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under such government and regulations as the There is another exception, when the remedy demesnes and possessions belonging to the crown. is by distress, and that is, when the tenant was Moor 149, 160. So, if a prebendary make a ready on the land to pay the rent at the day, and lease, rendering rent, and if the rent be in ar- made a tender of it; there it seems there must rear and demanded, that it shall be lawful for the be a demand previous to the distress; because, prebendary to re-enter; if the reversion in this where the tenant has shown himself ready on case comes to the king, the king must in this the day by the tender, he has done all that in case demand the rent, though he shall be by his reason can be required of him; for it would put prerogative excused of an implied demand: for the tenant to endless trouble to oblige him every ihe implied demand is the act of the law, the day to make a tender; it being altogether uncerother the express agreement of the parties, which tain when the lessor will come for his rent, when the king's prerogative shall not defeat. There- he has omitted to receive it the day he appointfore, in case of the king, if he makes a lease re ed by the lease for payment and receipt; whereserving rent, with a proviso, if the rent before as the lessee must expect the lessor, and be in arrear for such a time (being lawfully de- ready to pay it at the day appointed, or else the manded, or demanded in due form), that then lessor may distrain for it without any demand; the lease shall be void; it seems that not only so where the lessor has lapsed the day of paythe patentee of the reversion in this case, butment, and was not on the land to receive is, he also the king himself, whilst he continues the re- mąst give the tenant notice to pay it before he version in bis own hands, is obliged to make an can distrain; for the tenant shall be put to no actual demand by reason of the express agree- trouble where it appears that he has omitted ment for that purpose. Dyer 87, 210. But if nothing on his part. And where the tender was the king, in cases where he need not make a de- made by a tenant on the land at the day, there a mand, assigns over the reversion, the patentee demand on the land is sufficient to justify a discannot enter for non-payment, without a previous tress after the day; because the demand in such demand, because the privilege is inseparably an case is of equal notoriety with the tender. But nexed to the person of the king.
if the tenant had tendered the rent on the day to Another exception is, where the rent is paya- the person of the lessor, and he refused it, it ble at a place off the land, with a clause that if seems, by the better opinion, that the lessor canthe rent be behind, being lawfully demanded at not distrain for that rent, without a demand of the place off the land, or where the clause is, the person of the tenant; because the demand if the rent be behind, being lawfully demanded ought to be equally notorious to the tenant, as of the person who is to pay it, that then he may the tender was to the lessor. Hob. 207: 2 Roll. distrain; in these cases, though the remedy be Abr. 427. So, if the services by which the teby distress only, yet the grantee cannot distrain nant holds be personal, as homage, fealty, &c., without a previous demand: because here the the demand must be of the person of the tenant; distress and demand being not complicate, but because this service is only performable by the different acts, to be performed at different places very person of the tenant, therefore a demand, and times, the demand must be previous to the where he is not, would be improper. Hut. 13: distress; for distress is an act of grace, not of Hob. 207. common right, and therefore must be used in Again, if the rent be rent-seck, and the tenant the manner that it is given.
be ready at the last instant of the day of payment And there seems to have been formerly ano to pay the rent, and the granter is not there to ther exception admitted, that where the remedy receive it, he must afterwards demand it of the was by way of entry, for non-payment, yet person of the tenant on the lands, before he can there needed no demand, if the rent were made have bis assise ; but in the case of a rent-charge, payable at any place off the land; because they after such tender of the tenant on the land, the looked on the money payable off the land to be grantee may afterwards demand the rent on the in nature of a suni in gruss, which the tenant land, because he has his remedy by distress, had at his own peril undertaken to pay; but which is no more than a pledge for the rent; but this opinion has been entirely exploded, for the in this case, if the grantee cannot find the tenant place of payment does not change the nature of on the land to demand the rent, he may, on the the service, but it remains in its nature a rent, next feast on which the rent is payable, demand as much as if it had been made payable on the all the arrears on the land; and, if the tenant is land; therefore, the presumption is, that the te not there to pay it, he has failed of his duty, and nant was there to pay it, unless it be overthrown is guilty of wilful default which amounts to a by the proof of a demand; and without such de- denial; and, that denial being a disseisin of the mand, and a neglect or refusal, there is no injury rent, the grantee may have his assise, and by to the lessor, consequently the estate of the lessee that shall recover the arrears. ought not to be defeated. But when the power If a lease be made, reserving rent, and a bond of re-entry is given to the lessor for non-paymert, given for performance of covenants and payment without any further demand, there it seems that of the reni, the lessor may sue the bond without the lessee has undertaken to pay it, whether it demanding the rent. If there be several things be demanded or not; and there can be no pre- demised in one lease, with several reservations, sumption in his favor in this case ; because by with a clause, that, if the several yearly rents redispensing with the demand he has put himself served be behind or unpaid in part, or in all, by under the necessity of making an actual proof the space of one month, after any of the days on that he was ready to tender and pay the rent, which the same ought to be paid, that then it Dyer 68.
