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For DECEMBER, 1807.

| New Series.

“We shall never envy the honours which wit and learning obtain in any o:her cause, if we can be numbered among the writers who have given ardour to virtue, and confidence to truth."DR. JOHNSON.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. MARQUIS TOWNSHEND. under the tuition of Mr. Lowe, for. OF F a name so long celebrated in merly master of Litchfield school, a

the political annals of the last seminary which has received addicentury, and embalined to posterity in tional celebrity by affording the rudithe glowing language of Burke, curi- ments of education to Dr. Johnson. ozity must be eager to learn some Lord Townshend, early in life, en, thing; and now that the venerable tered into the Guards, having obtained and justly-admired character which a commission immediately on finishwe are about to delineate is removed ing his education, and at a period from this world, envy can have no when he did not exceed eighteen motive to depreciate, nor friendship to years of age. Great Britain happened applaud beyond the just measure of then to be at war with France, and a his excellence. We have repeatedly fair prospect therefore presented itself had occasion to insist upon the supe- of combining theory with practice, rior claims of this species of biogra- and acquiring both' knowledge and phy; and it is no small recommenda- preferment. George II. a warlike tion, where knowledge is to be ac- sovereign, commanded in person quired that it should come pure to our against the enemy on the continent, minds.

and the Hon. Mir. Townshend had an Field-Marshal George Townshend, opportunity of making a campaign Marquis Townshend, of Rainham, in under the eye of that monarch.' He the county of Norfolk, was born on served with the rank of a subaltern at the 28th of February, 1724, 0. S. the memorable battle of Dettingen, He was the eldest son of Charles, late where the Duke of Cumberland comLord Viscount Townshend, by a Hert- manded the English, and the Marfordshire heiress, Miss Audrey Harri- shal de Noailles the French army; son, daughter of Edward Harrison, but he soon after procured the rank Esq. of Balls.

of captain in the first regiinent of foot Lord Townshend, at an early period, guards, which of course gave hin the betook himself to the profession of rank of lieutenant-colonel in the arms; and there are few'men of the army. present day who have seen a greater It appears, however, that Colonel variety of service. Connected with Townshend's advancement did not the first whig families in this king, seem suificiently rapid for the gratidom, and being a youth of talents and cation of his anibition, and that he reenterprise, there is but little wonder tired at the close of the campaign. that his military career should have His merits and pretensions howeier been at once brilliant and rapid. like his interest, inust have been very

It was previously, however, and high in the public estimation. wisely determined that he should en Having now in some measure rejoy the advantages resulting from a signed all idea of a military lite, the good education; and he and his bro- views of Mr. Townshend were di ther Charles* were accordingly placed rected towards another channel, 17

less favourable to the expectations les * It was Charles, whose character had formed of adv:ucement in the Burke drew in such admirable lan- state: and as bis family possessed guare.

large property and considerable indien UNIVERSAL Mag. VOL. VIII.

ence in Norfolk, he became a candi- Norfolk, at the general election in date to represent that county in par. 1754. liament at the general election of Although Mr. Townshend ap1747, and was returned accordingly. peared to have abandoned the profes.

No sooner had he obtained his seat sion of arms for ever, yet he was still than he began to profess those princi- so far intluenced by his favourite purples of whiggism which he had im- suits that he constantly spoke whenbibed in his early youth, and which it ever any military topics were brought had ever been the pride of his family before the house. A measure of this to cultivate and support

. Nor did he kird, big and important in its consenow forget to resist those petty abuses quences, was agitated in the year which he had witnessed while in the 1756, in which he took a decided army. He had beheld the halbert part. This was the famous system of snatched from the veteran serjeant, a national militia. Mr. Townshend and the well-earned knot torn from was one of the most strenuous supe the shoulders of the deserving corpo- porters of this measure, and used his ral, at the arbitrary will and caprice utmost exertions to render it efof a superior oficer; and in one me- fectual. At length, after being agimorable instance he bad seen govern- tated for more than a twelvemonth, ment itself stoop to the baseness and and recommended by a speech from injustice of wresting a pair of colours the throne, the bill was carried, but from the hands of a young cornet, not without many warm debates and (Mr. Pitt, afterwards Earl of Chat- many alterations. Mr. Townshend ham) calculated by nature to preside acquired no small share of honour and in the councils of his country, and popularity by the active part which he fated soon after to wield her thunders took in this measure. with irresistible success against. the So great indeed was his reputation, ambitious house of Bourbon.

