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N° XLVIIl.-Vol. VIII.]
For NOVEMBER, 1807.
“ We shall never envy the honours which wit and learning ob'ain in any wher cause, if we can be wambered among the writers who have given ardour to virtuen and confidence to truth."-Dr.JOHNSON.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. WILLIAM MARKHAM, LL.B. Arch- Christ Church. The deanery of Christ
bishop of York, &c. &c. Church is a dignity of very great imTHIS distinguished prelate was portance and responsibility, involving 1720, and was the son of an officer at thedral. that time with his regiment in Ire In 1769, he was chosen to preach land, and who was of a Nottingham- the Concio ad Clerum to the synod of shire family. He was educated at the province of Canterbury. On this Westminster school, and removed to occasion he demonstrated, with great Christ Church, Oxford, where he took force of argument and eloquence of the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1742, language, that whatever in human and that of Master in 1745. At school knowledge is vain and fanciful has and at college he was distinguished by always been contrary to true religion ; the elegance of his exercises, and par- while it never opposed that learning ticularly of his Latin verses.
which is contormable to reason and About the year 1750, Dr. Markham nature. He bestowed a just encowas appointed first master of Westmin-mium on the character of Newton ster school; and he continued to dis- and his views in, philosophy, and at charge, with great reputation, the la- the same time lashed, with deserved borious duties of that useful and ho- severity, the metaplıysicians of the nourable employment until January French school, who were then at1764. During his being master of tempting to carry their designs into this school, we can truly assert, that execution, by darkening and perplexo none who preceded him was more ing the human understanding, and truly beloved, or held in greater re- bringing into contempt whatever had spect by the youth of that highly- been esteemed sacred in religion, esteemed seminary of learning: In- science, or government. The Concio deed we have heard numbers of those was published, together with a Latin who were under his care, and who are speech made on presenting Dr. Thomas now in the first situations in the coun- as prolocutor to the higher house of try. mention Dr. Markham with the convocation. utmost regard and veneration.
In January 1771, Dr. Markham An able first master of Westminster was consecrated Bi-hop of Chester, is too prominent a person to be over- and in the succeeding month was, in Jooked by those who have the disposal the first establishment for the eduof preterment. We find accordingly cation of the Prince of Wales, chosen that in 1759, Dr. Markham, was pro- preceptor to his royal highness. Dr. moted to the second stall in Durham Cyril Jackson, the present dean of cathedral, while he held the master. Christ Church, was at the same time ship; and in 1765, to the deanery of appointed sub-preceptor. Rochester, after he had resigned it. In June 1770, a new establishment Both promotions were most probably was formed, when Dr. Markham was owing to patrons, to whom he had succeeded by Dr. Hurd, the present been recommended by his public Bishop of Worcester, and Dr. Jackservices.
son by Mr. Arnold, tutor of St. John's In 1767, he vacated the deanery of College, Cambridge. Why Dr. MarkRochester, and was created dean of ham and Dr.Jackson were not allowed UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. VIII.
to complete the education of the is said, of the most amiable kind. Prince of Wales, not generally with great learning, he was morest; known: their successors had been though raised to the highest station, celebrate i tutors at Cambridge, and he was neck and bumble. they had been distinguished at Ox ligion was a religion of the mind; ford. It seems, therefore, that it was practised, in all the concerns of lite, intended to afford bis royal highness without austerity, and tree from osiem the united advantages that might be tation; a strici integrity, and bigh expected from tho e who exceiled in sen-e of honour, were conspicuous in the different pursuits of the two all vis dealings; and his promis universities. This at least is known, were unbrohen. The mildness of that Dr. Markham, in the discharge bis femper rindered him induigert of his duty, gave great satisfaction to to the faults of others, and nace nim the King, who personally superin- a conde-cencing, engaging, and is tended the educarlou of his son, and strucing companion. Those who, that he has always retained a very in early lite', bad :he happiness of beenviable portion of the royal favour. ing his pupils, universally agree, that, The following anecdote may be men- as an instructor, he had to trual. tioned in proof: Mr. Piti promised to li is ditficult to say, whether he most a friend tlie deunery of York, when excelled in his minner of copiering it should become vecant by the deaih knowledge, or in exciting you to of Dr. Funtayne; but he iras obliged laudable pursuis; in vioning their to revoke the promise, having tound minds with your principles, or in era that the King, in consequence of an dicating bad; in extolling the happiapplication from Dr. Varkbam, 11- neys of virtue, or in exposing the tended it for his second son, the Rev. misery of vice. His knowledge in George Markham, who now enjoys Greek and Roman literature was uniit.
