wives had made from them, was, that they had taught them to speak English pretty well ; and all the children they had, which were near twenty in all, were taught to speak English too, from their first learning to speak, though they at first spoke it in a very broken inanner, like their mothers. There were none of those children above six years old when I came thither; for it was not much above
seven years that they had fetched these five savage ladies over, but they had all been pretty fruitful, for they had all children, more or less: I think the cook's mate's wife was big of her fixth child; and the mothers were all a good sort of well governed, quiet, laborious women, modest and decent, helpful to one another, mighty observant and subject to their masters, I cannot call them husbands; and wanted nothing but to be well instructed in the Christian religion, and to be legally married; both which were happily brought about afterwards by my means, or, at least, by the consequence of my coming among them.
Having thus' given an account of the colony in general, and pretty much of my five runagade Englishmen, I must say something of the Spaniards, who were the main body of the family; and in whose story there are some incidents also remarkable enough,
I had a great many discourses with them about their circumstances, when they were among the favages : they told me readily, that they had no instances to give of their application or ingenuity in that country; that they were a poor, miserable, dejected handful of people; that if means had been put into their hands, they had yet so abandoned themselves to despair, and so funk under the weight of their misfortunes, that they thought of nothing but starving. One of them, a grave and very sensible man, told me, he was convinced they were in the wrong; that it was not the part of wise men to give up themselves to their misery, but always to take hold of the helps which reason offered, as well for present support, as for future deliverance; he told me, that
grief was the most senseless, insignificant passion in the world; for that it regarded only things past, which were generally impossible to be recalled or to be remedied, but had no view to things to come, and had no share in any thing that looked like deliverance, but rather added to the affliction than proposed a remedy; and upon this, he repeated a Spanish proverb ; which, though I cannot repeat in just the same words that he spoke it, yet I remember I made it into an Englisɔ proverb of my own, thus:
In trouble to be troubled,
Is to have your trouble doubled. He then ran on in remarks upon all the little improvements I had made in my folitude; my unwearied application, as he called it, and how I had made a condition, which, in its circumstances, was at first much worse than their's, a thousand times more happy than their's was, even now, when they were altogether : he told me, it was remarkable, that Englishmen had a greater presence of mind, in their distress, than any people that ever he met with ; that their unhappy nation, and the Portuguese, were the worst men in the world to struggle with misfortunes; for that their first step in dangers, after common efforts are over, was always to despair, lie down under it and die, without rousing their thoughts up to proper remedies for escape.
I told hiin, their cafe and mine differed exceedingly; that they were cast upon the shore without necessaries, without supply of food, or of present sustenance, till they could provide it: that it is true, I had this disadvantage and discomfort, that I was alone; but then the supplies I had providentially