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1791.-On the 6th of May, the weather beginning of February, the frost set in. was till so cold at New Herrnhut, that a On the 3d, the thermometer was at Greenland boy, who had gone out a short degrees, and on the 5th, at distance, was nearly frozen to death, and grees of Fahrenheit. About the middle it was found necessary to carry him home. of July, the heat was so great, that the So late as the 14th of May, the ground thermometer of Fahrenheit rose to + 92 was covered with a considerable quantity degrees. of Inow, and the cold continued settled. 1793.-On the 3d of February, and With the exception of a few days, the the days immediately following, the therweather was rough and cold, and as much mometer stood, at New Herrnhut, at fnow as in the middle of winter. In June 19 degrees; and on the 24th of it rained almost continually, till the 15th ; March, at 23 degrees Reaumur. but after the 17th, the weather became clear About the end of May, it snowed so vioand warm : on the ift of July, however, lently, as to prevent some of the meetings the frost returned with such violence, that for divine service, which are usually held some messengers, who had come to Herrn- about the time of Pentecost. hut upon business, could not leave that On the 8th of February, the thermo. place. On the 3d of November, the meter of Fahrenheit fell fo low as 34 weather was as fine and mild as in fum- degrees at Hoffenthal ; and the frost was mer, and very little snow fell about this so cutting, that for several days the Miftime. The Greenlanders daily brought sionaries were unable to ftir out of doors. home with them whole facks-full of ber 1794.-On the uth of February, the ries from a high mountain at the distance degree of cold at New Herrnhut was — 21 of six miles.

degrees of Reaumur. A Greenlander and In the garden of the Missionaries, at his two fons were under the necessity of Okkak, the foow lay fo late as the end of passing the whole night among the ice in May, from nine to ten feet deep; and the sea : they returned home, however, they were obliged to shovel it from a part safe the next morning. On the Joth of of their garden, to enable them to low December, the cold at the same place was some seeds. On one fide of the church it eighteen degrees of Reaumur. In thi was still twenty feet high on the 17th of morning, the Millionaries found the wa. June; and pressed so strongly againit it, as ter frozen in the tea kettles on the stove to force the walls out of the perpendicular. although a large fire had been kept up in Never before had the Missionaries been so it on the preceding evening. Abou: deeply buried under the snow, as during Christmas, the weather was very mild ir this year. They could not find an op- Greenland. In Lichtenau, the heat in the portunity to fow their garden earlier than hall where the congregation met for di the 24th of June, and two days after, the vine service, was fo great, as to be very ground was again covered with a deep fall disagreeable, and even almost intolerable of snow. The ice on the shore continued In Labrador, the winter-months of thi till the 16th of July, when it suddenly year do not feem to have been distinguilla disappeared in one night. Ir. Nain, like- ed by any thing extraordinary. wise, the weather in June was fill wintry; 1795 - On the 8th of January, ther and fo late as the ad of July, the Elki- arose suddenly at New Herrnhut a strong maux Indians caught five fals on the south-east wind, which was as warm as i ice, and drove about upon it with their it blew out of an oven. At the sam fledges ; but on the following day the ice time it rained with such violence, that th broke, and on the sth of July the first water rushed into the house. On th kayeks were launched into the sea. Toth,' this storm increased to a dreadfu

At Lichtenau, in the year 1792, the hurricane, which threw down the store 2d of May was a very warm day, and the house of the Greenlanders, and threatene Sheep were driven out to the pastures. On the ruin of the dwelling of the Mission the 14th the Missionaries lowed their gar: aries, which was much out of repair: den.

