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serve one another. 14. For all the law is fulfilled in, one word, even in this ; Thou shalt love thy neigh. bour as thyself. 15. But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another. 16. This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and •ye shall not fulfil the lufts of the flesh. 17. For the flefb lufteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh : and these are contrary the one to the other ; so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. 18. But if ye be led by the Spirit, ye are not under the law. 19. Now the works of the flesh are manifeft, which are these, Adultery, fornication, uncleanness lasciviousness, 20. Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, here. fies, 21. Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like : of the which I tell you before, as I also have told you in time past, that they which do such things, sball not inherit the kingdom of God. 22. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,' 23. Meeknefs, temperance : against such there is no law. 24. And they that are Christ's, have crucified the flejb, with the affections, and lufts. 25. If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit. 26. Let us not be desirous of vain-glory, provoking one another, envying one another.'

T HE Apostle having, in the fore

going part of this epistle, set the cafe he was warning these Galatians against in every light in which it could be viewed, and showed them how the change they were tempted to make was


not only unprofitable and useless, but dangerous in the highest degre, nay, and abfolutely destructive, not only of their peace and fafety, but their very souls; he comes now to conclude with a consideration, which, it were much to be wished, every one would feriously weigh, when they find themfelves in fimilar circumstances, that they may not be rafhly drawn off from their obedience to the truth in any instance, as there never will be temps tations wanting, so long as there are so many who lie in wait to deceive, and pervert the right way of the Lord. I

He had reminded them of that chearful readiness with which they received the knowledge of Christ from him, what blessings they then heaped upon him, and what warmth of love they showed in the whole of their behaviour toward him. He now puts them in mind of the effect his preaching, and their knowledge of the truth, had on them; and does it in a way which could hardly fail to engage them to compare the evidence they had of the truth, with what their new teachers had to advance for drawing them off from it; you did run well; who hindered you, that

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you should not obey the truth? I only oba ferve on the translation, that the word the Apostle uses fignifies only the obedience of faith; the heart's acquiefcing and refting in the truth as it comes inforced by the testimony of God, and giving it that weight and influence on the believer's conduct, which such authority deserves.

In this course they set out fairly. The Apostle expresses it in the allufion we very frequently meet with in the New-Testament writings, this Apostle's especially: and the allusion is well chosen to represent the necessity of the utmoft exertion of activity and diligence. The Apostle gives us a pattern of it in his own conduct, Phil. 111. 13. 14. “ this one thing I do, for " getting those things which are behind, and “ reaching forth to these which are be“ fore, I press toward the mark, for the

prize of the high calling of God in Christ " Jesus ;” in the same terms he exhorts 'the Hebrews, xii. 1. 2. And on account of the many difficulties and strong oppoGtion Christians have to lay their account. with, from the rulers of the darkness of this: world without, and from the flesh with its affections and lusts withiņ, it is likewise


called labouring, wrestling, fighting. The Galatians had set out in this course; 'and the Apostle testifies they had run well; and that they could not do without keeping the prize and goal constantly in their eye, and keeping the straight course, without losing time by turning out of the way on any account. They had the truth of God for their guide ; and so long as they kept by that, it was impossible they could miscarry: for there they had at once perfect light to see their way, and perfect power to stand against, and to overcome all difficulty and opposition; being there provided with the whole armour of God, and the same mind which was in Christ Jesus, the author and finisher of their faith.

Well then might the Apostle ask, who hindered them to perfevere and go forward? The shield of faith, had it been used as it ought, would have quenched all the fiery darts of the devil; but when any one point of truth is suffered to flip, so much faith must lose of its strength; and so much clear advantage will the enemy gain. His agents had brought the sufficiency of the grace which is in Chrift Jesus into doubt with them, and were about persuading them to patch it up with their own works, circumcifion and observance of the law of Moses, and to rest their hope of salvation on that; by which they should have been insensibly stolen off from the only foundation which God had laid, Christ and his grace, and thereby left to the will of their enemies. It was this unhappy suggestion that stopped and hindered them from purfuing the course they had so happily begun. But from whatsoever quarter it came; he assures them, verf, 8. it came not from him who called them.

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By what he says, verf. 11. to vindicate himself from the gross imputation the leducers had loaded him with, viz. that he was himself as much for circumcifion as they, which probably they supported by his circumcising Timothy, some have thoughts that by him that called them, he meant himself; and wanted to clear himself from having

any hand in bringing them into the snare · which they were unhappily intangled in:

and it might have passed, were it not, that the calling he here speaks of is of such a nature, as nothing but the Spirit and power of God could make effectual; and

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