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ftitution of the University of Leyden. The {um of seven hundred florins, to superin-
feitivities on that occation were, however, tend a new edition of Scheller's Latin
conducted with a tumult and disorder Dictionary.
which this P ofeffor did not approve.

The revolution in 1795, however it
In the year 1776, he published sepa. might for a dhort time gratify his wishes
rately a Dissertation concerning the Life as a politician, proved untavourable to
and Writings of Dionysius Longinus. his interests as a Professor, oy again thin-,
These, with certain Notes and Various ning the numbers of the students at the
Readings, had been prepared for Toup's univerfity. As some compenlation for his
intended edition of that author. But, lors, the curators, next year, added three
Toup was now in producing his work, hundred forins to his falary.
and somewhat niggardly of thanks and He was now 74 years of age, and ex-
praise to his auxiliaries. It was thought cept that he began to experience unusual
by the best judges, that nothing superior quickness and difficulty of respiration ia
tó Rhunken's Dissertation had ever been walking, was, in general, Atill vigorous
compoled in the Critical History of Liter- and healthy. In July, 1796, he began
ature. It appeared in Toup's edition in to suffer from a giddiness in his head.
1778 ; but Toup did not even send Rhun- Upon his recovery from this complaint
ken a fingle copy of his book, in a pre- he was affected with a dropsy in his breast
fent, for all the affittance he had given him. and feet. This disorder itill continued to

. Marihæi, Rector of the Univerfity of hang about him; but was, for a time, al. Moscow, about this time, communicated leviated by the care of his physicians. In to Professor Rhunken two hymns of Hon the summer of 1797 he found himself so mer, unknown to the learned of Europe, much better, that he went abroad about but found, in an ancient manuscript, in his ordinary affairs as before; and in the a library at Moscow. These Rhunken harvest he went out again a-hunting, published, with very elaborate illuftra- though not quite so much as on the tions, in 1780. And, upon receiving a preceding year. As winter came ON, more complete copy from Moscow, he he was affected with a cough, and the gave, afterwards, a new edition of these symptoms of dropły' began to increase Hymns. He suffered much this year upon him. Till the month of May, by a dangerous colic, from which, how. 3798, he continued to become worse, but ever, he had the happiness of a complete lowly, and fill with hopes of new relief recovery.

as the season should advance. At laft the It was in 1779, that his edition of droply settled in his breast and the upper Velleius Paterculus came out; admirable parts of his body. On the 11th of May, for his emendations of the text, for the he passed the day at home; walking in his clearness and learning of his illuftrations, chamber and conversing with his family for the classical delicacy and elegance

and friends, without depression of spirits with which every thing that he did in it or sense of pain. He fell asleep, howe was finished.

ever, while he sate at fupper, and so went At the request of Mr. Haken, Minister earlier than was ufual to bed. He got up of Stolpe, he communicated to that gen early next morning and dressed himselt tleman a short Memoir of his own Life, to without affistance. Almost immediately, be inserted in a work which he was then after, he felt himself ill, and desired the publifing, relative to the history of Po- servant to call his eldest daughter. She merania.

came and found him almost speechless. In 1782, he gave a new edition of his He was put in bed, where he languished two Critical Epifles; fubjoining the new two days in a state of intense fever, and edition of the two Hymns of Homer. quite insensible. At the tenth hour the

In his political sentiments, though quiet evening of the 14th of May, he expired. and moderate, he was adverte to the party He was rather above the middle facure, of the Prince of Orange. He was, there and of a square well-knit figure ; his fore, a sufferer by the revolution of 1787, afpect was manly, ingenuous, and pleafboth in the disappointment of his political ing; he was not filly nor indiscreet in his withes, and even in the diminution of the talk, but his speech was open, candid, number of his pupils, and of his fees. and sincere. In his youth he was reckoned

In 1789 he republished his Eulogy of handsome, and his manners were highly Hemsterhuis, and his Timæus's Lexicon ; polite and conciliating. His favourite and gave, likewise, a new edition of the amusement was hunting, and he had a elegant Works of Muretus.

pride in keeping excellent greyhounds.In 1792 he was persuaded, for the He was a skilful marksman with a gon;


but in his latter years he confined his nevolence. As a critic he excelled in amusement to coursing hares. He was genius or inventive perfpicacity, in deep skilful in music, and a good judge of paint- and various erudition, in justnets and exa ings. He lived kindly and happily with quifite delicacy of talte. . He was dehis family, in a style of expenle suitable servedly etteemed as the purest and most to his station, and in the exercise of libe- elegant writer of L-tinity in the age in ral bospitality. He died without having which he lived. His compofitions difaccumulated riches, or involved himselt play much of the spirit of the Greek critic in debt. The curators of the University Longinus, whose works he so delighted to' purchased his library for an an illuftrate. He was, in his life, the pride nuity of five in prins to his widow of critical erudition, and of the Univer. and daughters. as a man of the fity of Leyden. His death was lamenied moit ardent attachment to the intereits

as a great and common lois by the whole of literature, and of great and active be- learned world.

