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Whatever subordinate means, Thus will the Giver of life, the therefore, are to be employed, alí Holy Spirit of proinise, so establish who desire the perfection of the us in the divine life, that we may divine life must seek to Him who thus richly be “ partakers of the baptizes with the Holy Ghost. He divine nature.” But what the Spiwhose power and manifestation first rit is to effect, prayer must seek; enabled us to love God, must enable and the prayer must be the prayer us so to love him, that every other of faith,-faith, referring to Christ's faculty and affection of the soul redeeming work as the channel shall be completely and constantly through which all spiritual blessunder the influence of love ; and ings come to the soul,--faith in the thus, that although there may be power and willingness of God to do the errors and infirmities incident to even this for us. It was for regeneman's fallen condition, there may be rate believers that Epaphroditus nothing contrary to love. At our “ laboured fervently in prayers, that first regeneration we escape the cor- they might stand perfect and comruptions which are in the world plete in all the will of God;" and, through unholy and irregular de therefore, thus for themselves may sire; but there are still given to us regenerate believers pray; believe “exceeding great and precious pro- ing, when they pray, that as God is mises, that by them we might be “able to do exceedingly abundantly partakers of the divine nature." for them above all that they can ask One of them is that of Ezekiel : “I or think,” and that as he has will sprinkle clean water upon you, prompted and recorded such prayers and ye shall be clean : from all your as these,- which, as thus recorded, filthiness and from all your idols take their place among the exwill I cleanse you. A new heart ceeding great and precious promises also will I give you, and a new spin which are given to them” for this rit will I put within you: and I will very object, " that they might be take away the stony heart out of partakers of the divine nature,”— your flesh, and I will give you an thus should they earnestly desire, heart of flesh.” (xxxvi. 25, &c.) thus believingly pray, for themAnd so the Saviour promises to his selves. Most carefully should they regenerate disciples : “He that loveth watch over their heart and life, that me shall be loved of my Father, and they may not grieve the Holy Spirit I will love him, and will manifest of God; most carefully should they myself to him: and my Father will cherish the desire of having the love him, and we will come unto him, thoughts of their heart cleansed by and make our abode with him." the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, (John xiv. 21, 23.) And this mani. that they may perfectly love God, festation is essentially transforming and worthily magnify his holy “We all, with open face beholding name : and to all this let them add as in a glass the glory of the Lord, earnest prayer, and faith in the are changed into the same image, divine promises and power. They from glory to glory, even as by the cannot seek in vain. “ Faithful is Spirit of the Lord.” (2 Cor. ii. 18.) he that hath called them, who also And what shall be the extent of the will do it.Such manifestations of transformation thus effected, and the glory of God shall be vouchfor which our prayers may ask in safed to them, that their love shall faith, other declarations explain. be brought to ripeness and estabWe may ask that God would " cir- lishment, and not only control every cumcise our heart, that we may love other affection, but completely dif. God with all our heart;" that he fuse its own nature through them would " sanctify us wholly, and pre- all; so that all within shall be in serve our whole spirit, soul, and complete and continual harmony body blameless ;” that “our love with the grateful and adoring choice may so abound, that we may be sin. of God as the one, all-sufficient, and cere and without offence, and filled eternal portion of the soul, and the with all the fruits of righteousness.” benevolent regard to his redeemed

creatures which it unfailingly pro- and harmony of truth, in the sys. duces. They shall be made perfect tem of doctrine which he taught, in love.