At Lichtenfels, likewise, there arose,' o On the 30th of December, the thermo- the 16th of January, a storm from th meter of Reaumur was at Herrnhut fo low fouth-east, which lasted the whole day, an

- 158 degrees, and the cold excessively was so violent, that the oldest of th fevere. In January, the weather was as Greenlanders and Europeans did not re mild as had ever been remembered there member ever to have seen the like of that season. The thermometer generally And for some time after, the weather like stood above the freezing-point. At the wise continued ftill very mild, and frequent

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ly even warm. On the whole, the Mission- in their usual channels. On the 14th of aries had never before enjoyed so mild a December, the air was as warm at New winter in Greenland.-(In Europe, on Herrnhut, as if it had come out of an the contrary, this winter was extraordie oven. The inhabitants considered this as Darily fevere.) The 24th and 25th of the forerunner of a storm, which accordJune were distinguished by almost conti- ingly foon after luddenly arose, and raged nual storms, withi vivid flashes of light- with such violence and impetuosity, that ning and very loud claps of thunder.- the house of the Missionaries was shaken As this is very unulual in that country, to the foundation. (for, at least in North Greenland, the In Labrador, the cold was extraordinalightning is generally feen without hearing rily severe during the whole of January, any accompanying clap of thunder,) the and the thermometer of Fahrenheit geneGreenlanders were very much terrified, rally stood at betwixt – and remained in their tents. On the 7th degrees. Towards the end of July, the of July, there was likewise a violent storm heat became almost intolerable. The at New Herrnhut, where the clap frea thermometer role to + 85 degrees. At quently immediately succeeded the fath, 'the end of August, the summer suddenly with a molt dreadful repercussion among closed with a violent thunder-storm. The the high mountains, from which large weather, however, became changeable fragments of rock were precipitated into again in September, and continued so till the lea.

the month of December. In Labrador, there was finer weather 1797.-About the beginning of April, during the whole of the latter half of Ja- the thermometer was twenty degrees benuary, than the oldest inhabitant in Nain low the freezing-point. On the ad of remembered to have seen at this season of August, there was a violent thunderthe year : every day, fun-lhine, without storm at Lichtenfels, accompanied with wind, and the cold very moderate. In the much rain ; and the sky was so obscured, night of the 4th and 5th of Auguit, there that the Millonaries were obliged to use a was a very violent thunder-storm, accom- lamp at noon.. About the beginning of panied with much rain.

September, the severe frosts at night 1796.-On the 14th of June, the Mif- obliged the Missionaries to haften the har. fionaries at Lichtenfels finished their vesting of the produce of their garden.-{pring-work in the garden ; while on the Besides the usual crops, turnips and cole, outside of the garden-wall the snow still they had planted some potatoes, which lay some fathoms deep. At New Herrn- grew larger this time than those they had hut they had already, on the 27th of May, tried before. The captain of an English fown a part of their garden with turnips. thip had furnished them with a small But this crop was afterwards entirely de quantity of this root, which is a great ftroyed by the severity of the frost; so rarily there. Two of them they set in a that they had to do this work over again pot placed in the warm room, where they about the middle of June. Towards the grew till the weather permitted their beend of July, the weather was so warm at ing transplanted into the garden. The Lichtenau, and the flies so numerous, produce was eighty-seven potatoes, the that it was almost impossible to remain largest of which were of the size of a hen's out of doors, and it was found necessary egg. to keep the sheep all day under cover. In In Labrador, the cold was so severe the middle of August, there was at Lich- in January, that at Okkak the thermotenau a storm, with snow and rain, and meter stood at 36 degrees of Fahrenthen they heard the thunder, but could heit, and continued so during the whole of not see any lightning. On the soth of the month of February. In this moft northNovember, the air was so dense, without, erly place the heat was likewise greater however, either snow or rain, that the this year ; the thermometer rising as high morning service and the school could not as + 76 degrees of Fahrenheit. be attended. About noon it was still so 1798.-In Greenland, the winter of dark, that the Missionaries were obliged 1798-9 was very mild, and not diftinto have a lamp buroing on the table at guished by much formy weather. But in dinner. About the end of November, the June 1798, there was frequently much weather was very mild at New Herrnhut, boisterous and cold weather, accompanied with much rain, as in spring. The snow with snow. Even in the most foutherly began to decreale, and the rivulets to flow conmunity, Lichtenau, it frowed on the



