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tre of such abominations and such who had remained faithful to the debaucheries. And when I remem truths of the Gospel. I cannot bered that I was between the Ce- describe to you my feelings, when vennes mountains and Dauphiné, I reflected that I was in the country places drenched by that same Pa- from whence, more than two cenpacy with the blood of martyrs, I turies ago, my ancestors had been could fancy that I saw a gigantic forced to flee froin their confession and horrible phantom issue from of the Gospel of Christ; and that those ancient walls, and ascend into I was there at the present moment the air, bearing on its forehead the to further the spread of that Gospel. double mark of blood and lewdness, “0,” I exclaimed, “may God which signalizes the Papacy accord vouchsafe to rekindle here the light ing to St. Jobn, the Prophet of the which has been extinguished ! May New Testament.
it come to them from Switzerland, I cast a last glance on this ancient from Holland, froin England, from seat of the Popes, and then turned Germany, from all places where our my steps towards the Cevennes, fathers sought for shelter in their that theatre of such glorious faith, hour of trial! And, O Lord, do and of such cruel conflicts, and thou make use of me, the feeblest where the unhappy Christians were of all their descendants, to set up, so long hunted and slaughtered as in these dark places of the earth, beasts of prey.
the beacon of thy truth! We left the steam-boat at Beau It had been settled that I was to caire, and arrived at Nismes by the hold an important conference with iron railroad.*
several of the pious Pastors of that This was my first visit to the country. And after a drive of four south of France, although my hours, by the most dreadful roads, family came from thence. Some in a little carriage, the brother who of my forefathers were from Lan- accompanied me, and myself, arguedoc, and some from Saintonge. rived at the village of Beauvoisin; It was at the latter place that the and in this very village, which had courageous D'Aubignè was born, been more than once laid waste by who, when all (and Sully among the persecution, we met to consider foremost) entreated Henri IV. to what measures to adopt to build give up the Gospel and embrace again the walls of our "Zion. The Popery, addressed these memorable Pastor of the parish had been for words to the King, (1595,) “ Sire, some time in our school of theology ; it would be better to be King of a but with this exception, every other mere corner of France and serve person present was personally unGod, than to reign over the whole known to me. I embraced them all country, and have the feet of the with joy; for they were faithful serPope over your head.” After the vants, fighting manfully the good fight first attempt upon the life of the of faith, against many adversaries. King, when the assassin had merely
I had seen
in the distance a wounded the Monarch's lip, he again high hill, crowned by a vast and spoke to his master in these words, ancient edifice, at the foot “Sire, you have denied God only with which lies the village of Beauyour lips, and He has struck you voisin. This building was on the lips; but if ever you should cient castle, still inhabited, but deny Him in your heart, He will belonging formerly to the Knights strike you to the heart." Henri Templars. We visited it after dinIV. was afterwards killed by being ner, and entered its spacious courtstabbed to the heart; and soon after yard, where, in former times, the D'Aubignè was obliged to leave flashing arms of the Templars must France, and took refuge at Geneva, have often been displayed. In the where he left the humblest and centre of the court we perceived a poorest part of his family, those well of great depth, whose glittering
waters seemed alinost to emit sparks * On the 29th of Angust, 1843. of fire, as if the sun had penetrated to
its crystal depths.
us forget that which is ber essential through several halls, and came out character, and wishes to exhibit upon a terrace grown over with tan herself with an appearance of tole. gled shrubs, upon which the-warder ration which she has never posof former times had been accus. sessed; and, on the other hand, tomed to tread with measured steps. the recollection of the efforts made We could not but remember, that by Rome to extinguish in these we, who then stood there, were also parts the light of evangelical truth, watchmen, called to serve and to is needed to excite us to spread there guard a more spiritual edifice than anew those doctrines of the Gospel. that of the Knights Templars.