Extracts from the Port-folio of a Man of Letterso



he waited for the moment when the Ge. C ,

AMUS, a member of the French neral would speak to him. Some Austrian to visit the countries united to the Repub-Clairfayt a wounded French soldier. He lic, concludes his Journey through the De was a fentinel whom they had inet with partments of the Lower Rhine, and of the

on duty. As they approached him, they vicinity of Calais and the Somme, with commanded him to be filent, and levelled this general and pleasing view of their their pieces at him. The Frenchman ftate in the tenth year of the Republic: cried out Alert," and presented to warn

“The general resultof my observations them. The Austrians fired and wounded may be comprised in a few words. The him; led him away prisoner, and requested Republican departments that I have visited the General to decide on his deftiny. are in a flourishing condition. All active Clairfayt got up, took the Frenchman by persons turn their views to manufactures the hand and said: “ Brave fellow, you and commerce. The arts, which give lite have done your duty : I esteem you more to manufactures and suggest new processes, than I do a traitor. I will send my phyare honoured and studied. The energy of fician to you. Soldiers, take the greatest men of talents are bent this way. The care of him.” belles-lettres and fine arts are generally in a ltate of Aagoation. Materials for liter That learned, ingenious, and classical ature are not wanting. But, as the belles- scholar, the Rev. Stephen Weston, lo lettres and the fine-arts flourish only in peace whom the literary world are considerably and in the bofom of opulence, when the indebted, has lately directed his studies to persons capable of appreciating their va Arabian and Persian literature. We may Jue have plenty of money, we are not to expect from his taste and industry much be surprised, if they have not obtained curious and miscellaneous information. that consideration which is the cause of The following extracts are taken from a their success. The duration of peace, the singular paper, printed, but we believe security of property, the patronage of go- not published, which bears for title “ The vernment, taste and discernment in the Spirited Remonstrance of Rajah Soobah application of the funds, which a prof. Sing to the Emperor Aurungzebe.” It is perous commerce will abundantly supply, accompanied by the original Persian on the render fruitful the seeds which are gene. oppofire page. rally spread through the soil of the Re 6. When we consider the writer of this public."

Letter was a petty Prince addressing a

powerful Emperor, we cannot but admire Dumourier surrendered himself to Clair. The bold intrepidity and the contempt for fayt in the hope of receiving, at least in a merciless tyrant' it displays in every compliments and fine fpeeches, some re part. But its eloquence, the warmth of compence for delivering up to the Aur. its colouring, and the propriety of its trians four deputies of the Convention images, ard the charm of its genius, and a French General. With his hat off lamp it with a peculiar and unlooked for


value. It was not expected from the paf

To this remarkable passage the Rajak five obedience of the East, and an Orien. adds a distich, which contains the neft intal remonftrance was never heard, at least genious idea possible, to account for clie by us, in so sublime a tone." There are origin and the appearance of evil in this alto frequent touches of beautiful nature world. and picturesque sketches. We thall now “ Distich. Whether it be btauty or, detail fome of the most curious para- deformity that you look on, put not the graphs :

hand of obliteration on it. Defect of pro, He opens with assuring the Emperor portion is an inscrutable mystery." that he

ever been ready with his fer He continues his elevatediftrain of revices as a loyal servant, and every thought monftrance against the poll tax. He says, he has, is constantly exerted for the prof " In whatever lig

consider a poll. perity of the empire. That his prede- tax, nothing can ju . The proof of cestors were kings of high character : a jult government and a good police, is Alexander II. he thus characteriles. “ For where a beautiful woman decked with thirty-two years he spread the blessed tha- gold and jewels, can travel from country dow of protection over the world; and to country unmolested ard in perfect fecuhaving acquired all the marks of fortune riry. At this time the cities are given up and prosperity became the very current to plunder, what then must be the conditerm ior excellence and sign of reputation tion of the deserts ?" on earth. Whercfocver he turned his eye Mott ingeniously the Rajah concludes, ke faw victory in present, and profperity by advising the Emperor to begin bis cain future."

