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His modesty might be secured from pressure by the They kept their cloaths, when they were not worn, concealing of him to be author.

Id. constantly in a press to give them a lustre. The genuine price of lands in England would be

Arbuthnot. twenty years' purchase, were it not for accidental The blood flows through the vessels by the excess pressure under which it labours. Child on Trade. of the force of the heart above the incumbent presNeither the celestial matter of the vortices, noi the sure, which in fat people is excessive.

lu. air, nor water, are pressitant in their proper places. I put pledgets of lint pressed out on the excoriation. More.

Wiseman. Chymists I might press with arguments, drawn I am the more bold to press it upon you, because from some of the eminentest writers of their sect. these accomplishments sit more handsomely on perBoyle. sons of quality than any other.

Felton. If there be fair proofs on the one side, and none at

On superior powers all on the other, and if the most pressing difficulties Were we to press, inferiour might on ours. Pope. be on that side on which there are no proofs, this

Leucothoe shook, is sufficient to render one opinion very credible, and And pressed Palemon closer in her arms. Id. the other incredible.

Tillotson. Through the press enraged Thalestris flies. I was prest by his majesty's commands, to assist at And scatters death around from both her eyes. Id. the treaty.

Temple's Miscellanies. Those who negotiated took care to make demands Their morning milk the peasants press at night, impossible to be complied with ; and therefore might Their evening milk before the rising light. Dryden. securely press every article, as if they were in earnest. He gapes; and straight

Swift. With hunger prest, devours the pleasing bait. Id. You were pressed for the sea-service, and goi off He pressed a letter upon me, within this hour, to with much a-do.

Id.
Id. Spanish Fryar. of the stuffs I give the profits to dyers and
She took her son, and press'd
pressers.

Id. The illustrious infant to her fragrant breast. While Mist and Wilkins rise in weekly might,

Dryrlen. Make presses groan, lead senators to fight. Young. The peaceful peasant to the wars is prest,

An Englishman fears contempt more than death; The fields lie fallow in inglorious rest. Id. he often tries to death as a refuge from its pressure, The insulting victor presses on the more

and dies when he fancies the worlu bas ceased to And treads the steps the vanquished trod before. esteem him.

Goldsmith. Id. This treatise he completed but did not publish; Thronging crowds press on you as you pass, · for that poverty which in our day drives authors as And with their eager joy may triumph slow.

Id.

hastily in such numbers to the press, in the time of A new express all Agra does affright,

Ascham, I believe, debarred them from it. Johnson. Darah and Aurengzebe are joined in fight;

If, by the liberty of the press, we understand The press of people thickens to the court,

merely the liberty of discussing the propriety of pubThe impatient crowd devouring the report. Id. lic measures and political opinions, let us have so A great many uneasinesses always soliciting the much of it as you please; but if it means the liberty will, it is natural that the greatest and most press of affronting, calumniating, and defaming one anoing should determine it to the next action. Locke. ther, 1, for my part, own myself willing to part with

After pressing out of the coleseed for oil, in Lin. my share of it whenever our legislators shall please colnshire, they burn the cakes to heat their ovens. to alter the law.

Franklin. Mortimer.

Press, in the mechanic arts, is a machine His easy heart received the guilty fame,

made of iron or wood, serving to squeeze or And from that time he prest her with his passion.

Smith.

compress any body, very close. The ordinary Why has there been now and then a kind of a

presses consist of six members, or pieces; viz. press issued out for ministers, so that as it were

two fat smooth planks, between which the the vagabonds and loiterers were taken in ?

things to be pressed are laid ; two screws, or

Davenant. worms, fastened to the lower plank, and passing Be sure to press upon

him
every
motire.

through two holes in the upper; and two nuts,

Addison. in form of an S, serving to drive the upper She is always drawn in a posture of walking, it plank, which is moveable, against the lower, being as natural for Hope to press forward to her which is stable, and without motion. Presses for proper objects as for Fear to fly from them. I.

