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am I told of the spiritual guilt and consequence of its reception : and they danger of persons in other quarters of are these points, and other points like the globe that are still unevangelized ? these, that make the difference between Why, Sir, if idolatry be the great sin the case of the Hindoo and the majority of the earth against its Maker and its of those cases in which the labours of our God, I know no country under heaven Missionaries have been sooner or more on whose inhabitants, as they pass on- easily successful; and they should have ward to eternity, there will be found a induced us to regard it as an axiom before. deeper brand of guilt, or omens of more hand, that there would be much greater terrible perdition. My second point is difficulty in the accomplishment of our obthat according to my humble judgment ject in that quarter of the world, than in in the matter, and I try to be as candid many other parts to which the attention and impartial as I can,--there is no of the Society has been directed. But country in the world, in which there is, in a case like this, what sort of reasoning upon the whole, a more cheering and is that which from a difficult beginning delightful prospect of complete and glo- would infer an unsuccessful, or even a rious success. I do not say that the doubtful, issue ? I care not about the commencement of the work in India is difficulties that are connected with the quite as easy as it has been found to be commencement of the work; and I am in various other places. There are rea. not disposed to be discouraged as to the sons in the case of the Hindoo, which, if ultimate result, even by the apparent we would be rational and sober in our tardiness with which initial difficulties estimate, should lead us to conclude be- are surmounted. The question is, Have forehand, that his conversion will not be any converts at all been won over to the found quite so facile or readily practica- Christian faith, any Christian societies ble a thing, as the conversion of the Hot- formed, any Christian churches and tentot, and the Negro, and various other temples built ? Or, even on the supclasses of men to whom I might refer. position that not a single convert had Sir, it is one thing to present the simple been gained, I would ask, Has any system of our divine and holy Christian- impression at all been made upon the ity to minds previously unoccupied by existing superstition ? Are there any anything that could be called a system, signs, any tokens whatsoever, however -minds comparatively vacant, and, few and far between, that any progress therefore, in some sort, ready for what. has been made, or any movement taken ever may be offered ; and it is quite place, towards a general acknowledganother thing to present the same sys- ment of the falsehood of idolatry and tem to minds that have been long pre- the truth of Christianity ? Then, Sir, occupied with an artfully-contrived and on the principles of fair and sober calcuextensively-ramitied system of error. lation, I was going to say, on the It is one thing to present the Gospel of principles of mechanical philosophy, our Lord Jesus Christ to a people who let the same means which have effected are comparatively uncivilized and barba- this disturbance of the native superstirous, and with the incitement arising tion, and this advance towards the acfrom the prospect of the temporal ad- knowledgment of the truth of the Gos. vantages that will ensue on its reception; pel, be persevered in, and the result, and it is quite another thing to present the though it may be distant, is as certain same Gospel to a people who are already as if it were already realized. The axe civilized, and rivals to ourselves in many that is sharp and strong enough to sever of the arts and luxuries of life, and who, though it be only a single fibre of the root as to their temporal concerns, have no- of the great upas-tree of Hindooism, will thing to gain, in the first instance, by be found sharp and strong enough to serer their acceptance of our offer. It is one a second, and a third, and so on, until thing to offer our religion to a class the last fibre by which the tree is sus. of men who, on their reception of it, tained in its position shall give way, and have no sacrifice to make, except the its own weight shall bring it, finally cheap and advantageous sacrifice of their and for ever, to the ground. The ignorance, and wretchedness, and sin, mining implements which have been and who must be, as to their civil and found effectual to pick out though it social condition, as well as in other be but a single stone, from the foundapoints, immediately and in every way tion upon which a gigantic superstition bettered by the change; and it is ano- has raised its hideous and frowning ther to present that religion to a people structure, will be found effectual to pick with the prospect of hardship, and grief, out a second and a third, another and and loss, as the necessary and inevitable another; and as the work proceeds, crack after crack with ever-widening vibration of thought and feeling that yawn shall show the increasingly en- is felt from one end of India to the feebled condition of the building, until other; and it is the prospect, the dread the whole shall fall, it may be, by one of this convulsive shock, with the prosudden and overwhelming crash, ruin bable effects to the individual himself by from which it shall be raised no more. whom it is occasioned, that constitutes I can enter, I did enter at the time when one of the great barriers in the way of he was speaking, into the feelings of individual conversion : but the shock joy inspired into the heart of Mr. that is produced in cases of that kind, Young, and, through him, inspired into and the agitation and inquiry thence the heart of every individual in this ensuing, cannot be entirely without their assembly, in his review of the success use. And, as the number of converwith which God has been pleased to sions shall be multiplied, it may be that bless the labours of our Missionaries that very law, that very sympathy of in the West-India islands. But only caste, which now creates so great a diffithink of a continent like that of India, culty in the way of individual converwith its one hundred or one hundred sion, may be overruled so as to become, and fifty millions of inhabitants, turned in part, the means of bringing whole from the worship of idols to serve the families and tribes