Here, then, are a few of those The friends who were with me scenes, which, after the lapse of so pointed out from the eminence many years, seemed to present where we were standing, the whole themselves vividly before my eyes ; surrounding country, calling iny and here are some of the forms of attention particularly to the Ceven- blood, which, as I stood upon the nes mountains, so celebrated in the Templars' walls, seemed to come history of our Church, and which forth from those mountains to send were just in front of us. 0, what forth their fearful cry of accusation recollections the sight of them called against murderous Rome. These up! It was there that the spirit of scenes of cruelty assimilate well persecution was let loose, and rested with the scenes of debauchery not till the simple faith of the Gos which the sight of Avignon recalled pel bad been completely driven to my memory. from their fastnesses.
The period for the Revocation of wounds then inflicted on the church, the Edict of Nantes was drawing may we not recognise its divine cha
At the Synod of Meaux, racter ? What holy thoughts, what Allix, the Minister of Charenton, holy prayers, what holy actions, what could not, during one of his adholy sacrifices, have not been eli- dresses, restrain his lamentation at cited by the violence of her adver the near prospect of the downfal of saries? Who
tell whether Protestantism in France. The Royal many of those who died for the Commissioner interrupted him, callfaith, or for the faith left their na ing out to him with great brutality, tive country, would not, under other that if he continued to censure the circumstances, have settled down decree of his master, he would, into an unprofitable repose, and with his own hands, throw him fallen into the sleep of death? Why headlong from his pulpit. This should we feel so indignant against was the last Synod that was held, those who persecuted our fore. and the Reformed faith was, so to fathers ? They were the instru- speak, to perish on the tomb of inents of God for good to them, and Bishop Brissonet, one of its earliest to us also. Assuredly, “all things 'protectors, and at the feet of Bosshall work together for good to them suet, its most formidable enemy. that love God.”
And then the deed was executed ! Nevertheless, from the terrace of and an entire people were spoiled ! the old castle, I could not but recall from the Minister of State to the to mind the scenes of blood of humble country shepherd! Two milwhich the Cevennes had been the lions of men were cast out from cititheatre, and which fulfilled to zenship, and outlawed; and there the letter that prophecy, “I saw seemed but one more step to take, the woman drunken with the blood which was, to drive into the Church of the saints, and with the blood of of Rome these flocks, without shepthe martyrs of Jesus; and when I herds and without a refuge ! saw her, I wondered with great ad From Bearn, the cradle of French miration." (Rev. xvii. 6.)
Calvinism, the savage “DragonIt is well that we should remein ade” advanced towards the valley of ber these persecutions : for, on the the Garonne, and the Cevennes one hand, Rome would now make Troops of every description were
employed in this warlike mission; of a licentious soldiery, whose exbut the Dragoons, owing perhaps cesses would have disgraced even a to their more brutal zeal, or to their horde of Tartars. These Dragoons more dazzling uniform, had the ho- would lock up the inhabitants of a pour of giving their name to the house in some small closet, and whole body. On the eve of their would then proceed to throw the arrival, the civil and ecclesiastical magnificent niture into the street; authorities of the cities assembled they would then turn the splendid the Protestants in the public drawing-rooms into stables for their squares, and in an harangue, the horses, and give them pails of milk general conclusion of which was or wine for their drink, and for litthe menacing announcement of the ter, bales of wool, of cotton, of approach of the armed forces, they silk, or of the finest Holland cloth. made known the irrevocable deter. If their host, or rather their victim, mination of the King. The terri- still resisted, they dragged him from fied people, in some places, declared his place of confinement, and either themselves converted by unanimous suspended him in a well, or, tying acclamations. Educated
bis hands and his feet across his signed a confession of faith ; the back, would hoist him to a pulley lower classes simply declared, “I with his face downwards, and slidjoin myself,” or cried, Ave Maria, ing him up and down, as a chandeor made the sign of the cross. In lier, would suddenly drop him on some towns, offices of conversion his face, and then draw him up were established, where, after the again to let him fall again in the new convert's name had been in
manner. Sometimes, after scribed, he received a playing-card, stripping him, they would set him on the back of which was a certi to turn the spit, and while their ficate, which would preserve him meal was preparing, they would from the pursuit of the soldiery. amuse themselves with pinching his The people of Nismes named these flesh, and burning his hair, and cards apocalyptically, “the mark of sometimes oblige him to hold a live the beast," an expression of the coal in his hand, while they recited deepest truth.
a Pater Noster. But the most inThe soldiers entered the towns, tolerable torment of all, was the dewith drawn swords and muskets privation of sleep. They would raised.