expressing liquors are of various kinds; some If light consisted only in pression, propagated in most respects the same with the common without actual motion, it would not be able to agitate presses, excepting that the under plank is perfoand heat the bodies which refract and reflect it, if it rated with a great number of holes, to let the consisted in motion propagated to all distances in an instant, it would require an infinite force every juice expressed run through into the tub, or remoment, in every shining particle, to generate that ceiver, underneath. motion : and if it consisted in pression or motion, Press, CUTTING, or BooK-BINDER'S CUTTINGpropagated either in an instant or in time, it would Press, is a machine used equally by bookbend into the shadow.

Newton's Opticks. binders, stationers, and pasteboard makers; conLet us not therefore faint, or be weary in our jour- sisting of two large pieces of wood, in form of ney, much less turn back or sit down in despair ; but cheeks, connected by two strong wooden screws; press chearfully forward to the high mark of our call- which, being turned by an iron bar, draw toge

Rogers.

ther, or set asunder, the cheeks, as much as is Here, Peascod, take my pouch, 'tis all I own, 'Tis my pressmoney.—Can this silver fail?

necessary for the putting in the books or paper Excellent was the advice of Eliphaz to Job, in

to be cut. The cheeks are placed lengthwise on the midst of his great troubles and pressures : ac

a wooden stand, in the form of a chest, into quaint thyself now with God, and be at peace.

which the cuttings fall. The cheeks are two Atterbury. pieces of wood, of the same length with the

ing.

Gay:

screws, serving to direct the cheeks, and prevent officers, levies, &c. It is a borough by prescriptheir opening unequally. Upon the cheeks the tion, and is governed by a bailiff, annually electplough moves, to which the cutting knife is fas- ed and sworn in by a steward appointed by the tened by a screw. The plough consists of crown. The living is a rectory and vicarage several parts ; a wooden screw or worm, catch- united, worth from £500 to £000 a year: the ing within the nuts of the two feet that sustain it parish lying in two counties. It has an excellent on the cheeks, brings the knife to the book or free school, well endowed. The county hall, paper, which is fastened in the press between gaol, bridewell, and correction-house, are kept in iwo boards. This screw, which is pretty long, it. It has a market on Saturday, and two has two directories, which resemble those of the fairs. Presteign is thirty miles W.N. W. of Worscrews of the press. To make the plough slide cester. square and even on the cheeks, so that the knife PRESTER, a meteor consisting of an exhalamay make an equal paring, that foot of the tion thrown from the clouds downwards with such plough where the knife is not fixed slides in a violence that it is set on fire by the collision. The kind of groove, fastened along one of the cheeks. word is Greek, monotno, the name of a kind of Lastly, the knife is a piece of steel, six or seven serpent; called also dipsas, to which this meinches long, flat, thin, and sharp, terminating at teor is supposed to bear a resemblance. The one end in a point, like that of a sword, and at prester differs from the thunderbolt in the manthe other in a square form, which serves to fasten ner of its inflammation, and in its burning and it to the plough. See Book-Binding. As the breaking every thing it touches with greater violong knives used by us in the cutting of books lence. or papers are apt to jump in the cutting thick PRESTER John, an appellation formerly given books, the Dutch are said to use circular knives, to an emperor of the Tartars, who was overcome with an edge all round; which not only cut by Jenghiz Khan A. D. 1201. more steadily, but last longer without grinding. PRESTIMONY, in canon law, is derived a

