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time, to fear as much. The character of than Addison. His known courage, the the Countess of Warwick appears, from wit and good nature of his conversation, account, to have been very nearly that of the splendid success of his efforts as a Sir Roger de Coverley's admired widow in dramatist, and the unbounded benevolence the Spectator. The one was unquestiona- of his heart, had made him a character bly drawn from the other. Much of what of very favourable and fashionable notois related of Sir Roger's amour was in. riery.' Addison could not then, by his tended to represent the state and incidents notice confer honour on the character of of Addison's courtship to the Countess. his old school fellow; but on the conIn the Guardian, also, it seems to have trary, was himself rather a gainer by been in view to pay compliments to the Steele's notice. In the progre's of the Countess, in parc of what is faid of Lady next eight or ten years, their relative conLizard. In both these series of papers are ditions altered. Steele's fortunes were many little allusions which were intended impaired by his profusion and his disinteto be understood by the Countess as hints restedness; Addison's were by various in favour of Addison's love.
causes greatly improved. By the Specta. The papers in the Spectator, which are tors and by his Cato, Addison attained dated from the country, and mingle their to reputation much higher than Steele's, wit, piety and morality, with descriptions in those very species of writing in which of the summer appearances of the face of Sieele chiefíy excelled. It was natural nature, and of rural characters, labours, that, in confeqnence even of these two manners, and amusements, have ever been changes alone, 'Addison should feel new particularly admired. They are all, or dignity in the presence of Steele ; Steele, almost all, by Addison. But it is from on the other hand, somewhat of conscious the original letters and other communica- abalement before Addison. Besides, Ad. tions in the Addisoniana, that we learn, for difon, when he became the husband of the first time, how Addison came to excel the Countess of Warwick, was necessarily so much in these representations of Eng- withdrawn in part by her ladyship's inJith life in the country, such as it then fluence from that society and those ha. actually was. He was accustomed to bits in which he had used to converse the spend in the country every day that he molt with Steele. And, to complete the could spare from his official dutits. In separation, while Addison, to the last, the country he passed his time much in the adhered to his old patron, the Earl of fame manner in which the Spectator is Halifax, and after his death to the Earl feigned to have amused himlelf at the of Susiderland ; Steele, in the great divifeat of Sir Roger. He joined in every mon between the old and the young Whig amusement with a condescending philan. leaders, took part with Walpole, who had thropy, and looked ever eagerly around him been his zealous defender when he was exwith the eye of a philofopher and a poet. pelled the House of Commons, and with Hence in writing the Spectators, which Lord Townshend. are dated from the country, he was merely The Swiftiạna present many fac-simile describing those realities with which he specimens of the hand-writing of eminent was the be acquainted, and which had persons who were in correspondence with made the most pleasing impressions on his the Deán. But it is remarkable that none in?gination and his feelings.
of those is nearly so elegant or so distinctly The breach in the friendship between legible as that of Swift himself. Very Addison and Steele towards the end of their probably Swift, during his residence with lives, has been much lamented, though Sir William Temple, might be induced, not fully accounted for. It may, however, for his friend's convenience and satisfacbe explained by putting together leveral tion, to use, in writing out his Works, a particulars which are mentioned in these care for beauty and correctness of manyAddisoniana and Swiftiana, and in one script; in confequence of which his handor two other late publications. At the wiiting was ever after neat, firm, and time of their greatest intimacy, Steele, by distinct. There is something in its apthe fortunes acquired by his first and his pearance that seems to bear the impression second marriage (both with heiresses), by of the precision and correctiess of his the income of his appointments under taste in morals, conversation, politics, Government, and by the emoluments and literary composition. which he derived from his writings, was London,
ROBERT HERON, litele, or nothing at all, lower in fortune December 4, 1803.