21st, the longest day of the year, from towards the earth. This phenomenon carly in the morning till noon.

was likewise observed about the same time In Terra Labrador, a very severe frost at New Heriphut, and Lichtenau, in prevailed during the firft months of the Greenland, (at a ditance of about one year. The thermometer fell at Okkak hundred miles ;) from which circumstance

30 degrees of Fahrenheit ; and at some conjecture may be made relative to Nain, fo late as the ad of May, to ? - 23 the height of the region where these medegrees. There happened, likewise, such teors were formed. a fall of snow, that at Okkak it drifted 1800.-- In the beginning of this year, from the monntains around the houses to the the weather continued Aill uncommonly height of twenty feet, and was heaped up mild. Neither is any mention made of about the church as high as the roof. À fevere frost or snow in the Journals of the European woman having died, they were Labrador Missionaries. Very little snow obliged to deposit the body among the fell in Greenland the whole winter. It fnow, not being able to bury it till spring. thawed fo early, that in January the earth This year the summer was not indeed lo was already as dry as otherwise in fum: warm as the preceding ; the thermometer mer, and that the sheep found their daily of Fahrenheit, however, rose once at Nain food out of doors. In the northern parts higher than sevenly degrees. But there of Europe, on the contrary, a very severe suddenly ensued a very great change : in frost prevailed about the same time, with the mort space of half an hour, it fell a deep snow, which lay a long time more than thirty degrees; and on the fol. on the ground. The summer of this lowing day the lea was covered with a thin year mult likewise have been unpropicoat of new ice.

tious in Greenland, for the turnips fown 1799:- In the winter-months at the in the garden at New Herrnhut were very end of this year, the weather was uncom small. They were pulled, or rather dug monly mild in Greenland. At Lichtenau up with much trouble on the 24th of Sepand other places, the thermometer stood tember, and following days ; the earth in December for the most part a few de- being already frozen, and covered with grees above the freezing point. There deep snow. fell likewise but little fnaw.

1801.--From the 14th of January, the In Labrador, the summer was mostly cold continued to increase in Greenland. stormy and wintry.' On the roth of June In the meeting hall, at New Herrnhut, the snow fell a quarter of an ell deep; and the organ was wholly covered with a the bay near Nain was not quite free from thick riine, so that it could not be played ; ice till towards the end of that month.- which had never happened before. SeveThe frolt destroyed almoit all the potatoes. sal old Greenlanders remarked, when, In Okkak the snow began to thaw on the after the middle of April, the froft and ground; but immediately after, it frowed snow fill continued, that it seemed as if again; and on the 24th of May, two Ef. their country became worse and worse ; kimaux Indians arrived, 'who had travel. for when formerly the Sun was fo high led with their fledges on the 'ice. To. as at this feason, the air had been milder, wards the end of June, it again froze so and little fnow; but now, every returnhard, that the whsle of the bay near ing spring, it seemed as if the frosty Okkak was covered with a thin coating weather would never cease. of ice in one night. Many of the gardenplants were destroyed by the frost, and the greatest part of what was left was devour

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. ed by the mice and birds. On the oth SIR, of Auguit, the whole of the coalt near Okkak, and the sea, as far as it could be


infertion of a few cursory observati. thence discerned, was still covered wi:h a letter signed Edipus in your ice. During the winter-months, the wea. latt, the writer of which appears to have ther was mild. On the 12th of Novem- so much good fenfe, as would have led ber, a very remarkable phenomenon, one to have expected from him, a little which very much terrified tile Elkimaux, more candour. was seen ar Nain and Hoffenthal About With regard to Tallyrand, the worst break of day, a great number of fire-balls, that can be said of him will be readily fome of which seemed to be half an ell in believed, by all who are in the least acdiameter, descended in every dire&tion quainted with the History of the French


ons 01)