ver-al; bis taste pure, and his topoOn January 20, 1777, Dr. Mark- graphis al accuracy most uncommon; ham was tran:lated to the archbishop- with these requisites, he never failed ric of York. His lite, as it can be to insure the attention of his scholien, viewed by a distant observer, appears and to enliven his lectures by pleasing to have been an uninterrupted series and interesting anecdotes. He was of uncommon feliciiy. Distinguished so perfectly master of the proper inat a great school and an eminelit col- cenuvestir different dispositions, that lege, over both of which he was after- the studious were ever ambitious of wards cailed to preside, and over the his praise, whilst the idle feared his former at a very early period of life; rebuke. After having successively advancing in preterineits and repu- presided over those great seminaries, tation until he was promoied to a Westminster and Christ Church, his bishopric, and selected for an em- characier and learning recommended ploynient, with the due execution him as worthy to direct the education of which the future happiness of his of royal highnesses the Prince country was inunate y connected; of Wales and the Duke ci York; an afterwards rewarded by the second event which, notwithstanding some dignity of the English church, which illiberal opposition, led to that rank, he held nearly thirty-one years; the which he so honourably reached, and father of a numerous and prosperous so creditably tilled. family, and continued, till within a It does not appear that the Archyear or two of bis death?, in an ex: bishop of York was ever engaged in treme but vigorous old age, able to works for ide press, though no one feel all the liappiness of his situation; was more consulted by oihers. In what has he not enjoyed of those the great assembly of Peers he se!dom things which are supposed to con- spoke; but, when once attacked in stitute the splendid or the solid satis- a very pointed manner, for party purfactions of lite? These satintactions poses, he defended himself with great he did enjoy, and he enjoyed them spirit and eloquence. He was not a worthily.
florid nor a frequent preacher. He Of the virtues of this prelate fame particularly di-dained those arts by has not been silent. Th 'y were, it which popularity is often acquired
from the pulpit: but, in the exercise High Almoner to the King, and of his cle: Ical functions, his voice was Visitor of Queen's College, Oxclea”, distinct, and melodions. His ford. language was renvarkable for its sim In his person, the Archbishop of plicity and elegance; his sentences York was tall and graceful; in his were concise and perspicuous: and manners and address, extremely dighis manner in public, as in private, nified; and, in his conversation, inwas animated, 'dignited, and per- structive, entertaining, and lively. sua ile.
He passed an honourable life in the In all the relations of life, this truly service of his King, his Country, and great man was peculiarly happy. As the Church, with the additional lustre a busband be wis beloved; as a father, of every social and private virtue; revered; as a master, served with at- and closed the scene, with a death, rection; as a patron and benefactor, worthy that high and sacred ottice his bounties were felt and gratefully which he had so long and deservedly acknowledged. His establishment filled. was princely without para le, and his One of his Grace's sons is a rearhospitality noble. Bv bis assisting admiral in the British teet; and anhand the churc!rs of York, Ripoi, oiher Chancellor of the Diocese of and Southwell, were rep. ired, orna- York. mented, and beautified. Throughout The remains of this venerable prean extensive diocese, bis clergy look- late were interred in Westminster ed up to him with respect and de- Abbey: The procession was solemn ference; and all listened to him with and affecting; it moved in the follove and adıniration. He was blessed lowing order : with six sons and seven daughters.
TE WEAR-E, youth; and a belored and gallant son, Drawn by six horses, decorated with after having obtained the rank of lieu
black pleine tenant-cuionel in the army, fell glo. Six mourning coaches and six, in the riously in the service of his king and fist of which was the Dean of York, country. His Grace had the happi his Grace's eldest son, as Chief ness of seeing some of his children Mourner. greatly, and others well allied; with
Mr. William Markham, and several the additional satisfaction, in bis de- of bis Grace's 'grand-children, the clining years, of viewing the foun. Deau of Christchurch, and Mr. Batt, dation of a large posterily, annually were in the other carriages. increasing thicugh a lengthening
The family carriage, drawn by six chain of hifty grand-children. To enumerate all the great qualities closed the processjon.
