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opinion that it will find in a company Africa and America. Commerce has a more certain pledge for the fulfil its infancy and its decrepitude, and ment of promi-es, than in the person boibove and the other stand in Deed of of an envoy or consul. This pledge, support; the government has lately this securily on the part of a comnier- made the application of this maxim, cial conspany, bas beeư the annual by extending every possible encouprice, or ternis, upon which the io r. ragement to the whale and cod ritorial concessions at Bona, Callah, fisheries, as well as to the working of and Colo, bave been granted, and on mines of coal; and now again it these terms the company has had li- makes a similar application, in order berty to send I'rerch iamfactures to revive the drooping African comand French grain to Algiers. The merce. By a new decree, therefore, last African Company annually put an African Company is once more in action, 50 vessels, whose aggregate established, which, as its members burthens were 12,000 tous, 800 possess the zeal and courage of the sailors, and four million francs. The former members, will, doubtless, continual departures and arrivals of render important services to the rethese ressels, the discharging and re- public, and counteract the pernicious cxportation of African and colonial ertects which unhappily resulted produce, enriched not only Marseilles, from the premature ciecree of 1791. bit'the whole country; gave employ. It now remains to mention the proment to thousands of persons, and viso in the Company's regulations, formed at Marseiles the first marine relative to its maintaining consuls. school, as it were, in France. Hence This clause is indispensible in an it will be seen, that the establishment establisbient where Frenchmen are of a Company will confer a favour the agents of the stipulations : more. upon the regency of Algiers, which over, it is highly proper that the go. always considers itself secure, when veriment should take these means to connected with so respectable a body, secure the interests of the Company, The concessions then, Tanted to the and safety and protection to FrenchFrench by the regency, were a terri- men residing in a country wbere the torial grant for a limited space of will of an ignorant petty prince is the time, and upon certain conditions; only law. Exclusive of ibis precauconditions which depended not upon tion, the Company will also be allowe the government, but which sacrificed ed by government a certain number individual interest to national dignity, of soldiers according to circumstances. rendering France an object of envy to An impost will be imposed upon other nations. The Coral Fishery, every vessel destined for the Coral comprised in these concessions, like- Fishery, to the Company annually, wise extended the navigation and in- in order to assist in the support of its dustry of France; the truth of this asestablishment, and in the performsertion will appear evident from the ance of the engagement entered into number of ships employed in the with the regency of Algiers ; no per. fishery, and the circumstance of Mar- son, surely, can grumble at contriseilles, after the acquisition of the buting towards the disbursements of said tishery, having supplied most a Company of whose advantages he parts of Europe with wrought coral- enjoys a portion. Thus the Coral à branch of commerce which before Fishery is free to all the Freuch had been entirely engrossed by Leg- traders, who, it is to be hoped, will no horn. Such then were the political longer exclaim against what is impro: and commercial concerns of the Afri- periy termed a privileged Company. çan Company : here do not appear The desire on the part of governthe attributes of an erclusive privilege ment to encourage industry, adds to of trading to the Coasts of Africa, the excellence of the present project, and yet to the predecessors of this and the choice of able and experienced Company, or in other words, to the persons for conducting the affairs of ancient privileged Companies must be the Company, will consummate that escribed the foundation of factories desire. In fine, government is de and establishments upon the coasts of termined upon establishing a New

1307.] . On the German Literature, and the Genius of Schillers 307 African Company; first, on account of Spain, son of the renowned of the propinquity of the barbarian Charles V. marrie's "Elizabeth de Vacoasts to ours; secondly, by reason of lois, of the royal house of France. the reciprocity of our interests, and Don Carlos, eldest son of Philip, had the necessity there is of the ancient scen Elizabeth before ber puls, intercourse being renewed; and and conceived a violent passion for thirdly, because it is the wish of the her. The concealment of this love, Dey of Algiers that his confidence the jealousy of Philip, the intrigues should be placed in a Company simi- of the duke of Alva to ruin the son lar to that by which he never was de. in the estimation of the father, the ceived. Thus then, by a felicitous heroic friendship of the marquis of combination

of circumstances, our Posa for Carlos, who had been his commerce with Africa is in the fairest school companion, and his death in way of regaining its former vigour.” the defence of him, form the business Decree relative to the definitive șup- of the different scenes.

pression of the Old and the esta In this play, however, we look in blishment of the New African Com- vain for that inajestic genius which is pany.