that in 1750, when a war with France With such instances as these, fresh appeared inevitable, he not only obin his recollection, we need not be sur- tained the restoration of his former prised that, on the third reading of the rank, but, on the 6th of June, had the mutiny bill in 1749, Colonel Towns- command of the 6th regiment conhend distinguished liimself by his hu- ferred upon him. manity; and towards the conclusion In the memorable expedition against of a very able speech, moved to add Quebec, under the immortal Wolfe, the following clause," that no non- Colonel Townshend was selected as commissioned officer should be liable third in command, and obtained the to be broken without the sentence of rank of brigadier-general, with an a court martial."

express stipulation however on his On this occasion Mr. Townshend part, that he should return at the end found many supporters; but he was of the campaign. Accordingly, he opposed also by men of rank and ia- sailed with the squadron, destined lents, and even by Mr. Pitt himself. for that attack, about the middle of

Nir. Townshend now thought of Feb. 1759. The honour he obtained settling in life, and an honourable and in this business was great: in the advantageous alliance was soon found course of the action the command defor him, in the person of Charlotte, volved upon him, io consequence of Baroness de Ferrars of Chartiy, only the death of Wolfe, and General daughter of Janies Conpion, Earl of Monckton being dangerously woundNorthampton, by Lady Elizabeth, ed. On this he instantly repaired to Baroness de Ferrars. In this lady, the centre in order to take upon himto whom he became united in Feb. self the direction of the troops, and 1751, was concentrated the ancient finding them disordered, in cons:baronies of De Ferrars, Chartley, quence of the pursuit which had taBourchier, Louvain, Basset, and ken place, he formed them again Compton, al baronies in fee; and in with all possible expedition. consequence of this match, be ob

On the particulars of this camtainerl a very considerable accession paign, or its successful termination, it to bis fortune. Mr. Tawnshend was will not be necessary to dwell: sufagain returned for the county of tice it to observe, that Quebec being

reduced, together with a great por- Lord Townshend, and succeeded to tion of the adjacent country, and the considerable estates in Norfolk; and inhabitants on all sides having come in the same year, he was appointed to in and sworn allegiance to the English the high and important office of lordgovernment, Brigadier-Gen. Towns- lieutenant of Ireland. Few noblehend, who had accepted his commis- men of that day were better adapted sion on the express stipulation that he for this eminent situation. His lordshould return to England at the end ship was gay, gallant, shewy in his of the campaign, now prepared for person and address; he possessed a his departure.

Previously to this, popular eloquence, and was calcuhowever, he took the most effectual lated to win the confidence of the measures for securing his conquests, people over whom he was delegated and left a strong garrison at Quebec, to rule. One unfortunate event, consisting of 5000 effective men; and however, occurred during this peimmediately after this he embarked riod, for, having given some umbrage with Admiral Saunders, and arrived to Lord Bellamont during his resiin England at the beginning of the dence in Ireland, that nobleman fol. winter of 1759.

lowed him to England, and a duel About a month after the siege of ensued, in which the latter was Quebec, and during his absence in wounded. America, Brigadier-general Towns As the dispute between these nohend obtained an old regiment (the blemen occasioned much noise at the 28th), in exchange for the young one time, and as the whole breathes the (the 64th), which he had before come spirit of ancient chivalry, it may not manded; a circumstance which must be uninteresting to detail the particuhave been equally gratifying and all- Jars in this place. vantageous to a professional man, as On Lord Townshend's return froin it continued him on the establish, his government in Ireland, Lord Belment in time of peace.

lamont repaired to England, and emIn 1761, we find him serving in ployed the late Earl of Charlemont to Germany, when he was raised to the wait on the Ex-viceroy with the fol. rank of major-general; as there were lowing paper, explanatory of the namany superior officers, he had no op- ture of the offence given at the castle portunity of distinguishing himself by of Dublin, in Feb. 1770:any separate command; he returned I wait upon your lordship, by to' England therefore to attend his desire of Lord Bellamont, first, io re. parliamentary duties, and about this turn your lordship bis thanks for the time was chosen a third time to repre- recommendations to the king with sent the county of Norfolk.