Erolution. But why is the virtvous and This is wilful misrepresentation. On respectable body of its clergy, with which their conduct while they remained in this be has ever since been in direct oppofi- country, a ten years exile ! calumny tion, to be branded with the infamy of itself has not been able to fasten any an apoftate member, and who had even imputation; it, was uniformly regular long lince ceased to be fo at all! Tally- and exemplary, and such as justified to rand bas uniformly sacrificed his princi- the fulleit extent the protection afforded ples, if ever he had any, to his interest, them : that they sh uld all at once have that he hould perfift in so doing, it is but abandoned their principles, and become reasonable to expect : the great body of the vipers your correspondent fo lightly the French clergy have as uniformly and fo infidiously Hyles them, it requires facrificed their interest to their principles ; better authority to prove ; for it is the that they should continue so to do, it is property of virtue, I mean that folid kind likewise' as fair to expect. What have of virtue which has religion for its basis, they then in common; and how uncandid to be consistent. is it to affert, upon mere surmise, that at Observing in your last the name of this juncture they are vying with each La Reveillere L'Epaux, reminds me of other in giving the only proof of ingra- him, that when a private individual at titude towards this country that is in Angiers, where he rehded, he was confitheir power?

dered as a peaceable man, of gentle and Of what is passing in France, it is not pleasant manners, and in general welleasy, even for those who have correspon- beloved. The revolution arrived, and dents there, to obtain any very exact in- whirled him, with other rubbish, to the telligence. I will however venture to dignity of one of its directors. In this atlert, that I have better grounds for con- elevation he grew giudy, as miglit be tradiding such a position, than Oedipus expected, and became the founder of a can have for affirming it. That the new sect, which he called Les Philoan. confitutional clergy, who never saw thropes, and the French, according to Eugland, may be echoing the prayers their usual custom of jetting upon every for, and prayers of, the Chief Consul, is thing, Les Filous en troupes, or The very probable; they are particularly fa- pick-pockets in a troop. As the prophet voured by him, and owe this country no or apostle, or what you please, of this more gratitude than he does. It is, how. new religion, he thought it peculiarly ever, very vnfortunate for those I mean incumbent on hin, his heart partaking to defend, that the artful manner, in which the disorder of his head, to perfecute the Bonaparte has confounded them together, old. Some particular inftructions on this fhould involve-them all in the same dis- subject, publicly addrest to all the degrace; for many do not know, and inany pariments, bearing the name of the Exeaffect not to know, that there is any cutive Directory, but of which L'Epaux difference between them.

has the chief honour, prove his talents Permit me, Sir, for the information of for the office, and how much philofothe candid among your readers, to affert phers, who have been inveighing so long that there is a very essential one; all the against intolerance, can iinprove upon the difference between time serving men, and practice, have these remarkable exprefthose of inflexible integrity. Of those fions; speaking of what he calls the who were protected in this country; Fanaticks, he says, “ Delolez leur patifome, juftly doubring he arch-hypocrite's ence, enveloppez les de votre Surveil- views, itill remain here; some are still lance ; qu'elle les inquiet le jour ; qu'elle persecuted by him at home ; many are les trouble le nuit ; ne leurs donnez pas anemployed, some from choice, some un moment de relache ; que sans vous from necessity; and of those who are em voir ils vous sentent pariout a chaque played, most, if not all, unpaid. Oedipus instant !" Those instructions are dated speaks of the manner in which they ictt in the month of Frimaire in the yih year their country, when after three years of of the Indivilible Republic. I do not at. the most virulent perfecu ion that ever tempt a translation, being diffident of my disgraced humanity, they were, for their abilities, to do justice to the energy of unhaken fidelity to their principles, at philosophical intolerance, length driven from it, as it they had

Your's, &c. beca criminals fleeing from is justice !


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