Page images
PDF
EPUB

tion, to condemn it by the customary partial ostracism as an obsolete, rongh and licentious one, but rather only to understand and know first of all its rank, dignity and authority in the history of the english language, and so to evince, that even a beloved and current terseness and chaste jejuneness' of language, how near ever perhaps to a general level and standard, don't yet produce a praiseworthy style, but rather flatten and mince by and by all stout and sound individuality and originality. In order to prevent this deep rooted prejudice, a deeper tracing of the origin and relation of languages, with respect to a creative poet, seemed to be the best expedient.

For all those reasons, and for the unfathomable, inexhaustible pregnancy and depth of Shakspeare, the author is rather afraid of having done too little, than too much, and laying not an extraordinary stress upon his book, he doubts not, but a rich gleaning on this field may have been left to other persons more endowed, and to other happier times. Meanwhile he wishes at least to see acknowledged his application and tendency to contribute something to the revived serious study of the most excellent and most lovely man and poet.

What remains, no book is undoubtedly more entitled to the forbearance of a gentle reader, than such a one, which by an infinite mass of quotations and minutest details, by the utmost indispensable brevity and conciseness, by hurry of printing without author's review, is the more liable to human lapses, mistakes and inadvertencies, that notwithstanding, says Brown, being judged by the capital matter, admit not of disparagement. Thus, craving pardon for such moles and warts, we anticipate forthwith a list of additions and corrections to be noted beforehand.

Some errata, which have crept into this Glossary, corrected, however, in the subsequent list, may be attributed to the Editor's absence for some months, who therefore could not attend himself to the revises.

ADDENDA AND CORRIGENDA.

P. 88. col. a. 1. 45. after II. 2, 2. add: 'where it 'p. 97. b. 17. read: liable to be.
alludes to the children of the revels, who, ib. 35. read: got in a thievish.
supported and instructed chiefly by Ben p. 98. a. 26. read: pepraga.
Jonson, performed entire pieces and formed

ib. 48. read icel

an opposition in the dramatic, or historical p. 100. a. 28. read: country.
S. Malone's hist. of the engl. stage.

art.

p. 42. Lewis Tieck's Vorrede zu Shk's Vor-
schule, I, 82. ft.'

p. 89. b. 14. read known.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors]

ib. P. 101.

P. 103.

P. 103.
ib.

ib. after Calling add: Cambyses. aHd. 2, 4. I must weep in king C.'s, vein is an allusion to a ridicule tragedy of this name by Tho Preston, published about 1570. Drake's Shk. II, 236

60. del. were

[blocks in formation]

p. 104. a. 24. read: empty.

p. 105. a 22. read: engl. clinch.

ib.

25.

connected.

ib.

from below read: the steps of which were regulated

18. fr. below, after: 471, add: Otherwise Drake I, 200. 108. after Counterpoint add: Countrymatters II. 3, 2. is the vulgar reading, to which Johnson substituted c. manners, rejected by Malone. The Trundell - edition of 1603 has contrary matters, by easy confusion, countre and country being the fr. contre. But Hamlet retracting and excusing himself

ib.

on account of his sarcastical word: Shalli p. 148. I lie in your lap? explained already by p. 145. I mean, my head upon your lap, now, with a seeming rebuke of Ophelia, meaning rather perhaps the fashion of his time, adds: Do you think, I meant country matters; i. e. coarse, illbred, rude, illmannered things? p. 110. b. 26. read: girdle. To draw cuts. ib. 31. knife.

ib.

63. add: where Arthur's show is an exhibition of archery by the fellowship of Arthur's knights, a society of archers. S. Malone. Drake's Sh. I, 562.

p. 112. a. 2. from below, read: of a part. - 8. read: mitun.

P. 113.

31.

molten.

p. 114. ib.

- 9 from below, read: Now as.

p. 115. b. 86. add: 'The Trundell edition has also vessel, that is said to mean the Weser, a river.

p. 116, b. 32. read: a Hd.

P. 118.

22. read: to delight.

