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what had passed, the Lords Charle- lamont, which distinction I did not mont and Ancram declared that no- make to Lord Bellamont. thing more could be demanded; and “ As I wished, from motives of these, with Lord Ligonier, said, that humanity, to bring the affair to an boLord Bellamont could not surely re- nourable conclusion, without coming quire that Lord Townshend should to extremities, I proposed returning ask his pardon for an offence which to Lord Townshend; my view in sa he had now, in the most satisfactory doing was that of promoting an a. inanner, declared he had never com- commodation honourable to both. mitted. Lord Bellamont made an “If I conveyed any other idea to swer, my Lords, I feel as you do, the Lords on my return from Lord that every thing is implied in this apo- Townshend, than a coutirmation that Jogy, but it is necessary that it be his Lordship had intended no affront fully expressed; and having desired or injury to Lord Bellamont, and that leave to retire into another room, to he disapproved the manner of the consider the matter more clearly, he Aid-de-Camp, I have to regret that returned with the following written I had not the good fortune to explain paper, which he gave to Lord Ligo- myself according to my own ideas and nier, telling hiin at the same time, those of Lord Townshend. that he did not tie him down to the “ In justice to my Lord Towns, letter, but that was the purport of the hend, I must beg leave to observe, only reparation he could receive, viz. that whatever expressions of concern • Lord Townshend does admit, that he might :make use of on this misunthe message delivered to Lord Bella- derstanding, arose from the regret mont by his Aid-de-Camp, was highly every man of honour must feel under offensive; he therefore disavows it as a supposition of having given offence. such, and declares it was not his in- This is what I understand from Lord tention to give Lord Bellamont any Townshend, and what I meant to offence, and that he is very much con- convey. cerned for the mistake.”'
“ I cannot but persevere in declin. Lori Ligonier accordingly waited ing to sign the paper, as I find, upon on my Lord Townshend with the consideration, that what I thought an said paper, and brought back to Lord explanation equally bonourable to Bellamont an apology, consonant to both, may be construed into a subthe full and entire purport of it, con- missive apology which must appear ceived in the most satisfactory terms, humiliating to my Lord Townsliend. Lord Bellamont immediately request. What impressions may have been reed Lord Ligonier would assure Lord ceived from any expressions of mine Townshend, that as Lord Townshend in the many private conversations ! had by that last apology done away have bad on this painful event, I will the foundation of the message deli- not presume to determine; but I devered from him to Lord Townshend clare, upon my honour, I have had by Lord Charlemont, he had very no other view than to terminate this great pleacure in declaring it cancelled affair to the honour of all parijes; and and annulied,
shall lament, if my endeavours should (L.S.) CHARLEMONT. be frustrated. (L.S.) ANCRAM.
(L.S.) “ LIGONIER. "I cannot refuse signing the paper “ Jan. 29, 1773. delivered to me this morning without “ This is a true copy of the original, assigning my reasons for it, and I flat- in the hands of Lord Bellamont. ter myselt the motive of my declining
“ CHARLEMOXT. it will justify me to the world.