PRESSING, in the manufactures, is applied præstatione quotidiana; and is, by some, defined to cloth, stuff, &c., to render it smooth and glossy. to be a kind of benefice, served by a single There are two methods of pressing, viz. cold and priest. Others say it is the incumbency of a hot. Cold-pressing is thus performed :-After chapel without any title or collation; such as are the stuff has been scoured, fulied, and shorn, it is most of those in castles, where prayers or masses folded square in equal plaits, and a skin of vellum are said, and which are mere endowed oratories. or pasteboard put between each plait. Over the Whence the term is also applied, in the Romish whole is laid a square wooden plank, and so put church, to certain perpetual offices bestowed on into the press, which is screwed down tight by canons, religious, or others, for the saying of means of a lever. After it has lain a sufficient masses, by way of augmentation of their livings. time in the press they take it out, removing the Du Moulin calls it a profane benefice, which pasteboards, and lay it up to keep. Some only however, has a perpetual title, and an ecclesiaslay the stuff on a firm table, after plaiting and tical office, with certain revenues attached to it; pasteboarding, cover the whole with a wooden which the incumbent is allowed to sell, and plank, and load it with a proper weight. llot- which may be possessed without tonsure; such pressing is performed thus :- When the stuff has as the lay church-wardens of Notre Dame. lle received the above preparations it is sprinkled a adds that, in propriety, the canonries of chapels little with water, sometimes gum-water: then are benefices of this nature. plaited equally, and between each two plaits are PRESTO, n. s. Ital. presto; Lat. presto. put leaves of pasteboard, and between every Quick; at once. A word used by those that sixth and seventh plait, as well as over the show legerdemain. whole, an iron or brass plate well heated in a Presto! begone! 'tis here again; kind of furnace. This done, it is laid upon the

There's every piece as big as ten. Swis. press, and forcibly screwed down. Under this PRESTON (Thomas), LL. D., a dramatic press are laid five, six, &c., pieces at the same writer and actor who flourished in the beginning time, all furnished with their pasteboards and of queen Elizabeth's reign. He was first admitted iron plates. When the plates are well cooled M. A. and fellow of King's College, Cambridge, the stuffs are taken out, and stitched a little to. and afterwards created LL. D. and elected master gether to keep them in the plaits. This manner of Trinity Hall. In 1564, when the queen was of pressing was only invented to cover the defects entertained at Cambridge, Preston acted so well of the stuffs; and, accordingly, it has been fre- in the tragedy of Dido, a Latin piece written by quently prohibited.

John Ritwise, another fellow of the same college, PRESTEIGN, a market town of Radnorshire, that queen Elizabeth settled a pension of twenty 149 miles W.N.W. of London, in the direct pounds a year on him; a circumstance which road to Aberystwith. It is a neat well-built Shakspeare is supposed to allude to, in his town, with clean and regular streets, and is the Midsummer Night's dream, Act 4th. He likeresidence of many genteel families. It is seated wise attended and exhibited at Oxford, on the 6th on a gravelly soil on the banks of the Lug, at the of September 1566, with other eight Cantabrigihead of a very fertile vale: the mountains on the ans, when the queen visited that university. He West and north-west forming a kind of amphi- also wrote a dramatic piece, in the ancient metre, theatre round it. The name in Welsh is Slan- entitled Cambyses King of Persia. Andras, from the church, which is dedicated to Preston, a borough and market town of EngSt Andrew. The town is divided into four land, in Lancashire, seated on the Ribble, over wards, which have each separate jurisdictions, which there is a handsome stone bridge. Thu VOL. XVIII.

F

Lat. prasumo.

