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to defend him. We do not approve

Sir F. Burdett was a very great part of public men acting in this manner. of the time ignorant of what was going Force may be the ultima ratio regum, forward. The curing of his wound but public men owe themselves to the created at the same time anxiety: but public, and to use the same method the calm ness of bis temper and his of settling a dispute, as an unfledged equanimity made him an easy patient, ensign of the guards may think neces- at the time that his adversary, was sary to give himself a character, in racked, not only with pains of body, the eyes of silly women and Bond but all the mental atilicions that Street loungers, is unworthy of those could at the same moment affict a wbo, by a dignified conduct, ought to man: remorse at having attempted set a better example to the people. the life of his triend; disappointment But our sentiments are not those of a in his election concerns; and vexaconsiderable class of society. Sir F. tion at having been the means of his Burdett was considered as having re- own fall. Various publications enfused to fight, and this was an un- sued, written with much personal pardonable offence. They were mis- animosity. Mr. Paull made a long taken however, in attributing this three sbílling pamphlet, in which he conduct to cowardice. Mr. Paull has endeavoured to vindicate himself, fought sereral duels, but he never and to lay the whole blame of every met with, or saw a inan, who took thing upon Mr. Touke; upon whom bis ground with more composure; he bestowed a profusion of such who stood with more firmness; who epithets, as were the exact contrast received a ball with more coolness. of all that he had uttered for the preHe looked upon the atiair as one of ceding six months. If Mr. Tooke was those unfortunate circumstances, treated as possessed of powers of the which befall sometimes the best of head, but totally devoid of those of men, and he was resigned to the the heart, except what was malige chances of the day, with that good pant; Sir F. Burdett was alloweu o temper and equanimity, which form have the amiable qualities of the a very conspicuous part of his charac- heart, but to be very weak in his inter

tellects. The pamphlet dropped The wounded men were separated abortive from the press : tew peron their arrival in town. Sir Francis sons gave themselves the trouble of was carried to his own house, and wading through such a quantity of soon received the assistance of his abuse, bad language, and bad argufriend Mr. Cline, whose eminence in mnent. his art is unrivalled; and who to that Sir Francis was too ill to be chaired eminence unites those qualities, which at the close of the election ; but every make him the pride and joy of a very one knows in what a plencid man extensive circle. The duel was ner the ceremony took place a short fought on a Saturday. It was neces- time afterwards. It was done too sary from the nature of the wound, soon; for at that time he could only that Sir Francis should be kept per- walk upon crutches: but ihe nsual fectly quiet; and his friends on the serenity of his mind enabled him to Monday determiner, that, as there go through the day with great ease; could be no communication with him and what few people would have venon the subject of the Wesiminster tured in such a situation, retarded election, so no encouragement should very little his recovery. "It was im. be held out by them, that he would po-sible for him, bowever, to attend take any part in it. The whole was his duty in parliament. During the new left entirely in the hands of the session he was the greater part of the committees, and they came to an time at Wimbledon; but he could not early determination. They resolved lav aside his crutches for stii in till to put up Sir Francis Burdett; and the end of ihe summer. the public knows with what prudence pro uching session will find him able and ease, and small expense, they to be at his post ; but we can vene carried on the arduous contest, and ture to pre age, that either the ius or finally succeeded in placing him at the outs will be ready to enrace bis the head of the poll.

views. So far it may be said, that his UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. VIII.

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absence from parliament was fortu- sequence of these opinions, he would nate; as both parties attacked each sweep from the house those swarms other with the utmost fury, and dis- of placemen and pensioners with covered to the country, in the conflict, which it is infested. many important truths. Had Sir In these sentiments he is said to be Francis been in the house, both sides encouraged by Mr. Horne Tooke; might have turned from their private pay, he is represented to be merely animosities to combat him, who his puppet, and to be incapable of wished, that the real good of the conceiving and uttering any thing country, and the restoration of its from bimself. Whatever indulgence old constitution, might have a greater is then given to Sir Francis, so much share in their deliberations.