" ANCRAM." “ I assení to the facts and progres On Sunday morning, Lord Ligonier sions as stated, but I was misunder- waited on Lord Bellamont, and the stood if what I said relative to Lord explanation alluded to above took Townshend was considered as a mesc place; but owing to some unfortusige from him. It certainly was not iiate misconception the affair was not Lord Townshend's intention it should made up. According to agreement, be so, though I was authorized to say therefore, the parties met on the afterit from Lord Townshend to Lord Bel- noon of February 2d, 1773, bet ween
our and five, in Mary-la-bonne-fields,
“In short, my dear son, and after the usual ceremonies had I have no manner of objection to taken place, Lord Townshend fired your obtaining any title whatever exfirst, and wounded Lord Bellamont, cept that of
Townshend." with a ball in the right side of his In 1792, on the death of Lord Orbelly, near the groin, while the latter ford, the Marquis was nominated Lord discharged his pistol without effect. Lieutenant of the county of Norfolk. Thir Lordships behaved to each other in the same year his Lordship was in the field with a politeness denoting also appointed to the command of the the most refined gallantry. Each was eastern district, and had his headarmed with a case of pistols and a quarters in the neighbourhood of small sword, but it was determined to Warley camp. use the former first. When they had In 1796, he was promoted to the taken their ground, Lord Bellamont rank of Field Marshal, and had only pulled off his hat; the salute was im- three above him on the list, two of mediately returned by Lord Towos- whom were blood royal. hend, who asked his antagonist which His Lordship, in person, was above of them he would wish to fire first? the middle size, and portly; when On this he desired Lord Townshend, dressed in regimentals be displayed a who instantly complied. Mr. Brom- martial air; and his hair, blanched field extracted the ball, and his Lord- with age, conveyed the appearance ship not only recovered, but lived to of a veteran inured to camps and a good old age.
warfare from his youth. The seconds were, for Lord Bella His Lordship died in the 84th year mont, the Hon. Mr. Dillon; and for of his age, at Rainham, on the 14th Lord Townshend, Lord Ligonier. of September, 1807.-(See Universal
Lady Townshend having died Sept. Magazine for Oct. p. 337.) 14, 1770, his Lordship about three By his first wife, Charlotte, Baroness years after that event (on May 19, De Ferrers, of Chartley, only daughter 1773,) married Miss Anne Mont- of the Earl of Northampton, he has gomery, daughter of Sir William left the Earl of Leicester, now MarMontgomery, Bart. a young lady of quis of Townshend, Lord John Townsgreat beauty and very amiable man- hend, and Lady Elizabeth Loftus.ners, whom he became acquainted The Marchioness died most univerwith in Ireland, and by whom he has sally regretted during the Marquis's had five children: he had seven by viceroyalty in Ireland. His second his former marriage.
marriage was with Miss Anna MontIn 1772 Lord Townshend was ap- gomery, the youngest daughter of pointed Master General of the Ord- the late Sir William Monigomery, nance, which he held for many years; Baronet; and by this lady the Marand in the course of the next summer quis has left six children, namely, acquired a considerable addition to his Lady Anne Hudson, the Duchess income, by the command of the se- of Leeds, two unmarried daughters, cond regiment of Dragoon Guards, and two sons. which he held at the period of his His Lordship was the last survivor death. In 1787 be was created Mar- of the groupe that sat for the celequis Townshend of Rainham. brated print of the Death of General
Lord de Ferrars, Lord Townshend's Wolfe. eldest son, having adhered to Mr. He has left his family in great opuPitt, obtained an Earl's coronet, while lence. The Marchioness will have his father possessed only a Viscount's. altogether above 3000l. per annum, It was humourously stated in the con- with 30,0001. in ready cash, and en versation of that day, that Lord de F. immense property in plate, furniture, having written a letter, requesting &c. The children of thé Marquis's Lord T.'s permission to accept his first marriage have 8000l. each, and new honours, received a very polite the females of the second marriage and jocular one ir return, which con- 50001, each. cluded, after the usual congratulations, His reinains were laid in the family in the following manner:
vault at Rainham. The mournful
, sigoly embroidered, HI den, have opened a large parce
procession was awfuily grand: one For the Universal Magazine.
just from and superbly decorated, tollowed; of monthly publications, which bad atier which came Lord John Towns- accumulated since I left here in Oc. hend, leading the widonei Marchio- tober. Among the rest, I looked ness; then followed Lady Elizabeth into your Magazine for a letter og Loitus, the Duchess of Leeds, Lady the Education of the Poor, which I Anne Hudson, supported by their expected to find in the Number for husbands; Lady Harriet Townshend November. Judge therefore my surnext; and then all the grand children prise at not being able to find it, and and great-grand-childien of the Mar- at finding what I never wrote a 1.1:e quis; then a numler of his friends, of, though signed with my initias followed by the poorer tenantry and and three letters of the name of niy servants innumeiable.
house, thus: H-f-d. (See p. 299 The portrait, which we have this for October, on the “ Blaspbemy of opportunity of presenting our readers Milton.") with, is esteemed an admirable like I am not at all desirous to detect the ness, being taken from an original imposition; though it attributes to me painting procured expressly for our a veneration for the scriptures which Llagazine.