which you honoured him, and for Soon after this, the dominions of which it was his intention to have our ally, the King of Portugal, being thanked you in person, if you had menaced by the enemy, a considera- done him the favour to receive him ble body of British troops was em- the last time that he attended, by barked for the protection of this king, your lordship's appointment, for a dom. Major-general Townshend private audience. was selected on this occasion as a pro “ I am further to acquaint your per officer to command the British; Lordship, that Lord Bellamont but having obtained no opportunity thought it his duty not to break in of distinguishing himself, he returned upon your Lordship upon an earlier home, not however without many day, lest he should intorrupt you in marks of respect from the King of giving an account of your high comPortugal, and among others, a valua- mission to the King, or in taking an ble diamond ring, which was given account of your own important atlairs, to him with the king's own hand. But as your Lordship has now been

At the conclusion of the war Ge, twelve days in town, he conceives neral Townshend was nominated lier- that he may, with propriety, remind tenant-general, under the Marquis of your Lordship of the disrespect Granby, who was appointed master-ge- ihrown upon bim by the message des neral of the Ordnance. On the death

of livered to him tronı your Lordsbip, by his father, Mar. 12, 1764, he became your Aid-de-Camp, of which Lurd

Bellamont makes no doubt that your attention, as it nearly concerns a reLordship, retains a pertect recollec- spectable corps of Officers.'—This, tion; it having been of that force as my Lord, is, as Lord Bellamont con. to have obliged bim to resign his em- ceives, an exact state of the reciprocal ployment in the army, in order that messages which passed between your lie inight be at liberty to call upon Lordship and Lord Bellainont; but your Lordship for ar adequate apo- as be did not take then down in writlogy, without incurring the King's ing, he cannot positively aver displeasure. But lest your Lordship syllable. This, however, he can poshould not have a minute recollection sitively affirm, ibat säch was the matof that transaction at this distance of ter of the message, and he terins in time, Lord Belumont has stated it as which it was conceived, though mani. follows:

festly sotiened by the Ad-de-Camp, “ When Lord Bellamont, after se- that the idea whicle it conveyed io veral repcaled attendances, by ap- every person present, was that of an pointment, on all occasions be had intentional indignity, wintonly cast been put off without seeing your Lord- on Lord Bellam.ont by your Lordship. ship, did again wait upon your Lord “ Lord Bellamont coletes that ship by appointment, the Aid-de- an Aid-de-Camp is the anihentic Camp in waiting, having gone down messenger of his superior, and, thereto your Lordship and returned, ad- fore, that the message delivered by dressed Lord Bellamont in an audible the one, is as the litera scripta ot the voice, and acquainted him, " that he other. Lord Bellamont considers need not wait any longer, for that your your Lordship, alone responsible to Lordsbip would not be at leisure to him, and your Lordslip the only persee him that day;" and at the same son with whom he is to account. time, turning to several other persoris The injury is of public notoriety, and of different ranks and professions, he therefore an attront upon record, told them, “ that your Lordship re- which does not admit of any neguciaquested they would wait, as your Lord- tion." ship would see thein, however late it Lord Townshend having asked might be before you could finish with what apology Lord Bellamont rethem," or words to that effect. Lord quired?' Lord Charlemont read the Bellamont replied to the Aid-de- following article: Camp, " His Excellency will be “ The only apology which the papleased to ascertain at what time he ture of the offence will admit of, is will see me. I have already waited that of asking Lord Bellamont's parseveral times, by appointment, and don. Lord Bellamont does not mean have been sent away each time !" To to hurry your Lordship in any thing, which the Aid-de-Camp brought but expects your Lordship's answer back the following message to Lord in a reasonable time, at all events one Bellamont :-" His Excellency com- day at least before your Lordship mands me to inform your Lordship, leaves town.". that he usually does military business Lord Townshend made answer: on Wednesdays, and any other busi- “ I cannot ask pardo:), as it would be ness on Thursdays; that if your Lord- an acknowledgement of an offence I ship comes on either of those days, never intended” and that his Excellency shall be at Lord Charlemont replied--" I am leisure, he will see you among others not at liberty to take back any other in your turn." To which Lord Bella. answer to Lord Bellamont, than that mont replied, “ Sir, you will be so your Lordship asks his pardon, or de. good as to inform his Excellency, that sires to take time to consider of ask. as a Peer of the Realm, I have a right ing it. I therefore entreat yorit Lord. to an audience; but if his Excellency ship will retject before you lay me does not know what he owes to me, I under the necessity of delivering anoknow what I owe to myself, and ther message to your Lordship, which therefore will not wait upon him here Lord Bellamont sends with the utor elsewhere; I will write a letter to most regret, and which I shall deliver his Excellency, stating iny business, with equal reluctancy:" to which I expect he will shew due Lord Townshend having persisted

