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unworthy of perusal. There were PÖHLMANN and STEPHANI likewise likevite several works deserving of no- communicated fimilar methods for fatice, in which the principles of philo- cilitating the teaching of the first rudifophy are applied to the improvement ments of knowledge. of the science of

As for the numerous Publications EDUCATION.

for the Use of Children and young peoThe great Kant himself, WAGNER, ple, we fhall notice only the following, and several others, who treated philo- as being distinguished by superior me. sophically of education, condescended rit, viz. those of the Provost and Teacheven to give inttructions relative to the ers of the Institute at Snepfenthal, in teaching children to read. The work the Duchy of Gotha, SALZMANN, entitled, “ F. KANT über Pedagogik," GOTSMUTH, GLATZ, &c. ; of some edited by Dr. RINK, is a collection of school-masters in Saxony, such as Kant's Opinions on Education, founded Dolz and ENGELHARD ; of the late on his syitem, and applied in considera. Mr. ThierKE, whose papers are now ble detail both to discipline and in- preparing for the press by lome of struction. WAGNER'S “ Philosophie der his friends; and lastly of Funke, Erziehungskunft"-Philosophy of Edu- VIETH, &c. of Dessau, where Basecation, comprehends the whole of the dow was formerly employed in effectlife of man, following him, with the ing a reform of the schools. penetrating eye of natural philofo The influence of the newest schools phers, from the first moments of his of philoíophy and metaphysics was existence through all the relations of likewise very perceptible in many other life.- JOHANNSEN's Treatise "über das departments of science. We shall not, Bedürfniss und die Möglichkeit einer however, take our retrospect from this Wissenschaft der Pædagogik”-on the point of observation ; 'but for the sake Want and the Poflibility of a Science of variety strike into another path, and, of Pædagogics-ris drawn up according without inaking these attempts to found to the ideas of Fichte. The same lub- all parts of knowledge on fixed princiject has been treated with greater free. ples, the principal objects of our attendom from the prevailing rage for fys- tion, only point them out to our reatematising, by Professor Weiss, of ders as an occasion may present itself. Leipzig, in the “Beyträge zur Er

THEOLOGY. ziehungskunst".--Contributions to In Biblical Criticism there was again wards the Art of Education, published a molt productive harvest : belides by him conjointly with Tillich. small Treatises, Inaugural Dissertations,

The latter gentleman (a disciple of and several Journals and Collections, a OLIVIER, of Defau, author of an great number of separate works made esteemed Elementary Book for teaching their appearance. We hall first take the Rudiments of Knowledge) and Jo- notice of new editions of two very difHANNSEN, analyzed aud examined the ferent editions of the New Testament. principles of PestALOZZI, known by That of GRIESBACH, which is wellseveral former works, and by the prac- known to biblical scholars, even out tical application of a new original me- of Germany, was reprinted in a most thod of instruction, at his Ichool in {plendid manner by Göschen of LeipBurgdorf in Switzerland, and who has zig, the Didot of Germany, with now in leveral eleinentary works fur- his new-invented Greek types; whilst ther developed his plan, which compre on the other hand, MATTHÆI of Wit. hends language, figue, and numbers, tenberg, in the second edition of his as being the first rudiments of human " Novuin Teftamentum Græcum ad knowledge. SOYAUX, who had visit- Cod. Moiq." again vomits forth against ed Pestalozzi's Institute in Switzerland, that eminent critic and Semler a great and several other authors, wrote Trea- variety of the most energetic terms tiles on this new method of Teaching of abuse furnished by the German,

OLIVIER'S “Mode of LearningtoRead Latin, and Greek languages, and takes with Ease and Dispatch," in like man, infinite pains to depreciate their opiner excited considerable attention: the nions relative to the distinguishing king of Prussia gave a reward to the certain very ancient recenfions of the inventor, but did not, as had been ex- text. Birch, of Copenhagen, gave us, pected, order his method to be intro- as an appendix to his edition of the duced in the schools of his dominions. New Testament, a Codex apocryThis was done, however, elsewhere; phus Novi Testamenti."-Of PAULUS'S as we learn from leveral publications, valuable « Commentar über das N.T."


