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the list of simple negative and rela- 3. Silence, negation of sounds. tive ideas.
4. Space vacuum, nothing emptiness, The soul, on ceasing to experience negation of matter, of resistance, any modification either agreeable or &c. disagreeable, does not immediately 5. Repose, negation of movement. return to the same state in which it 6. Power, negarion of those obstafound itself previous to that modifi cles which ofien oppose themselves cation, but like a spring, which con to the display of moral and phytinues to oscillate atter being com
sical strength. pressed, it feels and is agitated sub Our capacity of feeling, perceiving, sequent to the cause which occa. or representing, is not contined to sioned its sensations has ceased to act unity of impression or idea; many upon it: as for example,-there al. ideas and impressions, either simple ways remains a degree of inquietude or complex, can exist simultaneously after pleasure and an agreeable senti- in the soul, and he who compares ment' after pain. These modifica- them together will perceive the diftions, or rather situations of the soul, ferent affinities which exist between absolutely positive, though resulting them; there are compound athinities from the cessation of those which which may be defined, as tor exainpreceded them, have always been ple - I can very clearly define what I remarked and expressed by words, mean by the relations of father, hus. whenever they were to us of any band, citizen, &c. but were 1 deimportance. The colours and re- inanded what I meant by the athinisistance of bodies, with which we ties of priority, posteriority, &c. the are surrounded, constitute to us answer would be more ditlicult. the two grand sources of plea
[To be continued.) sure and pain; the privation of colours and the cessation of resistance Account of a curious Disense preva. have therefore been considered as lent at 'Astrucan. From a Foreign giving birth to two real situations of Work. ther souder the former expressed by the THERE is at Astracan a sort of words space, vacuum, nothing, emp- Disease of Crimea, and which attiness, and if they have not given tacks people of all ages, but princinames to all the rugatives of ihose pally the lower class, who live comnodifications which individuality can monly upon bad fish and crude or experience, it is owing to our not salted provisions. It does not reach having sutficiently expressed them, its height of malignity till towards like ihose of colours, resistance, the end of some years, and then it movement, &c.
becomes mortal; so that what might The following enumeration of the have cured it at the commencement Degative roats of the French lan- is no longer of any effect. The first guage are, I believe, all that can be symptoms by which it announces itdiscovered;
self are a sweled and blueish face, 1. Darkness, negation of colours. red spots in different parts of the 2. Insipidity, negation of taste. body, particularly at the extremities:
these spots are not painful at tirst, It is owing to the not having but in the end they occasion itchings made these reflections, that so many and violent smartings. At the end metaphysicians have been embar- of a couple of years the whole skin rassed to explain how they could de. becomes rough, hard, scaly, and as. dominate the negations or privations sume a red colour approaching to of being. These are not precisely the brown; the face swells considerably, negations or privations which they and becomes absolutely deformed. have endeavoured to describe, but The glands, which are beneath the they are the different situations of the skin of the face, under the tongue, soul which result from them. I need those of the nose, and of all the exhardly warn my readers, that there tremities, become indurated and are differences of synonima between schirrous. The rumours open by these four words.
degrees and degenerate (commonly
A SINGULAR WELSH LAW.
in the legs) into malignant ulcers, the Deity can know no spot; its puwhich exhale a fætid smell. Some rity must be above the consciousness of these ulcers dry of themselves and of evil in itself, or it cannot be celesclose, in which state they remain tial Perhaps this passage may be some time, but often they break out susceptible of some recondite interafresh. The exulcerated buboes form pretation unknown to me, though I a hideo!is scab, and when they dry, contess I can think of none. Bishop the patient feels a dreadtul itching. Newton says nothing upon it.