and by which it pleased God to proAmong the aids to spiritual pro duce so wonderful a revival of pergress with which the Wesleyan sonal religion. He saw the excel. branch of Christ's church is fa lencies and the deficiencies of other voured, the hymns which they cus systems, and sought to combine the tomarily use in their worship may first so as to avoid the last. The particularly be mentioned ; and es work of God, as justifying the unpecially do these furnish the expres- godly, be distinctly and prominently sions of desire and faith in reference set forth. From first to last, all to the blessed condition which has man's salvation is of grace, mere been described. In subordination grace, through Christ's atonement to the holy word of God, the reader and intercession. But to the work is referred to these for guiding his of God as regenerating the unholy, meditations, and animating his de- and as establishing the regenerate, sires. Were the hymns, arranged he referred with equal distinctness. under the two heads, “ Seeking for And he taught them as harmonizing full Redemption,” and “ For Be- parts of one system. Between the lievers saved,” frequently and de- work of Christ in pardoning, and voutly read in the closet, with se the work of the Spirit in sanctifying, rious and fixed meditation, and ear he saw no discrepancy: beyond this, nest prayer, the benefit, by God's he saw a beautiful agreement beblessing, would be great, and speed- tween them. And as he saw, so, ily apparent in the manifest increase having received help of God, he conof spirituality, and the more impres- tinued to teach till his dying day. sive and beautiful consistency of The Wesleyan reader is reminded Christian character. One hymn, of of these things for the sake of an only four verses, is particularly re important practical conclusion. Becommended to the reader’s notice, lieving this perfection of the divine as containing, in brief space, an life, this perfection of love, to be admirable compendium of scripture. attainable, how can he excuse him. teaching on the subject.

self to his own conscience, if he

neglect to secure that attainment for Holy, and true, and righteous Lord, himself? The doctrine, if true, is a

I wait to prove thy perfect will; Be mindful of thy gracious word,

most delightful one. They who are

thus saved must have their “ peace And stamp me with thy Spirit's seal.

as a river, and their righteousness "Open my faith's interior eye ;

as the waves of the sea.” Thus Display thy glory from above;

made perfect, they will be strengthened, stablished, and settled. Where

the love of God is always the mo“ Confound, o'erpower me by thy grace; tive, the glory of God will be always I would be by myself abhorr'd;

the aim; and they who are thus All might, all majesty, all praise,

filled with all the fruits of righteousAll glory, be to Christ my Lord.

ness, will be acknowledged to be “Now let me gain perfection's height; trees of righteousness, the planting Now let me into nothing fall;

of the Lord; and so shall God in Be less than nothing in thy sight; And feel that Christ is all in all."

them, and by them, be glorified. (Large Hymn-Book, p. 375.)

And so far is this from preclud.

ing farther advancement, that henceWesleyans believe that these are forth growth in grace will be more scriptural views of the great salva- decided, rapid, and manifest. But tion announced to them by the glo- this is a branch of the subject which rious Gospel of the blessed God; requires to be treated by itself. A and thus believing, they may pro- concluding paper shall be devoted perly be called to admire that provi. to the consideration of it. In the dential guidance which resulted, in mean time, the reader is earnestly Mr. Wesley's case, in such a fulness solicited to be consistent with him

And all I am shall sink and die,

Lost in astonishment and love.

self. Let him seek to God for all the people, for they are stronger that salvation he believes God has than we;" for this is the condemned promised to bestow. Let him not language of unbelief. Let ours be content himself with gazing upon the approved and commended lanthe wide-spreading and fruitful Land guage of faith : “ If the Lord deof Promise which he sees before light in us, then he will bring us him, but at once go up to possess it. into this land, and give it us; a Let no spies discourage him with land which floweth with milk and their evil-reportings. Salvation is honey :” “Let us go up at once not by his own might, but by the and possess it ; for we are well able all-sufficient, almighty grace of God. to overcome it.The work is indeed great ; and to man, considered in himself, impos “Now, O my Joshua, bring me in! sible. But as all things are possi.

Cast out tlıy foes; the inbred sin,

The carnal mind, remove; ble to God, so all things which God

The purchase of thy death divide ! commands faith to seek, are possible And 0, with all the sanctified, to him that believeth. Say not,

Give me a lot of love!" “ We be not able to go up against

E. T.

ORIGINAL LETTERS OF THE LATE REV. DR. ADAM

CLARKE,

zling and incorrect. The Scripture 1. TO THE LATE REV. W. VIPOND.