Commentary on the New Testament, The veteran Velthusen of Sråde gave a fourth volume made its appearance. us “ Des Propheten Jelaias perspecti-Conz, a talteful philologiit and poet, vische Zeitgemälde, -The Prophet published " Morgenländische Apolo- Isaiah's perspective Picture of the gen, oder die Lehrweifheit Jelu in Times; being a free version, in various Parabeln and Sentenzen,">Oriental kinds of inétre, of select passages from Apologues ; or, The Wifilom of Jesus the second division of his prophecies. in Parables and Proverbs,; with an The whole of another prophet was ilAppendix, containing a Differtation on lustrated by GOLDHORN, a young diParables, and Contributions towards vine of Leipzig, in his valuable « Exan Oriental Anthology:-The anony- cursen zum Buche Jonas ;" or, Remous author of a “ Biblitche Theolo- marks on the Book of Jonah ; in which gie des neuen Testaments,”—Biblical this narrative is supposed to have graTheology of the New Testament, gave dually arisen out of a long-continued us as a companion thereto the follow- tradition, as Eichhorn had before coning works : “ Reine Auffassung des je&tured; in Goldhorn's work, howUrchristenthunis in den Paulinischen ever, it is considered in a new point Briefen"-or, A View of Primitive of view. The no less diligent than' Christianity, as exhibited in the Epis: learned and liberal Professor Bauer, tles of the Apostle Paul ;-moreover, of Altdorf, completed (in the second

Ausführliche Erklärung, der volume) his " Hebräische Mythologie lämmtlichen Weissagungen des Neuen des Alten und Neuen Testainents" Testaments,"—Full Explanation of all Hebrew Mythology of the Old and the Prophecies of the New Teltament; New Testaments: a work which, toge-and, a Sammlung Abweichender ther with several others, will furnish Vorstellungen der Neu-Testamentali. fresh materials for such a one as is now Ichen Schriftsteller über einen und den publishing by. Mr. Meyer, of Göttină selben Gegenstand"-Collection of Paf- gen, viz. “ Geschichte der Schriftersages, in which the Evangelists have klärung;"-or, History of Biblical Crigiven different Representations of the ticism, &c. fame Object. In this last-mentioned A new Magazine for Biblical Litework it is far from being the author's rature was begun by the Rev. Mr. aim to reduce these dissonances to har. SCHERER, an active clergyman in mony; and indeed none of his writ. Hesle-Darmstadt, where theology is at ings can be closed among the apo- present cultivated with considerable arlogies for the Scriptures. On the other dour. The same SCHEPER published hand; the “ Monogrammata Herme- several popular works on the History neutices Libr. N. T." by Beck, the of Religion ; and whilst Schmid, of learned philologist of Leipzig, is distin- Gieffen continued his « Handbuch der, guished by prudent criticism.

Kirchengeschichte,"-Compendium of Whilst Řofenmüller continued to gra- of Church History, VATER, who had tify the biblical scholars of Germany, given in a German dress the substance by continuing his German translation of the late Dr. Geddes's biblical works, of Marth's Notes and Additions to furnished excellent Synchronic Tables Michaelis's Introduction to the New of Ecclefiaftical History, Teftament; EICHHORN, Michaelis's Of the works treating of particular successor at the University of Goitin- parts of Ecclesiastical Hiltory, the more gen, published a third edition of his. important was the “ Geschichte der “ Einleitung ins alte Testament"-In- Entitehung und Ausbildung der Christtroduction to the Old Testament, with- Jichen Getelíchafts-Verfalung im rö. out, however, any material alteration mischen Strate"-History of the Origin in opinion and principles.

and gradual Formation of the Constituof the " National Songs of the He- tion of the Christian Church in the Roo bruws," i.e. such poems as were written man Empire ; by the Professor FLANR, on purpose to be sung, some (viz. Exod. a gentleinan distinguished by his liberal xv. 2 Sam.i. 14–27; Itaiah xiv. 4--23; way of thinking, and an intimate knowPl. cxxxvii.) have been translated and ledge of his subject. illustrated by Professor JustI of Mar For the friends of the propagation of burg, who had before deserved well of the Golpel, which is now cricouraged biblical literature, by esteemed tranlla. with renewed ardour by a certain party tions of, and commentaries on, several in Germany, as well as in England and poetical books of the Old Testament. Holland, a clergyman of ibe name of MONTHLY Mag. No. 117.