The first attempt was to sometimes sell sleep to their victims constrain the Pastor to yield : if he at the price of ten, twenty, or thirty resisted, he was driven away, that crowns an hour. And as soon as his example might not influence the the wretched being had sunk to flock. After him, they attempted sleep, the fatal hour would strike, to seduce the chief men of the when they would awaken him by neighbourhood. At Montauban, the sound of the drum. An old the Roman Catholic Bishop assem man at Nismes, M. de Lacassagne, bled several of the neighbouring having been tormented for a long Protestant gentlemen, at the house time in this manner by fifty Draof M. de Boufflers, the Intendant goons, at length gave way, and abof the district. The servants of the jured his faith before Bishop Sig. mansion, who had been concealed nier. “You will now be able to behind the door, rushed suddenly enjoy some sleep,” said the Prelate upon them, threw them down, at to him! “Alas, my Lord,” replied tempting to bring them to their the old man, “I look for no rest knees, and while these gentlemen but in heaven ; and God grant that were struggling to free themselves what I have just done may not shut from the hands of the servants, the me out from thence !" Madame Prelate made the sign of the cross de Lacassagne had, during this upon each of them, which was time, been wandering about the deemed sufficient.
fields, dressed as a servant. Many The citizens and the common women were seized with the pains people were all this while the prey of labour during their flight, and
brought forth their children in the were becoming so distant, that woods. The weaker sex, generally God's children were obliged to go speaking, suffered more than our fifty or sixty leagues from their own; not only on account of the own homes, to enjoy the consolation modesty and delicacy of their na of hearing the Gospel preached. ture, but from having a stronger It was not only young persons,
who faith, and a more enduring con were able to endure such fatigue, stancy. Young mothers, bound to or others, whose comfortable circumthe bed-posts, were doomed to the stances enabled them to bear the cruel alternative of abjuring their expenses of such a journey, who religion, or of seeing their babes thus came from a distance to swell perish before their eyes. Some few the numbers of those assemblies gave way, that they might be not yet forbidden; but even aged allowed to administer nourishment people, some eiglity years of age, to their dying infants.
infirm, and at considerable inconA youth of fifteen was taken to venience to themselves, were known the castle of La Tourette, where, to brave the fatigues of the journey five or six times successively, a cord and the severity of the season, the was placed around his head, with danger and the expense of such the threat to hang him instantly, undertakings, and to come and join if he would not change his religion; with their brethren in devotional and in order to terrify him, and services which they feared would be make him believe that they were for the last time in this life. They about to put their threat into exe walked without stopping by day or cution, his tormentors lifted him by night, carrying their provisions from ihe ground by the rope, and with them, exposed to the rain, the held him till his breath was nearly snow, the ice, of a peculiarly severe gone ; and this they did several winter, across dreadful roads, woods, times. He was delivered out of ravines, and bogs: and at the end their cruel hands hy a constancy far of all this, there was no comfortbeyond his years. Molines, a pea. able fire by which to warm or to sant at Desaignes, had his feet and dry themselves; not even a covered his hands bound, and his head fas- place to receive them and shelter tened between his knees : thus, by them from the inclemencies of the means of a bar which was passed weather. Those who arrived first, through his cramped-up body, he took refuge in the church, and the was rolled backwards and forwards rest remained at the entrance, like a ball. Another had his lip burnt having no place to rest themselves off with a red-hot iron. Others had in. While they waited for daytheir ribs, their arms, and their legs light, all this multitude, broken, by being beaten with clubs. posed of old men, women, and A widow of sixty-four years of age children, comforted themselves by was tied down to an arm-chair by singing those psalms which were some soldiers who lodged in her usually taught to all those of the house, and carried to hear a sermon Reformed faith from their childof one of the Romish Missionaries, hood; while some of them recited who had not the common humanity by heart, or read by the light of to rebuke those who treated her some candle, prayers which were thus. When she dropped her head, familiar to all. These simple exerthey instantly raised it with a stick, cises of devotion being liable to misforcing her to keep her eyes fixed interpretation, on account of the upon the Preacher.'