1 If any of the scabs should by accident would read with pleasure any applibe torn off, ulcers immediately form, cation of the line that could remove which penetrate to the very bone, from Milton so heavy a charge. and there have been examples where
I remain, &c. the fingers or toes have fallen off Oxford, June 30, 1807. M. joint by joint. At last the disease penetrates into the system, the throat exulcerates, the nostrils close, SIR, or are filled with matter. The tongue
of often ail the hair falls off. In this be found at p.85 of the Leges Waldeplor: ble situation, the patient pre- licæ. It is characteristic of a rude serves his appetite entire, and in ge- age, and I should think could hardly neral enjoys a tranquil sleep; the at any time be often complied with, perspiration is sometimes free and I know not how a modern lady would sometimes interrupted: some feel consent to such a form of adjuration, pains in the limbs, especially when I remain, Sir, your's, &c. there is any change in the atmosphere; London, July 14, 1807. G. D. others experience head-aches; the “ Si mulier stuprata lege cum viro pulse is weak and quick, especially agere velit, et si vir factum pernegatowards the night. It cannot be said verit, mulier, membro virili sinistra that this leprosy is contagious, though prehenso, et dextra reliquiis sanctorum it sometimes attacks whole families, imposita, juret super illas, quod is It appears, that this dreadful disease per vim se isto membro vitiaverit." must be ascribed to an extrenie degree of corruption in the blood, and The Bee.Na. I. in the other humours of which it is Floriferis ut apes in saltibus omnia libant, formed, and that it may be regarded
LUCRETIUS. as the very last stage of a scorbutic affection,
'HIS elegant scholar was invited, BLASPHEMY OF MILTON,
to meet a relative of Pope, who, SIR,
from her connexion with the family, IN
N reading the Paradise Lost of
Milton, I have always paused at he was taught to believe could fur: the following lines : “ Evil into the mind of God, or man
private information. Incited by all “May come and go, so unapproved, and that eagerness which so strongly'cha« leave
racterised him, he on his introducNo spot, or blame behind, &c." tion sat immediately close to the
B. v. l. 117. lady, and by enquiring her consanThat evil in the mind of man, un- guinity to Pope, entered at once approved, loses its name there is no on the subject; when the following reason to doubt; or were it not so, dialogue took place: Pray, Sir, did what an awful reckoning would the not you write a book about my cousin purest bosom have to make! But Pope?”. “Yes, Madam.” “They the idea that evil can at all enter the tell me 'twas vastly clever. He wrote mind of the CREATOR, appears to a great many plays, did not he ?” me so unequivocally impious, that “ I have heard only of one attempt, i am at a loss to conceive how it could Madam."
“ Oh'no; I beg your ever come from the pen of Milton, pardon, that was Mr. Shakspeare; I The bright virtue that shadows round always confound them.” This was
DR. JOSEPH WARTON.
too much even for the Doctor's gal- trss brinsden, money to all. when Dan.trv; he replied, “Certainly, Ma- you'll drink y burgundy with m' turdam;" and, with a bow, changed his neze pray tell him j'll never forget seat to the contrary side of the room, his favours. where he sat, to the amusement of a But dear john be so kind as to let large party, with such a mingled me know how does my lady Boling. countenance of archness and cha- brooke. as to niy lord j létt him so grin, such a struggle between his well j dont doubt he is so still. but taste for the ridiculous, and his na- j am very uneasie about my lady. if lural politeness, as could be pour- she might have as much health as she trayed only by his speaking and expres- has Spirit and witt, Sure She would sive countenance.' In a few minutes be the Strangest body in england. he quitted the company, but not pray dear s' write me Something of without taking leave of the lady her, of my lord; and of you. direct in the most polite and unaffected y' letter by the penny post at m' Camanner.
valier, Belitery Square by the R. exCOLLINS AND LANGHORNE.
change j am sincerely and heartily Langhorne, knowing that Collins y most humble most obedient ram
VOLTAIRE. was buried at Chichester, travelled bling friend thither to visit the grave of his fa, vorite poet. On enquiry, he found
john Brinsden, esq. that Mr. Collins was interred in a
durhan's yard sort of garden, surrounded by the
by charing cross. cloyster of the cathedral, which is called the Paradise, and into this On the Genius of Schiller ard the
“ ROBBERS." burial ground he was admitted by the sexton. In the evening he supped
I am wonen of oth sen consider describing to him the spot sacred to writings of Schiller his sorrow, he was told, that his ticular enthusiasm; they contain a ettusions of feeling had not been grandeur, a sublimity of language misapplied, for he had been lament- and idea, that can be known and telt ing a very honest man, and a very only by those who are capable of useful member of society, Mr. Col- reading them in the original. The lins the taylor !
translations we have of himn convey JAMES THOMSON.
