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Cæsar's images, are put to silence. Fare you well.
There was more foolery yet, if I could remember it.

Cas. Will you sup with me to-night, Casca?
Casca. No, I am promised forth.
Cas. Will you dine with me to-morrow ?

Casca. Ay, if I be alive, and your mind hold, and your dinner worth the eating.

Cas. Good; I will expect you.
Casca. Do so. Farewell, both.

[Exit Casca. Bru. What a blunt fellow is this grown to be! He was quick mettle when he went to school.

Cas. So he is now, in execution
Of any bold or noble enterprise,
However he puts on this tardy form.
This rudeness is a sauce to his good wit,
Which gives men stomach to digest his words
With better appetite.

Bru. And so it is. For this time I will leave you.
To-morrow, if you please to speak with me,
I will come home to you ; or, if you will,
Come home to me, and I will wait for

you. Cas. I will do so.—Till then, think of the world.

[Exit BRUTUS. Well, Brutus, thou art noble ; yet, I

see,
Thy honorable metal may be wrought
From that it is disposed. Therefore 'tis meet
That noble minds keep ever with their likes;
For who so firm, that cannot be seduced ?
Cæsar doth bear me hard ;? but he loves Brutus.
If I were Brutus now, and he were Cassius,
He should not humor me. I will this night,
In several hands, in at his windows throw,
As if they came from several citizens,
Writings, all tending to the great opinion
That Rome holds of his name; wherein obscurely

1 « The best metal or temper may be worked into qualities contrary to its disposition, or what it is disposed to."

2 « Has an unfavorable opinion of me.”

3 Warburton thus explains this passage:—“ If I were Brutus (said he), and Brutus Cassius, he should not cajole me as I do him.”

Cæsar's ambition shall be glanced at.
And, after this, let Cæsar seat him sure;
For we will shake him, or worse days endure. [Exit.

SCENE III.

The same.

A Street.

2

Thunder and lightning. Enter, from opposite sides,

CASCA, with his sword drawn, and Cicero.
Cic. Good even, Casca. Brought you Cæsar home?'
Why are you breathless ? and why stare you so ?
Časca. Are not you moved, when all the sway of

earth
Shakes, like a thing unfirm ? O Cicero,
I have seen tempests, when the scolding winds
Have rived the knotty oaks; and I have seen
The ambitious ocean swell, and rage, and foam, ,
To be exalted with the threatening clouds;
But never till to-night, never till now,
Did I go through a tempest dropping fire.
Either there is a civil strife in heaven;
Or else the world, too saucy with the gods,
Incenses them to send destruction.

Cic. Why, saw you any thing more wonderful !?
Casca. A common slave (you know him well by

sight)
Held up his left hand, which did flame and burn
Like twenty torches joined; and yet his hand,
Not sensible of fire, remained unscorched.
Besides, (I have not since put up my sword,)
Against the Capitol I met a lion,
Who glared“ upon me, and went surly by,

1 « Did you attend Cæsar home?"
2 «The whole weight or momentum of this globe.”

3 « A slave of the souldiers that did cast a marvellous burning flame out of his hande, insomuch as they that saw it thought he had been burnt; but when the fire was out, it was found that he had no hurt."-North's Plutarch. 4 The old copies erroneously read :

“ Who glazed upon me.” Malone, determined to oppose himself to Steevens's reading of glared, reads gazed. Steevens has shown, from the Poet's own works, that his emendation is the true one.

Without annoying me.

And there were drawn
Upon a heap a hundred ghastly women,
Transformed with their fear; who swore they saw
Men, all in fire, walk up and down the streets.
And yesterday, the bird of night did sit,
Even at noon-day, upon the market-place,
Hooting, and shrieking. When these prodigies
Do so conjointly meet, let not men say,
These are their reasons,—They are natural ;
For I believe they are portentous things
Unto the climate that they point upon.

Cic. Indeed, it is a strange-disposed time;
But men may construe things after their fashion,
Clean from the purpose of the things themselves.
Comes Cæsar to the Capitol to-morrow?