After the ser absence of their Pastor, he who mon, they unbound her ; but upon ministered to this flock was obliged her reaching bome, they seized to give up his rest, in order that he her again, and held her' forcibly might, by his presence, so to speak, before a large fire, till she fainted legitimatize the devotions of these in their arms.
poor people. Owing to the interdictions which But soon the most unheard of were imposed, places of worship violence put a stop to the zeal of
these faithful Christians, who so down by cords, and every day were thirsted for the word of God. Of- brought up to have intlicted upon ficers and soldiers behaved with them the whip, the stick, the brand, equal atrocity. They would spit in or the strap. Many of thein, after the women's faces, they would make having been confined for some them to lie down in their presence weeks, came out of prison, having upon burning coals, or constrain lost their hair and their teeth. At them to keep their heads in heated Valence, carrion and the entrails of ovens, till the smoke from it almost sheep were thrown into these pits. suffocated them. The fortitude of The unhappy beings immured in those who could thus suffer without them, lay in the putrefaction of being overcome, served but to in these
till their bodies crease the rage of the monsters, and swelled, and their skin might have the marks of all their torments ex. been stripped from them like wetted cited no pity : the tears, the cries, paper, and they themselves prethe transports, which the agonies sented the appearance of living of body, and the conflicts of their corpses. At length, to disencum. minds, sometimes elicited from ber the over-crowded prisons, Louthese poor martyrs, only caused vois dispatched many of them in laughter
to their executioners. old tartanes * to America. They thought not of compassion But from all parts of France, until they saw one of their victims bulletins of conversion flew to Veron the very verge of death or insen- sailles. Oleron, Salins, and Sedan, sibility. Then, in cruel piety, they converted themselves in a body; would seek to reanimate thein, and Montauban and Lyons, by deliberaimpart to them a little strength, that tion, at the Hotel de Ville! Montthey might once more renew their pelier, Nismes, and their diocesses ! cruelties. Their great study was to Fifty thousand souls from the prediscover torments which were as cincts of Bordeaux ! The dio. acute as they could be without being cesses of Gap and Embrun, and mortal, and to make the wretched the valleys of Pragelas, did not victims of their rage experience to even wait for the Dragoons! After the very utmost all that the human the abjuration of a town, a solemn frame can endure without dying. Te Deum was sung, and in a public
Thanks be to God, that the num procession banners were unfurled ber of the faithful was sufficiently to the sound of the ringing of bells, great to fill all the prisons in the and the firing of cannons; and the kingdom.
And what prisons ! triumphant Priests carried in their Muddy and infectious pits, sewers train, from street to street, these where reptiles were engendered, dun- forlorn and unhappy people, who, geons where the sun was unknown. escorted by the soldiery, bore rather Several of these dungeons were the appearance of captives taken in called chausses d'hypocras, no doubt battle.t on account of the side walls being This, my dear brother, is what arranged in the shape of a lozenge, Rome has done! and so assuming the form of an alembic. The prisoners could
* Vessels much used in the Mediterranean, neither stand upright, nor sit, nor † See the History of the Edict of Nantes, in lie down in them. They were let 5 vols. Histoire des Pasteurs du Desert, 2 vols.
with one mast and a three-cornered sail.
THE LATE RICHARD BRACKENBURY, ESQ., OF ASWARDBY,
LINCOLNSHIRE. (To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.) In the second year of my itine- ague, jaundice, and other debilitat. rancy I was laid aside from my ordi. ing affections, occasioned by frenary duties by a severe attack of quent visits to the fens of Lincoln