together into the fold living God; the myriads of its cities, of Christ. I am not defending caste in and its towns, each ornamented with the abstract. It is in itself undoubtedly a temple to Jehovah, and all its moun- a serious and gigantic evil. It is in tains and valleys vocal with his praise ; India at the present day one of the and think, at the same time, that very fiercest and most formidable manifestaprobably, in respect to religious as well tions of that wrath of man which coun. as political influence, this may be found. teracts the righteousness of God; but to be the key that shall unlock the rest in this respect, as in so many others, of Asia ; and you have such a pro- God may make the wrath of man to spect of reward before you as you will praise him, and the remainder of wrath look for in vain through all the world he may restrain, until the pride and prebesides. And may I be allowed to say, judice on which the law of caste is -if I am not trespassing on the time founded shall be finally transmuted into of the Meeting,—that I think it that law of love which shall make all would be easy to allege reasons for one in Christ Jesus. I will mention believing that this “consummation so another point, and it shall be the last. devoutly to be wished” may be much There is, according to my humble view, more within our reach than is very no other country in which, with such frequently imagined ? Amongst other openings for usefulness, and with such things, I would observe, that the very prospects of success, so little has been law of caste itself, which now operates, done. Considering that all India, yes, as Dr. Wilson knows, as a very formid. the whole of that country, from the able barrier to our success in India, in Himalaya mountains in the north to the reference to individual conversion-this extremity of Cape Comorin, is now very law of caste itself, I say, may, open to the instruction of Christian Misin the future working of our enterprise, sionaries, and the stir that was made in become, in some respects, a help rather this country and elsewhere, not many than a hinderance. How does it work years ago, about the introduction of at present ? A Brahmin, or some per- Christianity into India,” I am ashamed son belonging to one of the higher castes, to think that at the present day there is converted io the faith of Christianity, should not be more than about one hun. and makes a public profession of that dred Protestant Missionaries to be found faith, connecting with such profession, throughout all the continent of India, as is generally the case where the con- from all the Christian Churches put version is sincere, a direct renunciation together. Considering, further, that of the law of caste, as unauthorized, and the perishing millions of that country absurd, and injurious in its operation; have been laid, by the providence of and the effect is, that the caste to which God, especially at the door of the he belonged sever him at once from Churches of this country, that we might intercourse with his kindred and friends, give to them of that bread of our Faand visit him with various penalties ther's house, of which we have enough besides, of a distressing and afflicting and to spare; I am ashamed to think nature. And the shock which is created that the American and German Missionby his separation from the community aries should bear so large a proportion to tó which he had belonged produces a the total number there employed. And still further, (1 trust my honoured bearing precious seed, will come again fathers and brethren will bear with me rejoicing, bringing their sheaves with in this remark,) considering that we talk them.” I have great pleasure, Sir, in to one another, and to the public, about seconding the Resolution. having “ the world for our parish,” I am The motion was then agreed to. ashamed to think, if I may be bold The Rev. FREDERICK J. Jobson, enough to say so in such a place as this, of Leeds, was next introduced by the that we who wish to be considered a Secretary. He said, -Mr. Chairman, peculiarly Missionary people, should on rising to address this large assembly, actually, at this day, be doing far less in it is somewhat encouraging to me to see India than any other of the great sections you in that chair. No person 'in this of the Church that have sent Mission. Hall has greater veneration than I bave aries to that country; and that eleven for the Right Hon. gentleman who preEuropean Missionaries should be re- sided over us during the former part of garded as being all we can afford at pre- this Meeting. His character, as a Chrissent to meet a case so necessitous, and at tian and as a friend to Missions, is too the same time so promising, as that of well known to need any representation Continental India. I would appeal upon by me; but, highly as I esteem his cha. this subject to the General Committee; racter, and much as I value his presence, but, in the present state of our finances, yet to one, who for six years past, saw they are not perhaps the party to whom the working, in London, of the central the appeal ought to be directed. I have wheels of the machinery of our Missionsometimes been tempted to desire, if pos- ary Society, it is encouraging to look sible, to withdraw Missionaries and the upon your familiar face, and know that supplies connected with them from some a gentleman practically acquainted with other quarters, which have appeared to the whole system of Wesleyan Method me to have received more than a propor- ism is now at our head. Your example tionate share. I do not now cherish of labour and benevolence is inspiring to that desire ; and, if I did, I could not us all, and I am certain that I express hope to succeed in its fulfilment. But the sentiments of thousands in this Hall, something beyond our present doings and of thousands out of it, when I say, must be done for India, or, I solemnly “May you long live to contribute and affirm, we are disgraced in the presence to labour in connexion with this great of the sister churches, and, what is infi- cause.” As to the cause itself, I rejoice nitely more important, we are, as I be- to know that it requires not my advolieve, verily guilty in the sight of Him cacy this day ; for the speakers who prewho has required us as well as other sec- ceded me have said sufficient to engage tions of the Christian church to “go into your sympathies and exertions on its the world, and to preach the Gospel to behalf. Combining all the information every creature.”