speaks of faith being imputed for Manchester, June 30th, 1805. righteousness, (or justification, which My Dear BROTHER,-1 do pro- is the proper import of the term,) pose, God helping me, to put my but does not say that this faith is Commentary to the press as soon as imputed in the place of personal possible. I need wait no longer for obedience. It is what this faith reå fall in the price of paper, as that ceives, that which is its object, that is not likely to take place. When it is imputed to us, &c. Now, what is is ready for publication, I shall get a penitent sinner commanded to beit inserted on the wrapper of the lieve, in order to his justification ? Magazine, and then you and my Answer,—“That Jesus Christ died other friends will know where to for him;" for Christ died for our meet with it. Another work, which offences, and rose again for our jus. I took on hand two years ago, and tification : therefore it is not the which is not yet completed, has, faith that justifies, but the death of with my infirm state of health, been Christ, considered as an atonement hitherto the principal binderance. for sin. In other words, Christ, by

You ask me, "In the justification his sufferings and death, has purof a sinner, is faith itself imputed, chased_pardon for you. Believe instead of his own obedience to the this. Believe that this is a suffidivine law, as bis justifying righ- cient ransom-price, satisfaction, and teousness, or the obedience and suf- oblation for your sins, and as such ferings of Jesus Christ ?

take and present it before God; I never use either of these forms and on this account, for this sake, of speech in preaching on this sub or through the merit or worth of ject, because I consider them puz- this sacrifice, God will blot out all

your sins. The following illustra* For a copy of the first of these epistles we

tion will help to explain this :-“I are indebted to Thomas Marriott, Esq. The am perishing for lack of food : no second was written during a controversy which person will give me any, and I have took place on the scriptural doctrine of the

no money to purchase what I need. direct witness of the Holy Spirit with the believer, on his adoption into the family of God.

At length a compassionate man says, In this controversy a Mr. Joseph Cook performed “Here is a piece of money; there is a prominent part.-EDIT.

food plenty to be sold ; go to them

II. TO THE LATE REV. JOHN STAMP.

who sell, and buy.' Receiving the sion! For the sake, the worth, of piece of money, duly appreciating this great and glorious Sacrifice,.. its value, and knowing the quantum which I solemnly and unequivocally of meat it will purchase, I go with believe is a sufficient ransom-price perfect confidence to the market, for my soul, blot out all that is and order so much provision to be past !" It is done! God accepts weighed or measured out for me, this price, and immediately commuknowing that I have a price in my nicates the pardon. This is the hand to pay for it. The business is whole mystery of faith. How sim. done: I give the money, and get ple is it! how plain ! how easy! the food : I eat, and my soul is pre- May it be better preached, more served alive."

credited, and more honoured! Without, therefore, puzzling a I am, my dear brother, poor, simple, ignorant, broken. Yours affectionately in Christ, hearted sinner, with distinctions,

Adam CLARKE: differences, and the theological quibbles of casuistical Divines, who have obscured the light of the Gospel, I would simply say, You feel yourself a sinner; you know, you

London, March 17th, 1815. feel, that you cannot redeem your MY DEAR BROTHER STAMP,- The own soul, and that there is no help doctrine preached and printed by under heaven for you. Very well. Mr. Cook never was the doctrine of Christ has died for sinners, for all the Methodists; and, I trust in 3 sinners, for the worst of sinners, God, never will be. I consider it as and consequently for you. God utterly subversive of the life of God commands you to believe this; in the soul of man. Did I hold 2 namely, that he died in your stead, this doctrine, and had only the “the just for the unjust, that he honesty of a Heathen, I would might bring us to God.” The infi never eat a morsel of the bread desi nite merit of his passion and death tined support Methodist is a price which is put into your Preacher. Were I a Leader, and hands, by which you may procure had unhappily fallen into this error, salvation. Take up this price with (for an error, and a grievous one, I as much confidence as you would am sure it is,) I should feel it my that sum of money, which you know duty to resign my class.