CANTABRIGIANA. Mr. Jones. A MS. series of a corresponde
MR. RAY, THE NATURALIST. ence between Dr. Bentley and other learn. [R. Ray, the naturalist, was fellow ed men. Dr. Bentley's copy of Homer, from his fellowship by the Bartholomew to Heyne, and made use of in his splendid Act. His name was, consequently, inserted edition of Homer. All the above are at in our list of ministers ejected from Cam- Trinity College. Dr. Taylor's copy of
idge. However, J.W.is reminded, it was Homer ; (the Glalgow edition,) it has faid, that “ Ray did not properly become the Digamma in various places to nearly a dislenter, but continued to attend the the end of the first volume. This is Established Church." The following is among the numerous writings of Dr. an accurate statement of that matter, ex- Taylor in the public library.. I'wo copies tracted from Dr. Derham's Life of him, of Taverner's edition of the New Teltaprefixed to Mr. Ray's Itineraries. ment, A. D. 1539 ; one in the Univer
During all this period Mr. Ray con- fity library, the other in St. John's. tinued fellow of Trinity College, till the The following extract is made from Maí beginning of the Bartholomew Act (in ters's Life of Baker, and is copied from 1661) which requiring a subscription Baker's Notes. “ This Translation of the against the Solemn League and Covenant, bible is a great rarity, for which the occasiored Mr. Ray to resign his fellow translator is said to have been sent to the fhip, he refusing to sign that declaration ; Tower, but for what reason cannot easily but the reafon of his refusal was not be found, only he was then, or soon after (as some have imagined,) his having looked upon as heretically inclined ; and taken the Solemn League and Covenant the king's famous Bible being p:ited the (for that he never did, and often declared, next year, from which this varies confithat he ever thought it an unlawful act,) derably, offence might be justly taken ; but he said he could not declare, for and yet it is printed by licenles and dethose that had taken the oath, that no
dicated to the king. obligation lay upon them; but feared This translation seems for the most there might. And one thing, that un part according to that of Tyndall, which fortunately then happened was (as Mr. was poslibly one thing that might give Brokesby informed me) that he was at offence, he being burnt for an herethat time absent from his college, where tic." he might have met with satisfaction to CXXXIII._GRAY, THE POET. his fcruples, and was among fome zealous Those who remember Mr. Gray, when Non-conformists, who too much influ- at the university, will recollect that he enced him, by the addition of new scru was a little prim faftidious man, diltinples. And we may ascribe also fume- guished by a short fhuffling step. He what to prejudice of education in unhappy commonly held up his gown behind with times."
one of his hands, at the same time, cockCXXXI.-A PROPER MOTTO for King's ing up his chin, and perking up his nose. COLLEGE CHAPEL.
Christopher Smart, who was contenporary This chapel has already been spoken with him at Pembroke, used to say that of, as the moft beautiful Gothic Chapel Gray walked as if he irad fouled his small in Europe. The society, therefore, may
clothes, and looked as if he smelt it.” adopt this motto : Uc Rosa Aos forum,
A late Plumian professor of astronomy Sic eft domus ifta domorum.
was once addressed in company, as the As shines the Rose, the flower of flowers,
Plumbian professor. This, most probaMidst chapels so this chapel of ours.
bly, nettled him. A genileman fitting by
archly observed, See ! How that little 6 An occasion offered itself some time stings the professor. fince of noticing fome curious books in different colleges of Cambridge. The Dr. Farmer is only known as a Com. following should not be omitted :-A series mentator on Shakespear. The foliowing of manuscript letters between Sir Isaac lines, written by him, when a young Newton and Mr. Co:es.-Sir Isaac New- man, shew that he might have been a tons own copy of the Principia corrected poet, had he cultivated his talent. They by himself for a new edition, with Dr. are extracted from “the Gratulationes et Halley's Latin verses, corrected by Dr. Luctus,” publihed at Cambridge in 1755. Kentley. This book has descended from As the original work is in the hands of Sir Ifaac to the present mathematical tutor, few people, the ensuing extract cannot
CXXXIV.A LATE PLUMIAN PROFES
fail of being acceptable. They are ado out were passed by. We left to his dressed to Thomas Hollis, Duke of New friends to particularize his illiberality and castle, when he visited the university, mcanness. For it was from Mr. Masters, for the purpose of authorizing the repair his brother antiquary, author of the and enlargement of the public library. Hisory of Bene't College, who knew
him for 20 years, that our extract was Hafte, young-ey'd May, and gently pour
made; and, indeed, his illiberality was From bofom green thy balmy store ; Bid violets paint their azure beds,
almost proverbial in the university. His r. And daffodil, with painted heads,
bigotry occasioned him to be called Cars And tulip gilt, and primrose fair,
dinal Cole, and hence the report, probaSweetly catch the laughing air.
