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tion, to condemn it by the customary partial ostracism as an obsolete, rongh and licentious one, but rather only to understand and know first of all its rank, dignity and authority in the history of the english language, and so to evince, that even a beloved and current terseness and chaste jejuneness' of language, how near ever perhaps to a general level and standard, don't yet produce a praiseworthy style, but rather flatten and mince by and by all stout and sound individuality and originality. In order to prevent this deep rooted prejudice, a deeper tracing of the origin and relation of languages, with respect to a creative poet, seemed to be the best expedient.
For all those reasons, and for the unfathomable, inexhaustible pregnancy and depth of Shakspeare, the author is rather afraid of having done too little, than too much, and laying not an extraordinary stress upon his book, he doubts not, but a rich gleaning on this field may have been left to other persons more endowed, and to other happier times. Meanwhile he wishes at least to see acknowledged his application and tendency to contribute something to the revived serious study of the most excellent and most lovely man and poet.
What remains, no book is undoubtedly more entitled to the forbearance of a gentle reader, than such a one, which by an infinite mass of quotations and minutest details, by the utmost indispensable brevity and conciseness, by hurry of printing without author's review, is the more liable to human lapses, mistakes and inadvertencies, that notwithstanding, says Brown, being judged by the capital matter, admit not of disparagement. Thus, craving pardon for such moles and warts, we anticipate forthwith a list of additions and corrections to be noted beforehand.
Some errata, which have crept into this Glossary, corrected, however, in the subsequent list, may be attributed to the Editor's absence for some months, who therefore could not attend himself to the revises.
ADDENDA AND CORRIGENDA.
P. 88. col. a. 1. 45. after II. 2, 2. add: 'where it 'p. 97. b. 17. read: liable to be.
ib. 48. read icel
an opposition in the dramatic, or historical p. 100. a. 28. read: country.
p. 42. Lewis Tieck's Vorrede zu Shk's Vor-
p. 89. b. 14. read known.
ib. P. 101.
ib. after Calling add: Cambyses. aHd. 2, 4. I must weep in king C.'s, vein is an allusion to a ridicule tragedy of this name by Tho Preston, published about 1570. Drake's Shk. II, 236
60. del. were
p. 104. a. 24. read: empty.
p. 105. a 22. read: engl. clinch.
from below read: the steps of which were regulated
18. fr. below, after: 471, add: Otherwise Drake I, 200. 108. after Counterpoint add: Countrymatters II. 3, 2. is the vulgar reading, to which Johnson substituted c. manners, rejected by Malone. The Trundell - edition of 1603 has contrary matters, by easy confusion, countre and country being the fr. contre. But Hamlet retracting and excusing himself
on account of his sarcastical word: Shalli p. 148. I lie in your lap? explained already by p. 145. I mean, my head upon your lap, now, with a seeming rebuke of Ophelia, meaning rather perhaps the fashion of his time, adds: Do you think, I meant country matters; i. e. coarse, illbred, rude, illmannered things? p. 110. b. 26. read: girdle. To draw cuts. ib. 31. knife.
63. add: where Arthur's show is an exhibition of archery by the fellowship of Arthur's knights, a society of archers. S. Malone. Drake's Sh. I, 562.
p. 112. a. 2. from below, read: of a part. - 8. read: mitun.
p. 114. ib.
- 9 from below, read: Now as.
p. 115. b. 86. add: 'The Trundell edition has also vessel, that is said to mean the Weser, a river.
p. 116, b. 32. read: a Hd.
22. read: to delight.
1. from below, read: a horned man. p. 124. 23. dele: like.
p. 126. a. 28. from below, read: Sometimes it was.
8. fr. below read: an az.
p. 181. - 4. from below, after AC. 2, 2. add: H. p. 153. a. 1, 2. where Pope contrarily to all old edi-p. 156. tions corrects hooks.
p 157. b. 3. p. 137. b. before Lane insert: 'Landless is p. 159. Steevens's unnecessary correction of lawless p. 160. a. 19. fr. bel. add: in lawless resolutes H. 1, 1. confirmed also by the Trundell edition.
fr. bel. read: of. 24. read: ciuffo.
p. 138. a. 17. from below read: close.
