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fallen from the state wherein he was created, muft, in order to his recovery, be brought under another model of government, than that which he was under at his creation, when he was subject to God only as his Creator and Benefactor, promising life to him upon the terms of the covenant of works; I say, in order to his recovery, a new scene of government beboved to be erected; the plan of which was laid in the council of peace from eternity. By virtue of this plan of government, the first person of the glorious Trinity sustains the part of the fupreme Judge, passing a sentence of condemnation upon all mankind for the breach of his holy law; hut yet so far dispenses with the rigour of the law, as to admit of a ransom and fatisfaction. God, in the person of the Son, sustains the place of a Mediator, Surety, and Redeemer, promising to satisfy and to repair the honour of the holy law. Upon which undertaking, the Judge is so well pleased, that, in order to the accomplishment of the Son's undertaking, “all power in heaven and in earth is given him :' all government is committed to the Son, angels, men, and devils, and all creatures, are put into his hand, chat he may make them subservient to the re. covery of that poor contemptible creature man. And it is upon this foundation, that the great JEHOVAH says, in the text and context, Yet have I set my King upon my holy hill of Zion. “ I will declare the decree : the Lord hath faid unto me, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee. Al of me, and I will give thee the Heathen,” &c.
Now, the mediatory kingdom of Christ, it is either more general or special.
1. His general mediatory kingdom extends itself over hea. ven, earth, and hell, (as I said just now): Eph. i. at the close, God hath “ given him to be head over all things to the church, which is his body.” Phil. ii. 9.--11. “ At, or in, the name of Jesus every knee must bow, of things in heaven, and things on earth, and things under the earth; and every tongue mult confess, that Jesus Christ is the Lurd, to the glory of God the Father,” All persons, kingdoms, and revolutions of affairs in the world, are ordered and managed by our Mediator and Redeemer, Jesus Christ. He sets up kings and pulls them down, as ferves the defigns of his glory, and of his church's good: hence it is proposed, as matter of triumph to the church in her distress, Pial. cxlvi. 10. “ The Lord doth reign for ever, even thy God, o Zion, unto all generations. Praise ye the Lord.”
2. The kingdom of Christ is to be considered as more special and parricular; and fo his church is his kingdom, in which, and over which, he reigns. This kingdom, or church of Chrift, is sometimes in scripture called his body ; because of the union that is between him and them : sometimes his flock; because he, as a Shepherd, watches over them, and provides them their pasture.
Now, this particular kingdom of Christ, the church, is to be considered, either as militant on earth, or triumphant in heaven. The church triumphant is that part of the faints of God, who are, by death, gathered to him in glory, where Christ is ; and the heavens are to contain him and them, until “the consumo mation of all things," at the end of rime, when he will descend to the last judgement, and all his faints and angels attending him as his retinue. But it is of the church militant on earth i now speak. They are called militant, because they are yet in a state of war upon the field of battle, wrestling with sin, Satan, and the world, &c.
The militant church, again, is either visible or invisible. The invisible church catholic consists of all believers, who are savingly united unto Christ, as their head of influence and government, by his regenerating and sanctifying Spirit. And those are called his invisible ·hurch, because the bonds of union between him and them, are such as are not visible to the eye of the world, they are not perceptible by sense and reason, their life, and all the concerns thereof, are “hid with Christ in God,” and therefore sometimescalled his hidden ones. The vigible catholic church of Christ consists of all these through the whole world, who make a viGble and credible profeflion of their faith in Chrift, and subjection unto him as their Prophet, Priest, and King, and who own and acknowledge the doctrine, worthip, discipline, and government, that he has appointed, having the gospel preached unto them by ambassadors of his fending, and his ordinances administrated. This catholic visibie church, consisting of all that profess the name of Christ, but especially of them who do really believe in him, this is that which in my text is called the holy hill of Zion, over which Christ doch
Onto all that has been said, I shall cnly add, upon this head, that the members of the catholic church, being spread over the face of the whole earth, wherever the goipel is preached, it is impossible that they can have a local communion one with another, in this world, in worthipping their glorious head, Jesus Christ, although it were desirable, if it could be attained. But because this cannot be attained, therefore the catholic church is divided into national churches, provincial churches, presbyterial churches, parochial churches, doncitic churches, (for we read of the church of Christ in a house, or particular fanily); but all these are but to many parts, liis
or or greater, of the catholic church of Christ, through the world, which have “one Lord, one faith, one baptism." But I do not stand further upon this. So much shall serve for giving you a general view of the church, or kingdom of Christ in the world,
The second thing is, to shew why the church is called the holy bill of Zion, For clearing of this, you would know, that mount Zion, literally, was a hill situated in the best part of the world, viz. Canaan, and in the best part of Canaan, which was the tribe of Judah, and in the best part of that tribe, namely; in the city of Jerusalem. This hill had two heads, or tops, the one of which was called Moriah, upon which the temple was built, whereby it became the seat of all the folemn worThip under the old economy; the other top was called the city of David, because David's palace was there, the royal residence of the kings of Judah and Israel. The church of Christ is frequently, both in the scriptures of the Old and New Testament, spoken of under the notion of this hill of Zion, particularly, Pfal. cxxxii. 13. “ The Lord hath chosen Zion : he hath defired it for his habitation,” &c. And Heb. xii. 22. “ Ye are come unto Mount Zion,” says the apostle, speaking of the New Testament church. Now, Mount Zion typified the gospel church upon these or the like accounts. .