in bis refusal, Lord Charlemont read to deliver to me, I must beg leave to to Lord Townshend the following call in Lord Charlemont, in order message:

that, as Colonel Frazer was present “ I am enjoined by Lord Bella- at the delivery of my message to Lord mont to tell your Lordship, from Townshend, Lord Charlemont may him, that be considers you divested be present at the delivery of Lord of every principle that constitutes the Townshend's message to me;" to character of a man of honour.'' which Lord Ligonier immediately

Upon Lord Charlemont's delivery consented. of this last message, Lord Townshend Lord Charlemont being called in, begged his pe. mission to call in a Lord Bellamont said, the transaction friend to be witness of it. Colonel had, he supposed, been related to Frazer having come in, Lord Towns. Lord Ligonier on the part of Lord hend requested that Lord Charleront Townshend. He wished it should be would ayam read this last message. related by Lord Charlemont, on the Lord Charemont read the chuire part of himself, for he should be con. paper a second time, and being re- cerved to be misconceived by Lord quested by Lord Townshend to carry Ligonier, for whom he had a high reback an answer to Lord Bellamont, spect; and the moment Lord Ligonier Lord Charlemont, conformable to his should have delivered my Lord private instructions froin Lord Bella- Townshend's message, he did not niont, replied, that any message Lord think it proper for himself or friend Townshend might have to send, might to speak' another word; of which be sent by a messenger of his own. Lord Ligonier having expressed bis

On Saturday, the 26th, at half an approbation, Lord Charlemont read hour afier tieven o'clock, Lord Beila. the paper to Lord Ligonier, which he mout received the following letter bad, by Lord Bellamont's desire, read from Lord Ligonier :

to Lord Townshend. Lord Ligonier Dec. 26, 1772. then addressing Lord Bellamont, said, " My LORD-I have mes age to

“What will your Lordship say, when, deliver to your Lordship from Lord botwithstanding the force of this Townshend, and beg to know when I message, I tell you I am authorised may be allowed to wait on you.

by Lord Townshend to assure your " I have the honour to be, My Lord, Lordship he never meant to oitend Your Lordship’s most obédient,' you ?” Lord Bellamont, after a little " Most humble servant,

pause, replied, “ I conless, my Lord,

" LIGONIER.” this is more than I expected, but To the Earl of Bellamont.

since then Lord Townshend's first

is to justify his intentions towards To which Lord Bellamont sent the following answer :

me, even under bis present situation,

bet hin do it in such a manner as to • My Lord-I this moment re- justity me in releasing him from that ceived the honour of your Lordship's situation. The apolosy your Lordletter, communicating to me that you ship has now delivered to me, is not have a message to deliver to me from Lord Townshend, and desiring to

yet entirely sutticient." know when I shall be at home to re- back to my Lord Townshend, and

Lord Ligonier desired leave to go ceive your Lordship; I shall not go shortly returned with the following abroad to-morrow, but will wait at home to have the honour of receiving ready assured your Lord lip lie never

" Lord Townshend has al

message: your Lordship, and any commands

meant to oriend you. He further asyou may have for me. I have the honour to be, &c, Lord Bellamont then said, “ Before

sures you lie is sorry for the attair." “ BELLAMONT. To Lord Viscount Ligonier."

I proceed any further, I must desire

that Lord Ancram be sent for, as he Note.-On Sunday morning, at has this morning accepted the office eleven o'clock, Lord Ligonier waited of being my friend in the field, if I on Lord Bellamont, who anticipating should be called upon." Lord AnLord Ligonier, said, “ Before I re cram being arrived, and nformed by ceive the message your Lordship has Lords Charlemont and Ligouier of


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