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LIST OF ENGRAVINGS.
Painted by Engrared by Page Portrait of Shakespeare, Fac-simile of the original Do
*} DROESHOUT ...... Front, Portrait by . . . . . . . . . . . . Tempest. Act I. Sc. 2. .......... STOTHARD. , Worthington. 2 Two Gentiemen of Verona. Act V. Sc. 3. ... STOTHARD. . R. Graves . . 46 Merry Wives of Windsor. Act III. Sc. 3.... STOTHARD. . Aug. Fox.. 64 Measure for Measure. Act V. Sc. I. ..... STOTH ARD. . Aug, Pox : . 102 Comedy of Errors, Act V. Sc. l. . . Much Ado About Nothing. Act III. Sc. l. ..PETERS... Aug. Fox. 140 Love's Labour's Lost. Act IV. Sc. 3. . ...STOTHARD . . Aug. Fox. 171 Midsummer Night's Dream. Act II. Sc. 2.... REYNOLDS. Aug. Fox . . 193 Merchant of Venice. Act IV. Sc. 1. ..... STOTHARD. R. Graves. . 226 As You Like It. Act II. Sc. 4. ....... STOTHARD. . Aug. Fox . . 242 Taming of the Shrew.. Act IV. Sc. 3.. .... STOTHARD. . C. Marr .. 282 All's Well That Ends Well. Act I. Sc. 3. ... WORTHINGTON Aug. Fox. 294 Twelfth Night; or, What You Will. Act III. Sc. 4. STOTHARD . . Aug. Fox. . 338 The Winter's Tale. Act V. Sc. 3..... . STOTHARD. • Engleheart 379 King John. Act IV. Sc. 1 . .......STOTHARD . . R. Graves. . 395 King Richard II. Act V. Sc. 5. ....... WRIGHT .. S. Watls , . 431 King Henry IV. Part Pirst. Act II. Sc. 2. .. STOTHARD, . Aug. Fox. 440 King Henry IV. Part Second Act III. Sc. 2.. STOTHARD. , Aug. Pox. . 479 King Henry V. Act V. Sc. 2. ...... WRIGHT .. S. Watts , . 524 King Henry VI. Part First. Act II, Sc. 3. ... STOTHARD. . Aug. Fox. . 536 King Henry VI. Part Second. Act III. Sc. 2.. STOTHARD. . H. Adlard . 572 King Henry VI. Part Third. Act V. Sc. 5... STOTHARD. . Aug. Fox . . 616 King Richard III. Act IV. Sc. 3. ...... STOTHARD. . Aug. Fox . . 647 King Henry VIII. Act I. Sc. 4........ STOTHARD. . Perkins .. 665 Troilus and Cressida. Act V. Sc. 3 ..... KIRK ... T. White . . 723 Coriolanus. Act V. Sc. 3. ......... STOTHARD, . T. White . . 762 Titus Andronicus. Act IV. Sc. 2. .... .. KIRK ... Aug. Fox. . 782 Romeo and Juliet. Act II. Sc. 2. ... .. STOTHARD, . Aug. Fox, . 801 Timon of Athens. Act I. Sc. 2...... .. HOWARD ,, T. White . . 828 Julius Cæsar. Act III. Sc. 1. . . . . . . . WESTALL . . Aug. Fox . . 852 Macbeth. Act II. Sc. 2.. . . . . . . . .. WORTHINGTON Aug. Fox . , 884
. . Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. Act IV. Sc. 7. E. WESTALL , . Aug. Fox . . 934 King Lear. Act III. Sc. 4. ........ STOTHARD . . Aug. Pox. . 962 Othello. Act II. Sc. 1. . . . . . . . . . STOTHARD. Aug. Fox . . 988 Antony and Cleopatra. Act V. Sc. 2. ..... STOTH ARD. . Aug. Fox. . 1051 Cymbeline, Act III. Sc. 6. ........ WESTALL . . T. White . . 1076 Pericles, Prince of Tyre. Act V. Sc. 1. .... STOTHARD. . Aug. Fox. . 1113
Was born at Stratford-upon-Avon, in the county of Warwick, on the 23d of April, 1564. His father, John Shakespeare, was a glover, and at various times alderman and bailiff of the town ; his mother, Mary Arden, was the daughter of an ancient bat decayed family in the county. It is most likely that the poet received his education at the free-school of Stratford; and we have the assertion of Aubrey that he was for some time a schoolmaster, and the plausible conjecture of Malone, based upon the familiarity displayed in his writings with the technicalities of the law, that he likewise served in the office of an attorney. Nothing certain, however, is known of his youth, but that he married, soon after the 28th November, 1582, Anne Hathaway, of Stratford; and that their first child was christened on the 26th of May, 1583. Twins were born to them in 1985, soon after which event Shakespeare went to seek his fortune in London. The well known story that he left Stratford in order to avoid the consequences of stealing deer from the park of Sir Thomas Lucy at Charlecote rests upon a tradition, picked up by Betterton, the actor, some fifty years after the poet's death, and neither shaken nor strengthened by the diligence of many subsequent inquirers. We first hear of him in London in 1589, as a shareholder and player in the Blackfriars Theatre; and he had doubtless already commenced author, by altering or adapting