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you to my brother*; I am afraid that two Odes, and I shall let some bookwould be of no real service to you. sellers that I deal with know that I He has some offices to dispose of, l esteem them as very fine poems, and suppose that is what you want; but recommending thein in company is he has so many people in the island the best way to serve you; and be always ready, and obliged to promise sure to let me know before you pubto, that before a place falls, it is per- lish.' Thus with ackrowledgements haps a year or two bespoke: to be on my part, and assurances of regard sure my recommendation would have on his, we parted." great weight with him, but you see it If this conversation be given cor. would be some years before it would rectly, it displays in a very conspicube of any service to you, and that is ous manner, the self-complacency of not what I would advise you to.' The poetical peers. Observe only with having such a letter, I replied, would whatgreat good nature his lordship promake me well looked upon, and might mises to let two or three booksellers be of service to me with the mer- that he deals with, know that he chants. "That's another reason,' he thinks them very fine poems! Whereturned, ' why I did not write to you ther Mickle felt the full force of this that we might talk of that--as to bis odious egotism is unknown, but it recommending you to the merchants, is certain that he began to form very I shall do what I can; and if you go high hopes from the promises of there, I shall write himn that you are Lord Lyttleton He wrote to him an ingenious young man, that I have and explained what sort of situation a great regard for you, and desire him would be most agreeable to bim, and to take notice of you, that you have he concluded his letter with polite written some very fine poems, which gratitude for the condescension of his you will shew him, and I promise you fordship in his promised notice of his he will do what he can.-But would poems, when they should appear. it not be better to speak to some of This epistle, however, produced only the traders here: there's Beckford the following “cold and uncourtly and Fuller I shall speak to Fuller for return;" you; I expect to see him very soon.' It was very kind, I replied, and would

In answer to your last letter, I can very much oblige me. This he re- only say that I have no acquaintance peated, and very cheerfully said with any of the East India Directors, again he would But, added he, but if a recommendation to my bro

There's another point, a clerkship in ther will be of any service to you, I one of the public offices at home; you will give it in the manner I menwrite a good hand, and that is just the tioned. I have not been able to see thing I could wish for you: England either Beckford or Fuller; but it will is the place for you: but you know be time enough to speak to them some I am in the opposition, and cannot time next winter. As to vous poetry, ask for any thing as things stand. I must again repeat my advice, that Withio a few days I refused accept, you should publish nothing in that ing; but if I could have accepted, I

way

which is not very correct. could have done as I wish for you.' After a pause; “Or there's the East With great regard and esteem, Sir, Indies– perhaps could be of service Your most faithful humble servant, to you there, if I knew exactly what

LYTTLETON." you would like--what would suit:-- London, Monday. wish we could contrive.' These words Our poet's faith in the sincerity of he repeated with great good nature. his patron was now a little staggered : I expressed my obligations, and said, and the splendid pruunises of the peer I would see and inform bim... We finally vapoured away into a useless were now afoot. Ele went on : You'll and frigid recommendation of Mickle let me know when you publish your to his brother the governor of Ja

maica, " as a man of fine senti.

ments and good genius in poetry!" • William Henry Lyttleton, Esq. The poet, however, had an opportuthen governor of Jamaica,

nity of refusing this important ser

“ SIR,

I am,

vice ; for having engaged to go to the Portuguese language, he pube Carolina as a merchant's clerk, he lished in the Gentleman's Magazine informed his patron of it, as the for March 1771, a translation of that cause of his refusal, and thus ended part of the fifth book of the Lusiad, their correspondence. A useful les- which contains a description of the son to those who are willing to learn. apparition at the Cape of Tempests, Let it teach them whom it may con- and in the summer following, the cern, to rely upon the honest efforts first book, as a farther specimen, of genius, to walk their course with with proposals for printing the whole patient firmness, and to disdain to by subscription. Both these speci. cringe for the smiles and promises of mens being highly approved ot, be titled beings, whose patronage is too relinquished bis situation at the often only another word for mockery Clarendon Printing House in the and insult.