shall be lawful for the lessor, into such of the
premises, whereupon such rents, being behind, is in the afternoon, with a clause of re-entry, and or are reserved, to re-enter; these are in the ca the lessor comes at the day, about two in the ture of distinct demises, and several reservations; afternoon, and continues to five, this is sufficient. consequently there must be distinct demands on Cro. Eliz. 15. The demand may be by attorney. each demise to defeat the whole estate demised. 4 Leon. 479. But the power must be special, Also, as to the necessity of a demand of the rent, for such land and of such tenant : demand must there is a difference between a condition and a be proved by witnesses, and must be made of limitation; for instance, if tenant for life (as the the precise sum due. 3. If a lease be made, recase was by marriage settlement with power to serving rent on condition that if the rent be make leases for twenty-one years, so long as the behind at the day, and ter. days after (being in lessee, his executors, or assigns, shall duly pay the mean time demanded), and no distress to be the rent reserved) make a lease pursuant to the found upon the land, that the lessor may re-enter; power; the tenant is at his peril obliged to pay if the rent be behind at the day, and ten days the rent without any demand of the lessor; be- after, and a sufficient distress be on the land till cause the estate is limited to continue only so the afternoon of the tenth day, and then the lessee long as the rent is paid ; therefore, for non-per- takes away his cattle, and the lessor demands the formance, according to the limitation the estate rent at the last hour of the day, and the lessee must determine; as if an estate be made to a does not pay it, and there is not any distress on woman dum sola fuerit, this is a word of limita- the land; yet the lessor cannot enter, because he tion which determines her estate on marriage. made no demand in the mean time between the
IV. Of the time and place of demanding rent. day of payment, and the ten days, which by the Rent is regularly due and payable upon the land clause he was obliged to do. 4. As to the place whence it issues, if no particular place is men- of demanding rent, there is a difference between tioned : but, in case of the king, the payment a remedy by re-entry and distress; for when the . must be either to his officers at the exchequer, rent is reserved, on condition that, if it be beor to his receiver in the country. And, strictly, hind, that the lessor may re-enter, in such case the rent is demandable and payable before the the demand must be upon the most notorious time of sun-set of the day whereon it is reserved; place on the land; therefore, if there be a house though perhaps not absolutely due till midnight. on the land, the demand must be at the fore door If the lessor dies before sun is set on the day thereof, because the tenant is presumed to be upon which the rent is demandable, it is clearly there residing, and the demand being required settled that the rent unpaid is due to his heir, give notice to he tenant that he may not be and not to his executor: but if he dies after sun turned out of possession, without a wilful default, set, and before midnight, it seems to be the bet- snch demand ought to be in the place where the ter opinion that it shall go to the executor, and end and intention will be best answered. 5. not to the kin. 1 P. Wms. 178.
And it seems the better opinion that it is not There is a material difference between the re- necessary to enter the house, though the doors servation of a rent payable on a particular day, be open, because that is a place appropriated for or within a certain time after; and the reserva the peculiar use of the inhabitant, into which no tion of a rent payable at a certain day, with a person is permitted to enter without his permiscondition that, if it be behind, by the space of sion; and it is reasonable that the lessor shall any given time, the lessor shall enter; in both go no further to demand his rent than the tecases a tender on the first or last day of pay- nant should be obliged to go, when he is bound ment, or on any of the intermediate days, to the to tender it; and a tender by the tenant at the lessor himself, either upon or out of the land, is door of the house of the lessor is sufficient, good : but, in the former case it is sufficient, if though it be open, without entering; therefore, the lessee attends on the first day of payment at by parity of reason, a demand by the lessor at the the proper place; and, if the lessor does not al- door of the tenant, without entering, is sufficient. tend there to receive the rent, the condition is But when the demand is only in order for a dissaved. In the latter case, to save the lease it is tress, there it is sufficient, if it be made on any not sufficient that the lessee attends on the first notorious part of the land, because this is only to day of payment, for he must equally attend on entitle him to his remedy for his rent; therefore, the last day.