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Brake published a Collection of Hifto- common people, disputes about the rical Memoirs relative to the Mil. pofleffion of church-estates and other fionary Expeditions, &c. in England, extraneous circumstances, rather than Holland, and Germany, principally differences about dogmatical points, trandated from the Englid and Ger. did not fand in the way of this defiraman. To the same party, RisLER's ble event; as, for instance, lately was “ Erzählungen aus der alten und the case at Bremen. Of the works on neuen Geschichte der Brüderkirche ;" this subject we shall only notice that of or, Edifying Selections from the Hif- the above-mentioned Mr. Plank, “über tory of the Moravian Brethren, will die Trennung und Wiedervereinigung be a very acceptable prefent.

der getrennten Chriftlichen Haupt-para Among the latest ecclefiaftical occus. teyen, &c."-On the Separation and rences, for the recording of which Re-union of the principal Christian Abbot HENKE continues his Annals, Sects, with an Historical View of the teveral important changes in the Ro. Circumstances which gave Rise to the man Catholic church excited general Separation of the Lutherans and Calvi-. attention.-On and against the Con. nilts in Germany, and of the attempts cordat betwixt Bonaparte and the Pope, that have been made to reunite them ; in which will probably foon be followed which work the author lays down some by a similar agreement with the States excellent rules, drawn from history, for of Germany, feveral publications ftill gradually paving the way for the acmade their appearance, which point complishment of this difficult enterprize: out its tendency, and how little its and that entitled “ Gedanken über ein fjirit harmonizes with the enlightened Kirchenverein," by BRAUER, Presisentiments of the present age.

dent of the Ecclefiaftical Council in We were much concerned to find Baden, where this union of the variou's it but too well proved in LECLERC's religious parties is now promoted by • Enthüllten Trappisten"-Unmasked the government. La-Trappists, that this misanthrophic In other respects, as we have alorder of monks is gaining ground; ready observed above, with respect to a and equally disagreeable were the re- majority of the teachers, no obstacle ports relative to the re-establishment of seems to hand in the way of this coalithe Order of Jesuits, whose History, ' tion. The German public have long published fome years ago by WOLF of been accustomed to make little or no Leipzig,' in several volumes, and in distinction betwixt the writings of Luwhich a no very flattering picture of theran and Calvinist divines, on dogthese fathers is exhibited, has met with matics or morality: except in as far as fuch approbation that a new and im- the authors were or were not partizans proved edition made its appearance. of the new philosophy, the influence of On the other hand, the victorious con- which is now particularly visible in the teft of the enlightened patriots of Ba. manner of treating of these two latter varia against the monks and their divisions of theological science, which friends cannot fail to give satisfaction. during the last year had been cultivatIt is only to be lamented, that the men ed with zealous emulation. of enlightened minds in Bavaria and Whilst ECKERMANN, of Kiel, consome other provinces of Germany must tinued his “ Handbuch für das gelehrte be considered as only exceptions of und systematische Studium der Christ.. the general rule, and that a very great lichen Glaubenslehre, "--Compendium majority there, as well as elsewhere, are for the Scientific and Systematic Study are so deeply immersed in bigotry and of Christian Dogmatics, the fourth and superstition, that no success can be ex. concluding volume of which was now pected from fome late attempts that published; and RULLMANN, of Rinhave again been made to bring about teln, continued his “ Chriftliche Relian union between Catholics and Pro- gionslehre"-Christian Doctrine"; AMteftants, or even a nearer approximation Mon, of Göttingen, and the aboveand affimilation, such as has been pro-. mentioned Bauer, of Altdort, favoured posed by Professor SCHLEGEL of Greifs- us likewise with Compendiums of Dogo wald. Much easier, on the other hand, matics in the Latin language: the lat. might it now be to effect a coalition be- ter,a“Breviarium Theologiæ Biblicæ;" twixt the two chief parties into which and the former, a “Summa Theologiæ the Protestants of Germany are divid- Christianæ," which differs from his ed'; if, belides the prejudices of the “ Entwurf erner wiffent. prakt. Theol."