spring of 1772, and retired to an old The engagement which Mickle had mansion-house occupied by a farmer entered into to go to Carolina did not at Forrest Hill, a village about five take place, for the gentleman with miles from Oxford, where he prosewhom it was contracted received, cuted his plan with such unremitting about this time, 1765, some advices attention, that in the end of the year from America respecting the stamp 1775, this celebrated performance act, and having otheravocations which was published in 4to. at Oxford, 'ac. were likely to detain him for some companied by a very puinerous and time, it was dissolved by mutual con- respectable list of subscribers. sent. Our author was soon after ap “ When Mr. Mickle undertook pointed corrector of the Clarendon this arduous work, he laboured under Press at Oxford, where he had now many unfavourable circumstances; resided some time, a situation more Sir Richard Fanshaw bad published congenial to him, as it afforded him a translation of it in 1655, which gave nany literary advantages, of which but a faint idea of the beauties of the he was likely to be fully sensible. original. The language in which it

In 1767 he published at Oxford, was composed had been but little cul. “ The Concubine, a poem in the tivated by the inuses; the author's manner of Spenser," which, afier fame was not established in this coun. several impressions was re-published try, and our translator had no other in 1777, with improvements, under means of subsistence than the casual the more appropriate title of “ Syr sums he received by subscription. Martyn,” the former, as the author Disadvantages such as these might acknowledges, conveying a very im- have discouraged weaker miods: but proper idea both of the subject and looking forward with the enthusiasm spirit of the poem. In 1709 he pub- of genius he did not suffer such difilished “ A Vindication of the Di- culties to obstruct his progress or vinity of Jesus Christ,” in a letter to damp his ardour. The praises beDr. Harwood. In 1772 “ Hengist stowed by his literary friends upon and Mey” and the “ Elegy on Mary, the translation, as it came from the Queen of Scots," appeared in Roach's press in detached portions, and the collection of poems, of which Mickle consequent fame which he expected was the editor About this time too, upon its publication, banished that he was

a frequent writer in the melancholy with which he had torWhitehall Evening Post.

merly been oppressed, and animated At the early age of seventeen him with an unusual degree of cheerMickle had read Castera's French fulness and vivacity. The hopes translation of the Lusiad of Camoens; likewise of being able to reduce his and he had long meditated an Eng- debts by the profits, and of obtaining lish one, but various circumstances that hind of patronage, which might concurred hitherto to render this lead to independence, from the dedi. impracticable. Now, however, he cation of a work so justly celebrated, thought the opportunity favourable still farther brightened his prospects, for such an enterprize, and having and enabled him to proceedi with the acquired a sufficient knowledge of greatest ardour aud alacrity. But in

this last par.icular he was dreadfully genius. And what are the Elysian
disappointed. Some time before the fields to the Island of Venus !-Read
publication he frequently mentioned the Lusiad in Mickle's translation,
to the editor of this edition the inti- and the Eneid in its native strain;
mations he had repeatedly received, and, unless classical prejudices inter-
that to some persons then very bigh pose, you will undoubtedly prefer
in the East India department, the de- Mickle; though it may appear strange
dication of the Lusiad would be very that the version of a modern poem
acceptable, a compliment by which should outvie the original of the finest
they would think themselves highly ancient epic. Such an eclipse seems
honoured; and for which he might a phænomenon in literature: but the
expect a princely acknowledgement. Lusiad, perhaps, is become brilliant
But before he had determined on any by transfusion*.” How opposite to
particular person, he was persuaded the cold apathy of the pseudo patron,
by his frieud Commodore Johnstone were the feelings of the late gallant
to inscribe it to a Scotch nobleman of Lord Rodney, an honour to nobility,
the highest rank. This peer unfortu- and the pride of the British navy,
nately for the poet, had been the pupil who pronounced the verses of the
of Dr. Adam Smith, author of "The translator of the Lusiad, to be equal,
Wealth of Nations,” (some of whose if not superior, to Pope's translation
positions in that work, respecting the of the Iliad.
monopoly of the East India Com “One of our approved writers as-
pany, &c. Mickle had ably refuted,) seris, that, “It'any author has recover-
and the intimate friend and panegy, ed the freedom of Dryden, without
rist of David Hume, to whom the losing the harmony or force of Pope,
translator was the declared antagonist. it is Mickle in some parts of his ex-
Hume's poetical discrimination may cellent translation of the Lusiad."
be easily estimated by those who read “ Pity i hat a poem of such supe-
his criticismşou Spenser, Shakspeare, rior merit was not addressed to some
and Milton, in his “ History of Great dignified character, and not sullied
Britain." Of the English Luisad he wiih the name of a person incapa-
said,