P. 121.

1. from below, read: a horned man. p. 124. 23. dele: like.

p. 126. a. 28. from below, read: Sometimes it was.
ib. b. 13. read: shield — by.
p. 128.

8. fr. below read: an az.

p. 181. - 4. from below, after AC. 2, 2. add: H. p. 153. a. 1, 2. where Pope contrarily to all old edi-p. 156. tions corrects hooks.

p 157. b. 3. p. 137. b. before Lane insert: 'Landless is p. 159. Steevens's unnecessary correction of lawless p. 160. a. 19. fr. bel. add: in lawless resolutes H. 1, 1. confirmed also by the Trundell edition.

fr. bel. read: of. 24. read: ciuffo.

p. 138. a. 17. from below read: close.

P. 139.

44. read: slander. Ib. b. 1. from below and. 140. a. 1. equinoctial.

p. 141. a. before Lost and won insert: Lost in:

that father lost, lost his H. 1, 2. is unne-
cessary alteration of the old reading: that
father dead, lost his.'

a. 13. read: prefect, tenant, arose.
33. read: school. Lily's etc.

b. after Missingly insert: 'to Mistake. H. 3, 2. So you mistake your husbands is Farmer's and Steeveus's correction for the old reading: So you must take your husband, adopted also by Johnson, and earlier by Theobald. The former reading would mean either in this manner you misinterpret men's characters; or, in a more ludicrous sense explained in Gifford's Ben Jons. IV, 409. so you miscouceive, misconstrue by pretended mistake your husbands (the meaning would not differ very much); the latter would say: you must take your husband for latter, for worse. Either of those repartees is not without pregnancy, whether it be a reproof, or an admonition. Therefore the choice will be difficult, unless we would say, that with the first reading the jest evaporates by degrees.

p. 146. a. 49. read: Mason.

ib.

b. 22. from below, read: Much.

p. 148. a. 31. from below, read: is made.
ib. b. 15. read: having the hair close.
P. 151.
p. 152.

30. from below, read: Malone pate.
19. from below, read: paltry stuff.
27. read: dei, a flawn.

27. fr. bel. read: out.

p.

p.

germ. Rekel.
ib. b. 21. fr. b. read: mends so.
ib. -. 4. fr. b.
ribible.
p. 163. a. 25. read: Robin.

ib.

[ocr errors]

b. 16. fr. bel. add: It was related, that if
hej find a man or woman dead, he will cover
all his face with moss. S. Drake's Sh. I,
391. s.

164. b. 2. fr. bel. read: in the noble style.
172. a. 6. fr. bel. before the word Sphered
insert: Sphere. H. 2, 1. the common read-
ing is a prince out of thy sphere, for
which the second folio, the Trundell-edit.,
Steevens and Malone read star.

p. 142. b. 21. read: was published.

p. 143. a. 6. add: The table was divided into
upper and lower messes by a huge saltcellar,
and the rack and consequence of the visi-
tors were marked by their seats above and p. 177.
below the saltcellar; the wine frequently, p. 179.
circulating only above the saltcellar. S. p. 180. a. article tire add: Drake's Shk. II, 94.
Drake's Sh. and his time, 74.

a. 8. fr. bel. read one's self.
b. 4. fr. bel. read he lifts

P. 184

26. read by two hands

[ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors]

NB. The quotations being made by the initial letters, S significs Sonnets; TL Tarquin and Lucreee; PP The passionate pilgrim; Venus and Adonis; P Pericles; aHd, Hd first and second part of King Henry 4; He Henry 5:aHf, bf, cHf the first, second, third part of Henry 6; Hh Henry 8; MD Midsummer-nights dream; CE Comedy of errors; TS Taming of the shrew; TG Two gentlemen of Verona; TC Troilus and Cressida ; T'A Timon of Athens; TAn Titus Andronicus; TN Twelfthnight; Re Richard 3; Rb Richard 2; RJ Romeo and Juliet; IL Love's labour's lost; KJ King John; MV Merchant of Venice; AW All is well that ends well; MA Much ado about nothing: AL As you like it; MW Merry wives of Windsor; MM Measure for measure; 7 Winter's tale; KL King Lear; JC Julius Caesar; AC Antony and Cleopatra ; Cy. Cymbeline; Co. Coriolanus; 0. Othello; 7'. Tempest.