greater indignation is expressed The political character of Sir F, against his supposed instructor. But Burdett, (for on his private charac- let us suppose, that an intimacy has ter all agree) will be viewed in very taken place between a young man of different lights by the advocates of fortune and an old man, confessed by the different parties now in this coun- all to be one of the first scholars in try. We, who conceive that the this country: such an intimacy conconstitution of this country consists fers honour on both parties, for all in its being governed by a king, lords, who know Mr. Tooke know asand commons; and that the use of the suredly, this, that he would not last branch has been much injured, by waste' his time with a blockhead. the inroads made on the constitution, It may be, that a young man will by lengthening the duration of parlia- deter much to the political sentiment, and that the decay of boroughs ments of an aged politician, who has has altered in great measure the re- seen much of public life, who has by presentation; we, who conceive that travel, by books, and by mixing with the public has not its share in the all the great characters of his time, House of Commons, being not more gained a fund of knowledge scarcely than thirty out of one hundred and to be equalled, certainly not to be eighty parts, whilst the individuals, surpassed in this country.

If we who have indirect influence in it, have should allow this, it cannot be a disa vast majority over both king and credit, nor could it be disadvantageous people: we, who wish to see the come to a young man, unless the sentinients mons of the United Kingdom fairly of his friend were such as are injurepresented, at the same time that rious to his country. the privileges of the king and the Mr, H. Tooke bas for many years the rights of the nobles remain un- been an object of attack; and what impaired; we cannot but view with is more singular, each party in its approbation the conduct of Sir Francis, turn, as soon as it came in possession who with his fortune and connec- of power, has declared against him. tions, can maintain the cause of the Whatever we may think of this sin. people; can spurn at corruption; and gularity, one thing cannot be doubt. lift his voice against those jobs, which ed, that he has preferred his own must in the present state of things oc- mode of thinking to private views, cupy so much the attention of the and without that obstinacy of mind, minister. He has plainly told the as some will call it, he might have public what his sentiments are; and rivalled Mr. Rose, or Lord Melville, ihey may be reduced simply to this, or a long list of friends of ministers, that the representative of every place in the enjoyment of wealth, obiained, should feel his relation to his consti- whether honestly or dishonestly, from tuents, and should not have any bye the country. He was the friend of motive, by dependance op a power-Lord Shelburne and Mr. Pitt; he achul lord or on a minister, to divert his cepted nothing from either; and, in judgment from the consideration of reiurn for his friendship with the lat. any question brought before the ter, he was threatened with a halter. house. He would consider the mic The fact is curious; that a gentleman nisters of the crown, as persons re- now alive, k leave of Mr. Pitt and sponsible for their conduct, and not Mr. Tooke, then very intimate as masters of parliament: and in cone friends, to make a tour on the condi

nent, and on his return to England over Sir F. Burdett. Their acquaintthe first news he heard was, that his ance commenced somewhat more friend Mr. Pitt bad sent his friend than twelve years ago; it ripened into Mr. Tooke to the Tower. The friends friendship. Such a friendship has of Mr. Tooke out of power, have not been, without doubt, advantageous to been his friends when in power: Sir Francis. To bave constant access who are to blame? Has Mr. Tooke to the stores of so capacious à mind, changed his sentiments, or have they is a benefit which few young men of changed theirs ? Let them, who know fashion and fortune know how to apthe history of this reign, answer this preciate, still fewer how to avail themquestion. From the beginning to selves of such an advantage. Sir F. the present day, Mr. H. Tooke will Burdett does both; and in consebe found to have uniformly supported quence is better acquainted with our, the principles of the constitution, as national history and our national litesettled at the revolution; to have op- rature, than any of his competitors posed only what is in opposition to for the public favour. He may say those principles;' to have been an with Cicero, that the time which advocate for the true rights of the others employ in various amusements, three branches of the constitution, he has devoted to the improvement but to have opposed each only, when of his mind: he has made the conthey overstepped the limits of their stitution of his country his study ; respective jurisdictions.

and we wish him the utmost success But we cannot allow that Mr. H. in the attempt to cleanse the Augean Tooke has the influence supposed, stable.

CRITICISM.

