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high, he received gifts for men;" and what he received for us, he will give out to us according to our need. And therefore let us not fear to go his errands, though it were to go through fires and waters, for your charges thall be borne by him that is gone up with a shout.

3. Here is comfort under all the glooms and frowns of men in the world, for owning Christ, his cause, his kingdom, his truths, his ways, and people. Why, God is gone up with a fbout. Christ has overcome the world, and all the wicked of the world, they are Christ's footstool, Pfal. cx. 1. God the Father he has put all his enemies under his feet, and he makes tools and fools of them, and all their politics ; for he rules in the midst of his enemies, and makes the wrath of man to praise him. The wrath of man has cast some of us out of the established church; but who knows, ere all be done, but that wrath of man shall praise him, and be turned about to the advancement of the interest of Christ, in this poor backflidden land, and to the revival of a covenanted work of reformation ?

4. Here is comfort against the fear of the “ roaring lion, who goes about seeking whom he may devour." Why, Christ is gone up with a foout, and he has the lion in chains, and the upper end of the chain is in the hand of an exalted Redeemer: he had him under his command, when in a state of humiliation, as you see in the case of the Gadarens swine; much more now that he is ascended “ far above all principality and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that can be named, whether in this world, or that which is to come.” Ere long he will make the poor tempted believer to tread Sa. tan under feet.

s. Here is comfort; all the angels in heaven are upon thy side, believer, all the armies of heaven are ready to fight the quarrel of his church; they want nothing but his word of command, for he is “ in the midst of them as in Sinai ; and are they not all ministring fpirits sent forth to minister for the heirs of salvation ?” &c. Psal. xxxiv. 7. “ The angel of the Lord encampeth round about them that fear him.”

6. Here is comfort; death is disarmed of its Iting, and can do no hurt. Why, Christ carried the sting of death, and the armour of this king of terrors with him, when he went up with a mout. I have the keys of hell and of death."

7. Here is comfort ; thy life is well secured, believer, Why, it is hid in him who is gone up with a shout : Col. iii. 3. “Our life is hid with Christ in God. And when Christ who is our life shall appear, then {hall we also appear with him in glory." 8. Here is comfort, that all providential dispensations in the

government government of the world, or in thy own lot in particular, Thall be managed to advantage : Rom. viii. 28. “ All things shall work together for good, to them that love God.” Why, God is gone up with a fhout, and God has “ given him to be head over all things unto the church, which is his body." And therefore, though black and gloomy dispensations should cast up, so as the “confused noise of the warrior, and garments rolled in blood,” should be heard and seen in every corner of the land ; yet God is gone up with a shout, and he rules even in the raging of the sea, and when the waves thereof roar, he stilleth them again ; and he usually makes worldly shakings to usher in his own coming in a way of grace to his people: “I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come.” Thus you see, that this doctrine is wonderfully comfortable unto all the true friends of Christ.

Ule fourth of the doctrine shall be of Exhortation. Is it so that Christ is gone up with a shout to the right hand of the Majesty on high? then,

1. Be exhorted to behold him with the eye of faith upon the throne ; for he that was “made a little lower than the angels,” is now “ crowned with glory and honour: and therefore go forth, ye daughters of Zion, and behold King Solomon with the crown wherewith his Father crowned him," when be went up with a fout, and with the found of a trumpet. His Father is beholding him with infinite delight, and he would have all the world to behold him also: “ This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.- Behold my servant whom I uphold, mine elect in whom my soul delighreth.” He himself is fond that we should cast our eyes upon him : « Look unto me, and be ye saved, all ye ends of the earth.” Oh how stately is he upon the throne with all his nobles about him!

2. Lift up the everlasting doors of your hearts, that this King of glory may come in. The gates of heaven were opena ed for him, when he went up with a maut ; and shall not the gates of our hearts be opened to him, when he comes knocking with the rod of his mouth, saying, “ Open unto me, and I will come in?” &c. Oh ! let him who has now the principal room in heaven, have also the principal room in your hearts and souls.

3. Is he gone up with a shout? Then “let us come with boldness unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mera cy, and find grace to help us in time of need :" for he is gone up as “our great High Priest and Advocate (as you heard), to appear in the presence of God for us." Thou hast a friend upon the throne, believer, who hath or all the fulness of the Godhead dwelling in him bodily; and it is nothing between

you

you and him, but “ ask, and ye İhall receive,” &c. « If any man lack wisdom, let him ask of God," &c.

4. Is he gone up to the throne with a shout, and with the found of a trumpet ? Then let all the world, angels, men, and devils, reverence him, and do him homage ; let “ every knee bow unto him, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth ; and let every tongue confess, that his name is above every name; that he alone is the Lord, to the glory and praise of his eternal Father." Sirs, the knee that will not bow to him shall break. They that are setting up their authority, in opposition to his authority, his laws, and government, and oppressing his poor people, dear will they pay for it: “ he will break all his enemies as with a rod of iron, and dash them in pieces as a potter's veffel.”