the whole land being equally debtor, and chargeThe other effects of this question of the time able with the rent, a demand on it, without of the rent becoming due are now in equal going to any particular part of it, is sufficient. ineasure superseded by the statute regulations Co. Litt. 153. already alluded to. But the following determi RENTERING, in the manufactories, is the nations ou the subject may, notwithstanding, be same with fine-drawing. It consists in sewing requisite to be known. 1. The time for pay- two pieces of cloth edge to edge, without doublment of rent, and consequently for a demand, is ing them, so that the seam scarcely appears; such a convenient time before the sun-setting of and hence it is denominated fine-drawing. It the last day as will be sufficient to have the was originally a French word derived from the money counted ; but if the tenant meet the lessor Latin retrahere, because the seam is drawn in or on the land at any time of the last day of pay- covered. In the East Indies, if a piece of ment, and tenders the rent, that is sufficient ten- fine muslin be torn, and afterwards mended by der, because the money is to be paid indefinitely the fine-drawers, it will be impossible to dison that day, therefore a tender on the day is suf- cover where the rent was. In this country the ficient. 2. If a lease is made, rendering rent at dexterity of the fine drawers is not so great, but Michaelmas, between the hours of one and five it is still such as to enable them to defraud the
revenue, by fastening a head or slip of English rate to be imitable, or reparable by the bare apposicloth on a piece of Dutch, Spanish, or other tion of those divided parts to each other. Boyle. foreign cloth; or a slip of foreign cloth on a Suits are unlawfully entered, when they are vinpiece of English, so as to pass the whole as of a dictive, not reparative ; and begun only for revenge,
Kettlewell. piece; and thus avoid the duties, penalties, &c. not for reparation of damages. The trick was first discovered in France by M.
Temperance, in all methods of curing the gout, is
a regular and simple diet, proportioning the daily Savary.
repairs to the daily decays of our wasting bodies. RENTERING, in tapestry, is the working new
Temple's Miscellanies, warp into a piece of tapestry damaged by rats or Depart from hence in peace, otherwise, and on this warp to restore the ancient Search the wide world, and where you please repair. pattern or design. The warp is to be of woollen,
Dryden. not linen. Among the titles of the French So 'scapes the insulting fire his narrow jail, tapestry makers is included that of renterers. And makes small outlets into open air ; REORDAIN', v. a. 2 Fr. reordiner.
There the fierce winds his tender force assail, REORDINA’TION, n. s. ) and ordain. To or
And beat him downward to his first repair. Id. dain again: the noun-substantive corresponding.
O sacred rest ! He proceeded in his ministry without expecting peace of mind! repairer of decay, any new mission, and never thought himself
obliged Whose balms renew the limbs to labours of the day. to a reordination.
He that governs well, leads the blind, but he that REPAʼCIFY, v. n. Re and pacify. To pa- teaches, gives him eyes; and it is a glorious thing to cify again.
have been the repairer of a decayed intellect. Henry, who next commands the state,
South's Sermons. Seeks to repacify the people's heat. Daniel. When the organs of sense want their due repose REPAIR', v. a., v. n., &n. s.
Fr. reparer ;
and necessary reparations, the soul exerts herself in Latin
her several faculties. REPAIR'ER, n. s.
Addison. reparu : REP'ARABLE, adj.
Antoninus Philosophus took care of the reparation reparare, of the highways.
Arbrath not on Coins. REP'ARABLY, adv.
To restore or 'Tis fix'd; the irrevocable doom of Jove : REPARA'TION, n. s.
amend after in- Haste then, Cyllenius, through the liquid air, Repara'TIVE.
jury ; supply Go mount the winds, and to the shades repair. Pope. loss; revisit: as a noun-substantive, the supply
REPAN'DOUS, adj. Lat. repandus. Bent or restoration made; resort; abode : reparation
upwards. is the act of repairing: the other derivatives correspond.