I am not asking you we have received concerning the operato increase the number of stations in that tions of the Society in the past year, country, in the present state of our what is our Report? It is a Report of finances; but on behalf of India, and of almost universal success. Thank God, our brethren who are labouring there, I we are not met together to hear of diswould earnestly request, that this Meet- heartened Missionaries, of many abaning, and our friends in general through- doned stations, or of exhausted liberality. out the country, would be pleased to The fact to which my Resolution refers take the case of India, as they have is a motive to encouragement, the ex. already taken the case of the West tinction of the OLD DEBT, which for Indies and of Africa, into their generous years past has sat like a night-mare upon consideration, and would supply to the us, paralyzing our energies. Paralyzing Committee the means whereby the sta- cur energies, did I say? Not so ! for tions already occupied may be ade- you have proved at the former services quately manned, in order that those of this Anniversary, and will prove in the hearts which are now fainting with long year before us, that our energies art inprotracted expectations may at length be creasing with our joys in this great work. relieved, by the assurance that labourers It is true, there are reasons for regret, will be sent out to their assistance. Let mingling themselves with our reasons for this be done, and the result will be, not rejoicing. The annual income is not merely a blessing on the Indian field, equal to the year's expenditure by several but also on other departments of the So- thousand pounds, and we are iherefore ciety's operations; and especially in that restrained in our rejoicing by the rememquarter of the world, it may be expected brance of the deficiency. Thus our comthat those who now “ go forth weeping, bined experience to-day is similar to what we have individually known when, welcome to the shores of New Zealand presenting ourselves to rejoice before the by the Christian natives! How impresLord, we have remembered our defective sive and morally sublime, when they asservices, and have been checked in our re- sembled to listen to the tidings of salva. joicing. Leaving, however, the financial tion, as delivered to them by the mes. Report, and looking only to that of Mis