town is well built, and lighted with gas; having and four gallons. The total quantity delivered a handsome and convenient town hall. The in five years, from 1787 to 1792, was 417,354 church is spacious and handsome: there are two bushels five gallons. Roman Catholic chapels, and meeting-houses for PRESTON-PANS, a town in the above parish, all classes of dissenters. The new prison, built built after the erection of the salt-pans, and namac ording to the plan of John Howard, is a large ed from them.' It is a quarter of a mile north of and commodious building. Here is also a dis- Preston. It is a burgh of barony, and a port of pens ury, a free grammar school, and several pub- the custom-house, eight miles east of Edinburgh, lic charity schools. It is governed by a mayor, and nine and three-quarters north-west of Hadrecorder, aldermen, four subaldermen, seventeen dington. It received its charter of erection in common-council-men, and a town clerk. 'It re- 1617, by which Preston is included in its priviturns two members to parliament, the right of leges. It is noted for its extensive manufactures election being in the inhabitants at large, being particularly of salt, stone, and earthen-ware, and the only place in England where the members brick and tile. A manufacture of oil of vitriol, are returned by universal suffrage. The return- aqua-fortis, and spirit of salt is also carried on to .ing officers are the mayor and two bailiffs. The a great extent; and the same company manufacriver here is navigable for small vessels only; tures great quantities of Glauber's salts. On the and by canal navigation it has communication east of the enclosures of Preston-Pans, on the with most of the principal rivers in England. 21st of September 1745, the forces under prince The cotton manufactories are carried on here ex- Charles Stuart obtained a victory over the royal tensively. Here is held a court of Chancery, forces under Sir John Cope. See Great BRIand other offices of justice for the county pala- TaiN. tine of Lancaster. It is noted for the defeat of

PRESUME', v. n.

Fr. presumer ; the Scotch royalists under the duke of Hamilton

PRESU’MABLY, adv.

To in the reign of Charles I., as well as for that of PRESUʻMER, n. s.

suppose; assume; the rebels in 1715, when they were all made pri PRESUMP'TION,

believe or affirm soners, and sent up to London. It has a good

PRESUMP'TIVE, adj. without proof; inmarket-place, large open streets, and markets on

PRESUMPTU'OUS,

trude; attempt Wednesday and Friday. From Preston a Roman

PRESUMPTUOUSLY, udv. vainly, or arrogantroad, still distinctly visible in places, con PresumP'TUOUSNESS, n. s. J ly; taking on, upon, ducts to Ribchester, once a military station of that and of before the object (the last improperly): people. Its original designation has been a matter presumably is without examination : presumer of much contention among antiquaries. Camden and presumption follow these senses ; presumpsupposes it to have been the Coccium of Anto- tive is, taken by supposition; confident; arroninus, and the Rigodunun of Ptolemy. Hors- gant; also in law applied to the person who, if ley was of the same opinion as to Coccium, but the ancestor should die immediately, would be inclined to fix Rigodunum at Warrington. Mr. his heir, but whose right of inheritance may be Whitaker, the historian of Manchester, contend- defeated by some nearer heir being born: preed that it was Rerigonium of Richard of Ciren- sumptuous is arrogant; confident; irreverent tocester; but Dr. Whitaker, who last investigated ward sacred things: the adverb and noun the subject, appears to have clearly identified it substantive corresponding. with Coccium; and assigns its original establish

Keep back thy servant from presumptuous sins. ment to Agricola. From the boldness and ex

Psalms. tent of its ramparts, and also from the number of

In this we fail to perform the thing, which God altars, inscribed stones, earthen vessels, plates of seeth meet, convenient, and good; in that we precopper, coins, and other relics found here, Rib- sume to see what is meet and convenient, better than chester is presumed to have been a station of God himself.

Hooker, more than ordinary magnitude and importance. The sins whereinto he falleth are not presumptuThat the Ribble was anciently navigable as high ous; but are ordinarily of weakness and infirmity. as this place is proved by the fact of many an.

Perkins. chors having been dug up in the vicinity, as well

I presume, as the hull of a ship larger than any that could That as my hand has opened bounty to you, now be floated above Preston. Preston lies My heart dropped love; my power rained honour, twenty-one miles south of Lancaster, and 216 N.N. W. of London.

On
you,
than

any. Shakspeare. Henry VIII. PRESTON, a town of Scotland, in Haddington

Let my presumption not provoke thy wrath ; shire, in the parish of Preston-Pans, seven miles

For I am sorry, that with reverence west of Haddington; formerly noted for its fair,

I did not entertain thee as thou art. Shakspeare. held on the second Thursday of October, called Presumptuous priest, this place commands my paSt. Jerome's fair, at which the travelling chap

tience. men made their annual election.

