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But the custom of representing the type and power of a country under the form of an horned animal, is not peculiar to Macedon : Pei fia was represented by a ram. The King of Persia when at the head of his army, wore a ram's head made of gold and set with precious stones, instead of a diadem.

The relation of these emblems to Macedon and Perfia is strongly confirmed by the vision mentioned in the eighth chapter of the prophet Daniel, which, while it explains the specimens of antiquity produced by Mr. C. receives itself in return no inconfiderable share of illustration. Nothing certainly is more applicable to the overthrow of the joint empire of the Medes and Persians by Alexander the Great, than this vision in the Book of Daniel and its subsequent explanation; nor at the same time can better authority be required for the true meaning of the single-horped goat, than may be derived from the same authority.

It is remarkable, says Mr. C., that the goat which accompanies this paper is a she-goat; but that mentioned by Daniel was a male. The variation is of little moment. The figure was probably executed in the reign of Alexander the Great, when Maced n had reached its highest pitch of splendour; for at no time can it be said that the country was more productive

either in arts or learning, or that its em

pire was more extensive. Such a period,
then, in the history of Macedon might
not have been unfirly represented by a
female goat.
Of the use to which it was originally
applied nothing can be said with certainty,
though it was probably fixed to a military
standard, after the manner of the Roman
eagle; this supposition is supported by
what is related of Caranus, who ordered
goats to be carried before the standards of
his army.
Willi AM Veel, Esq., has presented
to this Society an original letter in the
hand-writing of King Charles II. together

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= MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF THE FINE ARTS.

(Communications and the Loan of all new Prints are requested.)

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