so conspicuous in the “ Robbers." ist. The ancient African Compa- The language very seldom rises to ny, suppressed by the decree of the the same height, the ideas are not so 29th of July, 1791, is hereby defini- wildly grand, nor are the characters tively suppressed.

possessed of that individuality which 2dly. A new African Company is constitutes a very pre-eminent merit. hereby established, to which shall ap- of the former play. The enly per; pertain all the prerogatives of the an- sonages that can be said to lay hold cient Company, excepting that of ex- of our hearts with a strong and perclusively carrying on the Coral manent interest, are Crics, and his Fishery, which is open to all such friend the narquis von Posa. The French traders as shall pay to the latier, indeed, is a fine drawn chatCompany a certain annual tribute racter; and there are some scenes upon every vessel they shall employ between him and Philip, in which the in the said fishery; the aniount of former is, pleading for the rights of the said tribute to be each year fixed human nature, which are executed by the directors of the New African in Schiller's best manner. His poCompany.

ble and devoted friendship to Carlos,

also calls torth all our admiration ; On the German Literature, and and bis fale is viewed with those

the Genius of SCHILLER, emotions of sorrow, that best tell how SIR,

far the author has succeeded in merk THE youer Magazine for sulys, einHE insertion of my letter, p. 29, ing him what he wished.

But the other characters of tlie boldens me to continue my remarks play are a true dramatic progenis'. upon the writings of Schiller. Philip is a gloomy and resensiūliv.

I have already said that I consider rant; Domingo a subile and designthe “ Robbers” as his master-piece; ing churchman; the duke of Alta a and though I mean to consider in the cratry and malignant courtier and present communication, his “ Don Elizabeth à soft and clominte wóCarlos," I would not be understood man. They are, in fact, such ch:to imply that it stands second in the racters as may be found in a you and file of merit. Perhaps in this respect, plavs: they serve to fill up the obvin my judgment may differ from that of of the action, and we not otherwise most people, but I confess that the distinguished, play of Don Carlos struck me as be Having:thus briefly noticed the ing upon the whole a tame and nerve- plot, and tinc princpal per ... of the less production. The characters are drama, I shall now proceeu is point not so boldly delineated as in his out a few of those beauties thich are

to be found in it." According also to The plot is founded upon an histo- my promise, I shall attempt to contical fact. Philip the Second, king vey an idea of them to tlie English

other plays.

able to give.


reader, by such a translation as I am Und süss ist es, in einer schönen seele

Verherrlicht uns zu fühlen, es zu wissen Carlos, conscious that bis father Das unsre freude fremde wangen röthet, bears no friendly will towards him, Das unsre angst in fremden busen zittert and aware that this dislike is continu. Das unsre leiden fremde augen wässern !-ally fostered by the machinations of Wieschön ist es und herrlich, hand in hand the duke of Aiva, and the monk Do- Der jugend rosenbahn zuruck zu eilen,

Mit einem thenern, vielgeliebten sohn mingo, resolves to obtain an inter- Des lebens traum noch einmal durchzutview with Philip, and endeavour to räumen! rouse all the father in his bosom. Wie gross und süss, in seines Kindes tugerd When he is introduced to the king, Unsterblich, unvergiinglich forizudauern, he finds his enemy, the duke of Alva, Wohlthätig für jahrliunderte! Wie schon with him ; Carlos, in a strain of Zu pflanzen, was ein lieber sohn einst sharp irony, vents bis displeasure, erntet, and at last he openly requires that Zu sammeln, was ihm wuchern wird, zu the duke should quit the chamber

ahnden, while he speaks to his father. This

Wie hoch sein dank einst flammen wird! is complied with, and Carlos imme. Von diesem erdenparadiese schwiegen

Mein Vater, diately falls upon his knees before Sehr fieislich ihre Mönche.” the king, and thanks him for this mark of bis royal goodness. He

I have given the original at full then endeavours to awaken him to length, from a wish to gratify those tenderness; he boldly proclaims his who know it, and from the hope that own virtue, and calls upon his father some one among your numerous to dismiss that hatred towards him readers may be induced to give a betwhich he has so long manifested. ter version of it than I feel I am able Philip is moved to tears, but finding,

to do. himself thus epsnared in the toils of nature, he becomes indignant; Car

“ You have been. Hate me no longer, los vents his anger against the duke Cease but to hate me, and I will love of Alva, and the monk Domingo,

Thee like a child, with ardour I will lore who have so long pursued him with How sweet and rapturous it is to feel

thee. rancour

the king exclaims

That we are honoured in a noble mind,
Hold, audacious!