There was a matter we were no less desirous to PRESTON-PANS, a parish of Scotland, in know, than fearful to ask, lest we might presume too

far.

Bacon. East Lothian, so named from the above town and

The boldness of advocates prevails with judges ; the salt-pans near it, on the east coast of the frith whereas they should imitate God, who represseth the of Forth. The soil is loam, partly on clay and

presumptuous, and giveth grace to the modest. partly on a sandy bottom; and produces good

Id. Essays. crops of all the usual grain. There are ten salt

Heavy with some high minds is an overweight of pans, of which six are wrought. The average obligation ; otherwise great deservers do grow intoquantity of salt made annually is 10,750 bushels lerable presumers.

Wotton.

more

Id.

Thou hast shewed us how unsafe it is to offend The same estate may be frequently devested by thee, upon presumption afterwards to please thee. the subsequent birth of nearer presumptive heirs, be

King Charles. fore it fixes upon an heir apparent. As if an estate A tower whose top might reach to heaven, was a is given to an only child, who dies ; it may descend shameful arrogance, an impious presumption. to an aunt, who may be stripped of it by an after

Bp. Hall,

born uncle ; on whom a subsequent sister may enter, It warns a warier carriage in the thing, and who will again be deprived of the estate by the Lest blind presumption work their ruining. birth of a brother, the heir apparent. Daniel.

Judge Christian. I entreat your prayers, that God will keep me

PRESUPPOSE', v. a. Fr. presupposer, pre from all premature persuasion of my being in Christ,

and and not suffer me to go on presumptuously or des

suppose. To suppose as previous; imply perately in any course.

Hammond.

as antecedent. A presumption upon this aid was the principal mo

In as much as righteous life presupposeth life, in as tire for the undertaking.

Clarendon.

much as to live virtuously it is impossible except we O much deceived, much failing, hapless Eve!

live; the first impediment, which we endeavour to Of thy presumed return ! event perverse! Milton.

remove, is penury and want of things without Id,

which we cannot live. I to the heav'nly vision thus presumed.

Hooker. God, to remove his ways from human sense,

All kinds of knowledge have their certain bounds; Placed heaven from earth so far, that earthly sight, learned in other sciences, and known beforehand.

each of them presupposeth many necessary things If it presume, might err in things too high,

Id. And no advantage gain. Id. Paradise Lost. Their minds somewhat raised

All things necessary to be known that we may be By false presumptuous hope.

Milton.

saved, but known with presupposal of knowledge conAuthors presumably writing by common places, cerning certain principles, whereof it receiveth us

Id. wherein, for many years, promiscuously amassing all already persuaded. that make for their subject, break forth at last into PRESURMISE', n. s. Præ and surmise. useless rhapsodies.

Browne.

Surmise previously formed. Although in the relation of Moses there be very

It was your presurmise, few persons mentioned, yet are there many more to That, in the dole of blows, your son might drop. be presumed. Id.

Shakspeare. There being two opinions repugnant to each other,

PRETEND' v. a. & v. n.

Fr. pretendre ; it may not be presumptive or sceptical to doubt of both.

Id.
PRETENCE', n.s.

Latin, pratendo. It being not the part of a presumplumus, but of a

PRETEN'DER,

Used by Dryden truly humble man to do what he is bidden, and to

PRETEND'INGLY, literally for to hold please those whom he is bound in duty to obey. PRETEN'sson, n. s. out; to simulate;

Kettlewell. claim, taking to before the object; as a verb I had the presumption to dedicate to you a very neuter, 10 put in a claim, true or false ; presume unfinished piece.