Though they be drawn repandmus or convexedly Let the priests repair the breaches of the house. crooked in one piece, yet the dolphin that carrieth
Arion is concavously inverted, and hath its spine Before the curing of a strong disease,
depressed in another.
Browne. Ev'n in the instant of repair and health,
REPARTEE', n. s. & v. a. French repartie
. The fit is strongest. Shakspeare. King Lear.
Smart reply or saying: to make smart replies. May all to Athens back again repair. Shakspeare.
The fools overflowed with smart repartees, and The parts in man's body easily reparable, as spirits, blood, and Hesh, die in the embracement of the parts being called coxcombs.
were only distinguished from the intended wits by
Dryden. hardly reparable, as bones, nerves, and membranes.
Cupid was as bad as he ;
Prior. The king should be able, when he has cleared himself, to make him reparation.
High flights she had, and wit at will,
Id. He saw Ulysses ; at his ships repaire,
And so her tongue lay seldom still :
For in all visits, who but she,
14. New preparatives were in hand, and partly repa
REPASS', v. a. & v. n. Fr. repasser. To pass ratives of the former beaten at sea. Wotton. again; pass or travel back: go back.
An adulterous person is tied to restitution of the Well we have passed, and now repassed the seas, .njury, so far as is reparable, and can be made to the And brought desired help. Shakspeure. Henry VI. wronged person ; to make provision for the children
We shall find small reason to think that Abraham begotten in unlawful embraces.
Taylor. passed and repassed those ways more often than be All automata need a frequent repair of new was enforced so to do, if we consider that he had no strength, the causes whence their motion does pro- other comforter in this wearisome journey than ihe ceed being subject to fail.
Raleigh. The fines imposed were the more repined against, Five girdles bind the skies, the torrid zone because they were assigned to the rebuilding and re Glows with the passing and repassing sun. Dryden. pairing of St. Paul's church.
Clarendon. If his soul hath winged the destined flight, The king sent a proclamation for their repair to Homeward with pious speed repass the main, their houses, and for a preservation of the peace. To the pale shade funereal rites ordain. Pore.
REPAST', n. s. & v. n. ? Fr. repas; Lat. re Heaven soon repaired her mural breach. Millon. To be revenged,
Sand pustus. A meal; And to repair his numbers thus impaired.
act of taking food; food taken; entertainment. He cast in his mind for the repair of the cathedral Go, and get me some repast ; church.
I care not what, so it be wholesome food. When its spirit is drawn from wine, it will not by
Shakspeare. the re-union of its constituent liquors be reduced to To his good friends I'll ope my arm, its pristine nature ; because the workmanship of na And, like the kind life-rendering pelican,
Id. ture, in the disposition of the parts was too elabo Repast them with my blood.
He froin forage will incline to play:
The psalms, for the excellency of their use, deBut if thou strive, poor soul, what art thou then ? serve to be oftener repeated ; but that their multitude Food for his rage, repasture for his den.
Id. permitteth not any oftener repetition. Hooker. Sleep, that is thy best repast,
These evils thou repeatest upon thyself, Yet of death it bears a taste
Have banished me from Scotland. Shakspeare. And both are the same thing at last. Denham. If you conquer Rome, the benefit, From dance to sweet repast they turn
Which you shall thereby reap, is such a name, Desirous; all in circles as they stood,
Whose repetition will be dogged with curses. Id.
He, though his power
He repeated some lines of Virgil, suitable to the Had summoned him to due repast at noon. Dryden. occasion.
Beyond this place you can have no retreat ; Repay'MENT, 1. s. ) To pay back; requite; re
Stay here, and I the danger will repeat. Dryden. venge: the act of paying back in any way.
Where sudden alterations are not necessary, the According to their deeds he will repay recompense same effect may be obtained by the repeated force of to his enemies ; to the islands he will repuy recom
diet with more safety to the body. Arbuthnot. pense.
Isaiah lix. 18.
The frequent repetition of aliment is necessary for The poorest service is repaid with thanks.
And are not these vices, which lead into damna. If you repay me not on such a day, Such sums as are expressed in the condition,
tion, repeatedly, and most forcibly tautioned against ? Let the forfeit be an equal pound of your fair flesh.
