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them in mine anger, I will trample them in my fury.” Thus you see some of his excellent qualities as a Redeemer. And so much shall serve for the firsł thing, which was to give some little account of the Redeemer.
II. The second thing proposed was, to speak a little of the redeemed: The year of my redeemed is come. And here again, two or three questions may be moved concerning them in fhort.
1. Who are they that are here called the redeemed ? Answ. In a word, they are a select company of the lost race and posterity of Adam chosen by the Father, and given by him to the Son, before the foundations of the world were laid, that in due time he might redeem and deliver them froin that wo and wrath they lay exposed to, for the breach and violation of the divine law, or covenant of works, and whom he engaged to call effectually; to justify; fanctify, and at length to bring to“eternal glory in the enjoyment of God for ever. So that you see Chrift did not spend the price of his blood, or travel of his soul, for the fallen angels, but for fallen man ; “ he took, not on him the nature of angels, but the seed of Abraham:" neither did he redeem all mankind, by paying á ransom for every individual, but for these whom the Father, gave him out of Adam's family : « I lay down my life,” says he, “ for my sheep,” not for the goats, but “ for the sheep: I pray not for the world, but for those whom thou hast given me out of the world, for they are thine,” John xvii. g
2. You told us of the Redeemer's descent and pedigree; what is the pedigree of the redeemed, how are they descended? Answ. Although the redeemed bë honourably descended ; yet they, by their natural generations are a base-born com. pany, being descended and sprung of Adam, and so are the degenerate plant of a strange vine, of the same common 'mass of corruption with the reprobate world who perish for ever, * Children of wrath, and heirs of hell, as well as others." The children of Israel were taught to fing that melancholy and mournful ditty, “ A Syrian ready to perith was my fae ther ;” and the Lord tells them, Ezek. xvi. 3. ." Thý father was an Amorite, and thy mother an Hittite.” Oh Sirs, you and I, whatever our immediate parents were, whether they were gracious or graceless, whether they were rich or poor, hoble or ignoble; yet, confidering us as the posterity of the first Adam, we may derive our pedigree from hell: “ Ye are of your father the devil,” says Christ unto the Jews, who Inade their boast that they had Abraham to their father. But
yet the redeemed of the Lord, though they be thus barely defcended-by natural generation, yet by their new birth, or regene ration, they are nobly descended; “ they are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God: To as many as received him, to them gave he power, or right, to become the Sons of God.”
3. If you ask, with what price hath Christ redeemed them ?." the apostle Peter answers this question, 1 Pet. i. 18. 19. “ We. are not redeemed with corruptible things, such as Glver and gold; but with the precious blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, as of a Lamb without blemish and without spot." No less a price than that of blood would do the bulness; for “ without the fhedding of blood there is no remission of lin:" and it was no ordinary blood that would do it, but the best blood of the whole creation, even the blood of the immaculate Lamb of God: and what valuable blood this is, will appear, if we take either an absolute or comparative view of it. (i.) View it absolutely, it is the blood of God, as it is called, Acts xx. 28. “ Feed the flock of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.” And it is so called, because of the personal union between the man Christ Jesus and the second person of the glorious Trinity, by virtue of which, he is Immanuel, Godinan in one person. ( what a valuable ransom must this be! It is the blood of him who is “ the man of God's right hand, who is in the form of God, and thinks it no robbery to be equal with God.” It is indeed royal blood that is the ransom of our souls, the blood of him who is “ The mighty God, The everlasting Father, and The Prince of peace.” (2.) Let us view this blood comparatively (as I was saying just now), it is the best blood of the whole création. The blood of a man is more valuable than the blood of a beast, because man was inade after the image of God; the blood of the faints is more valuable than the blood of other men, because the image of God, which was lost by the fall, is impressed upon them by regenera. ting and sanctifying grace; hence we are told, that precious in the fight of the Lord is the death (or blood) of his faints.” O then how precious must his blood be, who is " the express image of the Father, and the brightness of his glory !” What is the blood of a creature, in respect of the blood of the everblessed Creator! Although the whole angels in heaven, men on earth, and devils in hell, yea, the whole frame of nature had been offered up in facrifice, they could never have satisfied justice, or expiate the guilt of the least fin; no, no, nothing less than a ransom of infinite value could do it; the redemption of the soul is precious, and would have ceased for ever, unless the Son of God had poured out his foul for us. "sus you see what is the price wherewith they are redeemed.
4. If it be askedh tat reiation do the Tedeeped henne in to the Redeemer ? for hure be ip aks of diem as as ia 2 war of eminence, the prar of my rtämdi 2 Dib. I 20er, le find him in icripture afiertine luis c.a:in to the under a manstold relation. Sometimes we ind im Cang 100 as in the Bth verle oi Chap er, And ** be izid, Sure.Tiner are my people, choren that will not be: and ío be was tveir Sariont." Sometimes be calls them is fertilit: : “ Where I am (savs he), there inali 2.o tierrast be." So.netimes he cals then his friends : * Te are my friepes, if ye do whate soever I comi2nd you.” Sometimes his feed : 11. 11. 10. " He fall see his iced, be itsa!l projong Eis davs, zas the pieaiure of the Lord ihail profper in his hand." Santtimes his breldren; and " he is not abamed to call then brethren," having takea part of the children's feth. Sometimes his pouje and bride, as you ice frequently in the Soag of Solomoa. Sometimes ne calis them Lis geweis: “ They had be sine, faith the Lord of hosts, in the day that I make up my jewels. Sometimes his portion : « The Lord's people are his portion, and Jacob is the lot of his inheritance. Sometimes his crown and his ornameni: “ Thou ihalt be a crown of glory in the hand of the Lord, and a royal diadem in the hand of thy God." Sometimes his glory; a very ftrange exprebon ! "I have placed Lalration in Zion for lírael my glory." Thus you see that he atlerts his interest in them under manifold relations. And so much concerning the Redeeme, and the redeemed. I proceed now te,
II. The third thing proposed, which was, to fpeak a little of the year of the redet med. But before I enter on it we had
Is. lxiii. 4.-For i he day of vengeance is in mine beart, and it
gear of my redeemed is come.