I certainly do not possess, considered ON A HASSAGE in “GRAY'S ELEGy." as the work of divine inspiration, beSir,
cause I do not believe them so inTHE THE stanza in Mr. Gray's Elegy spired, though I respect their anti
in a Country Church-yard, al quity and the good things they conluced to by your correspondent H.G. tain. I will thank you to notice this of Bath
forgery in your answers to cortesoft did the harvest to iheir sickle yield, spondents, and tell me whether you Their furrow oft the stubborn gebe has
received the letter above mentioned. broke;
I remain, ic. How jocund did they drive their team
W. BURDOX. How bow'd the woods beneath their sturdy Hartford, near Morpeth, stroke."
Dec. 5, 1807. I have always taken the liberty to
The Editor of the Universal Maalter, by substituting, ploughshare* for furrow"; and then it is neither obscure Mr. Burdon's letter, than to answer it in
gazine has thought it better to insert or nonsensical. As to the word furrow having any which would probably render his dis
the monthly notices to correspondents, provincial application, I never heard arvxul less public than his supposed letthat it had ; and where the Elegy was ter already is. The Editor certainly written, which was near Combridge, omes Mr. Burdon an apology for inseri, it certainly means what it does all ing as his (at least presumptirely so) over England-the trench made by hat in fact is not; but whoever has the ploughshare for the seed.
thought it worth his while to forge opiThis lille piece of criticism brings nions for Vr. Burdo», thoughi it cqually to niy mind a line of Milton's, which
so to imitate his hand-writing most acappears to me to be palpably absurd; carutelu: we regret that the utter is and I cannot find any other reading destroved, or we should have felt plea: in all the editions of his works. It is sure all forwarding it to Mr. B. Suck in bis L'Allegro:
circumstances are necessarily unpleasant; “senc: Joithieit mulancholy!
and, to prcrent a repetition, it would per. Of l'erberus a d blackerinidnight born," Should not this be Erebus, and not hups be adrescuble for Mr. Burdon to Cerberus?
ajir some pri ale murk to his future
cornmunications, which may secure 46 This is a more exceptionable from a similar imposition. emendation than Mr. Parke's, which The letter on the “ Education of the our correspondent “Il. wi" has justiy Poor' Mr. Burdon will find at p.20, censura.. Ed.
in the Number for September.
Letten XIV on the Management of be squandered by a fraudulent, or'a
the Affairs of the Poor. negligent, and a mistaken policy. HERE is no fact in political It is certainly unjust to make the
economy more notorious, nor frugal and the industrious maintain more generally acknowledges, than the idle and the drunken : yet this that our parochial burdens have in- is the daily practice of officers and creased, are rapidly increasing, and magistrates. It is oppressive, when ought to be diminished; but where sunis are raised for the use of the we are to begin, and what we are to poor, and applied to other purposes; do, are questions which are left un- and it is a great defect in the legisdecided ; and the citficulties which lation of that country, which does have baffled the efforts of our ances- not provide laws to punish, in a sumtors, still continue to perplex the mary way, all those who ‘are guilty boasted wisdom of the present day. of malepractices in misapplying pub
It must be expected that where lic money. there are great obstacles to surmount, There are but few parishes in the there will be many clashing opinions kingdom where abuses in the collect offered to the public, according to the ing and distributing of money raised prejudices, or motives, which influ- for the poor are not public and noence the person who offers them; or torions; and it cannot fail of having it will be contined to that point of a bad effect on the minds of the sight in which he views his object.— people, by making them dissatisfied This is the reason why one is for re- with those who have the managepealing the whole code of the poor ment of parochial business. Jaws, as a system of error and in There are some who consider what justice; while another only wishes is misapplied, or negligently distrito have a part of them expunged from buted, as “cheese parings and candle our statute books; and a third is for ends;" but if they could be collected abolishing workhouses, and relieving into one sum, they would amount the poor in their cottages. These to nearly two millions annually ; but seem to be the prevailing opinions; if we are arrived to that pitch of inand many of the writers, who have ditference, as to think such sums beoffered their thoughts to the public neath our notice, it will not require on parochial reliet, abound with in- the spirit of prophecy to say what vectives against workhouses. must be the consequence. But this