5. See that you have a due regard to the laws and liberties of his house, and the interests of his glory and kingdom. Men are trampling these under their feet at this day; but whatever others do, keep by the laws of Christ as your rule, and “ do not receive for doctrines the commaridments of men. Contend earnestly for the faith delivered unto the saints ; and stand fast in the liberties wherewith Christ hath made you free, that you be not entangled with yokes of bondage ;” and when you give a testimony for Christ,“ hold it fast, that no man take your crown.-Bé faithful unto the death," and he that is gone up with a fhout, will call you off the field of battle, and give you the crown of joy, the “ crown of life and righe teousness; and not to you only, but to all that love his appear. ing."

6. Is he gone up with a shout ? Then let us never be asha. med of him before men, for he is our credit and ornament; he is not ashamed to confess us before his Father, and before his angels : let us therefore have his name written on our fore heads, like these hundred forty and four thousand, who itand with him upon mount Zion, Rev. xiv. 1. so as every one may know that we belong to him, and wear his livery.

7. Lastly, Let us join in the solemnity of his exaltation, for it is not yet ended. They that shouted when he went first up to heaven from mount Olivet, are shouting for joy to this day; and therefore let us join in the concert. When he came into Jerusalem riding upon an ass, a great company shouted, and cried, saying, “Hosanna to the Son of David;" how much more doth it become us to shout and celebrate his praises, when, instead of riding upon an ass, he is “ riding in the heavens by his great name Jay, and in his excellency on the ikies." I conclude with that exhortation, If. xii. last verse;

“Cry

6 Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion : for great is the Holy' One of Israel in the midst of thee.”

THE WRATH OF MAN BOUNDED BY THE

POWER OF GOD.

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PREACHED AT STIRLING, UPON THE OCCASION OF THE VIO

LENT EJECTION OF THE FOUR BRETHREN FROM MINISTERIAL COMMUNION WITH THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH.

Psal. Ixxvi. 10.- Surely the wrath of man fall praise thee : the

remainder of wrath phalt thou restrain.

THE seventy interpreters call this psalm a fong upon the

1 Allyrians; which makes many good interpreters to think that it was penned upon the occasion of the defeat of Sennacherib's army by an angel, when they came up and begeged Jerusalem, in the days of Hezekiah. * Others think, that it was penned upon the occasion of the victory in the days of Jehoshaphat, recorded 2 Chron. xx. 28. It is not very material which of the two; and therefore I shall not stand to decide the controversy. We find the church here making a threefold improvement of this glorious appearance of God in his providence on her behalf. (1.) She improves it to the honour of Israel's God, ascribing the whole praise and glory of it unto him, ver. 3. 7. 8. 9. “ He brake the arrows of the bow," &c. (2.) To the perpetual disgrace of Israels enemies, ver. 5. 6. (3.) To the consolation of the true Israel of God in all ages, in the words read, Surely the wrath of man fhall praise thee, &c.

In which words we have a twofold assertion, and confirmation of the truth of both.

1. The first assertion is, that the wrath of man shall praise God. Wrath is anger accented unto the highest pitch, or blown up into a flame. The wrath of man (in the original, it VOL. II. Nn

is, *2. Chrom 32:20.

is, the wrath of Adam, or the wrath of clay, weak impotent man) mall praise thee ; i. e. it fhall turn to the praise and glory of God, through his over-ruling providence, though quite otherwise intended. God will bring honour to himself, and

serve his own holy and wise ends and designs out of it. What · way God brings glory to himfelf out of the wrath and rage of man against him, his interest and people, may be declared more fully afterward. The second affertion in the words is, The remainder of his wrath balt thou restrain. The remainder of his wrath ; i. e. what is left behind of the wrath of man, when God has gloriâed him - If thereby. Even after God has de. feated the purposes of wicked men, and made them contri. bute to his glory, yet there is abundance of wrath remaining; for wrath, in the latter part of the text, is in the plural number wraths; that is, great wrath, or abundance of wrath remaining. But what becomes of that wrath that is left; God fhall restrain it. The word fignifies, to gird up. However God may see fit to flacken the bridle of his providence, and suffer wicked men to vent their wrath and enmity, as far as it Thall contribute to his glory; yet the superplus and remainder of his wrath, that is not for his glory, and his people's profit, God will gird it up, that they shall not get it vented. But then,

2. We have in the words the ratification, or confirmation of the truth of these two affertions, in that word furely. 2. d. However the weak faith of God's people may shake and Itagger; however their hearts may be moved like the trees of the wood, when the wind and rage of man's wrath is blowing ; and though unbelief may suggest, that the rage of man fhall turn to the dishonour of God, the hurt of his people, the tuin of his interest ; yet surely it shall be quite otherwise, for God, who cannot lie, has faid it; and therefore there is not the least peradventure anent the security of it, that the wrath of man wall praise him, &c.

From the words thus opened, we may,

OBSERVE 1. That the wicked and ungodly world are filled with great wrath against the children and people of God. Such a wrath had Cain against Abel, and Haman against Mordecai.

Obs. 2. That the wrath of man all certainly turn to the praise and glory of God. Surely the wrath of man fall praise thee.

OBS. 3. Ihat the wrath of man, however outrageous, is bounded by God. As he sets bounds unto the raging fea, saying, “ Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further; and here thall thy proud waves be stayed ;" fo he girds up the remainder of

man's

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