“ Nulli negabimus, nulli differemus justitiam." Hours of Idleness, a Series of Poems, present indulgence, shall I be tempted original and translated. By George to commit a future trespass of the Gordon, Lord Byron, à minor. same nature.” This is decisive; yet, Newark. 1807. pp. 187:

might experience venture to whisper HIS

: tice with many claims to indul- that genius is restless, that praise kina gence and lenity. Ii is the production dles a slumbering fire into flame, and of a youth, who has but just attained that he who feels he can write is rarehis nineteenth year; it is the produc- ly phlegmatic enough to remain silent. tion of a nobleman; and it is preceded We know not, indeed, what may be by a singularly modest and ingenuous the views, or what the destination of preface. We call it a modest preface, Lord Byron: perhaps he is justly ambecause it seems to express the real bitious of serving his country in a sentiments of the author's mind, not manner more immediately beneficial, affectedly diffident or crawling with and more exalted than in the flowery servile humility. However, we may paths of poesy: if so, we shall be well venture to assure Lord Byron, that content to see him rigidly adhering to these effusions of his muse do no dis- his resolution. Yet, poetry may oca credit to his youth; many of them are cupy the elegant retirement of a gifted elegant and interesting, and almost all mind, whose nobler energies are dipossess a neat and harmonious versifi. rected to nobler purposes. cation. We are authorised, in some hope, then, that Lord Byron may be measure, to consider this as a posthu- casuist enough to reason away his mous publication, for we are told, pledge, and give, as the trifles of leiwith emphatic earnestness, that it is sure, what he may be unwilling to a“ first and last attempt,” Pref.; and have considered as the primary occuhe adds, “it is highly improbable, pation of his time.

situation and pursuits here The prevailing cast of the poems after, that I should ever obtrude my- before us is amatory, and in these his self a second time on the public; nor lordship seems to have taken Mr, even in the very doubtful event of Moore for his model. They have not

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however his polish, his elegance, nor As a specimen we select the follow. his immorality. They are ali small ing, and cannot conclude without obpieces, prettily turned, and certainly serving, that upon the wavie Lord very creditable to one so young as the Byron need feel no regret a having author: but they are not free from comniitted his name to the public in faults, and a capital one is the exube- the present volume. rant use of compouni epihets, some

1 CIIN Y. GAIR. of wnich are frequently dointelligible, LACHIN Y. GAIR, or, as it is pronounced in and equently iidiculous: for exam tne Lrse,LUCH NA GARR, tower prou lly ple,

pre-emine:it in the Noriner Higlaids, “. His locks in grey-torn ringlets wave." near Invercauld. One of our modern

Tourists mentions it as the highest maHave I not heard your voices tai, perhap: in Great B.itain: be this as “ Rise o the night-rolling breath of the it mav, it is crtainly one of the most

subline, a id picture que, amongst ous and others of a similar nature which

"i Caledonian Al." Its appearance is

of a dusky nue, bia the suinmit is the we could point out.

seat of eternal shows; near Lachin y. The longest poem in the book is

Gair, I spent some of the early part of the tale of “() car and Alva," written

my life, the recollection of which has in quatrains, and very pleasingly writ given birih to the following Stanzas. ten. But the altering the measure « AWAY, ye gay landscapes; ye gardena towards the close, by introducing the

of roses! double rimes, in imitation of Gray's In you let the minions of luxury rove; “ Bärd," is, we think, a blemish; and Restore me the rocks, where the snow-flake the following line, which is entirely reposes, owing to this, is quite ludicrous : Though still they are sacred to freedom “ The tapers wink, the chieftains shrink, " Yet, Caledonia ! below'd are thy mountains,

and love: &".

Round their white summits thougó eleThe first piece in the volume “ On leaving Newstead Abbey,” is pretty :. Though cataracts foam, 'stead of smooth and the “ Epitaph on a Friend," p. 7. Aowing four ains, is really an elegant and pathetic com I sigh for the valley of dark Loch na Garr. position; the thoughts are tender, yet Ah! there my young footsteps in infancy they arise in an easy and natural way. wanderd, The first line is a close imitation of

My cap was the bonnet, my cloak was Pope's “ Eloisa,”

the plaid; « Oh name, for ever sad, for ever dear"

On chieftains, long perish'd, my memory ponderd,

(glade; In the “Occasional Prologue,” Lord As daily I strude through the pine-cover'd Byron has been led into a gross gram- I sought not my home, iill the day's dying matical error, for the sake of the rime

(star; we presume:

Gave place to the rays of the bright polar “Whh samp'd disgrace on ali the author For Fancy was cheerd, by traditional story,

Disclos'd by the natives of dark Loch na We know he can plead precedent for

Garr. it; but still it is an error, and an un- “ Shades of the dead! have I not heard pardonable one.

y »ur voices In the “ Translations" he has given

“ kise on the night-rolling breath of the us some versions from Greek and Surely the soul of the hero rejvices, Latin authors, and, among others, And rides on the wind, o'er his own Adrian's Address to his Soul, when Hylland vale:

[gathers, dying;

Round Loch na Garr, while the stormy mist 6. Inimula' ragula, blandu'n," &c.