A.

to Abate, to cast down, deject, subdue, de-to
press the mind, Co, 3, 3; to prejudice, dero-
gate. Cy. 1, 5; to cease, allay. He. 2, 1; to
contract, cut short, abridge, shorten. MD. 3, 2.
Abatement, decrease, privation, diminution.
KL. 1, 4.

ABCbook, catechism. KJ. 1, 1.
to Abet, to confirm, support, Rb. 2, 3. cf. to
bait.
Abhominable, pedantic erroneous affectation
of more correct speaking, for abominable.

LL. 1, 1.

to Abide, to dwell, sojourn, tarry WT. 4, 2; to
answer, to be answerable, and therefore to fine.
cHf. 2, 5. JC. 3, 1. 3, 2. cf. to aby.
Abject, base, contemptible, degraded. Hh. 1,
1. Rc. 1, 1. where it is with an additional bit-
terness for subject.

to Able, to enable, make able, apt, fit, to sup-Action, energy, power. bHf. 5. 1; charge, trial,
port, uphold, as in trial to gain it, to warrant, accusation, bĦd. 1, 2.
answer for. KL. 4, 6.

Action-taking, litigious, quarrelsome. KL.

Abortive, issuing before its time. LL, 1, 1. 2, 2.

to Ac cite, to excite, call, summon. bild. 5, 2. 2, 2. TAn. 1, 1.

ton's unnecessary emendation: obstruct. Abuse, deceit, puzzle (w. s.) MM. 5, 1; slan

der, detraction. bHƒ. 2, 1. cHf, 3, 3; JC. 2, 1.

Accommodate,

a favourite fashionable word in Shk's time, of a fluctuating and loose meaning, somewhat like to please, favour, comply, ridiculed therefore. bd. 3, 2.

to Accost, to draw near, to appropinquate, appropriate. TV. 1, 3.

Account (germ. Kunde) notice; reckoning, answer, responsion. MA. 2, 1. 4, 1. Co. 4, 6. H. 1, 5; esteem, MV. 3, 2. Rc. 3, 2.

to Accoutre (from the middle latin costura, cotura, coutura, cultura, colere) to apparel, dress, trim, prank up. MF. 3, 4, JC. 1, 2. Accuse, accusation. aHd. 2, 2.

to Acquittance, to acquit, absolve, discharge,
deliver. RC. 3 end. So acquittance, absolution,
requital, justification. H. 4, 7.
Across, a kind of exclamation, when a sally
of wit miscarried. AW. 2, 1.

Rc. 1, 2.

About, go on, cheer up! Ha. 2, 2.
Abreast, properly breast at breast, therefore in

one row, all together, all at once. cHf, 1, 1. Abridgement, pastime, chiefly dramatic.

MD. 5, 1. H. 2, 2; sketch, Cy. 5, 5. Absolute, highly accomplished, perfect. H. 5, 1. 5, 2; ready, prepared, determined. MM. 3, 1; certainly persuaded. Cy. 4, 2. Abstract, list, scroll (w. s.), inventory, complex. KJ. 2, 1. AC. 1, 4; MW'. 4, 2; mean of drawing away from. AC. 3,6. defended by Douce Illustrations of Shk. II, 95. s. against Warbur-Addiction, bent, bias. He. 1, 1. O. 2 2. Addition, title, mark of distinction. H. 1, 4. JC. 1, 2. KL. 2, 2. AW. 2, 3. 4, 2. O. 4, 1. decay.Addle (parallel the anglosax. aidiian, aegrotare, corrumpere, adel, engl. ail) rotten, empty. JC. 1,2. RJ. 3, 1.