Stephens. Id. REPEL', v. a. &0. n. ?
To The false honour, which he had so long enjoyed, REPEL·LENT, n.s.
i drive back any thing was plentifully repaid in contempt.
or person; resist force by force: that which has He clad
repelling power. Their nakedness with skins of beasts, or slain ; Or as the snake with youthful coat repaid. Milton.
Neither doth Tertullian bewray this weakness in I have fought well for Persia, and repaid
striking only, but also in repelling their strokes with The benefit of birth with honest service.
whom he contendeth. The centesima usura it was not lawful to exceed;
Stand fast; and all temptation to transgress repel.
Milton, and, what was paid over it, was reckoned as a repayment of part of the principal.
Your foes are such as they, not you, have made, Fav'ring heav'n repaid my glorious toils
And virtue may repel, though not invade. Dryden. With a sacked palace and barbarick spoils. Pope.
From the same repelling power it seems to be, that
dies walk upon the water without wetting their feet. REPEAL', v. a. & n. S. Fr. rappeller; Lat.
Newton. re and appello. To recall (out of use); abro In the cure of an erysipelas, whilst the body gate : a revocation.
abounds with bilious humours, there is no admitting Laws that have been approved, may be again re
of repellents, and by discutients you will encrease the pealed, and disputed against by the authors them- heat.
With hills of slain on every side, I will repeal thee, or be well assured,
Hippomedon repelled the hostile tide.
Pope. Adventure to be banished myself. Shakspeare. REP'ENT, v. n. & v.a. Fr. repentir ; Ital. If the time thrust forth
REPENT'ANCE, n. $. pentir, of Lat. pæniA cause for thy repeal, we shall not send
teo. To think on any O'er the vast world to seek a single man. Id.
thing past with sorrow; regret; bemoan sin; The king, being advertised that the over-large change the mind from fear or conviction of grants of lands and liberties made the lords so insolent, did absolutely resume all such grants; but the with sorrow: the adjective and noun substantive
error; change the mind generally; to remember earl of Desmond above all found himself grieved with this resumption or repeal of liberties, and de- corresponding. clared his dislike.
Davies on Ireland. God led them not through the land of the PhilisAdam soon repealed
tines, lest peradventure the people repent when they The doubts that in his heart arose. Milton. see war, and they return.
Erodus xiii. 17. Statutes are silently repealed when the reason
Judas, when he saw that he was condemned, receases for which they were enacted. Dryden. pented himself.
Matthew xxvii. 3. If the presbyterians should obtain their ends, I Nineveh repented at the preaching of Jonas. could not be sorry to find them mistaken in the
Id. xii. 41. point which they have most at heart, by the repeal In regard of secret and hidden faults, unless God of the test; I mean the benefit of employments. should accept of a general repentance for unknown
Swift. sins, few or none at all could be saved. Perkins. REPEAT, v. a. Lat. repeto, repeter.
Repentance so altereth a man through the mercy REPEATEDLY, adv. (To iterate; use again; do of God, be he never so defiled, that ii maketh him REPEAT'ER, n. s. or try again; recite : re
Poor Enobarbus did before thy face repent. REPETITION. peatedly is, over and
Shakspeare. over ; more and more; more than once : repeater, I repent me that the duke is slain.
Id. a particular kind of watch, see WATCH-MAKING: Who by repentance is not satisfied, in a general sense corresponding, as well as re Is not of heaven nor earth; for these are pleased; petition, with the verb.
By penitence the’ Eternal's wrath's appeased. Id.
After I have interred this noble king,
The fines imposed were the more repined against And wet his grave with my repentant tears, because they were assigned to the rebuilding of St. I will with all expedient duty see you. Id. Paul's church.
Clarendon. Repentance is a change of mind, or a conversion
If y you think how many diseases, and how much from sin to God: not some one bare act of change. poverty there is in the world, you will fall down but a lasting durable state of new life, which is upon your knees, and, instead of repining at one called regeneration.
Hammond. atfiction, will admire so many blessings received at Thou, like a contrite penitent
the hand of God.
Temple. Charitably warned of thy sins, dost repent
The ghosts repine at violated night, These vanities and giddinesses : lo
And curse the' invading sun, and sicken at the sight, I shut my chamber-door ; come, let us go. Donne.