Before the poor laws are totally is not the only evil. The first motive repealed, it should be considered to industry is the fear of want; place whether it be not the duty of a this fear at a distance, by holding out social, a reasoning, and a reflecting the prospect of a provision for lite, being to support those with whom and you open the door for idleness, they have long associated, when dis- and its inseparable companions, to ease, and the infirmities of old age, enter in: and ought they, who are have rerdered them incapable of la- truly worthless, to be pensioned ont bour, and who have the will, but not of ihe labour of those industrious the power, of procuring the neces- persons who must abridge themselves saries of life; and whether we should of the common necessaries of life to not expect it from others: And does contribute towards such pensions?not our religion require that we should Where those evils are known to exiit, do to them, whatever we think we and they cannot be disputed, every have a right to expect, if we were state that sutters it musi be charged placed in their situation, and they with inattention, or gross negleit, in our's?
of the internal police of the kingIt is in vain to endeavour to evade, dom. by any subtilty of argument, so plain, They who are for repcaling only a and necessary a duty, as the providing part of the poor law's, are sure to in. for the worn-out traveller of lite; clude the stitute of the oth of George but we ought not, as we Witherto have the First. This is the stumblingdone, to sutter what is provided to stone and the rock of offence to our
UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. VIII.
politicians, magistrates, legislators, born facts will not bend, nor is it and writers on political economy; right they should bend, to prejudices they consider it as the great obstacle formed in the closet by speculative which prevents them from establish- men, I shall beg leave to lay before ing such a system of frugality, as the public, what hath been done in would relieve those who are obliged five years by eleven parishes in the to contribute, and be a blessing and a couniy of Kent, which had for some comfort to those who partake of the time maintained their poor in their parochial bounty.
cottages, till the burden became inAn author, in making general re- supportable. flections on that part of Mr. Whit In December 1801, Cundall, Lower bread's bill, which fixes limits to out Hardes, Petbam, and Waltham, united pensioners, says, “ The most import- for the better supporting of their poor, ant part is, that the overseers shall under Gilbert's Act. They built 2 not be compelled to give to the sup- house capable of containing one hunport of a poor person's family any dred persons without crowding, to greater suin than what they may wbich they laid twenty acres of land, earu who are to be relieved, or might and out of which they had two acres earn, with reasonable diligence, ac- of garden. In eighieen months the cording to the following, proportions. four parishes saved 4141. 155. 4d. One-fourth of the usual price of la- This encouraged Posling to join them; bour of a man for a day; one-fifth and in two years more the five pa. for a woman, and for every child under rishes saved 7961. 6s. 14d. 12 years of age; and one-sixth for As the advantages arising from the every other child under 12 years." union could no longer be doubted,
Here it is said, " for the first time Upper Hardes, Horton, Lyminge, limits are fixed, and the poor are told Lympne, Standford, and Smeeth, all the painful but necessary truth, that joined in the plan, and in eighteen they must principally rely for support months the eleven parishes found a on their own exertions.''
surplus of £1515 6s. 4d. the offering them a premium to As a general account of the savings be idle, the best method we can de- may not be much attended to, I shall vise to promote industry? Let us see annex a more particular statement what experience says to it. As stub- of the parishes in the following tables,