-or, Sketch of a scientifico-practical sermons preached on various occasions System of Theology, (published in in Switzerland, fince the year 1798, 1797, and founded upon the ra- and abounding with Declamations tionalism of Revelation) by exhibiting againt the Democratical Party :: the principles of dogmatic theology as PISCHON'S “ Predigten"; or, Sermons the doctrines of a positive religion. preached before the King and Queen of

Still more visible, lowever, was the Prussia :-The Sermons of Münscrhe influence of the new philosophy in the and Schuderoff, &c. Besides these, mode of treating of morality.--Profes- there appeared again a great number of for Vogel, of Altdorf, indeed, in his outlines and skeletons of sermons, and Lehrbuch der Christlichen Moral,” other auxiliary books for facilitating makes found human reason the firft the facerdotal business in general, fuch principle in morality, as well as in as Löffler's New Magazine, or particu. philosophy in general ; but agrees in lar parts of it, as, for instance, catemost of the essential points with Kant: chilms, liturgies, and the like. A work as does likewise Professor LANGE, of entitled "Shriftliche Gottesverehrung Rostock, who in his Ethicks, which und Kirchliche Reformen"-Scriptural forms a part of his Complete Body of Liturgy and Church Reforms, by the Divinity, stands forth as the champion · Rev. Mr. JENISCH, of Berlin, caused a of the principle of pure and strict mo. considerable sensation there, and prorality; and, though he attacks some of voked several replies. The “ Litur. the principles of Kant, yet be on the gisches Versuch, &c."-Lithurgic Era whole adopts his system. BAUER, the fay, or German Ritual for Catholic colleague of Vogel, of Altdorf, began Churches, by Busch, does great honour' two works, in which he treats of the to its author ; but we doubt whether morality of the Old and New Testa. he will easily persuade those to adopt it ment in a chronological point of view, for whom it was written.-GRÆFPĖ, of -Among the writings of the Catholics, Göttingen, author of several esteemthe Moral Theology of MurscheLLE, ed Catechetical works, has acquired who adopts the principles of Kant, is additional claims to the gratitude of particularly deserving of notice. the Clerical order, by his “ Pastoral

The Tübingen professors continued theologie in ihrem ganzen Umfange"; their Magazine for Dogmatics and Mo- or, Complete Course of Paftoral Theorality, which we noticed in a former logy: and NIEMEYER, of Halle, by the Retrospect. The History of both new edition of his “ Briefe an Chrilta sciences was likewise diligently culti. Jiche Religionslehrer"-Letters to the vated. Of the first volume of Mun. Teachers of the Christian Religion ; SCHER'S (of Marburg) “ Handbuch der and by his “Grundriss der unmittel Christlichen Dogmengeschichte" baren Vorbereitungs-wissenschaften zur Compendious History of Christian Dog. Führung des Christlichen Predigtamtes" mas, an improved edition was publiñ. -being a sketch of the preparatory ed ; and likewise a Transation (from Itudies necesary to qualify a Christian the Danilh) of Münter's “ Handbuch pastor for the proper discharge of the der ältesten Christlichen Dogmenge. duties of his office.-Belides the aboveschichte-Manual of the earliest Hiro noticed journals of MUNSCHER and tory of the Christian Dogmas, with SCHUDEROFF, the “ Allgemeine prakvaluable additions by the author --in lische Bibliothek fur Prediger und answer to a prize-question proposed by Schulmäoner," edited by WÆCHTER the University of Göttingen, the learn- and CLEYMANN, two protestant Clered and diligent M. Horn, published gymen in Vienna, furnished initruction a“ Narratio pragmatica Conversionum and advice both for pastors and schoolquas Theologia moralis fec. 18. experta maders. est apud Luther. Reform. Cathol. A“ Geschichte der Praktischen atque Sect. Christ. Minores.