pitation-tax by the Rajah Ramsing, be. He then accuses the Emperor that he has cause he is the head of the Hindoo tribes. alienated many of thele conquefts, and After him he says, “ To take it from me depopulated the country by excessive tax your friend, you; prompt obedient servant ation. : “ The farmers are plundered and and well-wilher, will be a matter of lels the rever.ue is defrauded, and ihe confe- difficulty; but to torment ants and flies quence is a deficit in the contributions; is unworchy of a man of courage." And and for a lak, or one hundred thousand finally, with marvellous intrepidity he supees, one thousand is now collected, and concludes, “ It will appear wonderful the Rrong places are all destroyed, and the hereafter tọ pofterity, that those who have fortreffes reduced to fand-haps. When eat your Majesty's ialt, and whose business ever poverty has entered the palaces of and dury it was, as guardians and tutors, kings, the late and condition of the nobles to exhibit patterns of virtue, should have may easily be conceived. · At this moment neglected to inftruct your Majesty in the the Sepoys are in rebellion, the merchants principles of truth, which is the essence of complaining, the Mussulmauns weeping, the foul !" and the Hinduos burning, and many in ORIGINAL Letters of siR JOHN VANwant of their nightly bread beat their

BURGH to JACOB TONSON. cheeks till they are red. You exact a

1719. poll-tax from the fick and reedy,; you “ I have the misfortune of losing, for rob the indigent of his platter ; and the I now see little hopes of ever getting it, poor man of his cup."

near 2,000l. due to me for many years Here be finely describes the Divinity service, plague and trouble at Blenheim, “1f the authentic Word of God, if the which that wicked woman of “ Marlheavenly book be held in any esteem, God borough” is so far from paying me, that is the Lord both of true believers and the the Duke being fued by some of the workwild uncivilized Arab, and not of Mur men for work done there, she has tried sulmauns only; and that there is but'a to turn the debt upon me, for which, I point of difference between the infidel and think, the ought in be hanged. the believer, is molt evident. Though We stayed two nights in Woodstock, the colouring vary, the true painter that but there was an order to the servants, mixes it is one, and he is God! Where under her Grace's own hand, not to let there is a mosque, it is to him that we pray; me enter Blenheim ; and left that should and where there is a temple of idols, for love not mortify me enough, she, having some of him the bells are maken. If we find how learned that my wife was of the comfault with the religious faith of any man, pany, fent an express the night before we we contradict the letier of the heavenly came there, with orders, if the came with book; if we deface the picture, we com. the Castle-Howard ladies, the servants mit an offence against the painter.". fhould not suffer her to see either house,



gardens, or even to enter the park ; fo with the King of Prussia's Regulations that he was forced to fit all day and keep for his Horse and Foot, where the ecowwe company at the inn."

nomy and good order of an army in the

Jower branches is extremely correct: Then SIR JOHN VANBURGH to JACOB

there are the Memoirs of the Marquis de

Santa Cruz, Feuquiere, Montecuculi;

1725 « I have been forced into Chancery by the Projet de l'actique, ou la Phalange,

Folard's Commentaries upon Polybius ; that B. B. B. old Be the Duchess of Marlborough, where she has got an in: couplée et doublée ; L'Attaque et la Defense jonction npon me by her friend the late Mémoires de Goulon, L'Ingénieur de Cam

des Places, par le Maréchal de Vauban ; Les good Charicella 10 declared that I TIeVtr was em

by the Duke, and pagne, par St. Remi, for all that concerns therefore had no cuand upon his eltate tillery ---O the Antients, Vegetius, Cæsar, for my services at Blenheim. Since my and The Re'riat of the 10,000 Greeks. I

Thucydides, Xenophon's Life of Cyrus, hands were thus tied up from trying by don't mention Polybius, because the Comlaw to recover my, arrear, I have pre mentaries and the History generally go tovailed with Sir Robert Walpole to help gether of later days. Davila, Guicciardini, me in a fcheine which I proposed to him, Strada, the Memois of the Duc de Sully. by which I have got my money in spite

There is abundance of military knowof the husley's teeth. My carrying this ledge to be picked out of the Lives of point enrages her much, and he more because it is of confiderable weight in my Kings of Sweden ; alfo of Zisea the Bo;

Guitavus Adolphus and Charles XII. final] fortune, which the lias heartily en

hemian : and if a tolerable account could deavoured so to destroy, as to throw me into an English Bafiile, there to finish my would be ineitimanle; for he excels all the

be got of the Exploits of Scanderbeg, it days, as I began them in a French one.