To know, that joys which gladden us
The men you scandalise

Tinge other cheeks with pleasure's vermil Are the approved servants of my glow; chnice,

That sorrows, which oppress our sinking And thou shalt honor them."

hearts Never," replies Carlos. “ What Bid other bosoms tremble with their Alva can perform I can perform; I

weight, tan do more." He then demands That woes of ours bid tears of anguish what can be expected from a bire.

Stream from other eyes ! ling; and adds, with tenderness,

How great and glorious it is, with a dear “ Carlos would have loved you. It The rose-strewn path of youth again to

And much-beloved son, hand in hand grieves me to reflect that

walk, tary upon a throne.", The king is The dream of life again to dream! struck with these words; he remains How sweet and lovely, in our children's silent for a while, lost in contempla virtues tion, and then replies in a solemn Immortal, imperishable to exist, to be manner, “I am alone."

For centuries benevolent and good! The reply of Carlos to this I have How exquisite to plant what hereafter always considered as a most exquisite A dear son shall reap; to heard what effort of human genius. He goes to- How warm his grateful thanks shall flow! wards the king with warmth and en- My father of tắis eari hly paradise, thusiasm: he exclaims,

Your monks have wisely told you nothing." “ Sie sind's gewesen. Hassen sie mich nicht mehr,

From the mere English reader I Ich will sie kindlich, will sie feurig lieben

am afraid I cannot call for much ad. Nur hassen sie mich nicht mehr.

Wie miration of this passage ; but the enižückend

German scholar will not hesitate to

you are soli.

pronounce it a most pathetic and It appears to me somewhat too labeautiful production. For my own boured; the author is too visible in

I know of nothing in our own it; the comparisons seem pressed incould venture to place in comparison rally from the subject. The follow. with it.

ing is an attempt at a translation : The task of selecting beauties from

“ Look round you, this play, is upon the whole an easy Look through all-glorious 'nature ! 'tis one. They are thinly scattered, and built on freedom! easily ascertained; they stand out so And oh! how rich in freedom is it! conspicuously from the other parts, He, the Great Creator, throws in a drop of that the reader finds no difficulty in

dew deciding upon them. I wish it had The worm, and even in the lifeless empire been otherwise. I wish my labour To riot! Thy creation,

how poor

Of corruption permits absolute will had been increased tenfold; I wish Aud small! The rustling of a petty leaf that here, as in the “ Robbers," to Alarms the ford of Christendom!

Tis have selected the beauties, would

yours have been to have transcribed nearly To tremble even at virtue! HE-not the whole play. However, I will To disturb the rapturous aspect of freer proceed to extract another passage dom the speech of the marquis Von Posa Rather suffers Evil's hideous pack to the king, in the third act, where he To range his empire thro'-Him, the is pleading for the inhabitants of the Artist, none beholds-modestly enshrined Netherlands against the sanguinary

Beneath the veil of irrevocable laws." measures of Philip, and his creature There is certainly something very the duke of Alva. Hurried away by pleasing in the ideas of the above, the enthusiasm of his feelings and but still it is greatly inferior to the his subject, he throws himself at the many impassioned passages that are feet of his monarch, and implores to be found in Schiller. Mere thinkbim to give them freedom of thought; ing might produce this philosophical the king bids him rise, and the mar: rhapsody ; but the unconfined flight quis exclaims,

of genius alone could produce the “ Sehen sie sich um other example brought forward in In seiner herrlichen Natur !-Auf freyheit this letter. 'Neither is the idea itselt Ist sie gegründet und wie reich ist sie

original: Herder, in the second voDurch freyheit! Er, der grosse schöpfer, lume of his Philosophy of History,

wirft In einen tropfen thau den wurm, und lässt and a poet of our own country, whose

has illustrated the same thought ; Noch in den todten raümen der verwesung works are extremely popular in GerDie willkühr sich ergetzen. Ihre schöpfung,

many, has expressed himself in a Wie eng und arm! Das rauschen eines manner very similar to the latter part blattes.

of the above : Erschreckt den Herrn der Christenheit sie “ But, tho' conceald to every purer eye, Müssen vor jeder tugend zittern. Er-der Th’informing author in his works appears." freyheit