bly, that he was a Roman Catholic. Bring Joy along, thy eldest born, Before his papers were put under lock And Plenty, with her flowing horn. and key, his trustees, it is said, burnt Whilst birds of many a various wing some, containing more private scandal, To Cam in wildest wood-notes ring, and trivolous memora da, relative to his Who fees approach his sedgy throne university-acquaintance, than it The state's great patron, and his own. thought necesary to publish. Hail, Pelham, by whore favourite hand
Cum flueret lutulentus, erat quod tollere Peace yet strews olives round the land.
velles. See Europe's groans betray despair, Her trembling balance asks thy care ;
Muddy he flowed, and from a stream fo foul And if no human art can guide,
Much roll'd, that you might wish to bear The pendant weight on either side ;
away. If sacred George at length shall cease Enough ftill remains of these Sibyls To bid the world be bleft in peace, leaves, to bespeak the littleness of Mr. Of crowns in vain shall Lewis dream
Cole, maximus in minimis. Having ocHis scale shall mount and kick the beam.
casion to mention an honest countryWhence, then, Britannia, the big tear, Leaft long detain thy patriot's ear?
squire, in Cambridgeshire, his friend, he His noble breast at once is free
is careful to inform you, that he had a To guard the much-lov'd Mufe and thee.
low-lived drunken biother. On mentionSee learning mark his chosen way,
ing a young man, the son of a friend, With many a beam of early day,
(the most profligate that ever was at a And cow'ring Ignorance give place univerfity, according to Cole,) who at To Science with averted face,
length was an oftler in London, came While Pelham bids the column rise, down to Cambridge to beg, &c. &c. And tell his bounty to the skies.
our memorialist takes care to inform you Now smiles old Cam, and scatter'd finds that his father was the Rev. Mr. His Gothic duft the sport of winds, and what preferment he held. Miss Nor envies Isis, who ere while
of Cambridge, who also, was, probably, Boasted her mausoleum pile;
his friend, it seems, O pofterity! married On domes depends not Pelham's fame, But be they founded on his name.
a little drunken breeches-maker, and his
friend Mr. Halte, ye Muses, to prepare
afterSweet Howrets for your guardian's care,
wards master of
College, was, Beneath his banner .safe engage
we are given to understand, the son of a And brave the Vandals of the age.
barber in Cambridge, &c. Hear this, For him your choiceft laurels bring
Γράντης ιερα τεκνα και υιεες οξoνιοιο, ,
But every thing has its use, as the nightAll be mirth and holiday.
man said, when he emptied his cart. But when the ruddy eve steals on
However, being in quest of what was And tips the grove with mantle brown, good in these papers, we overlooked When swings the folemn curfeu now, what was trilling or base ; and all the ule Far absent be, thou bird of woe,
we have made of them, may be seen in a Nor close the day with darkness drear, former number. This fairest daughter of the year.
I have search'd thro' four volumes, and find CXXXVI. -INSTANCE of PROFUNDITY
on the whole, in a CAMBRIDGE ANTIQUARY.
That truly chou art but as black as a coal;
But I'll read thee no more, left I find so much An account has been already given of evil, Mr. Cole's papers in the British Museum, As to think thee at last full as black as the and reljeet expressed for what appeared devil. to have a useful tendency. His littleness
CXXXVII.-DR. JEBB. was but cursorily noticed, and misrepre. Sir Richard Jebb, the coulin of Dr. fentations, which might have been pointed Jebb, was physician to the King. His
Priajesty used fometimes to talk with Sir 2. Sir Walter's hrother, Sir Anthony
throne. -" It is true, (faid a friend of Dr. Jebb,
JOSHUA BARNES : Luxapestproy. to whom this was mentioned,) he would, 4. Dr. Holbeach, formerly master of the if any reformation was wanted there."