" It is a Sea Journal in tolerably. ble of relishing its beauties, and wlio good verse." Under such tuition we treated the translator with the most cannot be surprised if

unfeeling neglcct. To treatment so should not immediately perceive the extremely illiberal and undeserveul, beauties of a performance, which Mickle, who possesses a considerable has

, by a writer of acknowledged ge- share of the genus irritabile rarum, pius, been preferred to the gniad of was by no meanss inclined to submit,

“But for Camoens, though without endeavouring in some meahe has some glaring faults, he hath, sure to retaliate. He, therefore, ou doubtless, many original beauties; the death of Mr. Hume, which hap, both of which, indeed, bespeak un- pened about this time, planned, and common abilities. He is not correct before his going to sea, nearly comlike Virgil; but the hand of cold and pleatedl, · An Heroic Epistle from ihat sober judgment would have bloited gentlenian in the shades to Dr. Alain out the novelties that surprise and Smiili," in which the Dr. and his delight us : these are sublime infir- poble pupil were rather roughly mities," which will not bear the in- handled. But on his return from quisition of the critic. “ The epic that element, finding bis circumpoetry of Camoens, (says Voltaire,) stances easy, though not ariluent, reis a sort of poetry unheard of before." sentment was succeeded by contempt, I allow it; but not to his dishonour. and the piece was committed to the The manners of the Lusjad are new flames.", and striking. And as to imagery, the apparition hovering athwart the fleet • Discourses ou di Terent subjects, hear the Cape of Good Hope is so by the Rev. R. l'ole vhele. 2d Ed. grand a fiction, that it would alone 1791. Set Camvens above Virgil, in point of (To be continued.)

Virgil.

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Letter from James Howel to him, because he knew he was CapBEN JOHNSON.

tain Coucy's servant; and finding bim To my honoured Friend and father timorous, and faultering in his speech, Mr. B. Johnson.

he searched him and found the said - Father Ben,

box in his pocket, with the note

which expressed what was therein: Breng i batelyn

returning in a coach from that he should come no more Dear Paris to Rouen, I lighted upon the his house. Monsieur Fayel going in, society of a knowing gentleman, who sent for his cook, and delivered him related to me a choice story, which the powder, charging him to make a peradventure you may make use of little well-relished dish of it, without in your way.

losing a jot of it, for it was a very Some hundred and odd years costly thing; and commanded bim since, there was in France one Cap- to bring it in himself, after the last tain Coucy, a gallant gentleman of course at supper. The cook bringancient extraction, and keeper of ing.in the dish accordingly, Monsieur Coucy Castle, which is yet standing Fayel commanded all to avoid the and in good repair. He fell in love room ; and began a serious discourse with a young gentlewoman, and with his wife; however, since he had courted her for his wife: there was married her he observed she was alreciprocal love between them, but ways melancholy, and feared she was her parents understanding of it, by inclining to a consumption, there

prevention, they shuffled up fore he had provided her a very prea forced match 'twixt her and one cious cordial, which he was well asMonsieur Fayel, who was a great sured would cure her: thereupon he heir. Captain Coucy hereupon quit- made her eat up the whole dish; ted France in great discontent, and and afterwards mach importuning went to the wars in Hungary against him to know what it was, he told her the Tork, where he received a mor- at last, she had eaten Coucy's heart, tal wound, not far from Buda. Being and so drew the box out of his pocket, carried to his lodging, he languished and shewed her the note and the some days; but a little betore his bracelet. In a sudden exultation of death he spoke to an ancient servant joy, she, with a far-fetched sigh, of bis, that he had many proofs of said, This is a precious cordial indeel: his fidelity and truth, but now he had and so licked the dish, saying, It is a great business to intrust him with, so precious that 'tis pity to put ever which he coujured bim by all means any meat upon it.