THE SECOND SERMON ON THIS TEXT,
THE third thing proposed was, to fpeak of the gear of
I the redeemed. Whether there be a literal respect in the words unto the year of jubilee, or the year of the release of · Ifrael írom their captivity in Babylon, after seventy years bon
dage, I shall not contend : I take it here in its spiritual and ultimate meaning, as pointing at the time of our redemption by Christ Jesus. And here I will tell you of a fivefold potable year of the redeemed. 1. There is the year of purposed rea demption. 2. The year of purchased redemption. 3. The year of exhibited redemption. 4. The year of applied redemption. And, 5. The year of consummate redemption. These are five notable years, and many great and glorious things were and are to be done in every one of them.
First, I say, there is the year of redemption by ordination or purpose. And this is such an ancient year, that it never had a beginning, the glorious frame and plan of our redemption being laid in the heart of God from eternity, before ever the foundations of the world were laid : with respect to this year, Christ is called “ a Lamb lain from the foundation of the world.” If it be asked, What were the principal occurrences of this year? si
Answ. 1. This year electing and everlasting love lighted upon the redeemed, when he saw them in his own decree Lying in their blood: Ezek. xvi. 6. “ And when I paffed by thee, and saw thee polluted in thine own blood, I said unto thee, when thou wait in thy blood, Live: yea, 'I said unto thee when thou wast in thy blood, Live. And ver. 8. “ When I paffed by thee, and looked upon thee, behold, thy time was The time of love.” O is not this a great matter, a wonderful occurrence, that from the ancient years of eternity God paffed by the fallen angels, and pitched his love upon a company of poor sinners of Adam's family, who were like the new-born infant, cait out into the open field, wallowing in its native blood and filth, without hope, without help, without itrength, beauty, or any thing else to commend them unto him! Oh let heaven and earth wonder at that strange word, Jer. xxxi. 3. as I have loved thee with an everlasting love : therefore with everlasting kindness have I drawn thee," from the ancient years of eternity.
2. This year of everlasting love, the grand council of peace was called in heaven among the persons of the adorable Trinity; where the affair under confideration was, how Satan's usurped kingdon in this world might be fapt and overturned; and in order to this, how finners of Adam's family might be saved, in a consistency with the honour of the divine law and justice, sovereignty, arid other attributes. A question which would have nonplussed a general assembly of angels, and put them to an everlasting Itaid. “How shall I put them among the children ?" is a query which we must leave unto God
filf, and his infinite wisdom and grace, only to answer.
3. This year the happy overture was made, and agreed to in the council of peace, that the second person of the glorious and adorable Trinity, the only begotten Son of God, thould, in the fulness of time, assume the nature of man, take his place in law, and act the part of a Saviour for lost finners, and, by his obedience unto the death, fulfil the law, satisfy justice, finish transgression, make an end of Gin, and do every thing requisite for their salvation, and the ruin of Satan's kingdom. That this was agreed, and gone in to, appears from what we have, Pfal. xl. 6-8. “Burnt offering and sin offering haft thou not required. Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me: I delight to do thy will, O my God : yea, thy law," this law of redemption, " is within my heart.”' () how did the heart of our glorious Immanuel leap in his breast when the overture was made ! Lo, I come, &c. With what pleasure doth he speak of it, Prov. viii. 23. “ I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was ! I rejoiced in the habitable parts of the earth, and my delights were with the sons of men !" .
4. In this year it was agreed upon, and finally ended, that the eternal Son, God coequal with the Father, should come under a new covenant relation to his own Father, and that he, as head of the new.covenant, should have the right to eternal fife, and all the blessings of the covenant subservient thereunto, settled in his own person ; that so having the right in his person, he might give it unto as many as the Father had given him. It was with a view to this new-covenant right with his own Father, that it was prophesied of him, Pfal. Ixxxix. 26. “ He shall cry unto me, Thou art my Father, my God, and the Rock of my falvation.” And upon this new.covenant conveyance, he tells his disciples, when he was about to ascend into glory, “I ascend unto my Father and your Father, and to my God and your God.”
5. It was agreed upon this year, that the whole power and strength of the eternal Father, yea, the whole power of the glorious Trinity, should be forthcoming to our glorious Re. deemer, for his support and throughbearing in his glorious un. dertaking of man's redemption : “ He is my servant whom I uphold, saith the Lord. With him my hand shall be established: mine arm also shall Itrengthen hin," Pfal. lxxxix. 21. Therefore Christ is called “ the man of God's right hand.” As also it was agreed, that the fulness of the Godhead Thauld dwell in him bodily'; that he hould receive the Spirit above measure, to fit, furnish, and qualify him for his undertaking : “I will put my Spirit upon him, and he shall bring forth judgement unto the Gentiles.”