Kerma and the Kingdom of Kush, 2500-1500 B.C.: the archaeological discovery of an ancient Nubian empire
National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1997 - 126 pages
This book chronicles one of the twentieth century's greatest discoveries in African archaeology. In 1913, in the northern Sudanese village of Kerma on the east bank of the Nile, G. A. Reisner identified the remains of an ancient city with colossal architecture & spectacular royal tombs. Misinterpreted as a far-flung Egyptian trading colony, Kerma mystified scholars for decades until new research & renewed excavations by C. Bonnet revealed it to be the capital of the early Nubian kingdom of Kush, mentioned intermittently in Egyptian texts. Dating from about 2,500 B.C. Kerma established control of the river & overland trade routes linking central Africa with Egypt. Ultimately threatening Egypt, it was overthrown by the pharaohs about 1500 B.C. Detailing its discovery, this fascinating book describes the city & its palaces, temples & tombs as known through excavations to 1995. Written to accompany an exhibition of Kerma's pottery, jewelry, & artifacts, this book includes a catalog of the exhibition & many photographs, in color & black & white, documenting the archaeological site & its art. To order, call (202) 786-2147.
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Amun Ancient Egyptian animals archaeological Arts Aswan B.C. Context Bibliography black-topped red polished bodies Bonnet Boston Brooklyn Museum 1978 Buhen buried C-Group Cairo Classic Kerma Period cm MFA corridor Courtesy debris deceased desert diam Dunham Dynasty XII Early Kerma Period east Egypt Egyptian Department photograph exhibition Expedition faience Field number Figure funerary Gebel Barkal Geneva Geneve au Soudan Gratien grave of royal Harkhuf hundred kilometers Hyksos ibid inscriptions Ivory bed inlay Kamose Kendall Kerma Culture Kerma graves Kerma kings Kerma pottery Kerma Soudan Kerma tombs king of Kush Kushite Lacovara Late Classic Kerma Leclant Lower Deffufa Lower Nubia meters MFA Egyptian Department Mid-Classic Kerma Period Middle Kerma Period Middle Kingdom mud-brick Napata Nile NMAfA Nubie objects palace pharaohs probably Reisner revealed river royal tomb K X rulers Second Cataract Second Intermediate Period South Cemetery stela subsidiary grave Sudan suggests temple tumuli Upper Nubia Vercoutter walls