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the heirs of promife. And according to the various parts of his work, in applying the purchased salvation, he gets several names in fcripture ; a3,
If, He is fometimes called a reprover : John xvi. 8. “When he is come, he will reprove the world of in.” And his reproofs are so sharp and piercing, that they are compared to keen arrows, and a sharp two-edged sword, piercing to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit.
2dly, He is sometimes called a comforter : “ I will send the Comforter, and he shall teach you all things.” He is so called, because he comforts them that mourn in Zion; he gives the oil of joy for mourning, and the garments of praise for a heavy spirit.” His consolations are so strong thai they make the lips of them that are alleep to fing.
3dly, He is sometimes called an advocate; the word rendered a comforter, fignifies also an advocale. He pleads the cause of Christ in the world, against all that dare to speak against him; he pleads his cause in the hearts of his people, against all the false surmises that Satan and an unbelieving heart are ready to fuggest to his prejudice ; and he acts the part of an advocate, by enabling us to plead and pray with groans which cannot be urtered.
4thly, He is sometimes called a witness : John xv. 26. “He fhall teftify of me.” The Spirit bears witness of Christ, partly by external revelation, partly by internal manifestation; hence called “ the Spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Chrift.” He bears witness of the fonship of believers; he " bears witness with our spirits, that we are the children of God:” he is in them a spirit of adoption, enabling them to cry, Abba, Father.
5thly, He is sometimes called a remembrancer: John xiv. 26. " He shall bring to your remembrance whatsoever I have spoken unto you.” Our memories are like leaking vessels, let all the good words of Christ flip from us; but the Spirit will not let them flip: no, he keeps them for our use, and brings to remembrance with a fresh relih and favour in time of need ; and in that case the believer finds such a sweetness in the word, that he cannot but fay with Jeremiah, “ Thy words were found by me, and I did eat them, and they were unto me the joy and rejoicing of mine heart.”
Otbly, He is sometimes called a teacher : “ He shall teach , you all things,” John xiv. 26. He teaches so, as no man ever
taught; he is an interpreter among a thousand; all the commentaries in the world are not able to give such a view of a word of scripture, as the Spirit of the Lord will do, when he
opens it up in his own light; he makes the heart of the rash to understand wisdom.
7thly, He is sometimes called a guide : “ When the Spirit of truth is come, he shall guide you into all truth.” He saves the members of Christ from such damnable errors, as strike at the foundation of religion and Christianity ; none of his teaching shall be given up to strong delusions, to believe lies.
4. The Spirit of the Lord, as to his qualities or properties, we are told in scripture, is,
1/1, A renewing Spirit : hence we read of “the washing of regeneration, and the renewing of the Holy Ghost.” All the powers of the soul, and the image of God in them, are dislo. cate and defaced, the whole foundations are out of course; but the Spirit of the Lord, in a work of regeneration, repairs the image of God, and sets every thing again in its proper place and order.
2dly, He is a fanctifying Spirit, wherefore called “the Spirit of holiness.” He draws the lineaments of the divine holiness upon us, and enables us more and more to die unto sin, and to live unto righteousness: he takes the beauty of Christ and puts it upon us, whereby we are made comely.
3dly, He is a Spirit of glory: “ The Spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you,” says the apostle Peter. He makes the King's daughter all glorious within, and so fits the soul for being brought to glory, “ makes us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light.”
4thly, He is a Spirit of power; he gives power to the faint, makes the feeble as David. When the Spirit of the Lord was with Samson, he slew the Philistines heaps upon heaps; but when the Lord departed, the locks wherein his strength lay were cut. · 5thly, He is a Spirit of love. Wherever he comes, he makes the heart to burn with love to God in Christ, so as the soul cannot but say, with David, “ Whom have I in heaven but thee ?” The man loves his ordinances, and the place where his honour dwells : he loves his people, and all that bear his image : “My delight is with the saints, the excellent ones of the earth.”
Othly, He is a Spirit of a found mind, for he gives a found judgenient and underítanding of the things of God; hence it is, that one of the Lord's babes or little ones will have a more clear and sound uptaking of the things of God, than all the learned rabbies and plodding politicians in the world, that excel in human wisdom and literature.
I shall only add, 5. That the actings and operations of the Spirit of the Lord are set forth to us in fcripture under different metaphors; as,
ift, He is sometimes resembled to fore, therefore called a Spirit of burning, Il. iv. 4. He consumes and burns up the dross of Gn and corruption. As the sparks of fire fly upward, fo he makes the soul to seek those things that are above.
2dly, He is sometimes resembled to water : Ila. xliv. 3. “I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground.” By his influences, the foul is fo fructified, that it becomes as a tree planted by the rivers of waters, bringing forth fruit in season : “ I will be as the dew unto Israel, and he shall grow as the lily.".
3dly, He is sometimes resembled to wind : Cant. iv. 16. « Awake, O north wind, and come, thou south, blow upon my garden.” John ïji. 8. “ The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou heareft the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth.” When this wind filleth the fails of the affections, with what speed and liveliness does the believer move in his voyage to the haven of glory, his everlasting rest!
4thly, He is sometimes resembled in his operations to cil: “ We have an unction from the holy One, and we know all things." We read of the anointing of the Spirit; “God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.” And by this oil the countenance of the believer is made to shine, the joints of his soul are suppled, so that he runs and does not weary, walks and does not faint.