Dryden. an ability to a thing; profess presumptuously: a The powers incensed

pretender is one who claims, and more comPunished his presumptuous pride,

monly one who cannot prove or sustain a right : That for his daring enterprise she died. Id. Presuming of his force, with sparkling eyes,

pretendingly is presumptuously; arrogantly : Already he devours the promised prize. Id.

pretension, claim, false or true; fictitious appearWe commonly take shape and colour for so presumptive ideas of several species, that, in a good pic With flying speed and seeming great pretence tore, we readily say this is a lion, and that a rose. Came running in a messenger.

Spenser. Locke. In the great hand of God I stand, and thence He that would not deceive himself, ought to build Against the undivulged pretence I fight his hypothesis on matter of fact, and not presume on Of treas'nous malice. Shakspeare, Macbeth. matter of fact, because of his hypothesis. Id. This was but an invention and pretension given out Experience supplants the use of conjecture in by the Spaniards.

Bacon. the point; we do not only presume it may be so, 'Tis their interest to guard themselves from those bat actually find it is so.

riotous effects of pretended zeal, nor is it less their Government of the Tongue. duty.

Decay of Piety. Do you, who study nature's works, decide,

But if to unjust things thou dost pretend, Whilst I the dark mysterious cause admire ;

Ere they begin let thy pretensions end. Denham. Nor into what the gods conceal, presumptuously en So strong his appetite was to those executions he quire.

Addison's Remarks on Italy. had been accustomed to in Ireland, without any Though men in general believed a future state, yet kind of commission or pretence of authority. they had but confused presumptions of the nature and

Clarendon, condition of it.

Rogers.

Spirits on our just pretences armed Luther presumes upon the gift of continency.

Fell with us.

Milton.
Atterbury.

This let him know,
Canst thou love

Lest wilfully transgressing he pretend
Presumptuous Crete, that boasts the tomb of Jove ? Surprisal.

Id. Pope.

Warn all creatures from thee Those at home held their immoderate engrossments Henceforth ; lest that too heavenly form, pretended of power by no other tenure than their own presump To hellish falsehood, snare them.

Id. tion upon the necessity of affairs.

Swift. There is no security which men can yield compaMark these, she says ; these, summoned from afar, rable to that of an oath ; the obligation whereof nc Begin their march to meet thee at the bar;

man wilfully can infringe, without renouncing the There find a judge, inexorably just,

fear of God, and any pretence to his favour.

Barrow. And perish there, as all presumption must. Cowper.

ance.

pass by.

Of the ground of redness in this sea are we not PRETERLE'GAL, ad). Preter and legal. fully satisfied ? For there is another red sea whose Not agreeable to law. name we pretend not to make out from these princi I expected some evil customs preterlegal, and abuses ples.

Browne.

personal, had been to be removed. King Charles. He so much abhorred artifice and cunning, that he PRETERMIT", v.a. Lat. prætermitto. To had prejudice to all concealments and pretensions.

Fell. This pretence against religion will not only be

The fees, that are termly given to these deputies, baffled, but we shall gain a new argument to per

for recompense of their pains, I do purposely preter

Васот. suade men over.

mit; because they be not certain.

. Tillotson. Lucagus, to lash his horses, bends

PRETERNATURAL, adj. ?

Preter and Prone to the wheels, and his left foot pretends. PRETEPNAT’URALLY, adv. natural. Differ

Dryden. PreterNAT'URALNESS, n. S. ent from what is Let not Trojans, with a feigned pretence natural ; irregular : the adverb and noun substanOf proffered peace, delude the Latian prince. Id.

tive correspond. The prize was disputed only till you were seen ; now all pretenders have withdrawn their claims. Id. Simple air, preternaturally attenuated by heat,

Men indulged those opinions and practices that will make itself room, and break and blow up all favour their pretensions.

Bacon. L' Estrange:

that which resisteth it. Primogeniture cannot have any pretence to a right

That form which the earth is under at present is of solely inheriting property or power. Locke. preternatural, like a statue made and broken again.

Burnei. Despise not these few ensuing pages ; for never was any thing of this pretence more ingenuously im

We will enquire into the cause of this vile and parted.