Thomson, Spring, 1. 856. Eutzückende erscheinung nicht zu storen

I do not know, in the whole of this Er lässt des uebels grauenvolles heer In seinem weltall lieber tobenihn,

play, any other particular speech, or Den künstler, wird man nicht gewahr, be- passage, that I should think worth scheiden

quoting. There are some interesting Verhült er sich in ewige gesetze. and spirited scenes between the mar

Some of your readers will perhaps quis of Posa and Carlos, but they think that this passage is rather frigid would lose their merit when read declamation than poetry; an opinion disjointed froin the preceding and which I ain much inclined to counte- subsequent parts. nance; but having heard it much

In the third act Schiller ascribes to kaunted by some, I have brought it Philip a magnaniinity, of conduct forward less under the sanction of which I believe histors does not warmy own judgment, than from a wish rant. The duke de Medina Sidonia to collect the ideas of others upon it is supposed to be returned, after his

fatal defeat by the English, under plunder you. Do you wish to see the queen Elizabeth; it is needless to Aga? You must first send him preadd, that he commanded the Spanish sents: he will not fail to give you, armada. When he appears in the notwithstanding your remolistances

, audience chamber, among the cour- an escort for Jerusalem. The Aga tiers, they all look upon him with si- of Ramlè will increase this escort. lence and neglect, anticipating the The Arabs, persuaded that a rich fate inat awaits him, when he shall Frank is going on a pilgrimage to the communicate his disastrous tidings to holy sepulchre, will either augment his master. The king enters, and the tolls on the way, or they will athaving conversed with several who tack you. Close to Jerusalem you are there, he at last sees his admiral, will find the camp of the Pacha of and exclaims, “ You there!" Damascus, who is come, according to

Medinia SIDONIA (approaches the custom, to raise contributions before king, trembling--kneels" before him, couducting the caravan to Mecca. and bends his head down).

Your pomp will give offence to this That, great king, Pacha, and will expose you to insults. Is all I bring you back of the

Arrived at Jerusalem, they will deSpanish youth, and of the armada.

mand three or four piastres for the The King (after a long silence.) escort. The people, informed of your « God is above me

arrival, will besiege you in such a I sent you against men-ot against manner, that were you possessed of Storms and rocks. You are welcome millions, you could not satisfy their To Madrid: (reaching him his hand to kiss) avidity. The streets will be obstructAnd thanks, that in preserving thyself ed, and you will not be able to enter Thou hast preserved to me a faithful ser- the sacred places but in running the vant."

hazard of being torn to pieces. ConThis is a magnanimous answer, fide in me; tv-morrow we will disand becomes a king more than does guise ourselves as pilgrims; we will bis crown and sceptre. But I fear go together to Rainlė; there I shall the poet has lent a ray of glory to the receive the answer to my express. If gloomy bigot, which the liistorian it is favourable you can set oti in the would indignantly tear away. night: and you will arrive safe and

Here, however, for the present, I sound, at a small expense, at Jerusastop my pen.

I shall continue to lem." send you from time to time, with The lioly father supported his reayour permission, further remarks up- sonings with a thousand examples, on the works of Scbiller, and which and particularly, that of a Polishi will incidentally include strictures bishop, who, it is supposed, lost his upon other celebrated German wri: life two years since in conxequence of ters, and the literature of the country too great a display of wealth. Imenin general.

tion this only to shew to what a I remain, &c. height of corruption the love of gold, Oct. 4, 1807.

W.. anarchy and barbarism are puslicd in

this wretched country. After wbat I On the MANNERS of the GREEKS, have seen with my own eyes, I do ARABS, and TURKś. By M. Cha: not hesitate to assert, that but for the

vigilance and paternal attention of the (Continued from p. 216.) christian mouks, half the pilgrims THE day after my arrival at Jaffa would perish in their journey iv Je. Aga, who sent me his compliments. On the 3d October at four o'clock The vice-procurer endeavoured to in the afternoon, we clothed our hinder me from this design. “You selves in robes of goat's hair fabrido not know these people," said he cated in Upper Egypt, and of the same to me. What you take for polite nature as those worn by the Bedouness is nothing but trick and espio- ins. We mounted upon sorry nage. They came to visit and com- mules. The vice procurer marched pliment you merely to know who at our head, under the title of a poor you are, if you are rich, if they can brother: a half naked Arab shewed


Tilberedt to pay a visit to the rusalem?.


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