officers ancient and modern in the conduct ORIGINAL LETTER of the late GENERAL of a small defensive army. I met with

him in the Turkish History, but no where SIR,

else. The Life of Sertorius contains You can't find me a more agreeable many fine things this way; there is a bcok employment than to ferve or oblige you, lately published, 'hat I have heard come and I with with all my heart that my in- mended," l'Art de la Guerre par Pratique;" clination and abilities were of equal force. I suppose it is collected from all the best I don't recollect what it was I recom. authors that treat of war: and there is a mended to Mr.-----'s nephew, it might little volume intitled " De la petite Guerre" be the Comte de Turpin's book, which that your brother fhould take in his pocket was certainly worth looking into, as it when he goes upon duties and detachcontains a good deal of plain practice. ments. The Marshall de Puysegur's book Your brother no doubt is master of the too is in efteein. I believe Mr. Latin and French languages, and has some will think this catalogue long enough; and knowledge of the Mathematics. With- if he has patience to read and a desire to out the last he can never become acquaint- apply, as I am persuaded he has, the ed with one considerable branch of our knowledge contained in them, there is bufiness, the construction of fortifications, wherewithal to make him a considerable and the attack and defence of places; and person in his profession, and of course I would advife him by all means to give very useful and serviceable to his country, up a year or two of his iime now while in general the Lives of all great comhe is

young, if he has not already done it, manders and all good histories of warlike to the study of the mathematics, because nations will be very instructive, and lead it will greatly facilitate his progress in him naturally to imitate what he must military matters. As to the books that neceffarily approve of.- In these days of are fittest for his purpose, he may begin fcarcity, and in these unlucky times, it is

much lo be with'd that all our young

Soldiers of birth and education would * 24. Lord Macclesfield.




MR. BOOTH HODGETT's (DUDLEY) for will be formed between the piles, of about

Machinery for rolling Iron for Sbanks, two feet wide by one foot deep. To each and for forming the fame into Shanks for of these spaces, a valve muit be fixed, Nails.

opening in wards, freely to admit the TH THE method used in rolling iron is water, when the waves drive againit the

well known, the variation adopted reservoir ; and then, by closing when the by the patentee is obtained by having wave retires, prevent the water from reone roller perfectly cylindrical, or in the turning. The bottom of this reservoir usual form of rollers, and the other, at must be made water-tight, that part only proper intervals, is to indented as to excepted, which cominunicates with a form the thanks of nails at once, by tunnel, which is made of proper dimenmaking them thick at one end, and run fions to convey the water from the relerning off to a point at the other. It is voir to the upper part of the harbour. evident that by a contrivance of this kind This tunnel muit be fixed along by the the operation of nail-making must be inside of the piec-head close to the ground, greatly expedited. That part of the and filled with a number of fluices about business which relates to the making of ten feet distant from each other. In the heads is to be done in the usual way. cleansing a dry-harbour, the person em. In the case of brads, where heads are not ployed to superintend the business must wanting the whole operation is perform- at high water open the fluice next above ed at once. The indentations on the the waters edge; and when the sea runs roller are of course made of different high, the next below it (for the water lengths according to the size of the nails in the tunnel will, by the actiún of the wanted.

waves on the reservoir, be considerably

higher than the vide itself, or level of the MR. STEPHEN HOOPER's (WALWORTH) water in the harbour: and the current

for Machinery for cleansing of dry and from the Nuice wiil drive the soil it meets other Harbours ;-opening a Channel with into the water); and as the tide through Sands at Sea, &c.&c.

ebbs he must open anotner fluice, and The apparatus to keep off the back then another, and so on : this process water, and the reservoir, may be built will scour from each part of the harbour of any dimension of timber or other ma. along the head in succession, a quantity terials, of a concave form, in the propor- of soil proportioned to the height of the tion of about thirty feet in length, to tide, and of the water driven into the twenty in breadth. If built of timber, reservoir. a number of square piles must be placed The next thing described in this specie at about two feet asunder, and of luch a fication is an horizontal windmill. Then length as, when driven fufficiently deep, a machine for pecking up rocks under to leave the upper art of them on a water, so as to open or assist in making a level with the top of the pier-head. A navigation. The peckers may be fixed row of these piles being placed in the by different machinery to work by the front, another row must be driven close motion of the vessel; but in cales where to the pier-head, and a range to form the vessel has no motion, the peckers may each end. The front and back rows must be worked by a roller having a number be ftrongly fixed or locked together by of cogs about three fou ths of the way timber, framed across and keyed, and round it, for another set of cogs fixed to the piles at the ends in the fame manner, the pecking bars to work into. On the so that the whole may be sufficiently turning of the roller, the bar is raised up strong to confine the body of water con till it comes to that part of the roller tained in it, and to withstand the action where there are no cogs, when it frees it. of the sta againit it. Tne front part of self and drops down with velocity to peck the reservoir, and the end next the sea, the stone. These rollers may be put in must be lupplied with a number of blocks, motion by manual labour, horses, wind, or pieces of timber, abcur twelve inches or water, and may be worked with dif[quare framed beiween the piles from the ferent machinery. bottom to the top, to be futh or lyuare A mhitting keel to assist thips, hoys, with the inside of the piles, for valves to barges, &c. guing to the windward; and Thut against : these blocks must be placed a lighter for Iconi ing away bars, &c. are about a foot afunder, by which openings represented by plates, and defcribed in MONTHLY MAG, No. 112.



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