Innovation and Technological Change in Eastern Europe: Pathways to Industrial Recovery
Michael Fritsch, Horst Brezinski, Horst Dieter Brezinski
Edward Elgar Publishing, 1999 M11 25 - 196 pages
Papers from a summer 1996 conference discuss innovation's role in the transformation of post-socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe to a market economic system. Discussion encompasses research and development in the East and West, gradualis
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absorptive capacities accumulated analysis average Central channels compared competition contribution costs countries decision demand depends determined diffusion dominant East German eastern Germany effects emerging employees employment enterprises entry established Estonian European example existing expected export external factors firms foreign forms function groups growth higher human capital Hungarian important incentives increase indicators industry innovation activities innovation systems input institutional investment Italy knowledge labor lead less manufacturing market economy means measured organization organizational output paradigm patents path patterns percent period planned position post-socialist present privatized probability problems profit reforms regions relationships relatively respect role sample Saxony sector share shows significant skilled skilled labor social socialist sources specific stage strategy structure studies Table technological transfer transformation transition turnover types University variables wages West western workers