44. read: slander. Ib. b. 1. from below and. 140. a. 1. equinoctial.
p. 141. a. before Lost and won insert: Lost in:
that father lost, lost his H. 1, 2. is unne-
a. 13. read: prefect, tenant, arose.
b. after Missingly insert: 'to Mistake. H. 3, 2. So you mistake your husbands is Farmer's and Steeveus's correction for the old reading: So you must take your husband, adopted also by Johnson, and earlier by Theobald. The former reading would mean either in this manner you misinterpret men's characters; or, in a more ludicrous sense explained in Gifford's Ben Jons. IV, 409. so you miscouceive, misconstrue by pretended mistake your husbands (the meaning would not differ very much); the latter would say: you must take your husband for latter, for worse. Either of those repartees is not without pregnancy, whether it be a reproof, or an admonition. Therefore the choice will be difficult, unless we would say, that with the first reading the jest evaporates by degrees.
p. 146. a. 49. read: Mason.
b. 22. from below, read: Much.
p. 148. a. 31. from below, read: is made.
30. from below, read: Malone pate.
27. fr. bel. read: out.
b. 16. fr. bel. add: It was related, that if
164. b. 2. fr. bel. read: in the noble style.
p. 142. b. 21. read: was published.
p. 143. a. 6. add: The table was divided into
a. 8. fr. bel. read one's self.
26. read by two hands
NB. The quotations being made by the initial letters, S significs Sonnets; TL Tarquin and Lucreee; PP The passionate pilgrim; Venus and Adonis; P Pericles; aHd, Hd first and second part of King Henry 4; He Henry 5:aHf, bf, cHf the first, second, third part of Henry 6; Hh Henry 8; MD Midsummer-nights dream; CE Comedy of errors; TS Taming of the shrew; TG Two gentlemen of Verona; TC Troilus and Cressida ; T'A Timon of Athens; TAn Titus Andronicus; TN Twelfthnight; Re Richard 3; Rb Richard 2; RJ Romeo and Juliet; IL Love's labour's lost; KJ King John; MV Merchant of Venice; AW All is well that ends well; MA Much ado about nothing: AL As you like it; MW Merry wives of Windsor; MM Measure for measure; 7 Winter's tale; KL King Lear; JC Julius Caesar; AC Antony and Cleopatra ; Cy. Cymbeline; Co. Coriolanus; 0. Othello; 7'. Tempest.
to Abate, to cast down, deject, subdue, de-to
ABCbook, catechism. KJ. 1, 1.
LL. 1, 1.
to Abide, to dwell, sojourn, tarry WT. 4, 2; to
to Able, to enable, make able, apt, fit, to sup-Action, energy, power. bHf. 5. 1; charge, trial,
Action-taking, litigious, quarrelsome. KL.
Abortive, issuing before its time. LL, 1, 1. 2, 2.
to Ac cite, to excite, call, summon. bild. 5, 2. 2, 2. TAn. 1, 1.
ton's unnecessary emendation: obstruct. Abuse, deceit, puzzle (w. s.) MM. 5, 1; slan
der, detraction. bHƒ. 2, 1. cHf, 3, 3; JC. 2, 1.
a favourite fashionable word in Shk's time, of a fluctuating and loose meaning, somewhat like to please, favour, comply, ridiculed therefore. bd. 3, 2.
to Accost, to draw near, to appropinquate, appropriate. TV. 1, 3.
Account (germ. Kunde) notice; reckoning, answer, responsion. MA. 2, 1. 4, 1. Co. 4, 6. H. 1, 5; esteem, MV. 3, 2. Rc. 3, 2.
to Accoutre (from the middle latin costura, cotura, coutura, cultura, colere) to apparel, dress, trim, prank up. MF. 3, 4, JC. 1, 2. Accuse, accusation. aHd. 2, 2.
to Acquittance, to acquit, absolve, discharge,
Rc. 1, 2.
About, go on, cheer up! Ha. 2, 2.
one row, all together, all at once. cHf, 1, 1. Abridgement, pastime, chiefly dramatic.
MD. 5, 1. H. 2, 2; sketch, Cy. 5, 5. Absolute, highly accomplished, perfect. H. 5, 1. 5, 2; ready, prepared, determined. MM. 3, 1; certainly persuaded. Cy. 4, 2. Abstract, list, scroll (w. s.), inventory, complex. KJ. 2, 1. AC. 1, 4; MW'. 4, 2; mean of drawing away from. AC. 3,6. defended by Douce Illustrations of Shk. II, 95. s. against Warbur-Addiction, bent, bias. He. 1, 1. O. 2 2. Addition, title, mark of distinction. H. 1, 4. JC. 1, 2. KL. 2, 2. AW. 2, 3. 4, 2. O. 4, 1. decay.Addle (parallel the anglosax. aidiian, aegrotare, corrumpere, adel, engl. ail) rotten, empty. JC. 1,2. RJ. 3, 1.
