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PRICE OF STOCKS, from AUGUST 25, to SEPTEMBER 25, 1807, both inclusive.
Bank lap. Cent 3p Cent. 3 p. Cent.4 p. Ct.! Navy In. 61


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Stock. Cunsols. Reduc

erial Imperial Irish Irish India India Exche. Lottery | Cons. 5 p. Cent.p.Ct Arns. Anns. Om|3p. Cent Anns. pp.cAnn. Sto. Bonds. Bi Is Tickets


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“ We shall never envy the honours which wit and learning obtaia in any wher cause, if we can be plumbered among the writers who have given arduur to visine, and conhdence to truth.”—DR. JOHNSON.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. The Rev.joseph Townsend, Rector dantly qualified, he was sent to Clare

of Persey, Milishire. Hail, Cambridge, in the year 1759 ; THIS gentleman is the youngest an University much distinguished for

I son of Mr. Chauncy Townsend, the excellence of its discipline, and formerly an eminent merchant in the the studies of its members. Here he city of London, and of the daughter of applied himself with diligence, not Governor Phipps, who presided many merely to the mathematics and meta. years at Bombay. His father inherit. pbysics, but to his favourite pursuits ed a rich estate, and was named of languages, natural history, and poChauncy, from his uncle, Richard litical economy. When he had Chauncy, Esq. who for several years finished bis college education and was governor of the East India Coin- taken his Bachelor's degree, being pany, prior to the year 1755. But when too young to hold a living, he prethis company began to acquire terri- vaildd on his father to let him study torial dominions, and he found all at Edinburgh, where the professors opposition to their desire of further had acquired the highest celebrity in conquest nugatory, he retired, de- every branch of knowledge, but more claring, " he had witnessed their particularly in medicine and anatomy, rise to the highest prosperity, as a He became there the favourite pupil commercial company, but' would of the illustrious Cullen and Monro, nerer preside to see their downfall, and attended also all the other lec. as territorial lords." Mr. Chauncy tures. Thus stored with both ornaTownsend shewed an equally wise mental and useful knowledge, in the and independent spirit, during thirty year 1704, he took possession of the years that he faithfully served his living of Pewsèy, a rich benefice country in parliament. His eldest which had been previously purchased son was the late Alderman Townsend, for him by his father. who exhibited highly laudable disin: In this sequestered vale be applied terestedness; and though often courted himself with fresh arduur to his by ministry, would never either ac- studies, and made himself master of cept place, pension, or even contract. the Arabic and Caldee languages.

The subject of our menioir was If happiness is any where to be found born A.D. 1739, and was destined for on earth, it was in this fortunate the church, and as morals was the valley. To the sacerdotal character chief object of parental consideration, Mr.' Townsend superadded that of he received a private education ; magistrate of the county, and also the a system which, though it may have friendly pliysician. Beloved by his its disadvantages, for want of emula. congregation, none absented them. tion, was abundantly counteracted in selves from church; no quarrel arose, the present instance, by great literary but it was hushed by his impartil ardour, which, even at this early pes decision; no vice, but it was stenined rial, was obliged rather to be cor- by his authority; there no beggar Tected, ihan excited. His progress was to be seen, no midnight reveiling, in Greek, Latin, Hebrew, Freuch, no brawls, but every where peace, inand Spanish, and the Mathematics, dustry, and liappiness. Perhaps it was was such as might be expected from the only spot in England, where no superior talent and industry. Abuo- religious sectaries were to be found,

UNIVERSAL MAG. V'on. V111.. 20

and where actually an attorney was and philosophy, even religion, could obliged to quit, who attempted to avail under such tryinzcircumstances, settle there, for want of employment, and teartul of a seitled despondancy,

The vicinity of Pewsey to Bowoud, took upon himself to be Vir TUwnsthe residence of the Marquis of Lins- end's physician, and advised him to down, who was the Mæcenas of the attempt to dissipale bis grief by tr3age, rendered this couniry retire- velling; and in order to interest his ment extremely delightful ; for when mind the more, recommended his that distinguished nobleman was in exploring Spain, a country then) tile the country, his house was filled with understood; but first to visit Paris. all the talents which Europe could He could hardly refuse the friendly exhibit, and he knew how to appre- advice coming from such a quarter ; ciate the rare knowledge and ability he took with him a letter to a Spao'sh of Mr. Townsend, whom he also re- nobleman, the Duke of Intantada, ceived as his confidential frend. Afier who was to introduce the traveller to residing a few years on his living at the Count d'Aranda, the ambassador Pewsey, the Marquis of Jansclown, of Spain, both then in Paris. In this being married, wished Mr. Townsend interesting capital he became acto go with lrim to Ireland, to intro- quainted with all their savans, duce the Marchioness to his relations amongst whom we may mention there, afterwards on the continent, Mon. Sage, the master of the miut; which was accepted.

Dolomieu, who lectured in the Jardin On his return back to England he des Plants; Mon. Besson and Romé went on a visit to see his sister, de l'Isle, great adepts in mineralogy; who bad lately been married to Mon. Neckar and the Abbé Morellet, Colonel Williams of Carnanton, in celebrated for their great knowledge Cornwall, and there he became inti- of political economy; and Marmonmately ácquainted with the minerals tel, whose playful génius enlivened and other rich fossil productions of every company, and whose pen could that county. His brother-in-law at all times coinnland an easy passage having mines in his possession, af- to the heart. forded him also a tine opportunity To prove how judicious was the adof attending to the science of geology, vice of the noble Marquis, who reof which he may be said now to be a quested to have from Mr. Townsend complete adept. After this he pro- his observations on what he met with, bably thought of settling for good, he first sent him the description of at Pewsey, having met with a Paris, not of its theatres, coffeeCornish lady of great beauty, many houses, and amusements, but of its accomplishments, a strong natural state as to learned men, and their col. understanding, well-cultivated mind, lections, and which, indeed, is better and most amiable manners. He pro- detailed in Mr. Townsend's Journey posed himself, was gladly accepted, through Spain, with reinarks in passand married in Cornwall, and return- ing through France," than in any ed with his bride to Pewsey, where other work whatever. As such it is he had every flattering prospect of quoted by Dr. Smith, in his Tour on continual happiness. This felicity the Continent, as so completely satisexisted several years. But the decree factory, as to be referred to, and pass. was passed, and notwitstanding phy- ed over by him, when mentioning sicians from all parts were sent for, and Paris. the great knowledge of Mr. Towns. We shall have now to trace the end in the healing art, the etherial traveller entering into Spain. His soul sought its regions, and now rests account of the Pyrenees is extremely in the bosom of its God.

interesting, where the causes of bar. These are severe losses in the esti. renness and fertility is explained; and mate of private happiness, and Mr. it reflects the highest honour on the Townsend could not but feel it with prime minister, Count Florida Blanca, ap acuteness proportioned to the esti. that, in order to assist Mr Townsend's mation of the object thus torn from researches, he granted him letters of him. His friend, Lord Lansdown, the strongest recommendation to the seeing with regret how little reason several governors of provinces, to the

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