no more idea of his merit, than the So egregiously lazy was this poet, the colouring of Ratiael. His mode
rude copy of a sign painter would of that he has been seen standing at a of expression, his language, his peach-tree, with both hands in his pockets, eating the fruit as it grew; it is not always possible to find syno
thoughts are often so peculiar, that and it is recorded of him by Dr. Johnson, that, being once discovered nima to express them, at least not in bed at a very late hour of the day, Hection; therefore, when it is con
without considerable pains and rewhen he was asked why he did not
sidered that all the translations which rise, his answer was, " Troth mon, have yet appeared, have been the I hae nae motive."
production of haste and often of igORIGINAL LETTER OF VOLTAIRE. norance, it will not appear surprising [The following is copied literally that all his beauties have evaporated.
from the autograph of Voltaire, Nor are grandeur and sublimity his now in the possession of the Rev. only characteristics; in pathos he is Mr. Sim, editor of a late edition indeed mighty; there are some scenes of Mickle's Poems.)
in the Robbers so highly wrought, Sir,
that they are almost too powerful; j wish you good health, a quick they rend the heart with agony. 1 sale of yr burgundy, much latin and cannot help considering this play as greek to one of y' Children, much his master-piece upon the whole. It Law, much of cooke, and littleton, was his first production, when his to the other. quiet and joy to nis- youthful mind soared on the wings of
rapt enthusiasm; and by forgetting “Turn from his dying words, that the dull realities of existence, he has “smite with steel grouped such an awful yet com The shuddering thoughts, or wind manding picture as perhaps never was “ them on the wheel." equalled. The characier of Karl
Pleasures of Hope. (Charles) is dangerously lovely; in
It never surprised me, after I read vested as he is wiih such high endown this play in the original, that its efments, with such magnanimity, such fect in Germany was what has bee generosity, such benevolence, love, reported.--that many young nobleand filial piety; you forget that he is men of character, infatúated with the a robber and a niurderer. Howgreat seductive character of Charles, formed he appears in the scene with the themselves into a band of robbers. Commissary in the second act; and At the time I tirst read it, I was my. what pen ever traced a more atfecting self so heated with the noble charac. spectacle than the second scene of ter of Charles, that in the fervor of the third act presents, when ou the the moment I could have forsaken banks of the Danube? What a con- society, and leagued myself with a flict between the native dignity of a Roller, a Kosinsky, &c. high mind and the compunctions of
In this play, every character is so remorse!
How natural the excla- distinctly marked, that each i: permation!
fect in itself; what is said by them, “ Es war eine zeit, wo ich nicht cau be said by no other. This is the schlafen konnte, wenn ich mein perfection of dramatic writing.nachtgebeth vergessen hatte.". There Amelia, Francis, and Count Moor, was a time when I could not sleep if I are drawn so accurately, that they forgot my nightly prayer.
fill the mind without confusion; every In the scene with Amelia and the one of the robbers 100 possesses ap. Robbers, after the death of his fa- propriate qualities. This is an excel. ther, and where at length he kills lence in which Schiller approaches to her, he appears truly great." The Shakspeare ; and Shakspeare alone in whole of this is worked up with un- in his plays, we rarely have more
our country has attained it. Except common skill, and abundantly proves than two principal and marked cha: my assertion, that Schiller was eminent in pathos. A modern poet of racters; sometimes only one; and great excellence has alluded to this the rest of the Dramatis Personæ are part of the play in the following every thing that can distinguish them
mere nominal beings divested of lines:
from the million. Otway is next to “ Or will they learn how generous Shakspeare in this power, as he is in “ worth sublimes
many others. in Venice Preserved The robber Moor, and pleads for there are three leading and tinely. “ all bis crimes !
drawn characters, and in the Orphan How poor Amelia kissed, with many
there are four or five. “a tear,
The Robbers is perhap3 of all “ His hand blood-stained, but ever, Schiller's plays the most difficult to ever dear!
translate. Nay, there are some pas. “Ilung on the tortur'd bosom of her sages which, I will venture to say,
cannot be rendered into English, so " And wept and pray'd perdition from as to preserve the full beauty of the “ his sword!
original. I will quote two or three “ Nor soughlin vain! At that heart- of these, that your German readers " piercing cry
may bave an opportunity of exercise The strings of nature crack'd with ing their skill: for though I have agony !
spoken so positively, I should be “He, with delirious laugh, the dagger glad to have my assertion disproved. “burld,
Y shall mark in Italics those parts that " Aid burst the ties that bound him I think cannot be translated. "' to the world!