College. Mr. Alh, who left fome exhi-
5. Hall, bishop of Norwich, born 1974. In Roman Catholic countries, portraits He was fent by King James as one of are sometimes made votive offerings, and the commissioners to the Synod of Dort. the objects of adoration : in Protestant His Theological Writings, containing, they are keep-fakes. In colleges more among other things, Specialties of his particularly they may be conlidered as Life, Hard Measure, Songs in the Night, family-pictures, 'mementos of members and Meditations, have been admired. It or benefactors deceased.
has been thought a singular instance of Oxford can boast a good picture gallery modefty, that in the Specialties of his at Christ Church, containing besides por- Life, he takes no notice of his poems; traits of its members and benefactors, for he was the first of our Englida Samany paintings by foreign malters. Cam. tirists. bridge exhibits nothing equal to this. In the first adventure with fool-hardy might
The principal thing of the kind is at To tread the steps of perilous despight, Emanuel College. But this gallery por. I firit adventure, follow me who lift, series little, that is very excellent. We And be the second English Satyrili. will notice the following portraits, ac
Prologue to Bishop Hall's Satires. companying them with two or three hints.
6. Joshua Barnes, Greek Professor at 1. Sir Walter Mildmay, the founder in the end of the 17th centy, editor of Queen Elizabeth's reign.' When he had Homer, &c. &c. it in contemplation to found Emanuel Σπεδη Αρις αρχειη Ομηρικον εργον εκοσμευν College, being at Court, her Majesty faid- Great Homer's work with Aristarchus zeal “ So, Sir Walter, I hear you have erect- Did I adorn. JOSHU & BARNES : E01 09.05 ed a Puritan College."-" No, Madam,
to his Homer. (replied lie,) tai be it from me to countenance any thing contrary to your established
7. Sir Wm Temple, well known as an laws. But I have set an acorn, which, elegant writer. 8. Dr. Long, the astronomer, when it becomes an oak, God alone 9. The Earl of Westmoreland, full length. knows what will be the fruit thereof." 10. Dr. Anthony Askew, iu his doctor's However, the society rather favoured of robes, taken when a young man. Puritanism, and hence the old song, called Hubbard, formerly Senior Fellow, and the Mad Puritan :
tutor of this College. 12. Dr. Farmer, the Am I mad, most noble Festus,
late master of this College. 12. Dr. Parr, While zeal and godly knowledge,
editor of Bellendenus, and highly dilinHas made me to hope,
guithed among the Greek scholars and To deal with the Pope,
politicians of this age ; and others. As well as the best in the college ?
In the room of the Maiter's Lodge ai'a Boldly I preach, hate a cross, hate a surplice, joining to the gallery are Jackson, bishop Mitres, copes, and rockets ;
of Kildare, by Gainsbo:ough ; Hurd, Come hear me pray, nine times a day, bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, author
And fill your heads with crocchets. of Political Dialogues, of a Commentary, In the house of pure Emanuel
and Notes on Horace's Art of Poetry, &c. I had my education,
William Bennet, billiop of Cloyne, forWhere my friends furmize
merly tutor of this College, and higlig I dazzled my eyes
distinguished for his taite and claftical léWith the light of Revelation.
terature, &c: Boldly I preach, &c.
What Dr. Fuller remarks is Gngular, These words are round the picture: By that in his time more than half the Vansomer, Atatis fur 66. 'Anno Do. masters of the Colleges in Cambridge nark mini 1558. Virtute, non vi,
been of Emanuel.