horses, with three servants behind, of this venerable man is not possible. Those who have heard his sentiments,
On its arrival at the Abbey, it was and listened to his precepts, will feel received by the Dean and Chapter that notbing
in this duineation of Westminster. After the funeral is exaggerated; they will recognize, service, the coifin was lowered into with pleasure, some of those traits the grave, in the Cloisters, close to which their own recollection cannot
his Grace's late brotlier's. The coffin tail to contirm.
was very clegant, and covered with To these virtues also be added the mazarine blue velvet, with rich gilt still
greater one of landable and just plates, and gilt nails. On the plate economy. He was not parsimon us, was in-criberi his Grace's age; he was neither was he indi-creetly lavishi.
in his syth year. He is said to bave lett
acies to the
The portrait which accompanies amount of 100,000 pounds. He de- this memoir was taken from a paintparted this life on Tue-day, Oc:. 27, ing in tile Hall of Christ Church, 1807, at his town residence in South Oxford, which was executed about Audley-street,
Besides his title of the year 1777. Primate of England, he was Lord
An Account of New FOUNDLAND and fend the stomach from the penetratits Inhalitunts.
ing effects of cold
The nature of their aliment imparts (Extracted from Heriot's Travels
to their constitutivn that fulness, and through C'anada.]
to their complexion that greasy salpoint of magnitude, may be Their head is large in proportion, and classed among the islands of the first their face round and fat; their lips are extent, is, in fertility of soil, as far as thick ; their eyes dark, small, and it bas hitherto been explored, much sparkling, but inexpressive; their nose inferior to any of similar dimensions. is fat; their hair black, long, and Whether it ever had native inhabi- lank; their shoulders are large; and tants has not been fully ascertained, their feet uncommonly small. They and its sterility, were it even as real are disposed to be lively, are subtle
, as is supposed, is not a sufficient rea- cunning, addicted to theft, irritable
, son for asserting that it never had but easily intimidated ; and incapable any; as the natives of America, in ge- of long entertaining, or conceiling, neral, derive their subsistence, not sentiments of hatred or revenge. from the vegetable productions of the They are the only people on the an. soil, but from tishing and the chase. tinent of America, who, in character The Eskimaux are the only people or appearance, exhibit the smallest who have been found there, and they resemblance to the inhabitants of the are by no means to be accounted abo- northern parts of Europe. rigines of the country. The neigh The r covering is made of the skins bouring territory of Labrador is their of seals, or of wild animals, or of native land, where they pass the those of the land and sea fowls
, greatest part of the year; and, unat- which frequent their territory, and tached to any particular spot. wander which they have acquired the art of over an immense tract of desert and sewing together. A species of capuinhospitable wilds, although their chin, or coat with a hood, fitted numbers, it collected, would scarcely closely to the body, and descending people two or three villages. Through- to the middle of the thigh, forms a out' this prodigious and dreary ex- principal part of their dress. They panse of region, called by the Spa- wear also trowsers of the same mateniards Labrador, and by the French rials, drawn together before and be New Brittany, wbich is bounded by bind with a cord. Several pairs of the river St. Lawrence, and the socks, with boots, are worn by both North Sea, and also by the coasts of sexes, to defend the legs and feet Newfoundland, no savages, the Eski- from the penetrating cold. The dress of maux excepted, are to be met with the women is distinguished from that They are likewise found at a consi- of the men by a tail, which falls a derable distance from Hudson's Bay, considerable way down, by their caon rivers which flow from the west. puchins being much larger towards ward.
the shoulders, in order to cover their Their name is said to be derived children, when they wish to carry from a word in the Abinaquis lan- them on their backs; and by their guage, Esquimantsic, importing, an boots being much wider, and ornaeater of raw flesh; they being the mented with whalebone. In tliese only people known in North Ame- they frequently place their infants for rica, who use their food in that state. safety, and for warmth. Sone of the They are likewise the only savages men wear shirts made of bladders of who permit their beards to grow. the sea-calf, sewed together with a They assume the appellation of Kera- needle of bone, the thread being lite, or men. They are of a middling formed of the nerves of animals, mistature, generally robust, lusty, and nutely divided. of a brown colour. The oil of the They are averse from industry or exwhale, and that of the sea-cow and ertion, and seldom give themselves the purpus, constitute the most essential trouble of constructing wigwams, op part of their food, contributing to de- huts. The warmth of their stomach,