Adam Bell, Clym of the Clogue, and Wylliam of Cloudesley were three noted outlaws, whose skill in archery rendered them formerly as famous in the north of England, as Robin Hood and his fellows were in the midland counties. Their abode was in the forest of Englewood, not far from Carlisle. MA. 1, 1. Cupid is so called. KJ. 2, 1. Language would argue them to be nearly mythological and collective names, like William Tell. S. Jac. Grimm Gedanken üb. Myth., Epos u. Geschichte in Fr. Schlegel's Teutsch. Mus. 1813. Ian. p. 53 ss.

to Abut, to confine. He. prol. cf. butt.

to Aby, to abide, fine, pay dear, stand to. MD. to Address, to prepare, make ready. MII. 3. 5. 3, 2. MD. 5, 1. LL. 2, 1. H. 1, 2. AW. 3, 6. M. 2, 2. ьна. 4, 4.

Academe, for academy. LL. 4, 3. Accessary, (accessory) complice, culprit. Rc.to Adhere, to be fit, convenient, apt, meet, 1, 2. seasonable, suitable M. 1, 7.

Accidence, the elements, rudiments of gram-to Adjourn, to delay. Cy. 5, 4. germ. vermar. MW. 4, 1. tagen.

Al ( 88 ) Admittance, fashion, accomplishment of de-Allegiance, obligation and truth of a tenant, meanour. MIV. 3, 3. or vassal, addictedness. aHd. 3, 2.

Adonis' gardens, flowerpots, or silver bask-Alley (fr. allée) walk, way, passage. MA. 1, 2. ets with young plants set out in the anniversa- 3, 1. H. 1, 5. where gates and alleys. ry of Adonis' death. Plin. H. N. 19, 4. Hesych. Allhallown summer, late summer. All halValcken. Theocr. 15, 115. Hence also frivolous lows are all Saints, a festival on the first of November. afd. 1, 2. Falstaff is called so, as things of no worth. allf. 1, 6. to Advantage, to bonify, requite, repair. Re. old boy with passion of youth. 4, 4. Allicholy corrupted for melancholy. MI. 1, 4.

Advice, knowledge, discretion, deliberation.
TG. 2, 4. MM. 5, 1. MV. 4, 2. lle. 2, 2.
Adulterate, adulterous. Rc. 4, 4. H. 1, 5.
to Affear, to terrify. T. 4, 2. MV. 2, 9; af-
fere, affeer law term for to settle, or con-
firm, save, put in security; fr. affier. M. 4, 3.
to Affect, ta love MA. 1, 1. TN 2, 5. bHd. 4,
4. TA. 1, 2; to practice, take the pains, as of
alliteration.

Affection, propensity, bent. T. 5, 2. TG. 1, 1. MI. 2, 2. MA. 2, 1. MV. 2, 8; fancy, imagination, WT. 1, 2.

Affined, linked in affinity. O. 1, 1. 2, 3. TC. 1, 3. to Affront, to meet, face, encouuter. H. 3, 1. WT. 5, 1. Cy. 4, 3.

to Affy, to betroth, affiance, promise. bHf. 4, 1; to trust, confide. Tin. 1, 1.

Agat, metaphorically a very diminutive person, in allusion to the small figures cut in agat for rings. bHd. 1, 2. aHd. 2, 4. MA. 3, 1. by no way aglet. RJ. 1, 4.

Age, advanced or advancing Time, personified. Rb. 2, 1. where Iohnson unnecessarily proposes edge. S. like.

Aglet baby, a diminutive being, a small image or head cut on the tag of a point, or lace. TS. 1, 2.

to Agnize (lat. agnoscere) to acknowledge, con-
fess, appropriate. O. 1, 3.

Ajax, pronounced Ajax, furnished puns on ac-
count of its similarity in sound to the two eng-
lish words a Jakes. LL. 5, 2.
Aiery, spelt also aery, airy, eyery, the brood
or hatch properly of a jackdaw, called Heher
in Germany, or of an eagle, hawk, or other
bird of prey. Rc. 1, 3. H. 2, 2. KJ. 5, 2.
to Ail, to smart, to feel sickness. WT. 3,
AW. 2, 4.