CXXXIX. --INSTANce of ACCURACY in a about books than work, was happy ir
CAMBRIDGE ANTIQUARY. giving up his indentures, when Ro. By Difentients mentioned in a former binson returned to his studies, and to be number was meant members of the unis prepared for the ministry. Consequently versity, who disapproved something in he never was a journeyman. We make the university either of doctrine or dir. this distinction, to thew the falsehood of cipline, and the like. As the Cantabri. Mr. Cole's insidious inference: for Cole's giana, therefore, was confined to members that after having been a journeyman be
assertion was preparatory to this inference, of the university, it does not compre- sat down to his books, for the first time, hend matters that relate to the town and got just smattering enough to make and, of course, is unconnected with those,
him who are properly called Dissenters in
a coxcomb ;-whereas Robinson never Cambridge. But Mr. Cole's inaccuracy
was a journeyman, but had the advantage concerning the late Mr. Robert Robinson of a learned education, was fond of books mult he fet right.
from a boy, continued so through life, This gentleman was the predecessor of and fell a martyr, in a great mealure, to Mr. Robert Hall, the present Baptift an intemperate application to his ftuminister in the town.
Mr. Cole calls dies, in the fifty-fourth year of his age. Robinfon the Anabaptist preacher of
As to Cole's contemptuous manner of Cambridge. Now, as far as the belt introducing this subject, liberal Churchclatsical authorities, and the Septuagint men, as well as Diffenters, might ask, Greek translation of the Old Testament, who was called the Carpenter's Son the writers of the New, and the Greek Justin Martyr, by the bye, the first ChristFathers of the two first centuries can de.
ian writer of much authority, says, in his termine the meaning of a term, the Dialogue with Trypho, that'he allo words bawlw, Carlitou, Camasis, and worked at his trade.- Men of the first taCarliomos always relate to covering over, and are indebted to their own activity for
lents frequently burst from obscurity, plunging, washing or Dipping. Hince John the Baptift, or dipper; and the fact Euripides, says Valerius Maximus, aut
all their consequence. " Quam matrem call themselves, on thele principles, dippers, or Baptists, not Anabaptists. But quem patrem Euripides habuerit, ipforum without entering into the dispute about quoque feculo ignotum fuit: alterius auGamlito and carriţw, in which the Canta.
tera matrem olera, alterius patrem cultel. brigiana takes no interest, it should be løs venditaffe, omnium pene doctorum liobserved, be the meaning of the term
teræ loquuntur. Sed quid aut illius tra. what it may, that Robinson's sentiment gica, aut hujus oratoria vi clarius? on the subject was exactly that of
Some of the men most distinguished for Sir Isaac Newton, Dr. Sainúel
. Clarke universities, have from the first foundation
talents, learning, and worth, in both our Bishop Hoadly, and John Milton: and of colleges, sprung from the lowest stations. there are at least as good company as Mr. Cole.
The colleges, indeed, are eleen.ofynary This fame Mr. Cole, speaking of Mr. inftitutions ; and Cole himself, who is far Robinson's humble employment in early
removed from the first rank of merit, was life, describes him as
but the à journeyman.
on of an innkeeper ; a touch Robinson was educated at a very excellent
above some of his contemporaries it must endowed classical school in Norfolk, where Ecce iterum Crispinus, et eft mihi sæpe vo
Juv. is now, we believe, under the care of Mr.Pot
When Robinson published his plea for ter, the translator of Æschylus. Here Ro. the Divinity of Christ, it was highly combinson acquired a knowledge of the French plimented, as the best production on that tonge, and a better acquaintance with subject, by the most distinguished advo. claflical literature, than boys usually at cates of the doctrine in the university, and tain at an early period. He was origi- some of influence in the church ; Hinchnally designed for the University, but liffe, Bishop of, Peterborough; Hallifax, through reasons not to be enquired into Bishop of Gloucester ; Dr. Ogden, and here, was bound apprentice, at the usual others, who were desirous of bring time, to a very humble profession in the means of Robinlon's advancement Lydon. He did not lerve out his time; in the church, as was also the Minisfor his malter, finding him more interested ter of the day; and the most judicious