II. The second thing proposed was, to speak a little of the standard which is lifted up by the Spirit of the Lord. By the standard, as I told you in the explication of the words, I understand Christ, the blessed ensign, which is lifted to the nations, Il. xi. 1o. And he is fitly resembled to a standard, on the following accounts.
1. The standard is a Gignal of war; when war is proclaime ed, the standard is set up, or the ensign displayed. When Christ descended to this lower world, and came upon an expedition of war against the god of this world, and his usurped empire over the children of men, this war was proclaimed, and the standard set up in Paradise, by that word, Gen. iii. 15. " The seed of the woman shall bruise the head of the serpent.” Accordingly, when he actually came into the world, he gave a Thout of war against the enemy, saying, " The day of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come.” Hence it was, that hell and its auxiliaries took the alarm, they raged, they “ imagined a vain thing against the Lord, and against his anointed, saying, Come, let us break their bands afunder, and caft away their
was a lich rod of iny natio
cords from us :" but the man of God's right hand wounded his head over many nations, breaks him, and his adherents, as with a rod of iron. The incarnation of the Son of God was a signal to a loft world that God was now with us, to deliver us from the power of Satan; his appearing in our flesh, was a displaying the standard, or a lifting up the banner, that we might gather unto him as our leader and commander.
2. A standard is a signal of peace; when peace is proclaimed, the white flag or ensign is displayed. As the ape pearance of God in the nature of man was a signal of war against hell, death, and fin; so it was a signal of peace to man upon earth; hence the angels, at the birth of our Redeemer, cry, “ Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good-will towards men.” He is our peace : “ This man shall be the peace when the Assyrian Thall come into our land." He brought with him a peace of reconciliation with God, a peace of confolation with conscience, a peace of amity and friendship between man and man, and between man and his fellow.creatures. .
3. A standard is an ensign of victory; the victorious ge. neral sets up his standard in the field of battle, as an evidence of the enemy's being foiled. So a risen and living Redeemier, is a signal of his victory over the powers of hell; for « when he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive,” he returned from the field with displayed enligns, carrying the spoils of his enemies along with him; upon the fight of which the church cries, in a way of triumph, Pfal. Ixviii. 20. “ He that is our God, is the God of salvation; and unto God the Lord belong the ifsues from death.”
4. A standard is a signal of gathering; when the standard is set up, the army is to gather, volunteers are to be listed. The manifestation of Christ in the flesh, and the revelation of him in the gospel, is a signal to loft sinners, to shake off the tyrannical yoke of fin and Satan, that they may, under Christ's conduct, recover their ancient liberty that they enjoyed at their creation: hence is that prophecy of Jacob, Gen. xlix. 10. “ Unto him shall the gathering of the people be." lf. xi. 10. “ He shall be set for an ensign to the nations; to him shall the Gentiles seek, and his reit shall be glorious." And 0 how glad is he when volunteers come in as flocks of doves to their windows ! Matth. xxiii. at the close, “ How often would I have gathered thee, as the hen gathereth her chickens under her wings !”
5. A standard is for direction and order; when the army is to march, the standard goes before, and the soldiers know
whereaway whereaway to move by the motio. of their standard. Chrift is given for a leader to the people; it is by eying of him the saints know how to direct, and to bend their course in their trayels through the wilderness. Hence the apostle exhorts believers to “ run their race with patience, looking unto Jefus the author and finisher of their faith," Heb. xii. 1. 2. Thus you see, that Christ is the standard, and why so called.
III. The third thing was, to speak a little of the lifting up of this blessed standard.
1. The first uplifting of it was in the eternal counsel of Heaven, before ever the foundation of the world was laid : Prov. viii. 23. “ I was set up (says Chrift) from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was.” From all eternity, God had a purpose of love towards loft finners of Adam's family, and a purpose of war against the powers of hell, by Jesus Christ.
2. This standard was lifted up in the first promise, Gen. iii. 15. “ It shall bruise thy head, and thou ihalt bruise his heel;" that is, My eternal Son, in the nature of man, shall, in the fulness of time, avenge the quarrel of the woman and her seed, in thy total ruin and overthrow.
3. This standard was set up in the actual incarnation, obedience, and death of the Son of God; for then it was that “ through death he destroyed him that had the power of death ;" then it was he destroyed the works of the devil, turned the counsel of that froward spirit headlong, outshot him in his own bow. The devil and the world thought that they had Christ at under, when they had brought him to the dult of death ; but our glorious Emmanuel wrelts death out of the devil's hand, and flays him with his own weapons.
4. This standard was lifted up by the resurrection of Christ from the dead, and his exaltation at the right hand of the Majesty on high. We are told, Psal. cx. 7. that “ having drunk of the brook in the way, he lifted up the head :" and by his uplifting, he draws all men after him. O Sirs, list up your eyes to heaven, and behold this royal standard now let up in Emmanuel's land, far above all principality and power, might and dominion. “God hath highly exalted him, and given him a name above every name.”
5. This standard is lifted up in the dispensation of the everlasting gospel, which began first to be preached by the apostles immediately after his resurrection, and afterward by other ministers called of God for that end, which are to con. tinue in a succession to the end of the world. O how successfully was this standard lifted up by the apostles, when set