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“ We shall never envy the honours which wit and learning ob'ain in any wher cause, if we can be numbered among the writers who have given ardour to virtleg and confidence to truth."-Dr.JOHNSON.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. WILLIAM MARKHAM, LL.B. Arch- Christ Church. The deanery of Christ to compleie the education of the is said, of the most amiable kind. Prince of Wales, is not generally With great learning, he was motet; known: their succe-sors had been though raised to the bigliest cation, celebrate i tutors at Cambridge, and he was neck and bumble. His rethey had been distinguished at Ox ligion was a religion of ite mind; ford. It seems, therefore, that it was practised, in all the concerns of lite, intended to attord his royal highness without austerity, and free from osiedthe united advantages that might be tation; a suici integrity. anu bich expected from tho e who exceiled in sense of honour, were con picuous in the different pursuits of the two all bois dealings; and his promises universities. This at least is known, were unbrohen. The mildness of that Dr. Markham, in the discharge bis femper rindered him indulgent of his duty, gave great satisfaction to to the faults ot others, and niace him the King, who personally superin- a conde-cencing, engaging, and in. tended the educa'10 of his son, and struciing companion. Those ubo, that he has always retained a very in early lite', bad she happ ness of beenviable portion of the royal favour. ing his pupils, universally agree, that, The following anecdote may be men- as an instructor, he had to ecual. tioned in proof: Mr. Pit: promised to luis dithcult to say, whether he me a friend tlie deinery of York, when excelled in his minner of contering it should become vacant by the deaib koowledge, or in exciting jolib to of Dr. Funtayne; but he was obliged laudable pursuits; in sioning their to revoke the promise, having found minds with oui principles, or in erathat the King, in consequence of an dicating bad; in extolling the happiapplication from Dr. Markham, In- neys of villne, or in exposing the tended it for his second son, the Rer. misery of vice. His knowledge in George Markhan), who now enjoy's Greek and Roman literature was uniit. "

bishop of York, &c. &c. Church is a dignity of very great imTHIS distinguished prelate was portance and responsibility, involving

1 born in Ireland, about the year ihe care both of a college and a ca1720, and was the son of an officer at thedral. . that time with his regiment in Ire- In 1769, he was chosen to preach land, and who was of a Nottingham- the Concio ad Clerum to the synod of shire family. He was educated at the province of Canterbury. On this Westminster school, and removed to occasion he deinonstrated, with great Christ Church Oxford, where he took force of argument and eloquence of the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1742, language, that whatever in human and that of Master in 1745. At'school knowledge is vain and fanciful has and at college he was distinguished by always been contrary to true religion; the elegance of his exercises, and par- while it never opposed that learning ticularly of his Latin verses. . which is contormable to reason and

About the year 1750, Dr. Markham nature. He bestowed a just encowas appointed first master of Westmin- mium on the character of Newton ster school; and he continued to dis- and his views in philosophy; and at charge, with great reputation, the la- the same time lashed, with deserved borious duties of that useful and ho- severity, the metaplıysicians of the nourable employment until January French school, who were then at1764. During his being master of tempting to carry their designs into this school, we can truly assert, that execution, by darkening and perplexnone who preceded him was more ing the human understanding, and truly beloved, or held in greater re- bringing into contempt whatever had spect by the youth of that highly- been esteemed sacred in religion, esteemed seminary of learning : In- science, or government. The Concio deed we have heard numbers of those was published, together with a Latin who were under his care, and who are speech made on presenting Dr. Thomas now in the first situations in the coun- as prolocutor to the higher house of try, mention Dr. Markham with the convocation. utmost regard and veneration.

In January 1771, Dr. Markham An able first master of Westminster was consecrated Bi-hop of Chester, is too prominent a person to be over- and in the succeeding month was, in Jooked by those who have the disposal the first establishment for the eduof preterment. We find accordingly cation of the Prince of Wales, chosen that in 1759, Dr. Markham, was pro- preceptor tv his royal highness. Dr. moted to the second stall in Durham Cyril Jackson, the present dean of cathedral, while he held the master. Christ Church, was at the same time ship; and in 1765, to the deanery ot appointed sub-preceptor. Rochester, after he had resigned it. In June 1770, a new establishment Both promotions were most probably was formed, whep Dr. Markham was owing to patrons, to whom he had succeeded by Dr. Hurd, the present been recommended by his public Bishop of Worcester, and Dr. Jackservices.

