Kerma and the Kingdom of Kush, 2500-1500 B.C.: The Archaeological Discovery of an Ancient Nubian Empire
National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1997 - 126 pages
This book chronicles one of the twentieth century's greatest discoveries in African archaeology. In 1913, in the northern Sudanese village of Kerma on the east bank of the Nile, G. A. Reisner identified the remains of an ancient city with colossal architecture & spectacular royal tombs. Misinterpreted as a far-flung Egyptian trading colony, Kerma mystified scholars for decades until new research & renewed excavations by C. Bonnet revealed it to be the capital of the early Nubian kingdom of Kush, mentioned intermittently in Egyptian texts. Dating from about 2,500 B.C. Kerma established control of the river & overland trade routes linking central Africa with Egypt. Ultimately threatening Egypt, it was overthrown by the pharaohs about 1500 B.C. Detailing its discovery, this fascinating book describes the city & its palaces, temples & tombs as known through excavations to 1995. Written to accompany an exhibition of Kerma's pottery, jewelry, & artifacts, this book includes a catalog of the exhibition & many photographs, in color & black & white, documenting the archaeological site & its art. To order, call (202) 786-2147.
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African Ancient animals appear archaeological archéologique Arts Aswan B.C. Context Barkal Bibliography bodies Bonnet Boston buildings built burial buried called catalog Cataract central centuries civilization Classic Kerma Period closely cm MFA contained corridor Courtesy culture dead deceased Department Dynasty early east Egypt Egyptian evidence excavations exhibition Expedition Field number Figure final gold graves hundred Hyksos identified important inscriptions internal ivory Kendall kilometers Kingdom kings known Kush Kushite land Late later London Lower Deffufa Lower Nubia material meters Middle Middle Kerma Museum natural Nile Nubian objects original palace papyrologie perhaps pharaohs Photograph pottery probably recorded region Reisner remains residents revealed river royal tomb rulers Second seems sides single South Cemetery southern statues stela stone structure subsidiary grave Sudan suggests temple texts tomb K trade University Upper Upper Nubia vessels walls