Amelia says to Francis in the se.
cond scene, Act. i. that in the whole Were I to judge from a very small creation she wished to see him alone; specimen, there is one gentleman and she adds, “ Du! Eizig du!- whom I think eminently capable of heiss & hungrig hab ich nach dir it; neither would such a task be ungelechat !"
worthy of his abilities : I me:in the In the fourth scene of the third Rev. Mr. Whiter, of Cambridge, auact, the young Kosinsky wishes to thor of Etymologicum Magnum, in join the troop of Charles; but Charles which work he mentions Schiller, endeavours to dissuade him from it and gives a translation of a few lines in a style of feeling and solemn ora- of this play, and of a very difficult tory. Kosinsky to one of his objec- part, in such a manner as authorises tions replies, -- " Ich weiss was du me to believe that a translation of sagen willst-Ich bin vier und zwan- the whole from his pen would be a zig jahr alt, aber ich habe degen real service to the British public. blinken gesehen, und Kugelre um With your permission, Mr. Editor, mich SURREN gchort.".
I will quote the passage from the The difficulty of the following is work in question. not so much in single words, as in The dream of Francis exhibits preserving the general beauty of the the most solemn narrative that can whole idea by an appropriate use of well be presented to the feelings of an language. Amelia, when discoursing andience. It is the Day of Judgment with Charles (though not aware that in all its terrors, from the mouth of it is be, because he is supposed to be guilt in the moment of delirium. killed in battle), feels a strange emo- The picture is too beautiful and nation rising in her bosom towards the tural to omit it here. stranger, as she supposes him to be. “ The dreamer, Francis, exclaims Charles lays his head on her breast, (See the tragedy of the Robbers, act. 5. and says," ich wurzle hier. Und scene 1.) . Hark! methought I held a hier will ich sterben.”
princely banquet, and all beat bliss Amelia. (sehr zerstort) “Weg about my heart! and I laid me down Lass mich-was hast du gemacht in my garden of pleasure, deep mann? Weg mit deinem lippen- drunken with delights! and sudden. (sie Kämpft ohnmächtig gegen seine ly! suddenly! a monstrous thunder bestürmung) Gottloses feuer schleicht struck on my astonished ear! I stagin meinen adern (zärtlich und unter 'gered trembling up; and behold! thränen) Und musstest du kommen inethought I saw the whole horizon Qus fernen landen eine liebe zu stürzen 'outflaming in a fiery blaze; and die dem tode trotze? (sie drückt ihm 'mountains, and cities, and forests, fester an die brust) Gott vergebe all melting as wax before a furnace, dirs, jungling!"
and a howling wind-storm swept beIn this play too a word is used, 'fore it the seas, the heaven, and the which is frequent with Schiller, and 'earth!'” wbich I have also met with in Wie This is a glowing and spirited verland; it is very expressive; it im- sion. Perhaps it even surpasses the plies what we call the rattles, when original. The writer adds the fola a person is dying. With the Ger- lowing remark upon this sublime mans it is a verb, and those who description : know the language will confess, " There is one passage in Virgil that the pronunciation is not unlike which well deserves to be rememthe thing signified. It is capable of bered, where the word cerro has been being used with uncommon beauty, used to imply the most violent part of as in the following instance, where its figurative meaning. This sublime Hermann, who is suborned by Frano passage appears to have been present cis to feign a story of Charles' death to the thoughts of Schiller, when he in the field of battle, says, shewing a made choice of the same metaphor on pretended sword of Charles, “ Nimm a still more awful and tremendous ocdies schwerdt, richelte er, &c.” casion. Virgil, in his poem, /£n.I. 60,
It is much to be regretted, that no says, person of genius and sufficient leisure Celsa sedet Eo’us arce, has undertaken to translate this play Sceptra ten-ns ; mollitque animos, et temof Schiller's, and indeed all his works. peiat jas.