sop by Mr. Arnold, tutor of St. John's In 1767, he vacated the deanery of College, Cambridge. Why Dr. MarkRochester, and was created dean of ham and Dr.Jackson were not allowed

UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. VIII. 3C

versal; bio taste pure, and his topoOn January 20, 1777, Dr. Mark- graphic al accuracy most uncommon; ham was tranlat: to use archbishope with these requisites, he never failed ric of York. His lite, as it can be to insure the attention of his scholi, viewed by a distant observer, appears and to enliven his lectures by pleasing to have been an uninterrupted series and interesting anecdotes. He was of uncommon teliciiy. Distinguished so pertectly master of the proper in. at a great school and an eminent col- centives for different dispositions, that lege, over both of which he was after- the studious were ever' ambitious of wards called to preside, and over the his praise, whilst the idle feared his former at a very early period of lite; rebuke. After having successively advancing in preferuieüts and repu- presided over those great seminaries, tation unul he was promoied to a Westminster and Christ Church, his bishopric, and selected for an em- characier and learning recommended ployment, with the due execution him as worthy to direct the education of which the future happiness of his of ticir royal highnesses the Prince country was inunately connected; of Wales and the Duke of York; an afterwards rewarded by the second event which, notwithstanding some dignity of the Engish church, which illiberal opposition, led to that rank, he held nearly thirty-one years; the which he so honourably reached, and father of a numerous and prosperous so creditably filled. family, and continued, till within a It does not appear that the Archyear or two of bis death, in an ex: bishop of York was ever engaged in

treme but vigorous old age, able to works for ihe press, though no one · feel all the happiness of his situation; was more consulted by others. In

what has he not enjoyed of those the great assembly of Peers he seldom things which are supposed to con- spoke; but, when once attacked in stiiute the splendid or the solid satis- a very pointed manner, for party purfactions of lite? These satisfactions poses, he defended himself with great he did enjoy, and he enjoyed them spirit and eloquence. He was not a wortbily.

florid nor a frequent preacher. He Of the virtues of thin nrelate fame particularly di-dained those arts by has not been silent. Th'y were, it wbich popularity is often acquired

from the pulpit: but, in the exercise High Almoner to the King, and of lis clerical functions, his voice was Visitor of Queen's College, Oxclear, distinct, and melodious. His ford. language was renvarkable for its sim- In his person, the Archbishop of plicity and elegance; his sentences York was tall and graceful; in his were concise and perspicuous, and manners and address, extremely dig. his manner in public, as in private, nified; and, in his conversation, inWus animated, dignited, and per- structive, entertaining, and lively. suajse

He passed an honourable life in the In all the relations of life, this truly service of his King, bis Country, and great man was peculiarly happy. As the Church, with the additional lustre a busband be was beloved; as a father, of every social and private virtue; revered; as a master, served with af- and closed the scene, with a death, rection; as a patron and benefactor, worthy that high and sacred othce his bounties were felt and gratefully which he had so long and deservediy acknowledged. His establishment filled. was princely without paracle, and his One of his Grace's sons is a rearhospitality noble. Bv his assisting admiral in the British fleet; and anband the churcRs of York, Ripoll, oiher Chancellor of the Diocese of and Southwell, were rep. ired, oina. York. mented, and beautified. Throughout The remains of this venerable prean extensive diocese, his clergy look- late were interred in Westminster ed up to him with respect and de- Abbey. The procession was solemn ference; and all listened to him with and affecting; it moved in the follove and admiration. He was blessed lowing order : . with six sons and seven daughters,

Two mutes,
Eleven of his children survive him. A plume of black feathers.
One daughter died in the prime of

THE ICARSE, youth; and a belored and gallant son, Drawn by six horses, decorated with after having obtained the rank ot lielia

black plumen tenant-colonel in the army, fell glo. Six mourning coache and six, in the riously in the service of his king and first of which was the Dean of York, country. His Grace had the happia his Grace's eldest son, as Chief ness of seeing some of his children Mourner. greatly, and others well allied; with Mr. William Markham, and several the additional satisfaction, in his de- of his Grace's grand-children, the clining years, of viewing the foun- Dean of Christchurch, and Mr. Batt, dation of a large posterity, annually were in the other carriages. increasing through a lengthening The family carriage, drawn by six chain of fifty grand-children.