Adam Bell, Clym of the Clogue, and Wylliam of Cloudesley were three noted outlaws, whose skill in archery rendered them formerly as famous in the north of England, as Robin Hood and his fellows were in the midland counties. Their abode was in the forest of Englewood, not far from Carlisle. MA. 1, 1. Cupid is so called. KJ. 2, 1. Language would argue them to be nearly mythological and collective names, like William Tell. S. Jac. Grimm Gedanken üb. Myth., Epos u. Geschichte in Fr. Schlegel's Teutsch. Mus. 1813. Ian. p. 53 ss.
to Abut, to confine. He. prol. cf. butt.
to Aby, to abide, fine, pay dear, stand to. MD. to Address, to prepare, make ready. MII. 3. 5. 3, 2. MD. 5, 1. LL. 2, 1. H. 1, 2. AW. 3, 6. M. 2, 2. ьна. 4, 4.
Academe, for academy. LL. 4, 3. Accessary, (accessory) complice, culprit. Rc.to Adhere, to be fit, convenient, apt, meet, 1, 2. seasonable, suitable M. 1, 7.
Accidence, the elements, rudiments of gram-to Adjourn, to delay. Cy. 5, 4. germ. vermar. MW. 4, 1. tagen.
Al ( 88 ) Admittance, fashion, accomplishment of de-Allegiance, obligation and truth of a tenant, meanour. MIV. 3, 3. or vassal, addictedness. aHd. 3, 2.
Adonis' gardens, flowerpots, or silver bask-Alley (fr. allée) walk, way, passage. MA. 1, 2. ets with young plants set out in the anniversa- 3, 1. H. 1, 5. where gates and alleys. ry of Adonis' death. Plin. H. N. 19, 4. Hesych. Allhallown summer, late summer. All halValcken. Theocr. 15, 115. Hence also frivolous lows are all Saints, a festival on the first of November. afd. 1, 2. Falstaff is called so, as things of no worth. allf. 1, 6. to Advantage, to bonify, requite, repair. Re. old boy with passion of youth. 4, 4. Allicholy corrupted for melancholy. MI. 1, 4.
Advice, knowledge, discretion, deliberation.
Affection, propensity, bent. T. 5, 2. TG. 1, 1. MI. 2, 2. MA. 2, 1. MV. 2, 8; fancy, imagination, WT. 1, 2.
Affined, linked in affinity. O. 1, 1. 2, 3. TC. 1, 3. to Affront, to meet, face, encouuter. H. 3, 1. WT. 5, 1. Cy. 4, 3.
to Affy, to betroth, affiance, promise. bHf. 4, 1; to trust, confide. Tin. 1, 1.
Agat, metaphorically a very diminutive person, in allusion to the small figures cut in agat for rings. bHd. 1, 2. aHd. 2, 4. MA. 3, 1. by no way aglet. RJ. 1, 4.
Age, advanced or advancing Time, personified. Rb. 2, 1. where Iohnson unnecessarily proposes edge. S. like.
Aglet baby, a diminutive being, a small image or head cut on the tag of a point, or lace. TS. 1, 2.
to Agnize (lat. agnoscere) to acknowledge, con-
Ajax, pronounced Ajax, furnished puns on ac-
Aim, scope, mark. GV, 3, 1. CE. 3, 2; guess,
Alligator, from the span. el lagarto, crocodile. RJ. 5, 1.
to Allow, to approve. KL.2, 4. germ. erlauben. Alms basket, basket, into which was put the refuse meat or dishes taken off of families, for giving them to the poor. LL. 5, 1. Amaimon, the supposed name of a fiend MW. 2, 2. aHd. 2, 4.
to Amble (parallel ambulare, jambe, jump) to
Amort (fr. à mort) in a manner dead, spiritless,
to Allay, to smooth, appease. T. 1, 7. MV.2, 2. Allayment, smoothing, assuaging. TC. 4, 4. Cy. 1, 6.
