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66 Of what thou wast.
“ All the conspirators save only he." K. Rich. III.

“ Save only him.

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66 The earth hath swallow'd all my hopes but she."

Rom. and Jul. " But her."

66 When neither are alive."


When neither is alive.”

66 This is strange, your father's in some passion."

Tempest. 66 'Tis strange, your father's in some passion.” It is, perhaps, unnecessary to tell the reader of Shakse peare, that “ Passion,” like all other words, wherein a junction of vowels will admit of either a lengthened or contracted utterance, the poet applies variously to suit the quantity and tenor of his verse; thus, in Hamlet, we find passion a dissyllable.

" That laps'd in time and passion lets go-by.” But in the Two Gentlemen of Verona, again a trisyllable.

“ Poor forlorn Protheus, passionate Protheus !”
“ Limps after in base imitation.”

Anth. and Cleop. " And feeds on objects, arts, and imitations."

Ibid. “ My liege, this haste was hot in question."

K. Hen. IV.
“ Use no more question, try no further means."

Merch. of Ven.
Thy nephew and right royal sovéréign.”

K. John.

Might, by the sovereign power you have of us."


66 How all occasions do inform against me.”


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" For courage mounteth with occasión.”

K. John.
By héavén, Hubert, I'm almost asham’d.”

" The sun is in the heavěn; and the proud day.”

" Figur'd quite o'er with burning metéórs.”



" And call them meteors, progidies, and signs.”

“ And come against us in full púíssance."

“U pon the powěr and puissance of the king.”

"I mean, my lord, those powers that the queen,” &c. &c.
Nor is this effect of associated vowels confined to themselves,
even iron consonants, intervening, will often be amalgamated


in the coalition.

"Within their alabaster innocent arms."

K. Rich. III. 6 Christian and heathen must be beleed and calm’d.”

Othello. 66 Of im pious stubbornněss ; 'tis unmanly grief."

Hamlet. 6 Some of those branches by the destinies cut.”

K. Rich, II.



« One flourishing branch of his most royal root.”

K. Rich. II.

Of this licence Milton also makes abundant and happy


" And chiefly thou, o spirīt, that dost prefer.”-
" If once they hear that voice, their liveliest pledge.”.
" In worst extremes, and on the perilous edge.”

" Innumerablě as when the potent rod.”.

“ Arraying with reflected purple and gold.”

Paradise Lost. « On all deservers, from hence to Inverness.”

Macbeth. 66 On all deservers, hence to Inverness.”

66 So all men do, from hence to the palace gate.”

Ibid. 6. So all men do, hence to the palace gate.”

“I wou'd breed from hence, occasion, and I will."

K. Lear. " I wou'd breed hence, occasion, and I will.”

Let us here, once for all, condemn that practice which prevails among our most correct writers, of placing the preposition, “ from," before the words hence, thence, whence, with their compounds, henceforth, thenceforth, whenceforth, henceforward, &c. &c. These are all adverbs, unconnected with prepositions, and, clearly, of themselves expressing : from this time, place, or cause; from that time, place, or cause; from which time, place, or cause, &c. and the introduction of the ablative preposition is no less impertinent than would be that of the dative before the adverbs hither, thither, whither, were they to be set down to hither, to thither, to whither.

(b) It is not improbable that the poet himself might have introduced the word which is here rejected ; and that the line, at first, stood thus :

66 'Tis sweet and commendable in your nature.” But when, upon revisal, he judged it fitting to insert “Hamlet,” it was, doubtless, to follow, that the word “Nature," with the possessive termination of the pronoun, was to be expunged.


66 You'll say

I'm modest,


6 Unheard-of impudence ! FRANCISCA.

66 When I have told the story; can you tax me
(That have receiv'd some worldly presents from him)
“For being ungrateful ? When he that first tasted,
« And hath so long enjoy'd your sweet embraces,
" (In which all blessings that our frail condition
« Is capable of, is wholly comprehended)
" As clogg'd with happinesse, condemns the giver
6. Of his felicitie ; and, as he reached not
- The master-piece of mischief, which he aims at,
“ Unless he pay those favours he stands bound to,
“ With unexampled favour; nay, doats on you
" As there were something in

“ When, on my knowledge, he long* hath wish'd
" You were among the dead ; and I, you scorn so,

" Perhaps, am your preserver MARC.

66 Bless me, good Angels!
66 Or am I blasted? Lies so false and wicked

66 And falsehood to so damnable a purpose," &c. Of eighteen lines here, in succession, we find only one (admitting the offered correction) of the regular heroic strucare

* Time, probably omitted.

you more than

« And age from that which bred it, good example,

Nay (wou'd ourselves were not the worst) even parents 66 That did destroy the hopes in their own children: The first words we form their tongue with are licentious jests. 6 Can it call whore ? Cry bastard ? O then kiss it, " A witty child! Can't swear? The father's darling. 6 Give it two plums; but this is in the infancy : 66 When it puts on the breeches, it will put-off all this ; " Ay, it is like, when it is gone into the bone already.

Ben Jonson-Every Man in his Humour.

“ In all our royal master's names we tell you,
66 You have done injustice; broke the bond of concord,
66 And from their equal share, from Alexander
6 Parted; and so possessed not, like a brother,
" But as an open enemy you have hedged in

Whole provinces; mann'd and maintain’d these injuries, 66 And daily with their sword, though they still honour you, Make bloody inroads, take towns, and ruin provinces.

Beam. and Fletcher-Mad Lover. Among these diffused terminations (besides some that are entirely out of all reckoning) we find in Jonson one, and in Beaumont and Fletcher two trisyllables ; which, by the way, is very frequent with these writers,

(a) As, besides some instances in the preceding note,

66 Where he
" Resolves to revel, how the lords of her, like
“ The tradesmen," &c.

Massinger.- Picture.

To die, which is inevitable, you may urge."


56 The Spartans are in arms, and like to win all.

Beam. and Fletch.-Mad Lover.

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