3.

Aim, scope, mark. GV, 3, 1. CE. 3, 2; guess,
surmise, gathering. O. 1, 3. To cry aim, in
archery, to encourage the archers by crying out
aim, when they were about to shoot. Hence to
applaud, to encourage. MW. 3, 2. KJ. 2, 1.
It is also conjectured MW. 2, 3. by Douce Ill.
of Sh. 1, 70. Nares, so that the sense were:
applaud, encourage me! instead of cride game,
cry'd game, or tried game. See however game.
To give aim, to stand within a convenient
tance from the butts, to inform the archers,
how near their arrows fell to the mark, whe-
ther on one side or the other, beyond, or short
of it. The terms were wide on the bow hand.
LL. 4, 1. or the shaft hand i. e. left and right;
short or gone: the distance being estimated by
bows' lengths. Bows were made of English
elm, hazel. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. 1, 397.
yew,
to Alarum, to alarm, make noise. KL. 2, 1.
Alchymy, hermetical science, gold making,
making of philosopher's stone. JC. 1, 3. S. 33.

Alligator, from the span. el lagarto, crocodile. RJ. 5, 1.

to Allow, to approve. KL.2, 4. germ. erlauben. Alms basket, basket, into which was put the refuse meat or dishes taken off of families, for giving them to the poor. LL. 5, 1. Amaimon, the supposed name of a fiend MW. 2, 2. aHd. 2, 4.

|

to Amble (parallel ambulare, jambe, jump) to
go differently, to halt, to limp, walk affectedly,
quaintly H. 3, 1. to strut, prance. Rc. 1, 1.
Ames-ace, or ambs ace, (fr. ambes) two aces,
the lowest chauce on the dice. AW. 2, 3.
to Amerce (from the lat. merces. Du Fresne
amerciare, mulctam seu poenam pecuniariam
pro delicti modo et qualitate in reum decernere)
to amend, fine, make pay, to punish. RJ. 3, 1.
Amiss, slanderously, falsely, unduly, unsea-
sonably. JC. 2, 2. KJ. 3, 1. TS. 2, 1. Used
as substantive, fault, misfortune. H. 4, 5. S.
85.

"

Amort (fr. à mort) in a manner dead, spiritless,
dejected, sad. TS. 4, 3. aHf. 3, 2.
An, spelled commonly and, gr. lav, v, if. He.
2, 4. bHf. 5, 2. with which it is also tauto-
logically joined. cHf. 5, 5.
Anatomy, carcass, skeleton. RJ. 3, 1. CE. 5, 1.
TN. 3, 2. KJ. 5, 4.
Anchor, abbreviation of anachoret, a hermit.
H. 3, 2.

to Allay, to smooth, appease. T. 1, 7. MV.2, 2. Allayment, smoothing, assuaging. TC. 4, 4. Cy. 1, 6.

4 main, jointly, together; fast, vigorously. bHf.
3, 1. cHf. 2, 5. 4, 8. allf. 1, 1. TC. 5, 9.
to Amaze, to confound, perplex. AL. 1, 2.
Cy. 4, 3.

Ancient, a corruption of ensign, flag, standard.
ald. 4, 2. 0. 1, 1. KL. 5, 1.
And. By confusion of the lines it has supplanted
you. KJ. 5, 1. repossessed therefore by Schle-
gel and Voss in this manner: 'You brought in
matter that should feed this fire Aud now etc.'
Andiron, dog. Cy. 2, 4.

Angel, a gold coin that bears the figure of an
angel. MV. 2, 7. CE. 4, 3. MA. 2, 3. and
with a pun on it. bHd. 1, 2.
Anheirs, perhaps for aneirst, a provincial term
for the nearest way, or directly. MIV. 2, 1.
dis-Annexment, what is annexed, adjoint. H. 3, 3.
to Annoy (from the fr. nuir) to hurt, to harm,
He. 2, 2. JC. 2, 1.