4 main, jointly, together; fast, vigorously. bHf.
Ancient, a corruption of ensign, flag, standard.
Angel, a gold coin that bears the figure of an
Annoyance, wrong, hurting, harm, disadvan-
Alderliefest, alderlefest, germ. aller-Antic, buffoon or fool in the old farces with a
liebst, dearest of all. bHf. 1, 1.
black'd face and a patchwork habit. TS. Ind. 1. MA. 3, 1. LL. 5, 1. He. 3, 2. TC. 5, 3. H. 1, 5.
Antiquity, old age. AW. 2, S.
Ape. To lead apes into hell, an employment proverbially assigned to old maids, who also according to the Persians were in hell. TS. 2,
fabulous district of the old fabliaux and roman
Argier, or Argiers, Algiers. T. 1, 2.
1. MA. 2, 1. Perhaps it is a symbolical ex-Argosic, a large ship either for merchandise or war. Derived from the famous ship Argo, s. Douce Ill. of Sh. 1, 248. MV. 1, 1. 3, 1.5, 1. TS. 2, 1. cllf. 2, 6.
pression of a missed task and destination, the ape of the indian mythology changing the luminous bodies of the spirits in dark ones, and hell being the dark region, where the luminous bodies are darkened. Or is it perhaps thence, that old maids have certain bents, for to indemnify themselves, as it were, for a missed task, wherein they do mistake yet anew? Apes were a fashionable pastime of Ladies. to Appall, or appale, to make pale, bleak. M. 2, 2. 3, 4. TC. 5, 5. 4, 4. H. 2, 2. Apparel, packet, bundle, bunch. bHd. 3, 2. Apparent, seeming, not real, heir apparent, the eldest son, next claimant, opp. to the presumtive or collateral heir. WT. 1, 2, aHd. 1, 2.
tary preparations. All those significations are involved in the general one of settlement, concert, agreement. Remember punctum temporis. to Apprehend, to commit (wh. s.) He. 2, 2. Apprehension, faculty of observing. MA. 3, 4; idea, opinion, notion, conception. TA. 1, 1. Rb. 1,3. He. 3, 7; denunciation, accusation. aHf. 2, 4; arresting, imprisonment. cHf. 3, 2. Apprehensive, he that apprehends, conceives easily, quick to understand, of ready understanding, germ. sinnig. bHd 4, 3; susceptible, irritable, sensible, easily to be moved. JC. 3, 1. Approbation, proof. Cy. 1, 5.
to Approve, to recommand to approbation. H. 5, 2. So Johnson; but it seems rather to improve, advance, further, by a lawterm. Approved, experienced, tried, acknowledged.
TS. 1, 1. MW. 3, 3.
to Appeach, to impeach, accuse. Rb. 5, 2.
5. where Malone takes it for accoutrements, mili-Arras, the tapestry hangings of rooms, from
the town in Artois, where the principal manufacture of such stuff was. There was often a very large space between the arras and the walls, so that large bulks might be concealed there. MW. 3, 3. MA. 1, 3. TS. 2, 1. KJ. 4, 1. aHd. 2, 4. Cy. 2, 2. H. 2, 2. 3, 3. Array, dress. AL. 4, 3, 5, 2. KL. 3, 4. bHd. 4, 9. RJ, 4, 5.
Approver, he that tries. Cy. 2, 4.
Argument, proof. He. 3, 1. TC. 2, 3. 4, 5; evidence, cause. H. 4, 4; matter, subject of discourse, conversation, or entertaining. MA.2, 3. 3, 1. MD. 3, 2. WT. 4, 1. aHd. 2, 2. TC. 1, 1. H. 3, 2.
to Arbitrate, to determine, decide. M. 5, 4.
Arch, vault. TC. 3, 3. AC. 1, 1; prince, chief,
Armado, span. armada, a fleet of war, not know in England before the Spanish invasion in 1588. KJ. 3, 4.
Armgaunt, lank, lean, slender, worn by mili-
Arraign (from the goth. hring, germ. Ring, circle, formerly the place for tilting, or fighting, and judging; hence arengare, aringare, rengare, fr. haranguer; relationed with the ital. scranna, germ. Schranne, Schranke) to interrogate, try, examine judicially. MM. 2, 3. KL. 3, 6. 0.3, 4.
to Array, to dress, accoutre (wh. s.) to deck.