Casca. He doth; for he did bid Antonius
Send word to you, he would be there to-morrow.

Cic. Good night, then, Casca; this disturbed sky Is not to walk in. Casca.

Farewell, Cicero. [Exit CICERO.

Enter Cassius.
Cas. Who's there?
Casca.

A Roman.
Cas.

Casca, by your voice. Casca. Your ear is good. Cassius, what night is

this?
Cas. A very pleasing night to honest men.
Casca. Who ever knew the heavens menace so ?
Cas. Those that have known the earth so full of

faults.
For my part, I have walked about the streets,
Submitting me unto the perilous night;
And, thus unbraced, Casca, as you see,
Have bared my bosom to the thunder-stone ;?

1 Altogether, entirely.
2 What is now called a thunder bolt.

And, when the cross blue lightning seemed to open
The breast of heaven, I did present myself
Even in the aim and very flash of it.
Casca. But wherefore did you so much tempt the

heavens?
It is the part of men to fear and tremble,
When the most mighty gods, by tokens, send
Such dreadful heralds to astonish us.

Cas. You are dull, Casca; and those sparks of life
That should be in a Roman, you do want, ,
Or else you use not. You look pale, and gaze,
And put on fear, and cast yourself in wonder,
To see the strange impatience of the heavens ;
But if you would consider the true cause,
Why all these fires, why all these gliding ghosts,
Why birds, and beasts, from quality and kind;
Why old men, fools, and children calculate ;1
Why all these things change, from their ordinance,
Their natures, and preformed faculties,
To monstrous quality; why, you shall find,
That Heaven hath infused them with these spirits,
To make them instruments of fear and warning,
Unto some monstrous state. Now could I, Casca,
Name to thee a man most like this dreadful night;
That thunders, lightens, opens graves, and roars
As doth the lion in the Capitol ;
A man no mightier than thyself

, or me,
In personal action ; yet prodigious ? grown,
And fearful, as these strange eruptions are.
Casca. 'Tis Cæsar that you mean.

Is it not,
Cassius?
Cas. Let it be whọ it is; for Romans now

1 i. e.“why birds and beasts deviate from their condition and nature; why old men, fools, and children calculate ;” i. e. foretell or prophesy. At the suggestion of sir William Blackstone this last line has been erroneously pointed in all the late editions :

" Why old men fools, and children calculate.” He observed, that “there was no prodigy in old men's calculating ; but who were so likely to listen to prophecies as children, fools, and the superstitious eld?»

2 Portentous.

Have thews and limbs like to their ancestors :
But, woe the while ! our fathers' minds are dead,
And we are governed with our mothers' spirits ;
Our yoke and sufferance show us womanish.

Casca. Indeed, they say, the senators to-morrow
Mean to establish Cæsar as a king:
And he shall wear his crown by sea and land,
In every place, save here in Italy.

Cas. I know where I will wear this dagger then; Cassius from bondage will deliver Cassius : Therein, ye gods, you make the weak most strong; Therein, ye gods, you tyrants do defeat: Nor stony tower, nor walls of beaten brass, Nor airless dungeon, nor strong links of iron, Can be retentive to the strength of spirit; But life, being weary of these worldly bars, Never lacks power to dismiss itself. If I know this, know all the world besides, That

part of tyranny, that I do bear, I can shake off at pleasure. Casca.

So can I; So every bondman in his own hand bears The power to cancel his captivity.

Cas. And why should Cæsar be a tyrant, then ? Poor man! I know he would not be a wolf, But that he sees the Romans are but sheep; He were no lion, were not Romans hinds. Those that with haste will make a mighty fire, Begin it with weak straws. What trash is Rome, What rubbish, and what offal, when it serves For the base matter to illuminate So vile a thing as Cæsar? But, O grief! ! Where hast thou led me? I, perhaps, speak this Before a willing bondman; then I know My answer must be made. But I am armed, And dangers are to me indifferent.

1 i. e. sinews, muscular strength. See note on King Henry IV. Part Il. Act iii. Se. 2.

2 " I know I shall be called to account, and must answer for having uttered seditious words."

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