Annoyance, wrong, hurting, harm, disadvan-
tage. M. 5, 1. KJ. 5, 2. H. 3, 3. Rb. 3, 2.
TC. 1, 3.
Answer, retaliation. Cy. 5, 3.
Anthem (gr. anthymnos) burden, chorus. bHd.
1, 2. TG. 3, 1.
Anthropophaginian, a mock word formed
from anthropophagus, maneater, cannibal. MW.
4. 5. 0. 1, 3.

Alderliefest, alderlefest, germ. aller-Antic, buffoon or fool in the old farces with a

liebst, dearest of all. bHf. 1, 1.

black'd face and a patchwork habit. TS. Ind. 1. MA. 3, 1. LL. 5, 1. He. 3, 2. TC. 5, 3. H. 1, 5.

Antiquity, old age. AW. 2, S.

Ape. To lead apes into hell, an employment proverbially assigned to old maids, who also according to the Persians were in hell. TS. 2,

fabulous district of the old fabliaux and roman

ces.

Argier, or Argiers, Algiers. T. 1, 2.

1. MA. 2, 1. Perhaps it is a symbolical ex-Argosic, a large ship either for merchandise or war. Derived from the famous ship Argo, s. Douce Ill. of Sh. 1, 248. MV. 1, 1. 3, 1.5, 1. TS. 2, 1. cllf. 2, 6.

pression of a missed task and destination, the ape of the indian mythology changing the luminous bodies of the spirits in dark ones, and hell being the dark region, where the luminous bodies are darkened. Or is it perhaps thence, that old maids have certain bents, for to indemnify themselves, as it were, for a missed task, wherein they do mistake yet anew? Apes were a fashionable pastime of Ladies. to Appall, or appale, to make pale, bleak. M. 2, 2. 3, 4. TC. 5, 5. 4, 4. H. 2, 2. Apparel, packet, bundle, bunch. bHd. 3, 2. Apparent, seeming, not real, heir apparent, the eldest son, next claimant, opp. to the presumtive or collateral heir. WT. 1, 2, aHd. 1, 2.

tary preparations. All those significations are involved in the general one of settlement, concert, agreement. Remember punctum temporis. to Apprehend, to commit (wh. s.) He. 2, 2. Apprehension, faculty of observing. MA. 3, 4; idea, opinion, notion, conception. TA. 1, 1. Rb. 1,3. He. 3, 7; denunciation, accusation. aHf. 2, 4; arresting, imprisonment. cHf. 3, 2. Apprehensive, he that apprehends, conceives easily, quick to understand, of ready understanding, germ. sinnig. bHd 4, 3; susceptible, irritable, sensible, easily to be moved. JC. 3, 1. Approbation, proof. Cy. 1, 5.

to Approve, to recommand to approbation. H. 5, 2. So Johnson; but it seems rather to improve, advance, further, by a lawterm. Approved, experienced, tried, acknowledged.

TS. 1, 1. MW. 3, 3.

to Appeach, to impeach, accuse. Rb. 5, 2.
Apple John, a good flavoured apple, which
will keep two years; fr. deux-ans. aHd. 3, 3.
bHd. 2, 4.
Apples, bitten, thrown at the stage. S. Malone
at Hh. 5, 3.
Appliance, advancement, aid, succour. bld.
3, 1. where it is joined with means to boot.
Hh. 1, 8. applying; appliment, (Old Plays 4,
12.) endeavour, exertion. MM. 3, 1. AW. 2, 1.
Appointed, armed, accoutred, furnished with
implements of war. bHd. 4, 1. WT. 4, 8. aHf.
4, 2.
Appointment, preparation, arrangement. MM.
3, 1. Hh. 2, 2. AC. 4, 10. offer, proposition.
Rb. 3, 3; meeting, congress, assembly. TC. 4,

to

5. where Malone takes it for accoutrements, mili-Arras, the tapestry hangings of rooms, from

the town in Artois, where the principal manufacture of such stuff was. There was often a very large space between the arras and the walls, so that large bulks might be concealed there. MW. 3, 3. MA. 1, 3. TS. 2, 1. KJ. 4, 1. aHd. 2, 4. Cy. 2, 2. H. 2, 2. 3, 3. Array, dress. AL. 4, 3, 5, 2. KL. 3, 4. bHd. 4, 9. RJ, 4, 5.