senger of Christ !

How touching the sionary labour and success, we have un. incidental proofs they gave of their restrained freedom in rejoicing. Of that knowledge of the Scriptures, when, acsuccess, in general, it is not my intention companying their spiritual Overseer in further to speak ; but if I attempt to par. his journeyings, they quoted the words ticularize, the difficulty is to know what of Paul, as to the office of a Bishop, and part of the abstract of the Report, which the cloak he left at Troas ! How rehas been put into my hand, to select as proving to many British Christians their the basis of my remarks. Some have love of the divine precepts and pronuises ; spoken of India, some of the West Indies, as evinced in their writing them upon and of the black children in distant lands; the sand, carving them in the bark and the question is now, Of what have I of trees, and in graving them in the to speak ? Certainly, it is, just now, the rock ! How great the change! Men most important question to me. There that we conteinplated a few years ago are, however, two parts of the Missionary crouching before a monster-block of work mentioned in the Report, which wood or stone, and trembling before a have not been referred to by the preced- motionless idol, now assembling with ing speakers, and which have evidently Christian cheerfulness in the house of God, fired the heart of the writer of that Re- and feasting together in love! Where port ; I mean the South Sea Islands, and are the men of taste and refinement Western Africa. There is a glow of that kindle into poesy at the sight of feeling expressed by him, when repre- the calm, the sublime, and the beautiful ? senting those scenes of evangelical culture, I defy them to produce a scene, which which proves that he is deeply interested poetry, with all the fairy strokes of her in them. And can we wonder at this, rainbow-pencil, has sketched, to be comwhen we think of the stirring facts re- pared with the scenes of evangelical corded in the Journals of Freeman and culture presented to us in the South-Sea Waterhouse, and which have been issued Islands. On the Sabbath-day, say through the medium of the Monthly your Missionaries, there is a silence Notices within the past year ? The not known in this proud city of Lonheart of that man must be enshrined in donma silence never broken save by the ice of a polar winter, if it beat not the chime of the worship-bell, as it calls with gratitude to God, for the great work the natives to worship in the house of he has lately accomplished, by the in- God, or by the song of praise which, strumentality of his servants, in those amid the vast solitude of the waters of parts of the world. The South Sea Is. the great Pacific Ocean, is heard ascendlands have for years been the attractive ing to heaven. Eternal praise to God scenes of Christian philanthropy. The for the success vouchsafed to your Mis. man of science, when reading of those sionaries in the South-Sea Islands ! islands in the beautiful book of the mar- Western Africa, as a field of Missiontyred Williams, and when reading of ary labour, and of Missionary success, the work of the mason-insect, as it is not less interesting. I do not know exists in subterraneous caverns and how it is with others, but when I read in hills and valleys clothed in vernal the Journal of Freeman, I feel a quickbeauty, cannot but have delight; but ened movement in my veins, as I acwe as Christians have to contemplate company him in thought in his hazardthe moral changes that have there ous and successful enterprise. On meeting been wrought, and the scenes of moral together in this Hall, in former years, we and spiritual loveliness there to be heard of his Christian courage in the found. And how great are these! In audience-hall of the fearful King of former days our thoughts were associated Ashanti, who had blocked his cornice with the murder of Captain Cook, and with the skulls of conquered enemies : with the unholy feasts of tatooed and now we hear of him at Badagry, near bleeding cannibals. But what a beau- the horrible fetish-tree and fetish-hut, tiful contrast is presented to us in the setting up, on lofty pillars, a house for Journal of the faithful, diligent, much. God; we behold him, as we peruse his loved, but worn-out and now sainted, Journal, marching through the streets Waterhouse! What a change! what an of Understone, as it is lined with black affecting scene is that described of his savages, with no military protector, and

with nothing in his hand but the peace

of Western Africa, I have judgment ful “ensign of the Root of Jesse,” to sufficient to determine that other parts preach to the King and to bis courtiers of our fallen world are not inferior to it, the unsearchable riches of Christ. We in their claims upon us.