the writings of others to the stage ; for a passage in Spenser's “Tears of the Muses,” in which he seems to be alluded to as “ our pleasant Willy,” proves that in 1591, when the poem was first printed, he had achieved a considerable reputation as a dramatist. In 1593 he published his poem of “Venus and Adonis," and in 1594 that entitled * Lucrece.” Both works were dedicated to Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton, who rewarded the author with a gift of a thousand pounds. It was this bounty, perhaps, which enabled him to become a leading shareholder in the New Globe Theatre on the bankside in Southwark, built by the Blackfriars company, and opened in 1595. In summer, the same company used to perform at a theatre at Newington Butts. Shakespeare remained on the stage till 1604, when his name ceases to be found amongst the actors. He continued, however, to live in London -- near the Bear Garden in Southwark; and to write for the stage until 1612 or 1613, when he took up his permanent abode at Stratford. There his gains had been from time to time invested in a substantial house called the New Place, and built by Sir Hugh Clopton in the reign of Henry VII., some other detached tenements, a hundred and seven acres of land, a garden and orchard, and the great tithes of the parish — property which may have been worth between two and three hundred pounds a year. This property must have been acquired mainly by the representations of his plays, and his own exertions as an actor. From his printed dramas he seems to have derived no profit, nor to have looked for any fame ; indeed, he seems neither to have been concerned in their publication, nor to have bestowed the least care in the revision of the text. His name was even affixed during his lifetime to several plays which his friends and fellow actors saw fit to exclude from the first collected edition printed by them in 1623. Of his sonnets, written, many of them, before 1598, though not printed until 1609, the dedication to “their only begetter,” Mr. W. H., initials which have as yet never been deciphered, was signed, not by the author, but by the publisher, Thomas Thorpe. Aubrey was informed that Shakespeare "did act exceedingly well.” But he certainly did not hold amongst actors the prominent place which he occupied amongst authors. In his own plays, he is said to have sustained the parts of the Ghost in “ Hamlet," and Adam in “ As You Like It ;" he likewise acted in Ben Jonson's “Every Man in his Humour;" and his last recorded appearance on the stage was in that author's “ Scjanus." His person and manners are thus briefly described by Aubrey. “He was a handsome, well-shaped man, very good company, and of a ready, and pleasant, and smooth wit.” He died at Stratford on the 23rd April, 1616, aged 53 years. By his widow, who survived him till 1623, he had three children : Susanna, married to Dr. Hall, a physician of some eminence; Hamnet, who died aged eleven in 1596; and Judith, the wife of Thomas Quiney, a wine merchant at Stratford. Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. Hull and widow of Sir John Bernard, who died at Abingdon in 1670, was the last lineal descendant of Shakespeare. – The poet was buried on the north side of the chancel of the great church of Stratford.
Within seven years of his death a monument was erected there to his memory, containing his bust, and inscribed with these verses :
Stay, Passenger, why goest thov by so fast ?
Obiit ano Doi. 1616.
The house of New Place passed to the Poet's daughter, Mrs. Hall; and while in the possession of her daughter, was for three weeks the residence of Queen Henrietta Maria in 1643. It afterwards reverted to the Cloptons, descendants of Sir Hugh, and at last fell into the hands of the Rev. Francis Gastrell, vicar of Frodsham, in Cheshire. Quarrelling with the magistrates of Stratford in 1756, this divine immortalized himself by razing the building to the ground, having previously cut down a mulberry tree in the garden, planted, according to the tradition, by the hand of Shakespeare.
WRITINGS OF SHAKESPEARE.
Midsummer Night's Dream
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