Dryden. Nor had I any reservations in my own soul, when REPLACE', v. a. Fr. replacer, 're and place. I passed that bill; nor repentings after.
To put again in a former place; place anew. King Charles.
The earl being apprehended, upon examination I will clear their senses dark
cleared himself so well, as he was replaced in his What may suffice, and soften stony hearts
Milton. To pray, repent, and bring obedience due.
The bowls, removed for fear, Thus they, in lowliest plight, repentant stood. Id.
The youths replaced ; and soon restored the chear. His late follies he would late repent. Dryden.
Dryden. My father has repented him ere now, Or will repent him, when he finds me dead. Id.
REPLANT', v. a. Fr. replanter; re and plant.
To plant anew. Upon any deviation from virtue, every rational creature so deviating, should condemn, renounce, Small trees being yet unripe, covered in autumn and be sorry for every such deviation ; that is, repent with dung until the spring, take up and replant in of it. South. good ground.
Bacon. This is a confidence, of all the most irrational; REPLAIT, v. a. Re and plait. To fold one for upon what ground can a man promise himself a part often over another. future repentance, who cannot promise himself a fu In Raphael's first works, are many small foldings turity ?
Id. often repluited, which look like so many whipcords. Each age sinned on;
Dryden. Till God arose, and great in anger said,
REPLENISH, v. a. & v. n. Old Fr. repleni; Lo! it repenteth me that man was made. Prior.
Lat. repleo, from re and plenus. To stock; fill; Relentless walls! whose darksome round contains
consummate ; recover fulness. Repentant sighs and voluntary pains. Pupe.
Still you may prove the terror of your foes ; Multiply and replenish the earth. Genesis i. 28. Teach traitors to repent of faithless leagues.
The most replenished sweet work of nature,
That from the prime creation e'er she framed. to require a repentance of her education. Lau.
The humours in men's bodies encrease and de. REPEOʻPLE, v.a. Re and people; Fr. re
crease as the moon doth ; and therefore purge some peupler. To stock anew with people.
day after the full; for then the humours will not reAn occurrence of such remark, as the universal plenish so soon.
Bacon. food and the repeopling of the world, must be fresh The woods replenished with deer, and the plains in memory for about eight hundred years ; especially with fowl.
Heylin. considering that the peopling of the world was gra
The waters dual. Hale's Origin of Mankind. With fish replenished, and the air with fowl.
Milton. REPERCUSS', v. a. Lat. repercutio, reREPERCUS'sion, n. S. percussus. To beat REPLETE', adj.) Fr.replete; Lat. repletus. REPERCUS'sive, adj. back; drive back : act
REPLE’tion, n. S. $ Full; filled completely, or of driving back; rebound; the adjective cor
to exuberance: the noun substantive correspondresponding.
The world's large tongue Air in ovens, though it doth boil and dilate
Proclaims you for a man replete with mocks; itself, and is repercussed, yet it is without noise.
Shakspeare. In echoes there is no new elision, but a repercus
The tree had too much repletion, and was op
Id. And repercussive rocks renewed the sound.
pressed with its own sap; for repletion is an enemy to generation.
His words, replete with guile, By repercussion beams ingender fire,
Into her heart too easy entrance won. Milion. Shapes by reflection shapes beget;
All dreams The voice itself when stopped does back retire,
Are from repletion and complexion bred; And a new voice is made by it.
From rising fumes of undigested food. Dryden. They various ways recoil, and swiftly flow
In a dog, out of whose eye, being wounded, the By mutual repercussions to and fro. Blackmore. Amid Carnarvon's mountains rages loud
aqueous humour did copiously flow, yet in six hours
the bulb of the eye was again replete with its humour, The repercussive roar, with mighty crush Tumble the smitten cliffs.
without the application of any medicines.
The action of the stomach is totally stopped by too REPINE', v. n. Re and pine. To fret; vex great repletion.
Arbuthnot on Aliments. oneself; be discontented: taking at and against. How each would trembling wait the mournful sheet, Of late,
On which the press might stamp him next to die; When corn was given them gratis, you repined. And, reading here his sentence, how replete
Shakspeare. With anxious meaning, Heavenward turn his eye!