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PITT SCHOLARSHIP.

THE examination for all the University Scholarships, properly so called, is much the same; but a greater distinction is attached to the attainment of the Pitt than of any of the others, both on account of its less frequent recurrence than some, and of its pecuniary value greater than any. It is tenable until its possessor is of M. A. standing, and its annual value is about £75. Any Undergraduate may be a candidate, whose standing does not exceed three years since his first residence.

1824.

I. Translate into Latin Prose.

We may generally observe a pretty nice proportion between the strength of reason and passion; the greatest geniuses have commonly the strongest affections, as, on the other hand, the weaker understandings have generally the weaker passions; and it is fit the fury of the Coursers should not be too great for the strength of the Charioteer. Young men whose passions are not a little unruly, give small hopes of their ever being considerable; the fire of youth will of course abate, and is a fault, if it be a fault, that mends every day; but surely, unless a man has fire in his youth, he can hardly have warmth in old age. We must therefore be very cautious, lest while we think to regulate the passions, we should quite extinguish them, which is putting out the light of the soul; for to be without passion, or to be hurried away with it, makes a man equally blind. The extraordinary severity used in most of our schools has this fatal effect, it breaks the spring of the mind, and most certainly destroys more good geniuses than it can possibly improve. And surely it is a mighty mistake that the passions should be so entirely subdued: for little irregularities are sometimes not only to be borne with, but to be cultivated too, since they are frequently attended with the greatest perfections. All great geniuses have faults mixed with their virtues, and resemble the flaming bush which has thorns amongst lights.

II. Into English Prose.

Tacit. Annal. xv. 62-63.

"Ille interritus poscit testamenti-invertere supersedeo."

III. Subject for Latin Theme.

"Nam neque illud ipsum quod est optimum desperandum, et in præsentibus rebus magna sunt ea quæ sunt optimis proxima.”

IV. Into English Prose.

'O dè

Thucyd. V. c. 7. Ὁ δὲ Κλέων τέως----- διὰ τὸ ἔρημον.
Ib. c. 89-90. Ἡμεῖς τοίνυν—παράδειγμα γένοισθε.
Demosth. de Chersoneso. §. 72-77. Elra onoìv ös äv rúxn-
ἀνεπίφθονον εἰπεῖν.

V. Into Greek Iambics.

He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that ruled the nations in anger, is persecuted, and none hindereth.

The whole earth is at rest and is quiet, they break forth into singing. Yea, the fir-trees rejoice at thee, and the cedars of Lebanon, saying, Since thou art laid down, no feller is come up against

us.

Hell from beneath is moved for thee, to meet thee at thy coming: it stirreth up for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth: it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.

All they shall speak and say unto thee, Art thou also become weak as we ? Art thou become like unto us?

Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy

viols the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.

:

How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!

For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God.

Yet shalt thou be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit. They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;

That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof, that opened not the house of his prisoners?

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VII. General Paper.

1. Give an account of the foundation of the principal cities of Greece, and of the colonies, which at different periods proceeded from Lacedæmon.

2. Determine from internal evidence the times, in which Homer and Hesiod probably lived. To what age do you assign the Homeric hymns? To whom do you attribute the division of the Iliad into books? Give an account of the religion and government of the Grecians, as portrayed by Homer.

3. What means remain to us for arranging the chronology of the early ages of Greece? What dates do you assign to the following events:-The Argonautic Expedition, the Trojan War, the Ionic Migration, the Return of the Heracleids, the Legislation of Lycurgus?

How do Herodotus, Thucydides, and Xenophon describe the time of events ?

4. What was the population of Athens in citizens and slaves in the time of Pericles, and of Demetrius Phalereus? What were the pecuniary, military, and naval resources of the Athenians at the commencement of the Peloponnesian war, and in the time of Demosthenes? Give an account, from Herodotus, of the invasion of Scythia by Darius; from Thucydides, of the Sicilian expedition.

5. State in their order the subjects of education, which were pursued at Athens in the time of Aristophanes, and the effects produced in the opinion of that poet, and of Plato.

Explain, as to their construction or allusions, the following passages of that Poet:

καθῆσθαί μοι δοκῶ

εἰς τὸ θησεῖον πλεούσαις ἠπὶ τῶν σεμνῶν θεῶν. Εa. 1300.