Winter presides in his cold icy car; To say that it is greatly inferior to the Clouds, there, encircle the foring of my

Fathers, beautiful paraphrase of Pope, is not to dispraise Lord Byron; and we must

They dwell in the tempests of dark Loch

na Garr: also add, that his translations from Anacreon, though far above medio

• This word is erroneously pronounced crity, are yet below the elegant and plan, the proper pronunciation (acco ding spirited version of Mr. Moore. to the Scoich) is shewn by the orthograpby.

ments war,

glory

[gale?"

left yoll,

“ [ll-starr'd, though brave, did no visions will ever be again able to enjoy laforeboding,

borious study, and “ Tell you that Fate had forsaken your “ Spare fast that oft wil G ds doth diet." cause?"

We have already given a specimen Ah! were you destin’d to. die at Culloden, of Mr. Pinkerton's eloquence, and Victors crown's not your fall with a;)- we will now yive our eauers a small plause;

we suppose, he Still were you happy, in death's early sample of what,

means for wit: slumber, You rest wih your cian, in the caves of

"in like manner the hall of the Bra-jar,

general assembli, national convenThe Pibrocis resounds, to the piper's loud 1100, &c. was uncapeted, whence the nunti,

fiet becoming child, the head beYour deeds, on the echoes of dark Loch Came hot, and the consequences are na Garr.

kn o to all Laro; e'". Years have rolled on, Loch na Garr, since I This is really amazingly pretty

a charming stroke of a playful and Y cars moist elapse e'er I tread you again; sportive fucy; and we do assure the Nature of verdure and flowers has bereft you: reader that there are many other speYet still are you dearer than Albion's cimens of equal humour and ingeplain :

nuity to be found in the course of England! thy beauties are tame and do- these volumes. And here let us not

mestic, To one who has rov'd on the mountains forget to inform the word, upon the afar;

authority of Mr. Pinkertou's minute On! for the crags that are wild and ma- enquiry and close observation, that jestic,

the French ladies do really and absoThe step frowning glories of dark Loch lutely “ wear shitis," though it has na Garr.

been scandalously and maliciously reported to the contrary by a certain

German traveller. (Vol. II. p. 107.) RECOLLECTIONS of Paris, in the We cannot assent to Mr. Tinkera YEARS 1802-3-4-5. By John ton's assertion, that the Erlinburgh PINKERTON. vols. 8vo. 1800. herse is of all others “the most ele. (Concluded from page 138.)

gant.". In our opinion, (192d we WE TE cannot devote much more speak from personal observation) ne

room or attention to this work. herses of Edinburgh resemble more We have indeed already given it the travelling dwellings of a shew of more of both than in our opinion its wild beasts, than the solemn and de. merits demand, but in doing so we cent receptacle of shrouded mortality. were influenced solely by a wish to They are stuck over with glittering repress a pert and forward vanity, shreds and patches, and affect the eye and to expose a considerable flippancy like the outside of a puppet-shew at of thought and language, which the Bartholomew Fair. author would fain exali into philoso The theory of the association of phy and style.

ideas has exercised the ingenuity of The third chapter in the second the most acute philosopgers, and volume, which Mr. Pinkerton deno- they have sometimes in vain endeaminates “ Considerations on a com- youred to trace tl.e connecting link mercial treaty with France,” is cer- between two successive ideas. We tainly a most epicurean production. think we may venture to propose as From reading it, we shrewdly sus- a problem to the Universiiies of pect that in our author's opinion, the Europe, what could possibly be the best commercial treaty that could be concatenating series in Mr. Pinkerestablished between the two coun- ton's mind, when he wrote the followa tries, would be that which enabled ing paragraph. bim to have good French wines at Fromage or cheese is a lax term bis own table, at a moderate price. at Paris for any substance compressed. Truly we entertain soine serious Thus a fromage d'Italie is a Bologna doubts, whether Mr. Pinkerton will sausage; a fromige glacé is a kind of not have strong reason to repent his ice, &c. Årimuls killed by electricity journey to France, or whether he are found to be singularly tender!!"

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