If we will purchase such a quantum of have common honesty among us, provisions, &c., in the market, and either Preacher or Leader who enbring it before God. “Lord, be- tertains such opinions will quietly hold a sinner perishing in his ini. give up his office. It is as wicked quity! I am undone and lost in as it is disingenuous to pretend, that myself; but the word of eternal such doctrines are those of the Metruth assures me, that thou didst thodists. They are neither in the give thy Son to die for me. Behold, Bible nor the Methodist creed. Lord, his agony and bloody sweat, I am, my dear brother S., his cross and passion, his death and

Yours affectionately, burial, his resurrection and ascen

ADAM CLARKE.

to

a

PROTOTYPES OF THE “PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.”

(To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.) In addition to the “ Historical Number, I forward the following, Memoranda relating to the Pil. which I have met with in the Gengrim's Progress' of John Bunyan,” tleman's Magazine for this month. which appeared in your January Those who have been interested in

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the former, will not be less so in the which has given rise to so znany present, communication.

compositions under the title of “The

Delta. Choice of Hercules ;” and, among London, Jan. 6th, 1844.

others, that by Shenstone. “The “Table' of Cebes," observes Dr. Gillies,

which has been transmitted There is a conjecture respect. ful and affecting picture of human

to modern times, contains a beautiing the sources from whence the life, delineated with accuracy of “Pilgrim's Progress” may have ori. ginated in the Life of the late Dr. judgment, and illuminated by splen

dour of sentiment.” (“ History of Adam Clarke, which traces the lite

Greece,” vol. iii., p. 148.) The alrary genealogy back to Gawin Douglas, the celebrated Bishop of few words from one of Johnson's

legory may be briefly expressed in a Dunkeld; after which it becomes

notes, as quoted by the late editor, less definite. “A thought strikes me, John Bunyan seems to have Simpson : Homo' in vitam ingres? derived his . Pilgrim's Progress' ab imposturá sumit ; ingressum opi.

surus haustum erroris et ignorantie from Bernard's 'Isle of Man ;' Ber- niones, cupiditates, et voluptates erci. nard, his · Isle of Man' from Flet- piunt: alia ferunt ad salutem, aliæ cher's Purple Island;' Fletcher ad interitum. Enfield has remarked, took his plan from Spenser's Faery, that “this piece,.... in its moral from Gawin Douglas's “ King Mart;' spirit and character, is truly Socra

tic; but contains some sentiments and Douglas, bis plan from the old

which appear to have been borrowed mysteries and moralities which pre

from vailed in his time.” (Life, vol. ii., ("* History of Philosophy,” vol. i.,

the Pythagorean school.” p. 290.) The “Voyage of the Wandering Knight" (which was printed p. 189.) Indeed, the idea of repreduring the reign of Elizabeth, and senting human life as a choice be

tween diverging paths, may be found which is noticed in an early volume

in the famous aphorism of Pythagoof the “Retrospective Review”)

ras : should seemingly be reckoned in virtue and of vice resemble the let.

Remember that the paths of the “Pilgrim's" ancestry; for it has a strong family resemblance

. older than the Samian philosopher,

ter Y.” But the germ of the idea is Of “ King Hart” there is a copious and may be traced even in the earanalysis in Dr. David Irving liest Scriptures, in a variety of texts, “Lives of the Scottish Poets” (vol. which will readily recur to the readii., pp. 28-35, ed. 1804). He says,

er's mind. “Douglas's 'King Hart,' an alle

Bunyan was so partial to this gorical poem of a singular construc. kind of writing, that he has detion, exhibits a most ingenious scribed human life, or rather reliadumbration of the progress of hu. man life. The heart, being the gion, under the similitude of a war,

as well as of a pilgrimage. His fountain of vital motion, is personi; “Holy War," however, though it fied as man himself, and conducted contains some ingenious ideas, is through a variety of adventures."

inferior to the * Pilgrim's Pro(Page 28.) Perhaps the idea may

gress." be traced as high as the allegory of Cebes, entitled, IIivat, “The Tablet,

* Epicteti Euchiridion, Cebetis Tahila, Proor Picture, of human Life;" and

dici Hercules, el Theophrasti Characteres Ethici, the “Hercules” (IIepi tou ‘Hpake. por Jos. Simpson, A.M. E Coll. Reg. O.zon., ous) of his contemporary Prodicus, 1804. (Note P., page 74.)

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