So she went to to do; which was, that after liis death bed, and in the morning she was he should get his body to be opened, found stone dead. and then to take his heart out of his This gentleman told me that breast, and put in an earthen pot to this sad story is painted in Coucy be baked to powder ; then to put the Castle, and remains fresh to this day. powder into a handsome box, with In my opinion, which veils to ihat bracelet of hair he had worn yours, this is choice and rich stuff long about his left wrist, which was for you to put upon your loom, and a lock of Mademoiselle Fayel's hair, make a curious web of. and put it among the powder, toge “I thank you for the last regalo you ther with a little note he had written gave me at your museum, and for the with his own blood to her ; and after good conipány. I heard you censured he had given bin the rites of burial, lately at court, that you have lighter to make all the speed he could to two-fold upon Sir snigo, and that you France, and deliver the said box to write with a porcupine's quill dipt Mademoiselle Fayel. The old ser- in too much gall. Excuse me that I vant did as his master bad command- am so free with you; it is because I ed hiin, and so weni to France; and am in no common way of friendship, coming one day to Monsieur Fayel's

Yours, house, he suddenly met hiin with

J.H." one of his servants, and examined Westminster, May 3, 1635.

I

An Account of the New Company community's rights to a particular set

established in France, for carrying of persons and a sacrifice of general on the Commerce of that Country to individual interest. But was this with Africa.

the character of the ancient African N our last number we presented Company? or can such be the chastatistical account of the commerce of on a similar basis, acting only in the France with Airica, but our limits sime places, and always directed by not permitting us to enter into parti- governinent? If by demon trative culars respecting the company lately facts the negative begiven to the first established at Paris, we contented question, the second will require no ourselves with stating the suppression answer.

The comme:cial society, of the Old African Company in 1791, known under the name of the Afrie thinking that the importance of the can Company, is as ancient as the inpresent subject demanded something tercourse between France and the more at our hands than a bare men. Otroman Empire ; and from that tion of the Company's establishment. time to 1606, nine different treaties The motives which actuated the have been concluded between indivi. French government in establishing duals, religious orders, emperors and the New African Company, lave kings of France, and the divan and been fully illustrated by the report of dey of Algiers. The convention of M. Perrée, who was conimissioned to 1696 is distinguished by its title, viz, carry to the Legislative Body the de- African Concessions, but it is not less cree of the oth Floreal, gth year remarkable from its effects, namely, (1801); we cannot therefore convey territorial concession privilege will à more correct idea upon the subject respect to the coral, fishery-engage than by transcribing the aforesaid re- ment to deliver corn only to the Com; port. The present decree,” says pany-- and warrants on the part of the M. Perrée, "confirms that of 1791, French nation : such was the basis of with regard to the ancient Company. this contract, which was followed by It establishes a New Company, with the treaties 1719, &c. all which were the same rights and prerogatives as ratified and renewed by the French the old, reserving to government the republic, and the regency of Algiers, right of interfering in the political and in 1793. If through the jealousy of commercial affairs of the said Com. another nation clouds have diimed pany. These regulations will at first, the commercial horizon of France doubtless, appear contrary to the prin- and Algiers, a reciprocity of interzis ciples of the legislation and of commer- soon dissipated them: an armistice cial freedom; but upon examination was concluded in ihe year 8 (181%), of facts and particulars, it will be found and a new treaty announced it he that the conduct of governinent is government. To this lung political praise-worthy, in as much as it has acquaintance may be acided consider, established commercial ties between ations relative to the reciprocal inthe two countries, which are as ne. terests of France and Algiers. Fiance, cessary to the welfare of the regency as a duty sbe owes to her conimercial of Algiers as they are compatible interests, is bound in an especial manwith the dignity of the French repub- her to consuli the safety of her lielic. In order to dissipate all those diterranean slipping, and to provide unpleasing ideas which the word pri- southern countries (where the culture vileged Company may conjure up in of the vine is more attended to than the minds of ihe multitude, it may not that of corn) with necessaries, is be deemed improper to expatiate up: worthy of her atiention. France is on the meaning of the word, accord- bound to acquiie at A giers, a marked ing to fis general acceptation. In prcterence over other nations, and to this point of view an exclusive privi- fo at Marselles a depot uh lege is a grant of a certain branch of might serve her as a granary, and her commerce or industry to a small oni Italian, Spanish, Turkish, and Afriber of individuals, to the exclusion can neighbours, as a market. The and prejudice of all-a disposal of the regency of Algiers laas expressed an UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. VIII.

2Q

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