horses, with three servants behind, To enumerate all the great qualities closed the procession. of this venerable man is not possible. Those who have heard his sentiments,

te: On its arrival at the Abbey, it was and listened to his precepts, will feel

Len received by the Dean and Chapter that nothing in this delineation of Westminster. After the funeral is exaggerated; they will recognize,

recognize service, the coitin was lowered into with pleasure, some of those trails

is the grave, in the Cloisters, close to which their own recollection cannot "

his Grace's late brothers. The coffin tail to contirm.

was very elegant, and covered with To these virtues also be added the nazarine blue velvet, with rich gilt still greater one of laudable and just plates, and gilt nails. On the plate economy. He was put parsidionicus,

was in cribed his Grace's age; he was. Werther was he indiscreetly lavish. in bis Syth year. He is said to bave left legacies to the The portrait which accompanies amount of 100,000 pounds. He de. this memoir was taken from a paintparted this life on Tue-day, Oct. 27, ing in the Hall of Christ Church, 1807, at his town residence in South Oxford, which was executed about Audley-street, Besides his title of the year 1777. Primate of England, he was Lord

An Account of Newfoundland and fend the stomach from the penetrate its Inhalitunts.

ing effects of cold

The nature of their aliment imparts [Extracted from Heriot's Travels

to their constitutivn that fulness, and

to through Canada.]

to their complexion that greasy sal. N EWFOUNDLAND, which, in lowness for which they are reniarked.

I point of magnitude, may be Their head is large in proportion, and classed anong the islands of the first their face round and flat; their lips are extent, is, in fertility of soil, as far as thick ; their eyes dark, small, and it has hitherto been explored, much sparkling, but inexpressive; their nose inferior to any of similar dimensions, is flat; their hair black, long, and Whether it ever had native inhabi- lank; their shoulders are large; and tants has not been fully ascertained, their feet uncommonly small. They and its sterility, were it even as real are disposed to be lively, are subtle, as is supposed, is not a sufficient rea- cunning, addicted to theft, irritable, son for asserting that it never had but easily intimidated ; and incapable any : as the natives of America, in ge- of long entertaining, or concealing, neral, derive their subsistence, not sentiments of hatred or revenge. from the vegetable productions of the They are the only people on the ad. soil, but from fishing and the chase. tinent of America, who, in character The Eskimaux are the only people or appearance, exhibit the snal.est who have been found there, and they resemblance to the inhabitants of the are by no means to be accounted abo- northern parts of Europe. rigines of the country. The neigh- Ther covering is made of the skins bouring territory of Labrador is their of seals, or of wild animals, or of native land, where they pass the those of the land and sea fowls, greatest part of the year; and, unat- which frequent their territory, and tached to any particular spot, wander which they have acquired the art of over an immense tract of desert and sewing together. A species of capuinhospitable wilds, although their chin, or coat with a hood, fitted numbers, it collected, would scarcely closely to the body, and descending people two or three villages. Through- to the middle of the thigh, forms a out this prodigious and dreary ex- principal part of their dress. They panse of region, called by the Spa- wear also trowsers of the same matepiards Labrador, and by the French rials, drawn together before and be. New Brittany, wbich is bounded by bind with a cord. Several pairs of the river St. Lawrence, and the socks, with boots, are worn by both North Sea, and also by the coasts of sexes, to defend the legs and feet Newfoundland, no savages, the Eski- from the penetrating cold. The dress of maux excepted, are to be met with. the women is distinguished from that They are likewise found at a consi. of the men by a fail, which falls a derable distauce from Hudsou's Bay, considerable way down, by their caon rivers which flow from the west. puchins being much larger towards ward.

the shoulders, in order to cover their Their name is said to be derived children, when they wish to carry from a word in the Abinaquis lan- them on their backs; and by their guage, Esquimantsic, importing, an boots being much wider, and ornacater of råw fiesh; they being the mented with whalebone. In these ouly people known in North Ame- they frequently place their infants for rica, who use their food in that state. safety, and for warmth. Sone of the They are likewise the only savages men wear shirts made of bladders of who permit their beards to grow. the sea-calf, sewed together with a They assume the appellation of Kera- needle of bone, the thread being lite, or men. They are of a middling formed of the nerves of animals, mi. stature, generally robust, lusty, and nutely divided. of a brown colour. The oil of the They are averse from industry or exwhale, and that of the sea-cow and ertion, and seldom give themselves the porpus, constitute the most essential trouble of constructing wigwams, or part of their food, contributing to de- huts. The warmth of their stomach,,

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