The claims have seen him proceed to the grim palace of India, as just now shown, are as of Dahomi, a palace embattled with the large, yea, larger, than those that can skulls of men slain in war, and beneath be put forth for Western Africa, or the its walls he bent his knee, and by his South-Sea Islands. After all, if we example taught us to pray that “the ba- are to speak comparatively, what are a bitations of cruelty

may soon become few islands thrown up by insects in the the abodes of peace. I remember, when South Pacific Ocean, or a thin strip of first reading of the marches of Alexan- poor embowelled and down-trodden der, I was much excited ; so also, when Africa, when compared with India, reading of the invasion of this country where human beings, and they our by Julius Cæsar; and who could read fellow-subjects, too, hive together by of Napoleon's bold march across the thousands and millions ? India has gigantic Alps, and not be moved ? But been declared to-day to be the seat of I am much more moved and excited when

Satan's empire ; and so it is ; and doubtreading of Frecman's march into the less there will be decided the momentous interior of Africa. There is one scene question, Which shall prevail, light or incidentally noticed in the Third Journal darkness, truth or error ? Consider this, of Freeman, that I would dare to com- and act as you were called upon in the pare with any ancient song or classic Financial Report of to-day; give, beg, story that any of the learned men behind

pray. Hear it !-in that vast region, or before me might produce. I mean your Missionaries can preach the Gospel that scene, when, near the encampment without restraint. By the side of the of Addo, by his morning hymn of praise red-granite temples of idolatry in India, to God, which he accompanied with his on the banks of its sacred waters, before accordion, he charmed the natives from her haughty Priests and her deluded the camp of war to listen with evident people, your Missionaries can go and delight around his tent. We have read proclaim “the truth as it is in Jesus." of Orpheus, who with his lyre and song I subscribe to the sentiment so forcibly gathered the wild beasts from their dens, expressed by my beloved friend and and even allured revengeful demons from former colleague, Mr. Crowther, that it their dark abodes ; but such pictures of is to our disgrace we do not send more fancy are far outdone by the scene of Missionaries to India. Our national truth exhibited to us at the door of honour is not free from suspicion, nor our Freeman's tent, when he sang his morn- Christian character from inconsistency, ing hymn, and, accompanying it with unless we send more Missionary agents his accordion, brought the sable men of to India, where thousands of our fellow. war to bend around, and listen to him subjects are perishing daily under the in charmed silence. There are other destructive power of idolatry. It is scenes celebrated in history and in song time for us to think seriously of this ! that are far inferior to the scenes of Mis- Men have trifled too long. Poets have sionary enterprise outlined to us in the written very fine things of India. They Journal of the truly apostolic man of have sung of her rocks of gold. They whom I speak. It is recorded of the have described her as reeking with perconqueror of Mexico, that, when he had fumes, and as sparkling with gems; and landed his troops, he gave his boats to other things they have said, which I have the fire, so that death or conquest should not time to mention : but the fact, that be the result. But look at Freeman, thousands and millions of human beings without a military attendant, walking are daily falling into perdition, is a calmly through the streets of Understone, matter of surpassing interest, and ought lined with blood-stained savages, as he to arouse all our energies on their behalf. goes to proclaim, in the palace-yard of I do not know how it is to you, but death itself, the Saviour to be King of to me there is a tenderness, a pathos, an kings and Lord of lords.

earnestness, and a power, in the pleadcall me an enthusiast, while I thus ings of men that have been in India, speak ; I am prepared to pass through when they are asking, nay, demanding, the world with such a character, for the more aid, which I do not find in the sake of Jesus Christ ; but I appeal to pleadings of others. Let us arouse you, as to the superiority of moral great- ourselves this day; and according to the ness to mere warlike grandeur. Enthu- recommendation of this Resolution exert siast as I am, however, when speaking ourselves to the utmost, so that the

Men may


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