1. Mount Zion and Jerusalem was the habitation of Jebusites, a company of curled and idolatrous Canaanités. So is the church, by nature, enemies to God, “ aliens to the commonwealth of Israel,” &ć.
2. Mount Zion was taken by David out of the hands of the Jebustes. So Christ, our blessed David, he made a con. quest of his church: he not only buys her with his blood from the hand of justice, but by the dint of the sword, girded on his thigh, he takes her by main force out of the hand of Satan; the weapons he makes use of for this end not being « carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of Atrong-holds,” &c.
3. David fortified Zion for his own use, and the sole place of his residence. So Chtist he fixes his spiritual residence in Zion : “ In Salem is his tabernacle, and his dwelling-place in Zion.” And his presence in her makes her impregnable, “ The Lord is in the midst of her, the shall not be moved :" hence is chat song, Il. xxvi. 1. “ In that day thall this song be sung in the land of Judah, We have a strong city, salvation hath God appointed unto her for walls and for bulwarks.”
4. Mount Zion ard Jerusalem was renowned above all cities in the known world. So the church of Christ is the most reriowned society upon earth, renowned for her dignity, her
trade, her immunities, her present privileges, and future prospects.
5. Zion was the place of public worship, the ark was there, and all the folemn worship of Israel was there. So in the New Testament church are the ordinances for worship, word, prayer, praise, facraments, and the like; these galleries of the King of Zion, where he holds fellow ship with his subjects, and allows them access unto his presence, and commu. nion with him. . . !
6. All the sacred things of God were kept in Zion; there was the law, the oracles of God, the Shechinah, the pot of manna, the mercy.seat, the tabernacle. So the church of, Christ is the repository of all the sacred things of heaven; to her belongs the adoption, the promises, the covenant; the ordinances, the doctrine, the worlhip, the discipline, the government, and truths of Christ are committed to her custody. Ohow zealous should the New Testament church, and every ninilter and member thereof, be for the preservation of these in their purity, and power? ! 7. We find an oppoßtion stated in fcripture between mount Zion and mount Sinai, Gal. iv. God came down for a season on Sinai ; but he comes to dwell on mount Zion, &c. , he appeared in terror on Sinai; but Zion, or Jerusalem, is a vision of peace : he forsook Sinai, and left it in bondage ; but Zion is free for ever : he gave the law, on mount Sinai ; but the gospel On mõunt Zion, &c. , · The third thing is, to give you some of the properties or qualities of Christ's kingdom... *1. then, It is a spiritual kingdom. It is not of this world, as the Jews imagined, and as others imagine, who would faThion and mould it according to the kingdom of this world The laws, the ordinances, the discipline, and whole of this kingdom is fpiritual, and has a relation principally to the souls of men and women, and an eternal state to come. And feeing it is so, what a strange notion of the kingdom of Christ must men and judicatories among us have, who distinguish men in the affairs of Christ's kingdom by the gold ring, gay
clothing, and worldly heritages. , Alas! true notions of the · kingdom of Christ are generally lost among us in this generá.
tion. Some have no other notion of the church of Christ, than a society of men meeting together, under the name of ju. dicatories, under the protection of civil authority, whether they be acting according to the laws of Christ, or against them, for the interest of the body of Christ, or to its hurt and prejudice ; whether they be holding Christ as a head, or practically renouncing his headship, however they profess the contrary. I Vol. II.
make no difficulty to affirm, that a church not holding the head, Christ, in all his offices, is but an idol of man's making; and zeal for such a church is but like the zeal of these who cried, “ The temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord are there," and yet were real enemies to the God of the temple; or like Ephraim, concerning whom it is said, “ Ephraim hath forsaken the Lord, and buildeth temples." I say, then, that the kingdom of Christ is of 4 spiritual nature, and it relates principally to the foul, or the inner man : hence Christ declares concerning his difciples and followers, '“ The kingdom of God is within you;” and without this, it iş little natter what church or 'communion folk be of.
2. Christ's catholic kingdom is of a large extent. It is true, under the Old Testament dispensation, the kingdom of Christ was pent up within the conlines of the land of Judea, “To them belonged the adoption, the covenants, the law, and the promises," while the generality of the Gentile nations were held as dogs, aliens to Israel's commonwealth, &c. But blessed be God, now the waters of the sanctuary have run down to the valley of Shitrim, and the gospel is “ preached unto all nations, for the obedience of faith." Psal. i. 8. "I will give him the Heathen for his inheritance, » &c. Plal. Ixxi. 8. His dominion shall reach from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth.".'
3. Although the kingdom of Christ, I mean his true church, be of a large extent, yet it is but a little kingdom, I mean, it is not populous, when compared with the kingdom of the good of this world. Christ's flock is but a little flock, comparatively considered, Luke xii. 32, &c. They are but little in respect of their numbers. Indeed abxtractiy, considered, at the end of the day, they will make an innumerable company, which no man can number;" but, viewed in comparison of the wicked, they are but few : ftrais is the gate, and narrow is the way which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it;" like the gleanings after the vintage, “ I will take them one of a ciiy, and two of a family, and bring them unto Zion." They are but little in respect of quality. Christ's subjects are generally among the poorer sort of people: God hath chosen the poor of this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom." 1 Cor. i. 26. -"Not many wise men after the flesh,” &c. They are little in regard of esteem ; the world make but littlę account of them ; they are generally reckoned the dross and offscourings of the earth, 1 Cor. iv. 11.-13.: but however little account the world may make of them, yet when Christ, at phe end of the day, presents them unto his Father, they will