ἄγε δὴ σὺ φράσου ἐμοὶ σαφῶς, πρὸς τουτονὶ,

ἵνα μή σε βάψω βάμμα Σαρδιανικόν. AcHAR. 111.

τοῦ βίου δ ̓ ἐξέβαλε δεῖγμα, τάδε τὰ πτερὰ πρὸ τῶν θυρῶν. ACHAR. 977.

̓Αντίμαχον τὸν Ψακάδος
ἐξολέσειεν ὁ Ζεύς.

ACHAR. 1150.
ἀλλ ̓ οὐχ οἷόν τε τὸν Παφλαγόν' οὐδὲν λαθεῖν,

τω χεῖρ ἐν Αἰτωλοῖς, ὁ δὲ νοῦς ἐν Κλωπιδῶν. Ea. 74.
ψυχῶν σοφῶν τοῦτ' ἐστὶ φροντιστήριον. ΝυΒ. 94.
ἀρχαῖα γε καὶ Διπολιώδη, καὶ τεττίγων ἀνάμεστα,
καὶ Κηκείδου, καὶ Βουφονίων. ΝυΒ. 983.

6. Lycias, Andocides, Hyperides, Antiphon. Give a brief account of these orators, and an analysis of the speech of Lycurgus against Leocrates.

7. What dialects were spoken at Thebes, Corinth, Argos, Lesbos, Samos, Crete, Sicily? Do you know any passage, which illustrates the difference between the Old and New Attic? Trace the formation of the Latin language, and give instances of its gradual improvement from works which remain to us.

8. What changes did the Roman constitution undergo from the expulsion of the Kings to the time of the first Punic war?

9. Give the circumstances and dates of the following events, as related,

(1) By Livy,-destruction of Alba, battle of Allia, battle of Thrasimene, reduction of Macedonia.

(2)

By Sallust,-defeat and death of Catiline.

(3) By Tacitus,-mutiny of legions in Pannonia, reign of Galba, battle of Bebriacum.

What is your opinion of the style of these historians? What is known of their private history?

mans.

10. Give an account of the dramatic representations of the RoExplain the difference between the Greek and Roman mimi. 11. (1) Point out the metrical errors of the following lines, and give Porson's corrections of them:

καὶ κατ ̓ αὐτὸ τοῦτο δὴ μόνον ἄνδρες γε μαχιμώτατοι.

VESP. 1062. νὴ τὸν ̓Απόλλω, τοῦτό γέ τοι τῷ νυνὶ λόγῳ εὖ προσέφυσας. NUB. 372. νῦν αὖτε λεῷ, προσέχετε τὸν νοῦν, εἴπερ καθαρόν τι φιλεῖτε. VESP. 1015. (2) State the substance of the remarks made on the following lines by the editor whose name is annexed: παρθένον, ἐμῇ τε μητρὶ παρέδωκεν τρέφειν. οὐ μὴν ἑλίξας γ ̓ ἀμφὶ σὸν χεῖρας γόνυ. τὰ μὲν λέλεκται, τῶν δ ̓ ἐγὼ μνησθήσομαι.

On. 64. Pors. PHGN. 1638. Pors.

MED. 929. Pors.

ὁποῖα κισσὸς δρυὸς, ὅπως τῆσδ ̓ ἕξομαι. Ηec. 398. Pors.
ὅστις, πρὶν ἀνδρὸς σπλάγχνον ἐκμάθῃ σαφῶς,

OTUYET DECOρKWS. MED. 215. Elms.

κατέσχετ ̓ ἐκλιπόντες Εὐβῷδ ̓ ἀκτάν. HERACL. 84. Elms.
τὰ πολλὰ δὲ

πάλαι προκόψασ', οὐ πόνου πολλοῦ με δεῖ. Hır. 23. Monk. εἰ δ ̓ εὖ σέβουσι τοὺς πολισσούχους θεούς. ΑGAM. 329. Blom. 12. Support by quotations or references the answers you give to the following questions:-Is the particle av admissible with a present or perfect indicative, or with a future optative?-With what moods is "av duplicata" most frequently joined; is there any mood with which it is never joined? With wh tenses of the infinitive mood is μew admitted, in its senses of "futurus sum" and 66 cunctor?" Can ou un be joined with a first aorist of the subjunctive active? Explain the difference of meaning between où μn with an interrogative future of the indicative, and an aorist of the

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