Theologie”-History of Practical TheThe two last fairs again produced a ology, has been begun by AMMON, very abundant supply of fermons and of Göttingen; the first volume conother editying works; we shall only tiins the History of Homileticks from notice the following as being of fupe. the time of Huss to that of Luther. rior merit : Collins's “' Amtsvor- -HEERWAGEN continued, in a fourth træge"-Sermons on various occafions: volume, his " Literaturgeschichte -Orell's “Canzelvortræge"-Pulpit Chriftlicher Lieder und Gedichte neuer Discourses, conlitting principally 'of Zeiten"-Literary History of Christian


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Hymns and cther sacred Poems, in ideas announced in some of his prior Modern Times. FUHRMANN, a Lu- publications, " A System des Pan. theran clergyman, publithed the first doctenrechts"-System of Civil Law, volume of an “ Anleitung zur Kennt, which will probably supplant the ettaniss der dem Katholischen Theologen ħlished lecture-books at leveral of the wesentlich-nothwendigen und gep:üft. German universities. nützlichen Bucher" - Introduction to SAVIGNY treated “ Das Recht des the Knowledge of such Books of tried Behitzes ;" or, the Law of Possession, in Usefulness as are indispensably necel: so comprehensive a manner, and con. fary to Catholic Divines.

fidered the subject in so many new and Fragnients and extracts of diftin- luminous points of view, that his guished merit, from theological works work may be recommended as neces. of every kind, are given as contribu- fary to every civilian, who wishes to tions towards a pragmatical knowledge attain a perfect knowledge of his proof the progress of theological science, fellion. in the " Theolog" edited by BELLER. Several Treatises likewise were pub. MANN, now director of the chief gym. lished on separate parts of Roman and nafium, in Berlin.

of the Common Lawof Germany ; and Several journals, whose contents are come oiher Lawyers elucidated the of a more general description, have laws, and mode ot conducting processes in likewise been continuel, or begun. Single provinces. In some initances In the Protestant part of Germany, their attention was directed to these Abbot HENKE, of Helmitädt, íubti. subjects by government. The Elector tuted in the place of the Magazine, of Saxony, for instance, in wboie do hitherto published by him, a “Murę. minions the tedious and irregular um für Religions.wiñenschaft in ihrem mode of conducting processes had been ganzen Umfange;" op, a Museum for long loudly complained of, caused an every Branch of Theology, ScHMIDT, - Entwurt zu einer neuen Gerichtsa Protostant clergymnan in Leiningen, ordnung;" or, sketch of a new Modę began a “ Repertorium für die Literas of regulating Courts of Justice, to be tur der Bible,” &c. --Repertory for published.' In Prussia, a new Criminal the Literary History of the Bible, the Code is preparing, towards which a Philosophy of Religion, Ecclefiaftical Work by M. VON ARNIM, one of the History, &c. AUGUSTI, GUBLER, king's ministers, may be considered THIESS, and WACHTER, continued as an important contribution. their well known Journals; and, be Professor KLEINSCHROD, of the Unie sides the old established Journal for versity of Würzburg, has published an Preachers, of which more than forty“ Entwurf eines peinlichen Gesetz volumes have already been published, buchs"-Sketch of a. Criminal Code

“ Prediger Journal" made its for Bavaria, which has been criticitppearance for the yle of the clergy ed, and represented as infufficient by Saxony, in particular.


The proposal for the introduction of The Civil Law, a science which, this reform of the Criminal Law gave hough never entirely neglected, is fel rise to several 'works on that subject. dom handled by men of philosophic LIPOWSKI, of Munich, gave us a yiews, has been treated of in a mar: Hiltory of Criminal Jurisprudence in terly inanner by three writers, wliofe Bavaria ; and STURZER (of the Unia works are calculated to attract the at- vertity of Landshut) a Treatise on the tention of those even who are not State of Criminal Law, &c. in Ger. lawyers by profeffion. - FEUERBACH many at the Conumencement of the (formerly of Jena and Kiel) publithed Nineteenth Century. do Civilistische Versuche"-mor, Elys Indeed so much intereft does the on Civil Law; one of which, on Ju- Gernian public take in the discussion ridical Criticism, is directed againit of Criminal Jurisprudence, which is THIBAUT; and, another on " Servi. now cultivated by many men of emitus Luininum," provoked several re nent talents, that not only is the “ Arplies.' THIEBAUT (formerly of Kiel, chive of Criminal Law," by KLEIN, now of Jena) advantageouíly known KLEINSCHROD, and KONOPACK, conbefore by some volumes of Juřistical tinued without interruption, but anErlays, brought forth, in conformity to other Magazine for Criminal Jurif



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