Evelyn. preternatural temper of mind, that should make a Whatever victories the several pretenders to the man please himself with that wbich can no ways empire obtained over one another, they are recorded reach those faculties which nature has made the on coins without the least reflection. Addison. proper seat of pleasure.

South's Sermons. I have a particular reason to look a little preiend

Anger and the thirst of revenge are a kind of fever; ingly at present.

Collier on Pride. fighting and law-suits bleeding; at least an evacuaI should have dressed the whole with greater care ;

tion. The latter occasions a dissipation of money; but I had little time, which I am sure you know to be the former of those fiery spirits which cause a pretermore than pretence.

Wake.
natural fermentation.

Shenstone. Are they not rich ? what more can they pretend? PRETERPER'FECT, adj. Lat. præteritum

Pope.

perfectum. A grammatical term applied to the To just contempt ye vain pretenders fall, tense which denotes time absolutely past. The people's fable and the scorn of all. Id.

The same natural aversion to loquacity has of late In those countries that pretend to freedom, princes made a considerable alteration in our language, by are subject to those laws which their people have closing in one syllable the termination of our preterchosen.

Swift.

perfect tense, as drown'd, walk'd, for drowned, The numerous pretenders to places would never walked.

Addison's Spectator. have been kept in order, if expectation had been cut PRETEXT, n. s. Fr. pretexte ; Lat. prateroff.

Id.

tus. Pretence; false appearance, or allegation. Pretenders to philosophy or good sense grow fond of this sort of learning.

Walls.

My pretext to strike at him admits

A good construction. Shakspeare. Coriolanus. PRETERI'TION, n. 5. ?

Fr. preterition; He made pretext, that I should only go PRETERITNESS. Lat. preteritus. The And helpe convey his freight; but thought not so. act of going past: the state of being past.

Chapman. Had not he been a wise disciple, that should have I shall not say with how much or how little preenvied the great favour done to Judas, and have

text of reason they managed those disputes.

Decay of Piety. stomached his own preterition? So foolish are they, who, measuring God's affection by temporal benefits,

Under this pretext, the means he sought are ready to applaud prospering wickedness; and to

To ruin such whose might did much exceed grudge outward blessings to them which are incapable

His power to wrong.

Daniel's Civil War. of any better.

Bp. Hall. As chymists gold from brass by fire would draw, We cannot conceive a preteritness still backwards,

Preterts are into treason forged by law. Denham. in infinitum, that never was present, as we can an

They suck the blood of those they depend upon, endless futurity that never will be present ; so that under a pretext of service and kindness.

L'Estrange. though one is potentially infinite, yet nevertheless the other is positively finite ; and this reasoning doth not PRETEXTA TOGA. See PRÆTEXTA. at all affect the eternal existence of the adorable di

PRETI (Chevalier Matthias), a celebrated vinity, in whose invariable nature there is no past Italian painter, born at Calabria in 1613. His nor future.

Bentley's Sermons.

picture of the triumph of Osiris, the Egyptian Preterition, or PRETERMISSION, in rhetoric, conqueror, obtained ihe prize from the Academy a figure whereby, in pretending to pass over a of St. Luke at Rome. He died in 1699. thing untouched, we make a summary mention PREʼTOR, n. $. ? Fr. preleur ; Lat. prator. thereof. I will not say he is valiant, he is Pretoʻrian, adj. I The Roman judge; somelearned, he is just, &c.

times taken for a mayor: judicial. PRETERLAPSED, adj. Lat. praterlapsus.

Good Cinna, take this paper ; Past and gone.

And look you lay it in the pretor's chair. We look with a superstitious reverence upon the

Shakspeare. accounts of preterlapsed ages.

Glanville's Scepsis.

The chancery had the pretorian power for equity; Never was there so much of either, in any preter the star-chamber had the censorian power for oflapsed age, as in this. Walker, fences.

Bacon,

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