Approver, he that tries. Cy. 2, 4.
Apron-man, man that wears an apron, (also
napron, from the Sax. aforan, fr. naperon. cf.
supparus, operimentum. s. Douce Ill. of Sh.
II, 7.) common, vile handicraftsman. Co. 4,6.
Aqua vitae, strong, ardent water, originally
different from brandy (s. Douce Ill. of Sh. İ,
67). CE. 1, 1. TN. 2, 5. RJ. 4, 5.

Argument, proof. He. 3, 1. TC. 2, 3. 4, 5; evidence, cause. H. 4, 4; matter, subject of discourse, conversation, or entertaining. MA.2, 3. 3, 1. MD. 3, 2. WT. 4, 1. aHd. 2, 2. TC. 1, 1. H. 3, 2.

to Arbitrate, to determine, decide. M. 5, 4.
Rb. 1, 1. RJ. 4, 1.

Arch, vault. TC. 3, 3. AC. 1, 1; prince, chief,
gr. archon. KL. 2, 1. also in composition. 0.
4,1. (archmock) KJ. 3, 1. lih. 5, 1. (archhere-
tic) TA. 5, 2 (archvillain) like the germ.
Erz in Erzketzer, Erzschurk.
Ardennes, forest in the french Flanders, be-
tween Charlemont and Rocroy, was to Shk. the

Armado, span. armada, a fleet of war, not know in England before the Spanish invasion in 1588. KJ. 3, 4.

Armgaunt, lank, lean, slender, worn by mili-
tary service. AC. 1, 5. It implies no way a
contemptible sense. Gaunt is originally the
past participle of the Saxon gewanian, to wane,
to decrease, to fall away, and was formerly
a very common word in English. Horne Tooke
Divers. of Purl. II, 68. Arms here are weapons.
Aroint, or aroynt thee, get you gone, pack
away, run! avaunt! M. 1, 3. KL. 3, 4. It is
still in use in the dialect of Cheshire, s. Nares
sub voc. and may be of Saxon origin, relationed
with run. Douce Ill. of Sh. I, 370.
Arow, in a row, successively, one after the
other. CE. 5, 1.

Arraign (from the goth. hring, germ. Ring, circle, formerly the place for tilting, or fighting, and judging; hence arengare, aringare, rengare, fr. haranguer; relationed with the ital. scranna, germ. Schranne, Schranke) to interrogate, try, examine judicially. MM. 2, 3. KL. 3, 6. 0.3, 4.

to Array, to dress, accoutre (wh. s.) to deck.
He. 3, 3. KL. 4, 7.
Arrearage, the rest of a debt to be payed. Cy.
2, 4.
Article, H. 5, 2. a soul of great a. is some-
what like a s. of much value, or import, of no
common rate. Observe however, that this mean-
ing is rather in the fashionable affected court-
speech and mincing of Sh's time, as it is to be
found in Lyly's Euphues. As this cant was a
perverting and alteration of nature, truth and
candour by studied; conceited witticism, bom-
bast, sharp pointed antithesis, coining of new
forms and significations of words etc., Shk.
derides it chiefly by his pedants, as Holofernes
in LL. and elsewhere, as here. Other instances
of this cant s. in differencies, infusion, dearth,
definement, extolment, umbrage, concernancy.
to Articulate, to enter into articles of agree-
ment. Co. 1, 9; to exhibit in articles. aHd. 5, 1.
Ascapart, a famous giant conquered by Sir
Bevis of Southampton, the subject of a legend-
ary ballad. bHf. 2, 3.
Ascaunt, ascaunce, ascance (parallel the gr.
skaios, the lat. scaevus, germ. schief, the
engl. asquint (KL. 5, 3.) askew, to squint,
ital. cansare, scansare) across, awrily. H.4,7.
TS. 2, 1.

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »