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person, decidedly averse to this op- from the hasty measures of James, pressive act; and humanity must blush which betray so complete an ignowhile she owns that it supposed a de- rance of human nature, so utrer a sire to embroil the affairs of Ireland, want of wisdom and consideration, in order to remove Ormond from the he turns with contempt and disgust. government, is supposed to have actu After three years of puerile despotated the cabal which carried it into ism, James fied to Ireland, as his execution.
last resource. His Catholic friends, A statute so mutually injurious with manly fidelity, tocked to his could not long exist as a barrier be- standard; and a tardy policy, too tween the two countries. In the flimsy to avoid detection, induced the year 1758, the free importation of forlorn fugitive to ofier protection Irish cattle was permitted, for a li- and iciendsbip to his estranged Protej. mited time, and renewed on the tant subjects. His authority, howexpiration of the grant.
ever, was short-lived, but the Irish The rude conflicts of individual Parliament boldly asserted nationa! ambition had now given way to the independence, and by repealing the insidious machinations of political act of settlement, menaced the Prointrigue. The cabinet was bent on testants with utter extirpation. The the downfall of Ormond; to achieve authority of the English House of this unjustifiable object, they stimu- Commons set every act of this Parlialated the catholics to exertion, by ment aside, and proclaimed an edict promises of indulgence. Various po- " For the security of their Majestics Jitical cabals ensued; but, happily, Protestant subjects in Ireland.” without any consequential effect on Not sati-fied with the security prothe unity necessary to be preserved cured for the Protestants by this act, between the two kingdoms. The the English Parliament extended the prudence of Ormond preserved pub- new oaths of allegiance to the people lic tranquillity, in spite of all factious of Ireland, and excluded Papists from opposition, till his removal gave the the rights they had been accustomed catholic party an imperious ascend, to enjoy, with undeviating severity. ancy. To complete the triumph of The statute now enacted repeals the this interest, the death of the king second of Elizabeth; and after exshortly took place, and James mount- cluding the Catholics from all places ed the throne, doomed to produce a of public trust, proceeds to forbid any permanency of rational government, person, who shall omit to take the through the mean of individual bi: oath of supremacy, to sit or vote in gotry and imbecility.
either House of Parliament; to proA series of indiscreet counsels now secute any suit in a court of law or took place. The Protestant militia equity; to be guardian of any child, was hastily disarmed, and the attor- esecutor or administrator of any will
. ney-general, and most of the judges, Should any native of Ireland infringe who were inclined to temperate pro- these articles, he was to forfeit fire ceedings, were removed with impo- hundred pounds for every particular litic abruptness. In advancing his orience. own religious opinions, or those Candour must own that these meawhich he conceived most conducive sures were unjustifiably severe. Re. to the welfare of mankind, James ligious restrictions might, for the purdid no more than we have seen Eliza- pose of general security, be, at this beth perform, with firmness and suc- juncture, politically necessary, but
But to the wary prudence of mere security did not need such sethe queen, the headstrong policy of vere exactions. When the Catholics James is sadly contrasted. Waving obtained temporary power under the all examination of the merits of their fugitive James, it does not appear, respective tenet:, the historian must from the writers least favourable to point with applause to the cautious de- their sentiments, that they exercised liberation with which Elizabeth felt any personal severities on the humbled her way in the prosecution of that Protestants. It assuredly is evident grand question, and the establish- that the English House of Commons ịnent of her chosen mode of faith; forgot this circumstance when it
DEXTERITY OF LOVE.
framed the statute from which we The Bee.-No. IV. have recapitulated several particulars. Floriferis ut apes in saltibus omnia libant, It is singular that no declaration of
LUCRETIUS. rights, similar to those obtained by
Scot YOUNG Lady of Namur, of good liainent; the liberties of Ireland, it a loss in conducting the corespondence may be supposed, were deemed suffi- which was to fix their repeated assig. ciently secure from the encroach- nations. A hair-dresser, not an unmerts of prerogative, by the declara- usual messenger of love, was chosen tion contained in the English Act of as the agent; but how escape the viSettlement; but perhaps we shall be giiance of her father, a widower, who nearer the truth in saying that the had a perpetual eye upon her conIrish did not dare, at this period, to duct? Singular as it may appear, claim any condescensions from the the old gentleman's wig was chosen Court of England. The student of as the letter-box. He wore a bag, history would scarcely believe that a which his daugliter used to take off new era of rational liberty took place every evening when he called for his in England at the close of the 17th night cap, and was sure to find a bilcentury, when he looked over the let from her lover, which the bair dependencies of that potent island. dresser had placed there in the morn, The first parliament, assembled by ing, when he atfixed the bag, and William, was prorogued almost as which the old gentleman had unsussoon as convened, because it refused pectingly carried about all the day. to agree to a bill for a new and une. She had sufficient time to peruse it, qual land-tax! No other Parliament and replace her answer, which the was assembled till 1095, though the hair-dresser withdrew in the mornEnglish Houses of Parliament were ing, to deliver to her lover. frequently supplicated in the mean ANTIQUARIAN SAGACITY. time to redress the crying grievances of In 1779, some exca ations being Ireland. A crooked and pernicious po- made in Paris, by order of the police, licy led\Villiam to pay no other atten- in search of stolen articles, said to be lion to his forlorn neighbour than such hidden between Belleville and Mont as drained her ot vital nourishment and Maitre, a stone was found, with an strength. Various destructive irregni- inscription in Roman characters, larities were countenanced by the which was deemed worthy of the Eng ish king, with a view of gratity- examination of the gentlemen of the ing the friends whom he could not academy, and a coinmittee was named otherwise reward by the profits of for this purpose. Here is the inscripforfeited lands. The pay of the army tion in its original order : was intercepted, and ihe soldiers not
с only permitted to live at tree quar
I ters, but to levy heavy contributions
L from the defenceless natives. When
E scenes like these were connived at by
H the sovereigu, a purity of legislative
E M demeanor was noi to be expected in
I N the servants of the crown. No claiin
D E could now succeed in the vice-regal
SAN E S. court, but such as was backed by the The Academy of Inscriptions bestrong argument of a bribe. In this ing comple!ely puzzled, had recoure lamentable mass of corruption, it is, to che learned author of the Primitive however, gratifying to find that nei. World, Count de Gebelin, who was ther religious party was collectively inclined to think it antediluvian, or at oppressed. Tie omnipotence of gold as ancient as te skeletons of triumphed over abstract opinions, and unknown animals found in the neigh. the Catholics now found themselves bourhood. He had written to The able to mitigate the severity of the late learved Mr. Bryant on the sublaw's, in regard to their sect, by means ject, and was preparing a disertation of purchased protections.
to shew that the Roman characters [To be continued.] were derived from those of the in
scription, which were very rude and the culpable organ of his pleasures, primitive, and seemed to be the only but sparing the other paris of his remains of the Celtic empire. budy.
Meanwhile a member of the academy, of a more cool and sagacious On a CONTROVERTID PASSAGE ir turn, visited the spot, in order to de
SALLUST. termine the localities of this grand
Sir, and interesting discovery. The
visit Y OUR correspondent Duidius saya village, the beadle waited on the aca- hend me.” (See last Number p. 200.) demy, recognized an old acquaint. It is unfortunate when a man writes ance of fifty years, and thus read the unintelligibly: he injures not only antediluvian inscription:
the cause he would support, but he ICI LE CHEMIN DES Anes.
brings his own head into disrepute. That is, in plain English, “ This
Let me, therefore, endeavour to ren. is a road for asses;" for those ani
der myself clear upon the controvertmals, which are very useful, have ed passage in Sallust. I cannot doubt been employed from time imme- the interest of such a discussion, when morial in carrying plaster from ihe scholars are apt to pay to every thing
it is considered what bliud adoration kilns; and the paths wind so much that is Greek and Latin. and sometimes end in nothing, that this adnionition because wholesome drew the characters of Cæsar and
The intention of Sallust, when he and salutary.
Cato in that sententious manner, was SCOTCH ECONOMY.
evidently to contrast them: to shew, The passion of Charlemagne for that though both of them were truly letters, and his encouragement of great men, yet they bad not two lead, them, were so well known, that two ing features in common. This is malearned Scotchmen, in the certainty of nitest from the wbole tenor of the obtaining his protection, cried out as passage. They were equally great in he passed along the high way, Science mind and glory; but their minds and to be sold! This singular conduct their glory were conspicuously unlike. immediately arrested his attention; It is thus that Sallust commences his he ordered them to be presented to delineation : consequently, in men. him, and having found that they tioning alternately the prominent chareally could perform what they had racteristics of each, he takes care to professed, afterwards promoted them bring forward sucio qualities as belong io posts of trust and honour suitable so appropriately to only one, that they to their abilities.
cannot without violence and inconCHARLEMAGNE:
gruity be given to the other. Glory The lasciviousness of this prince is is presumed to be the object of both: well known. The vision of IVeltin, and this is acquired by each in his own a work composed in 825, eleven peculiar way. Cæsar acquires it by years after the death of this prince, mercy and forbearance: Cato by semay convey to us some idea of the verity and inflexibility. Cæsar by punishment which the monks of munificence and generosity : Cato by that day thought due to his lascivious- parsimony and avarice. ness. In a dream Weltin is trans- man say that these qualities are conported into a place of expiation, such vertible, or that Sallust bas not seas the purgatory, where he is much lected them with such judgment and surprised to meet with Charlemagne. art, as to mark at once the character The angel who conducts Weltin to be wished? Can the severe and inthis place, satisfies him that in the flexible judge be humane and for. end 'Charlemagne will receive the giving? Can the parsimonious ecorecompence due to his numerous vir. nomist be a liberal and profuse spendtues, but must here atone for the fault thrift? Can the man of strict'inteof having so freely abandoned him elf grity of life be the copious diffuser to his licentious desires ; and for this of wealth and Juxury? No. These purpose he beholds a monster like are qualities so eternally incompatiihe vulture of Prometheus, tearing ble with each other, that it were
folly to admit the possibility of their consideration of them to the present existence in the same mind. Thus number, and I shall now fulfil the far then, Sallust contrasted their pe- promise with which I closed my last culiar characteristics in so forcible a Contemplatist. manner, that they must remain apart; Poets, philosophers, and moralists, they must walk by different roads to have in all ages stood forward to ada the same temple. But I still think, vance the dignity of man over the that in the next sentence he loses brute creation. In doing this they sight of this antithesis entirely, and have assumed for his prerogative, attributes to each, qualities which that which alone he exclusively poscould not be virtues in either of them, sesses-Mind. They have not vaunt. if singly considered: In altero miseris ed his personal endowments, for in perfugium ; in altero malis pernicies. them he cannot stand the compaa
Here, as I before observed, the at- rison : in his strength he yields to the tributes are convertible: Cato might lion; in swiftness he submits to the have been a “ perfugium miseris;" horse and the hound; in dexterity he and Cæsar a “pernicies malis:" nay is inferior to the beaver, whose inmore, unless it were so, it is evident stinctive operations place him far that virtue was lost in both. He who above the savage of nature; but while is undistinguishingly the friend of the he thus feels his own native inferi. wretched, without being the foe of ority even to the beasts of the field, the wicked, is a weak, but not a good he finds himself placed immeasurably man; and he that pursues with iudis. above them in resources of art; and criminate ferocity the guilty wretch, by these resources he appropriates to and refuses to open his heart to the himself the qualities of the whole unfortunate, is rather a dæmon than animal creation. Placed thus artia man. They must be united to ficially high, it is natural to ask to adorn each other; and returning to what he owes his elevation : the anthe immediate subject of this letter, swer is important; to Mind. It is it is therefore evident, that so far from the energies of that living principle, being incompatible, they should be directed by its guidance and acting congenerous qualities : surely mercy from its impulse, which have raised may exist with justice. Cato and him so conspicuously in the scale of Cesar therefore, as judges, might beings; the boundless sphere of its have been severe against vice; but as combinations open to bim new fields men, they might have been compas- of action in which he only can apsiopate towards misfortune. But pear. The highest efforts of brute Sallust, by selecting two qualities so instinct are much beneath the lowest compatible, fell off, in my opinion, operations of intellectual power; man from the accuracy and spirit of his looks upon its sagacity only as the former delineation.
mimic resemblance of a loftier cause; I hope this will render my meaning he sees its termination and its stamore intelligible to Duidius, and tionary nature; those animals who I remain, Sir, &c.
have been most celebrated for appa
ATTALUS. rent ratiocination, the elephant for Liverpool, Oct. 8, 1807.
instance, whose actions certainly seem
the most to result from will, have The CONTEMPLATIST. never passed that boundary which has No, IV.
limited them: the elephant of to-day “ Perum enimtero is mihi vicere has not advanced a single step beyond eique frui animi videtur qui aliquo ne- the elephant of two thousand years gotio intentus, preclari facinoris ant ago: a striking proof that what they artis bonæ famam querit."- ALLUST. do is mechanical. But with man it THE HE long digression into which is otherwise : nations that were here
I was led in my last paper in tofore sunk in barbarism have risen favor of the oppressed, prevented me to splendour; with him all is profrom touching upon those points gressive: from his cracile upwards which it was my professed design to (speaking individually and collectdo when I sat down to it. I was ac- ively) he is in a perpetual state of imwordingly compelled to postpone the provement: and this capacity, whicha
so eminently distinguishes him, is the who can feel the solemn change sole result of his mind. Constantly wrought in the frame of him who impelled forward, he unceasingly dis- is suddenly struck with mental decovers something that was unknown; privation, and not exclaiin with the one desire creaies another; the same poet, impulse animates millions; the mass “ Mind, mind alone; bear witness earth and of being is thus put in motion; and heaven, they advanced with one simultaneous The living fountains in itself contains tendency. The whole creation is his of beauteous and sublime.”—ÅBENSIDE. theatre, and in its boundless space he The inind then, is not only the acts his part; he looks with forward distinguishing attribute between man and rererted eves, corrects the past and the beast, but it is itself the highest and anticipates the future.
quality to be found in animated naIf then mind be that distinguishing ture. When we consider not only attribute ; it it form that proud cha- its pre-eminence, but its utility and racter in our natures, what, I ask, can importance, we are irresistibly led to be more dignified in us than its ope- confess its paramount claim to admi. rations? The mechavical arts are ration. Nothing they but petulance, carried on by a sort of instinctive imi- or the wantonness of objection, could tation; the man of grossest intellect is lead any one to degrade the operations adequate to the performance of the of a quality so manifestly great in nicest operations of art: they address itself, and dignified in its consequences. themselves to the eyes and are per- We are led by nature to admire all formed with precision only by suc- that is wonderful and striking: the cessive repetitions. The mind is lofty rocks, the majestic ocean, the wholly unemployed: the whole dex- boiling whirlpool, the thundering casterity is placed at the finger's ends, cade, affect us with enotions of awtul This needs no proof; but if it dil, delight; the soft and pleasing landwe have only to revert to what is per- scape, the placid scene of rural life, formed by blind persons to be con- the silver-bosomed lake, the green vinced that an automaton might be foliage, the embowered walk, charm made to do as much as the mere me- no less with tranquil and peaceful chanic.
sensations : to both we pay our boWere there any sceptic hardy mage, for both are admirable in their enough to doubt the omnipotence and kind. Yet he that would dare to adpre-eminence of mind, let him for a vauce the dignity of inanimate nature moment cast his eyes back upon facts. over the living lustre of intellect, Let him consider the deplorable bru- would be regarded as impious, and tality, the worse than brutal state, of pitied rather for obduracy of feeling, those poor creatures who have been than perversion of mind. invested with the human form, only It is not, therefore, asserting too as it were, to shew its nothingness much, to say that intellect holds the when unaccompanied by that active highest place among the works of and intorming principle which gives God. To it every thing is subordiit all its grace and dignity, and useful- nate in the world, indeed, with tew ness. The savage of Aveyron, the exceptions, it may be affirmed that wild boy of the woods, idiots, and all which we admire is more or less numerous other instances might be the effect of its potency. It is a sort adduced. What a meiancholy and of deity, a creative faculty, which degrading spectacle ! Look at that possesses power suificient to produce vacant uninformed langh; look at new combinations so striking, as to that beamless eye; look at the hur- appear alaost equal to the immediate ried and sunseless walk; hear the works of God himself. Whoever shocking daugh; mark the whole evi- looks abroad upon this globe with a dence of fiillen nature. Madness, too, curious and attentive eye, will inis another awtully striking proot both tensely feel that all its most admired of the omnipotence of mind, and the and níost cherished treasures have frail foundations upon which we build risen from the labours of man direct. our lufty pretensions : wdio.can look ed by the light of the mind. In those
ruins of a noble mind," parts of the universe where nature
upon the or